Fidel Castro ogFidel Castro og Che Guevara på fisketur 1960. Photo by Alberto Corda. https://www.pinterest.dk/pin/310959549265344702/
Fidel Castro og Che Guevara på fisketur 1960. Photo by Alberto Corda. https://www.pinterest.dk/pin/310959549265344702/

Indhold


 

Forord

I 1959 erobrede Fidel Castro og hans guerrilla-styrker magten på Cuba. Siden har Castro været 1. sekretær i kommunistpartiet, øverstkommanderende for de væbnede styrker og landets præsident.

Vi har her samlet en række links til sites med historie og baggrund om den cubanske revolution og Castro, samt en række ældre og nyere artikler med venstrefløjens diskussioner af udviklingen i det cubanske samfund: ‘socialisme på én ø’ eller en et-parti-stat uden demokratisk arbejderkontrol? Og Castros langvarige sygdom har aktualiseret diskussionen om Cuba efter Castro.
Emnelisten vil løbende blive opdateret.

Bjarne A. Frandsen
Påbegyndt februar 2007

 

Foreword

In 1959 Fidel Castro and his guerrilla took power in Cuba. Since then Castro has been First Secretary of the Communist Party of Cuba, ‘Commander in Chief’ of the Cuban armed forces and President of Cuba.

We have collected links to sites with history and background on the Cuban Revolution and Castro, and some older and newer articles covering the left wing debates on development in Cuban society: ‘Socialism in one island’ or an one-party-state without democratic workers controle? And Castros long disease has made the debate on Cuba after Castro topical.
The webliography will be updated currently.

Bjarne A. Frandsen
February 2007

Se også på Socialistisk Bibliotek: / See also:

Linkboxen Fidel Castro (1926-2016) Nekrologer./ Obituaries
Personlisten Che Guevara  Incl. Appendix: Filmen Che + Historien om et foto / History of an image (Alberto Kordas “Che”)
Tidslinjen 3. januar 1966 om OSPAAAL.

Fidel Castro og Cuba


 

Sites og artikelsamlinger

Dansk-Cubansk Forening (Cubavenner.dk)

Fidel Castro
En række artikler og taler af Fidel Castro.

Cubas historie
Fra uafhængigheden i 1898 frem til i dag.


 

Artikler

Leksikon for det 21. århundrede

Castro, Fidel Ruz

Guevara, Ernesto Che

Cuba

Den Store Danske

Fidel Castro med videolink

Wikipedia, den frie encyklopædi

Fidel Castro

Arbejderen

Sven-Erik Simonsen: Hvad sker der i Cuba… (8. september 2007)
“Cubanerne er ved at være godt trætte af den aggressive spekulation i, hvad der mon sker i Cuba efter Fidel Castro. De finder det nedgørende, fordi spørgsmålet implicit anklager alle cubanere for at være nogle nikkedukker.”

Autonom Inforservice

Cubas aktuelle krise og landets libertære venstreopposition (2. oktober 2011)
“En lille spredt venstreopposition er ved at vokse frem og tager kampen op for at bevare den cubanske revolutions sociale landvindinger og fremme en radikal demokratisering af samfundet nedefra. Statsmagten reagerer med integrationsforsøg, advarsler og repression.”

Enhedslisten

Enhedslistens Cubapolitik (24. april 2005)
Vedtagelse fra Enhedslistens 16. ordinære årsmøde.

Det Ny Clarté
Fidel Castro – oplyst diktator og klassisk latinamerikansk frihedshelt. Af Niels Boel (20. januar 2017)
“Vandene skilles, når talen går på Cuba – og Fidel Castro. Han var mange ting – genial politiker, romantisk revolutionshelt, forførende folketaler, manisk magtmenneske og brutal diktator i én og samme person.”

Gaia

Eduardo Galeano: Cubas smerte (nr. 41, sommer 2003)
“De cubanske myndigheder dømte i marts måned tre bådkaprere til døden og siden anholdt de omkring 75 ‘dissidenter’ og idømte dem lange fængselsstraffe. Dette har affødt kritik blandt venstreorienterede hele verden rundt.”

Marxisme Online

Peter Binns og Mike Gonzalez: Cuba, Castro og socialisme
Oversat (1987) fra fra “Cuba, Castro and Socialism” i tidsskriftet International Socialism (Issue 8, Spring 1980, p.1-36)
“Hvis den cubanske arbejderklasses interesse ligger i den internationale socialistiske revolution, så bliver den også nødt til et omstyrte en nationalstat og dens bureaukrati, som på sin side er blevet en forhindring for en forandring af verden.”

Marxistarkiv.se

Samuel Farber: Att bygga socialismen på Kuba (pdf) (30. november 2016, 10 s.)
“Castroregimens halvmesyrer kommer mest sannolikt att driva Kuba närmare mot en sorts statskapitalism utan demokrati. Men det finns ett fullt möjligt alternativ för landet.”

Modkraft.dk

Rejsebrev fra Cuba (Kontradoxa, 10. februar 2011)
“Cubas skæbne bestemmes ikke i Havanna, men i resten af Latinamerika, mener Andreas Bülow, der besøgte Cuba ved årsskiftet 2010-2011.”

Le Monde Diplomatique

Janette Habel: Hvilket Cuba uten Castro? (7.01.09)
“50 år etter at Castro veltet diktatoren Batista, raser debatten om sosialismens framtid på Cuba.”

Rødt!

Mathias Bismo: Sosialisme på Cuba? (nr.4, 2010)
“Richard Levins går dessverre i den fella så alt for mange på venstresida både har gjort og gjør. Han er ikke villig til å gå inn i noen diskusjon om karakteren til det landet han tar for seg, i dette tilfellet Cuba, men legger heller det myndighetene sier til grunn.”

Richard Levins: Å besøke eit sosialistisk land (nr.3, 2010)

Socialistisk Arbejderavis

Mike Gonzalez: Castro og Cuba (nr. 277, 27. marts 2008)
“Efter 49 år ved magten er Fidel Castro endeligt trådt tilbage fra posten som Cubas præsident. Vi ser tilbage på den indflydelsesrige, men ufuldkomne politiske figurs liv.”

Mike Gonzalez: Cuba efter Castro (nr. 263, 6. dec. 2006)
“Hvordan kan det cubanske folk genvinde kontrollen over deres eget samfund? Der gives ingen enkle svar på det, udover at fortsætte med at organisere frit og demokratisk i forsvaret for deres egne interesser. Dette er de blevet forhindret i under Fidel og det blev undermineret af alle fortidige amerikansk-støttede regimer.”

Socialistisk Information

Stig Hegn: Vores Cuba (10.05.2014). Anmeldelse af Samuel Farber: Cuba since the revolution of 1959: A critical assesment (Haymarket, 2011, 369 s.)
“‘Cuba since the revolution’ er en sønderlemmende kritik af Castros regering set i historisk lys med et rigt historisk overblik og teoretiske og praktiske detaljer. Men det vigtigste er at Farber giver os en revolutionær opskrift på demokrati og viser hvordan et formelt demokrati skal udformes i praksis …”. Se også linkboxens engelsksprogede del for flere anmeldelser + artikler af Samuel Farber.

Pedro Campos: PCC-kongres: Den neoliberale strategi slog fejl i Cuba (15.04.11)
“Det lignede en klog beslutning, da præsident Raul Castro i slutningen af februar på et udvidet regeringsmøde annoncerede en ændring af tidsplanen for de økonomiske reformer, som hans administration allerede havde godkendt og allerede var begyndt på at gennemføre som led i en ‘opdatering’ af statens økonomiske model.”

Guillermo Almeyra: Et farligt og modsætningsfyldt dokument (21.03.11)
“Som forberedelse til sin 6. kongres i april 2011 har det cubanske kommunistparti (PCC) offentliggjort et dokument angående økonomiske og sociale spørgsmål, som må give anledning til alvorlig bekymring for venner af den cubanske revolution, og som for befolkningen på øen er et brutalt demoraliserende angreb.”

Samuel Farber: Livet efter Fidel (17.10.08)
” Selvom den var ventet, var Fidel Castros officielle tilbagetræden som statsoverhoved for Cuba et vendepunkt, der har rejst store spørgsmål om Cubas fremtid.”

Peter Kragelund: De intellektuelle og menneskerettighederne (nr. 180, oktober 2003)
“De cubanske myndigheders fængslinger og henrettelser af en række systemkritikere har fremprovokeret en omfattende international debat blandt intellektuelle om forholdet til demokratiske rettigheder på Cuba.”

Undertrykkelse af kritik er ikke revolutionær (nr. 177, juni 2003)
“Fjerde Internationales ledelse (Eksekutivkomité) vedtog den 14. maj nedenstående udtalelse i anledning af de nylige henrettelser og fængslinger af en række cubanske systemkritikere.”

Socialistisk Revy

Castros vej til magten (nr. 3, april 1998)
“Da Fidel Castros guerillahær erobrede magten i Cuba i 1958, ville ingen have spået, at Cuba 40 år senere ville blive kaldt ‘kommunismens sidste bastion’. Jørn Andersen gennemgår baggrunden for Castros magtovertagelse.”

Socialistisk Standpunkt

Karen Larsen: Fidel Castros tilbagetrækning : den cubanske revolution må forsvares (19. februar 2008)
“… den største trussel mod revolutionen kommer indefra … Der er kræfter inden for det cubanske statslige bureaukrati, som ønsker at vende tilbage til kapitalisme. De læner sig op af de ‘markedsreformer’, som blev indført i 1990’erne efter Sovjetunionens kollaps.”

Alan Woods and Roberto Sarti: Cuba: Henrettelser og undertrykkelse – fra et klasseperspektiv (11. januar 2004 )
“Dette dokument er fra maj 2003. Derfor er det muligvis ikke helt up-to-date med alle begivenheder. Men det indeholder en grundig analyse af det cubanske systems natur …”


 

Bøger på dansk

Fidel Castro : Mit liv. Schultz Forlag, 2007.Fidel Castro: mit liv
Af Fidel Castro, med Ignacio Ramonet (Schultz Forlag, 2007, 704 sider)
“Over hundrede timers samtaleinterview mellem journalisten Ignacio Ramonet og Cubas leder Fidel Castro … I bogen beretter Castro selv levende om, hvad der gjorde ham til rebel, og giver sit besyv med om den aktuelle verdenssituation. Bogen er et fængslende og intimt portræt af mennesket og myten Castro.”

Fidel Castro’s political testament. Review essay by Samuel Farber (International Socialist Review, Issue 54, July–August 2007)

Fidel Castro. Jyllands-Postens Forlag, 2007Fidel Castro
Af Anne M. Sørensen (Jyllands-Postens Forlag, 2007, 360 sider) [Omslags/rygtitel: Fidel]
“En opsigtsvækkende beretning om manden, der hævder at have overlevet 637 attentatforsøg, en hel verdens sammenbrud og 48 års konstant amerikansk belejring. Fidel Castro, kommandant og præsident har tegnet Cuba siden magtskiftet i 1959 … Fidel giver et nuanceret og kritisk billede af en præsident og et menneske med baggrund i hidtil ikke-offentliggjorte interviews med bl.a. Castros egen familie. Bogen bygger på forfatterens møder med cubanere i Cuba og i Miami, USA.”

Fidel Castro: 1926-2007
Af Clive Foss (Billesøe & Baltzer, 2007, 184 sider)
“Om Fidel Castros liv fra barndommen i 1920’erne og frem til nutiden. Om Cubas revolution i 1950’erne og Castros år som præsident.”

Man kan ikke slå idéer ihjel
Af Fidel Castro. Redigeret af Helle Bruun, Ken Bruun og Sven-Erik Simonsen (Dansk-Cubansk Forening, 2006, 248 sider)
“Uddrag eller fulde gengivelser af otte af Fidel Castros skelsættende taler fra de seneste år. Desuden hans beretning om den politiske situation i Cuba og verden frem til 1985 samt om sit eget liv.”

Cuba: en ø i Caribien
Af Brian Rasmussen (Frydenlund, 2006, 96 sider)
“Cubas historie fra 1898 og frem til 2006. Beregnet til historieundervisningen i gymnasiet, hf og hhx.”
Med kildetekster, litteratur og links på His2rie.dk.

Historien vil frikende mig: Fidel Castros forsvarstale, Santiago de Cuba, 16. oktober 1953
Af Fidel Castro. Redigeret af Sven-Erik Simonsen (Dansk-Cubansk Forening, 2006, 96 sider)
“Fidel Castros tale tegner et billede af den sociale nød og undertrykkelsen i Cuba før revolutionen og præsenterer programmet som Castro og hans ’26. juli bevægelse’ kæmpede for og som i dag er gennemført.”
Teksten i uddrag online.

Alina: erindringer af Fidel Castros datter
Af Alina Fernández (Gyldendal, 1998, 280 sider)
“Gennem en skildring af sit eget omskiftelige liv som Castros datter giver Alina Fernández et billede af Cuba før og efter revolutionen, om samfundseksperimenterne og deres store menneskelige omkostninger.”

Cubas historie: fra Columbus til Castro
Af Peter Bejder (Gyldendal, 1998, 128 sider)
“Beregnet til undervisning i gymnasiet/HF.”

Havana tur/retur: en forfatter i Cuba
Af Jan Stage (Information, 1994, 197 sider)
“En samling essays og reportager som følger Fidel Castros revolution fra begejstringen til masseflugten i midten af 1994.”

Cubansk demokrati – set med vestlige øjne
Af Sven Tarp (Dansk-Cubansk Forening, 1994, 68 sider)
“Om strukturen i det politiske system på Cuba; herunder specielt landets valgsystem.”

Bøsserne i Havanna : Castros Cuba og de homoseksuelle : samtaler i Havanna
Af Julius Lund (Rosinante, 1986, 172 sider)

Familieportræt med Fidel: Castros vej til kommunismen
Af Carlos Franqui (Centrum, 1984, 191 sider)
“Et udvalg af eksilcubaneren Carlos Franquis erindringer fra årene 1959-62. Omhandler den cubanske statsleder Fidel Castro, personerne omkring ham, oktoberkrisen, Svinebugt-affæren m.m.”

Brev til Fidel Castro
Af Fernando Arabel (Brøndum, 1984, 93 sider)

Det socialistiske Cuba, økonomi og politik
Af Jørgen Würtz Sørensen (Historisk Revy, 1982, 160 sider)

Kilder til belysning af Cubakrisen 1962
Ved Inger Bertelsen og Karl Jacobsen (Gyldendal, 1982, 107 sider) (Historiske kildehæfter)
“For gymnasiet og HF.”

Fædrelandet eller døden: udviklingen i Cubas udenrigspolitik 1959-1970
Af Per Overgaard Nielsen (Historisk Revy, 1980, 169 sider)

Forhøret i Havana
Af Hans Magnus Enzensberger (Gyldendal, 1971, 184 sider)

Cuba: guerillaen ved magten
Af K.S. Karol. 2 bind (Bibliotek Rhodos, 1970, 415 sider)

Revolutionens næve: rapport fra en cubansk provinsby
Af Jose Yglesias (Gyldendal, 1969, 265 sider)

Vi er praktiske revolutionære: tekster til belysning af den latinamerikanske revolution
Af Fidel Castro, Régis Debray, Che Guevara (Bibliotek Rhodos, 1968, 241 sider)

Så det er altså Cuba
Af Jan Stage (Rhodos, 1966, 220 sider)

Cuba
Af Herbert L. Matthews (Det Danske Forlag, 1962, 216 sider)

Se også :
Bøger og pjecer på dansk af og om Che Guevara.


 

Fidel Castro and Cuba (In English)

Against the Current

What’s next for Cuba?: an interview with Janette Habel (No.146, May-June 2015)
“This interview was conducted by Jerome Latta and published online by the Left Front in France, December 26, 2014.”

Samuel Farber: Beginning a new era (No.145, March-April 2015)
“Independently of the considerations that led the governments of Cuba and the United States to reach this agreement, it is a major gain for the Cuban people.”

Frank Thompson: Looking back and forward at Cuba (No.158, May-June 2012). Review of Samuel Farber, Cuba since the revolution of 1959: A Critical Assessment (Haymarket, 2011)
“Farber’s deeply researched and thoughtful book … takes its place among definitive works on Cuba …”

Debate (No.143, November-December 2009)
Barry Sheppard: A letter on Cuba
Frank Thompson: A brief rejoinder

Views on Cuba [continued] (No.142, September/October 2009)
Katherine Gordy: Cuba today
Antonio Carmona Báez: A fifty-year old process
Michael Löwy: Che Guevara in search of a new socialism

Theme: Views on Cuba (No.141, July/August 2009)
“The editors have asked several contributors for brief contributions on how they view Cuban society, politics and culture today.”
David Finkel: Introducing ‘Views on Cuba’
Janette Habel: Cuba in search of renovation
Frank Thompson: The economy after a half century
James D. Cockcroft: The transition to socialism
The editors: The Cuban Five – injustice prolonged
Samuel Farber: Political controls from above

Cuban reality beyond Fidel. Interview with Sam Farber (No.126, January/February 2007)
“Samuel Farber is the author of The Origins of the Cuban Revolution Reconsidered. He is also a former editor of this journal. He was interviewed by phone on November 28 by David Finkel from the ATC editorial board.”

Paul Le Blanc: On the origins of the Cuban Revolution (No.126, January/February 2007)
“One of the most useful works on the Cuban Revolution has appeared with Samuel Farber’s The Origins of the Cuban Revolution Reconsidered … I have always been a supporter of the Cuban Revolution, and I do not share Farber’s particular characterization of the Cuban government. I will indicate some of my differences at the conclusion of this review.”

David Finkel: Why Cuba is different? (No.112, September/October 2004)
“My question for us on the radical left, then, is this: Given all our experience, from Eastern Europe to the catastrophes of Baathist Iraq and what Zimbabwe has become, what makes us think that the Communist party-state in Cuba will succeed unlike all the rest?”

Discussing Cuba (No.105, July/August 2003)
“Recent development in Cuban-U.S. relations, and inside Cuba itself, point to potential flashpoints. These events, which have also produced controversy in the international as well as North American left.” Scroll down to the debate

Anarchy Archives

Sam Dolgoff: The Cuban Revolution : A critical perspective (Montreal, Black Rose Books, 1977)
“Between reactionary ‘pro-Batistianos’ and ‘revolutionary Castroites’, an adequate assessment of the Cuban Revolution must take into account another, largely ignored dimension, i.e., the history of Cuban Anarchism …”

Counterfire

Dominic Alexander: A hidden history of The Cuban Revolution: How the working class shaped the guerillas’ victory (August 4, 2016)
“When is a revolution socialist? Recent books on Cuba show the importance of revolutionary organisation for the working class.” Review of Steve Cushion, A Hidden History of the Cuban Revolution: How the Working Class Shaped the Guerrillas’ Victory (Monthly Review Press 2016, 272 p.) + Samuel Farber, The Politics of Che Guevara: Theory and Practice (Haymarket Books, 2016, 162 p.)

Dominic Alexander: Cuba: sanctions, race and the revolution (11 August 2013)
“The contradictions of the Cuban revolution are evident taking together three new books, each sympathetic to the revolution, on different aspects of Cuban history and society.”

Jacqueline Mulhallen: Cuba since the Revolution of 1959: A critical assessment (11 October 2012). Review of Samuel Farber’s book (Haymarket, 2011)
“A critical assessment of the Cuban revolution underlines that it was never socialist, but fails to put the Cuban experience fully into the context of US imperialism.”

 

Cubantrotskyism.net

Gary Andrew: Dissident Cuban communism : The case of Trotskyism, 1932-1965 (1999; online at Internet Archive WayBackMachine)
Contents: Introduction – The international and national context – Trotkyism in Cuba – Conclusion – Appendices – Bibliography.

Democratic Socialist Perspective

Neville Spencer (ed.): Cuba as alternative (Australia, Resistance Books, 2000)
Contents: Cuba’s economic, social and political alternative – Cuba’s revolutionary history and example – A socialist island in a sea of capitalism – Bibliography and selected readings.

Doug Lorimer: The Cuban Revolution and its leadership : A criticism of Peter Taaffe’s pamphlet ‘Cuba: Analysis of the Revolution’ (1999) + Some comments on Peter Taaffe’s Cuba Book (2000).
See also Socialistworld.net further down.

Dissident Voice

Anarchism and Communism in Cuba, Part 1. By Kim Petersen (January 6, 2015) + Part 2: Whither Cuba-US relations? (January 7, 2015)
Interview with Arnold August, a Canadian journalist and lecturer, the author of Democracy in Cuba and the 1997–98 Elections (1999) and, more recently, Cuba and Its Neighbours: Democracy in Motion (2013).

Fifth International

John Bowman: Taking the capitalist road? The market reforms in Cuba (Vol.3, No.1, Autumn 2008)
“The Soviet Union collapsed in the 1990s and its demise prompted China’s rulers to hastily restore the capitalist economy it once overthrew. By retaining the planning system over the last 20 years Cuba appears to contradict this pattern of development. John Bowman looks at its market reform programme today and asks – is Cuba finally taking the capitalist road?”

Foreign Policy in Focus

Cuba: An Exchange (May 7, 2008)
“In their contributions to the Foreign Policy In Focus strategic dialogue on Cuba, Samuel Farber discusses the problematic economic reforms and nonexistent political reforms while Saul Landau looks at the fragile achievements of the Cuban revolution and the hostile U.S. policy toward the island. And they respond to each other.”

Sam Farber: Life after Fidel

Saul Landau: Cuba: The struggle continues

Samuel Farber and Saul Landau: Strategic dialogue on Cuba

In Defence of Marxism

Jorge Martin: Cuban CP congress ratifies economic guidelines: workers’ control and international socialism absent from discussion (7 June 2011)
“The long delayed VI Congress of the Cuban Communist Party took place on April 16-19 in Havana and discussed the Guidelines on Economic and Social Policy for the Party and the Revolution.”

Jorge Martin: Cuba 50 years later – where is the revolution going? Part 1-2 (17-18 February 2009)
“A look at the contradictory tendencies within Cuba in the early years after the revolution … and the growing pressures today inside Cuba to adopt the so-called ‘Chinese model’…”

International Socialism

Mike Gonzalez: The new Cuba: myths and realities (Issue 152, Autumn 2016, p.181-192). Review of Steve Cushion, A Hidden History of the Cuban Revolution: How the Working Class Shaped the Guerrillas’ Victory (Monthly Review Press, 2016, 272 p.) + Jane Franklin, Cuba and the US Empire: A Chronological History (Monthly Review Press, 2016, 464 p.)
“What Cushion demonstrates is the ambivalence of the 26 July Movement towards the working class movement in the period prior to the revolution.”

Dave Sewell: Cuba Libre? (Issue 136, Autumn 2012). Review of Samuel Farber, Cuba since the revolution of 1959: A Critical Assessment (Haymarket, 2011)
“Discussions around Cuba have an unfortunate tendency to generate more heat than light, particularly on the left. Sam Farber’s new book … provides much-needed clarity.”

Chris Harman: Cuba behind the myths (Issue 111, Summer 2006, p.83-110). Review of Sam Farber, The origins of the Cuban Revolution reconsidered, and Richard Gott, Cuba: A new history.
“The Cuban Revolution is 47 years old and is still seen as the model for much of the Latin American left. Chris Harman looks at Cuban history and shows how revolutionary elitism and isolation combined to leave their prints on Cuban society. He argues the new movements in Latin America can create a very different revolutionary model to the Cuban one for the 21st century.”
See also feedback from Samuel Farber: Cuban myths (Issue 112, Autumn 2006, p.224).

Francisco Sobrino: Reflections on socialism and democracy: the case of Cuba (July 2006, web only)
“This paper seeks to contribute to the collective thinking on this issue and on the more general problem of the seemingly conflictive relation between socialism and democracy.”

Peter Binns & Mike Gonzalez: Castro, Cuba and socialism (No.8, Spring 1980, p.1-36)
“Many indeed have had no doubts at all about the socialist nature of Cuba’s revolution … On what were these very widespread claims based? And how have they stood the test of time? Finally, how can we now characterise the direction in which Cuba is heading? These are questions we shall examine in this article.”
Debate:
Robin Blackburn: Class forces in the Cuban Revolution: a reply (No.9, Summer 1980, p.81-93)
Peter Binns, Mike Gonzalez & Alex Callinicos: Cuba, socialism and the Third World: a rejoinder (No.10, Autumn 1980, p.93-105)

Peter Binns: ‘Popular Power’ in Cuba (No.21, Autumn 1983, p.135-144)
“Notwithstanding the outward appearance of the ”˜mass organisations’ or ”˜Popular Power’, the reality, then, is that of a Communist party with all-pervading power. Who then controls the CP itself?

Hans Magnus Enzensberger: Portrait of a party : Background, structure and ideology of the PCC (No.44, July/August 1970, p.11-19)
“Although it is now more than ten years since the Cuban Revolution, the number of serious and critical studies of it from a left-wing viewpoint have been jew. For this reason we are printing the following article, though it will be clear that the editors of IS do not accept completely its standpoint (for instance, we believe that to call Cuba ‘socialist’ is to redefine the term in a non-marxist manner).”

International Socialist Review

Fidel Castro’s legacy and Cuba’s future (Issue 104, Spring 2017). Samuel Farber interviewed by Paul D’Amato: “At this stage of the degeneration of the Cuban Revolution, the only gain that is still solid in Cuba is national sovereignty.”

Sam Farber: Cuba’s future: an assessment (Issue 82, March-April 2012)
“I cannot really present a synthesis of my book [Cuba Since the Revolution of 1959: A Critical Assessment, Haymarket Books, 2011] in 20-25 minutes. What I think I can do is present some major themes discussed there that I believe are important. In any case, you should buy the book and find out the rest. The themes I want to concentrate on are the economy, politics, and the issues of racial and gender oppression.”

Sam Farber: Fidel Castro’s political testament. Review essay (Issue 54, July–August 2007)
“This a book-long interview, the outcome of conversations that Ignacio Ramonet, the Spanish-born editor of the Parisian Le Monde Diplomatique, had with Fidel Castro from January 2003 to December 2005 … [it] seems to have become, for all intents and purposes, his political testament. It is a very long and wide-ranging presentation of the worldview and values of an obviously knowledgeable political leader and an account of Cuban and world history and politics as he sees it.”

Paul D’Amato: Cuba: Image and reality (Issue 51, January–February 2007)
“Though few leftists today would look uncritically at the one-party dictatorships that once existed in Eastern Europe or the Soviet Union, Cuba is still widely held up as a socialist model on the left in the U.S. and Latin America.”

Paul D’Amato: Race and sex in Cuba (Issue 51, January–February 2007)
“The Left acknowledges the right of women, gays and lesbians, and the nationally and racially oppressed to organize and combat their oppression virtually everywhere except Cuba, where the fact that Cuba denies these rights is often glossed over with references to the existence of ‘mass organizations’ and Fidel’s verbal commitment to equality.”

Samuel Farber: Cuba’s likely transition and its politics (Issue 48, July–August 2006)
“If present economic and political world-wide trends continue to prevail, Fidel Castro’s death will be followed, perhaps after a short period of continuity to reassure Cubans and foreigners about the stability of the system, by a significant institutional change in Cuban economic, social, and political life … We can analyze these issues by drawing on the accumulated experience of the many post-Communist transitions that have taken place since the end of the 1980s.”

Castro’s Cuba in perspective : 45 years after the Cuban Revolution. Anthony Arnove and Ahmed Shawki interview Sam Farber (Issue 36, July-August 2004)
“Sam Farber was born and raised in Cuba. He is the author of numerous works on Cuba, and is currently writing a book on the origins of the Cuban Revolution.”

Hector Reyes: Cuba: The crisis of state capitalism (Issue 11, Spring 2000)
“What are the causes of the crisis, and does the Cuban government’s response to it represent a departure from the past? What is the character of the Cuban regime, and what is its future? In order to address these issues adequately, it is necessary to place them in their proper context.”

International Viewpoint
“Much attention is focussed on Cuba, given the illness of Fidel Castro and the widespread debate over what will happen on the island without him. As a result IV has decided to open a debate”:

Jan Konrad: The Cuban Revolution at the crossroads (Issue 386, February 2007)
“Since 1989 a very large part of the world press – and not only the newspapers that are linked to the ‘anti-Castroist’ emigration in Miami – have regularly announced the end of the Castroist regime. Fidel Castro’s hospitalization in the summer of 2006 has once again been the occasion of what must be described as disinformation.”

Aurelio Alonso: A rapid glance at the future (Issue 386, February 2007)
“Revolutionary socialist construction in Cuba has been carried out under the leadership of Fidel Castro for nearly half a century. For obvious biological reasons the personalities of the generation which led the struggle for power and established the bases of the new society will leave the scène in the fairly near future. The problem of the succession is not then a possibility; it is a fact which inexorably imposes itself.”

Cuban reality beyond Fidel. Interview with Samuel Farber (Issue 386, February 2007)
“Right now, however, the situation is most unclear because Fidel is neither in nor out. He’s passed the running of the country to Raúl Castro, but he’s been receiving visitors and on the phone. So whatever plans Raúl might have for a departure from Fidel’s strategy will not take place while his older brother is still around.”

Manuel Paz Ortega: ‘The battle of ideas’ and the capitalist transformation of the Cuban state (Issue 386, February 2007)
“The present state of Cuban society is critical … To construct a reasonably serious picture of what is happening in Cuba at present is an extremely delicate process of social analysis, because of the lack of information and its manipulation by the state.”

Jean Castillo: The leadership succession bears the mark of continuity (Issue 385, January 2007)
“For the present generation of Cuban adults socialism is synonymous with shortages, bureaucracy and vertical and authoritarian power relations. How did we get there after the victory of a revolution whose slogans of social justice and national sovereignty were taken up and implemented by millions of Cubans for more half a century?”

Jacobin: Reason in Revolt

Michelle Chase: Thinking past Fidel (December 4, 2016)
“Though often overlooked, working-class movements played a substantial role shaping the Cuban Revolution.” Review of Steve Cushion, A Hidden History of the Cuban Revolution: How the Working Class Shaped the Guerrillas’ Victory (Monthly Review Press, 2016, 272 p.). See also review by Mike Gonzalez: The new Cuba: myths and realities (International Socialism, Issue 152, Autumn 2016) + Dominic Alexander: A hidden history of The Cuban Revolution (Counterfire, August 4, 2016) + Pablo Velasco: Cuba: the role of the working class (Solidarity & Workers’ Liberty, Issue 450, 11 October 2017)

Samuel Farber: Building socialism in Cuba (October 10, 2016)
“As pressure for economic liberalization grows, what would it take to turn Cuba into a socialist democracy?”

Samuel Farber: Cuba’s challenge (June 10, 2015)
“What did the Cuban Revolution accomplish and where can it go from here?”

Samuel Farber: The alternative in Cuba (December 22, 2014)
“The resumption of US – Cuban relations is a real victory. But Cuban workers face renewed economic liberalization with little political opening.”

Samuel Farber: The future of the Cuban Revolution (May 1, 2014)
“Since Raúl Castro assumed power in 2006 promising reforms, Cuban politics has seen the slow emergence of new tendencies and debates. The prospects for the country’s left, however, remain uncertain.”. See also Chris Slee: Samuel Farber discusses Cuba’s future – but ignores the blockade (Links, January 21, 2014)

Links: International Journal of Socialist Renewal

Marxist economist Claudio Katz on the Cuban Revolution and its economic reforms (September 29, 2014)
“In the following article, first published in mid-November, Argentine Marxist Claudio Katz outlines some of the outstanding achievements of Cuba’s socialist revolution, highlights the challenges – now given added force by the restoration of diplomatic relations with Washington – and critically analyses issues raised in the far-reaching economic reforms now under way in Cuba.”

Chris Slee: System or siege? Samuel Farber misses the main cause of Cuba’s problems (June 13, 2012). Review of Samuel Farber, Cuba since the revolution of 1959: a critical assessment (Haymarket Books, 2011)

Debate: Cuba has a state bureaucratic system – a response to Chris Slee. By Samuel Farber (June 26, 2012)
“The driving idea behind Chris Slee’s critical review of my recent book is that the undemocratic practices of the Cuban revolutionary regime have been largely a response to the more than 50-year-old imperialist siege by the United States government and not a defining characteristic of the island’s political system.”

Monthly Review

Richard Levins: How to visit a socialist country (Vol.61, No.11, April 2010)
“Sympathizers with the Cuban process, as well as anticommunist leftists, sometimes carry a clipboard and grade sheet so that they can grade Cuba for health care, sexism, racism, pollution, homophobia, elections, number of political parties, a free press, strikes, or whatever else is on their minds.”

Diana Raby: Why Cuba still matters (Vol.60, No.8, January 2009)
“What makes Cuba different from the Soviet Union and Eastern Europe? To understand this it is necessary to go back to the origins of the revolution and the remarkable transformation that occurred from 1959 to 1963.”

Ricardo Alarcón de Quesada: The long march of the Cuban Revolution (Vol.60, No.8, January 2009)
“The Cuban revolutionary victory of January 1, 1959, was a news event of epochal proportion even for those who knew little about that country. For many, it was like discovering a new world. And as in the age of the great navigators, encountering it was clouded both by ignorance and the prejudices that usually accompany such revelations.”

István Mészáros: Cuba: The next forty-five years? (Vol.55, No.8, January 2004)
“The Cuban revolution is unique for a variety of important reasons … so it cannot be imitated or repeated, let alone turned into the compulsory model of revolutionary transformation. Nevertheless its universal significance cannot be emphasized strongly enough.”

Leo Huberman and Paul M. Sweezy: Anatomy of a Revolution (Vol.12, No.3, July-August 1960, 176 p.)
“In this work we have attempted to combine the methods of journalism and scholarship to produce a rounded analysis of one of the most original and important social transformations of our time.”

MR Zine

Brian Pollit: From sugar to services: An overview of the Cuban economy (6.10.2010)
“In 1989, services comprised no more than 10 per cent of Cuba’s export revenues, with sugar accounting for over 70 per cent. In 2007, by contrast, it was sugar that made up 10 per cent of overseas earnings while services accounted for 70 per cent. The article provides an overview of this drastic decline in Cuba’s merchandise export sector …”

NACLA Report on the Americas

Saul Landau: Cuba: A half-century of distorted news and counting (Vol.41, No.1, May/June 2008)
“Since January 1959, nearly half a century ago, U.S. mass media have reflected the views of the U.S. government and systematically misreported the Cuban Revolution.”

Philip Brenner and Marguerite Jimenez: U.S. policy on Cuba beyond the last gasp (Vol. 39, No 4, Jan/Feb 2006)
“Anti-Castro hardliners in the Bush Administration are faced with a ‘now or never’ situation. The increasing stridency of U.S. policy reflects their desperation in making a last ditch attempt to overthrow the revolutionary Cuban regime. It is the final gasp of a dying policy, because as the older generation of exiles fades away, the seemingly ‘irrational’ U.S. policy would follow them to the grave.”

The Nation

Forum: The changing of the guard (May 14, 2007)
“What has happened in Cuba since Fidel Castro yielded power to his brother Raul? How do Cuban authorities see the changing international arena, particularly the trend to the left in Latin America? And what, almost fifty years after the Cuban Revolution, does the Castro government want in its relations with the United States? To address these questions, The Nation convened a forum of veteran Cuba analysts and a longtime Cuban diplomat, moderated by guest editor Peter Kornbluh.”

New Left Review

Emily Morris: Unexpected Cuba (No.88, July-August 2014, p.5-45). Artiklen på svensk: Ett oväntat Kuba (pdf) Marxistarkiv.se)
“Alone among the ex-Comecon countries, Cuba has forged a distinctive path since 1991 – not transition to capitalism but careful adjustment to external change, safeguarding its gains in social provision and national sovereignty.”

Robin Blackburn: Cuba under the hammer (No.4, July-August 2000, p.5-36)
“How has the Cuban Revolution withstood the American siege at the end of the century? In the wake of the Elián González affair, Robin Blackburn looks at exile politics in Miami, the record of the White House, and the scene in Havana.”

New Politics: A Journal of Socialist Thought

Samuel Farber: Should Cuba remain a one-party state? (March 27, 2016)
“The one-party state is a very controversial question that few of the left-wing critics of the Cuban regime have been willing to address. What follows is an attempt to explore, from the left, some of the issues around this topic.”

Dan La Botz: Cuba – a personal reflection (December 22, 2014)
“… the Cuban bureaucracy is anxious to save itself and its political control and American capitalists want to bring Cuba back into their sphere of influence. What seems to be missing from the equation, or apparently present only in very limited ways, is an expansion of political democracy that could provide opportunities for the self-organization of the Cuban working class.”

Samuel Farber: The church and the critical left in Cuba (No.54, Winter 2012)
“The influence of the Catholic Church in Cuba is growing, a recent and unanticipated development. Why? … For entirely political reasons. In contrast with the sometimes open warfare that existed, in the sixties, between the Catholic hierarchy and the revolutionary leadership, the relationship has evolved in recent years into a growing partnership.”

Charles Post: Is Cuba different? (No.53, Summer 2012). Review of Samuel Farber’s book (Haymarket Books, 2011)
“Farber has synthesized, updated, and deepened his analysis into a comprehensive history of the Cuban revolution since 1959. Cuba Since the Revolution of 1959: a Critical Assessment is an extremely timely book.”

Samuel Farber: Visiting Raúl Castro’s Cuba (No.43, Summer 2007)
“Cuba will probably follow a state sponsored capitalist road of development in the manner of Vietnam and China. Meanwhile, a number of Cuban leaders have reported that Fidel Castro’s health is improving and that he may even return to office. While unlikely, such an event would greatly complicate and make much harder a prediction of Cuba’s future.”
Special cection on Cuba (No.35, Summer 2003, p.73-101):
“In the following section, New Politics is pleased to present a set of pieces on the recent trials and executions in Cuba and the response of the anti-imperialist left to that wave of repression. The section begins with an interview with Samuel Farber, a Cuban-born writer whose articles on Cuba have appeared in New Politics over the years. The interview is followed by two responses to James Petras, whose article denouncing left critics of the Cuban crackdown was released in early May 2003.”
See also the article by James Petras: The responsibility of the intellectuals: Cuba, the U.S. and human rights (Rebelión, April 18, 2003).

Samuel Farber: Cuba: The one-party state continues (No.19, Summer 1995, p.116-122)
“Many on the left tend to write about Cuba purely in national and sometimes in Latin American or Third World terms without addressing the strong systemic similarities between Cuban and Asian and East European Communism. In part, this is due to the embarrassment caused by the decay, bureaucratic stodginess and atrocities associated with old-style Communism long before its collapse in the 80s and 90s.”

Permanent Revolution

Steve Cushion: The working class in the Cuban Revolution (Issue 14, Autumn 2009)
“In most histories of the Cuban revolution the role of the working class and the trade unions gets little attention. This is a mistake, because they played an important role in the destruction of the Batista dictatorship between 1956 and 1959.” See also Debating the Cuban revolution (Issue 16, Spring 2010)

Stuart King: Cuba: The last workers’ state? (Issue 10, Autumn 2008)
“Fidel has gone with a whimper rather than a bang. But does Raul Castro intend a renewed push for the market and capitalism? Stuart King examines the regime’s manoeuvres between the demands of foreign owned capital and the pressing needs of the population.”

Red Pepper
Theme: Should Cuba’s revolution be a beacon for the left? (May 2008):

Why Cuba is still important
“Diana Raby argues that those who deny the legitimacy of the Cuban system will never understand why, after 50 years, the revolution is still an ongoing reality.”

If the revolution does not go forward, it will go backwards
“Dave Osler responds to Diana Raby and says it’s unforgivable to utilise the slogans of Seattle in describing Cuba.”

Diana Raby responds to Dave Osler

Cuba after Castro
“In the wake of the announcement by Cuban leader Fidel Castro that he will ‘neither aspire to nor accept’ another term as the country’s president, much of the analysis in the mainstream media has concentrated on whether Fidel’s retirement will usher in a ‘transition’ period for Cuba’s socialist revolution, now in its 50th year, writes Pablo Navarrete.”

Reds – Die Roten
Debate from International Socialism:

Peter Binns & Mike Gonzalez: Cuba, Castro and socialism (Issue 8, Spring 1980, p.1-36.)
“Twenty one years have passed since the time Castro’s rebel army, backed by a loose coalition of intellectuals – the 26th July Movement – destroyed the US-backed Batista regime and began to effect fundamental changes in Cuban society. What exactly did it achieve? Does it provide the Third World with an alternative and viable road to socialism to that of Moscow’s stultifying bureaucrats? Can its methods be repeated elsewhere? … These are questions we shall examine in this article.”

Robin Blackburn: Class forces in the Cuban Revolution. A reply to Peter Binns and Mike Gonzalez (Issue 9, Summer 1980, p.81-93)
“The primary aim of the article by Binns and Gonzalez is that of offering a theoretical, historical and political analysis of Cuba and its revolution. From this standpoint their failure to advance an adequate class analysis of Cuban society, now or in the past, is more serious than, though not completely unconnected to, their failure to refer to the revolution’s undoubted successes.”

P. Binns, A. Callinicos, M. Gonzalez: Cuba, socialism and the third world. A rejoinder to Robin Blackburn (Issue 10, Winter 1980/81, p.93-105)
“As we shall see there are sharp differences between Blackburn and ourselves here, both as regards workers’ revolution and socialism in general and as regards the perspectives for third World revolution today.”

Peter Binns: ‘Popular power’ in Cuba (Issue 21, Autumn 1983, p.135-44)
“This article does not attempt an all-rounded analysis of those events. Instead it is intended as a supplement to the analysis by P. Binns & M. Gonzalez in Cuba, Castro and socialism.”

Review of Radical Political Economics

Frank W. Thompson: Cuban economic performance in retrospect (pdf) (Vol.37, No.3, 2005, p.311-319)
“The performance of the Cuban economy during the past half century is evaluated. The primary focus is on per capita GDP, but consideration is given as well to the Human Development Index (HDI) and even broader conceptions of human development. The summary conclusion is that Cuba has performed well neither absolutely nor in comparison with the rest of Latin America and that the main causes for this must be domestic.”
See also Frank Thompson: The economy after a half century (Against the Current, No.141, July/August 2009).

Revolutionary History

The hidden pearl of the Carribbean-Trotskyism in Cuba (Vol.7, No.3, 2000, p.1-261)
“The following articles trace the history of Trotskyism in Cuba. They focus on the theoretical, tactical and organisational development of the Oposición Comunista de Cuba in the early 1930s, the Partido Bolchevique Leninista and the Partido Obrero Revolucionario in the 1930s and 1940s, and the Partido Obrero Revolucionario, the Trotskyist group which was reconstituted after the 1959 Cuban Revolution.”

RS21: Revolutionary Socialism in the 21th Century

Mike Gonzalez: Cuba: coming in from the cold? (February 2, 2015)
“After 17 Cuban prisoners were freed by the US in December, Mike Gonzalez charts the recent deal between Washington and Havana and asks if this really is the end of an era with the lifting of the embargo.”

Socialism Today

Tony Saunois: Cuba: the future uncertain (Issue 144, Dec-Jan 2010)
“In the midst of severe economic crisis, the Cuban regime has moved to free up sections of the economy and cut back state-sector jobs. Obviously, this raises important questions for the workers and youth of the island, but also for socialists internationally. Do these measures spell the beginning of the end of Cuba’s planned economy?”

Cuba revisited (Issue 89, Feb 2005). Review of Richard Gott, Cuba: A new history and Leycester Coltman, The real Fidel Castro.
“What are the prospects for the Cuba today? Peter Taaffe reviews two recent books that provide illuminating insights into the history of Cuba and the current situation.”

Socialist Register

Saul Landau: Notes on the Cuban Revolution (1989, p.278-306, pdf)
“Socialism cannot fail in Cuba, without having the long hard years of struggle by so many millions of people dissipate. Fidel feels this responsibility and lives each day to see his work and his aspirations realized by a people. Yet, as long as he, and he alone, must bear this responsibility – and assume the power that goes with it – the Cuban people and their institutions will not have a chance to test themselves.”

Socialist Review

Mike Gonzalez: Cuba’s contradictions (May 2011)
“Cuba’s leaders are accerlerating the country’s move towards the free market. Mike Gonzalez alooks at the nature of Cuban society and what lies behind the new reforms.”

Mike Gonzalez: The autobiography of Fidel Castro (March 2010). Review of Norberto Fuentes’ book (Norton, 2009)
“This book is, of course, a satire. But in its rambling course, the book repeats much that is known and adds new dimensions that have a powerful ring of truth.”

Socialist Voice

Two views on Cuba’s leadership transition (Number 99, November 13, 2006)
“The following is an exchange on Cuba between John Riddell of Socialist Voice and Mike Gonzalez of the U.K. Socialist Workers Party.”

Socialist Worker (UK)

Features: Castro and Cuba (Issue 2090, 1 March 2008)
“After 49 years in power, Fidel Castro has finally resigned as president of Cuba. Socialist Worker looks back on the life of this influential but flawed figure.”

Socialist Worker (US)

Where is Cuba headed? (September 20, 2010)
“The Cuban government of Raúl Castro announced last week that it would push 500,000 workers out of state jobs next year … Sam Farber spoke to Alan Maass about the meaning of the layoff announcement – and what’s ahead for Cuba.”

Contradictions of Cuba’s foreign policy (January 7, 2009)
“Sam Farber, author of The Origins of the Cuban Revolution Reconsidered, examines Cuba’s foreign policy under Fidel Castro.”

After Fidel: Will Cuba change direction? (Issue 664, March 7, 2008)
“Samuel Farber talks to Socialist Worker about the political transition underway in Cuba as Fidel Castro steps down from the presidency.”

Socialistworld.net

Peter Taaffe: Cuba: Socialism and democracy (2000)
Contents: Cuba today – Lenin and Castro – World balance of force – A privileged elite? – Foreign policy – Cuba’s future – Appendices.
For debate, see Democratic Socialist Perspective above, and Paul Hampton: Is Cuba Socialist? (Workers’ Liberty, 2/1, September 2001).

Solidarity

Pablo Velasco and Sacha Ismail: Cuba as a class society (3/236, 29 February 2012)
“A review of Cuban-American revolutionary Sam Farber’s new book on Cuban Stalinism: Cuba since the revolution of 1959: A Critical Assessment (Haymarket, 2011)

Paul Hampton: Castro and the Cuban revolution (3/102, 16 November 2006)
“Fidel Castro is dying. Aged 80, probably with some form of cancer, possibly Parkinson’s disease, and in all likelihood dosed up on medication, he may well live a little longer but his days as ruler of Cuba are almost over. Paul Hampton assesses Castro’s legacy – the nature of the 1959 revolution and the social and political changes Cuba is now experiencing.”

Weekly Worker

More glasnost, less perestroika (Issue 848, January 13, 2011)
“Maciej Zurowski interviews Circles Robinson of ‘Havana Times’, a web magazine that features critical writing from Cuba.”

Slow death of Cuban ”˜socialism’ (Issue 834, September 23, 2010)
“The capitalist road is the only one open to an isolated Cuba, writes James Turley.”

Sunshine Stalinism ends? (Issue 710, February 28, 2008)
“James Turley looks at the mixed response of the left and the prospect of a Cuban Deng’.”

What Next?: Marxist Discussion Journal

Trotskyism and the Cuban Revolution: A debate (1981)
“This exchange of views on the early history of the Cuban revolution was published in Intercontinental Press. The first two pieces are open letters, one by Adolfo Gilly and the other by Angel Fanjul, written in response to a speech given by US Socialist Workers Party’s Jack Barnes. The third article is a reply to Gilly and Fanjul by José G. Pérez, who was at that time a member of the SWP.”

Workers’ Liberty

Paul Hampton: The Cuban revolution revisited (9 June, 2006)
Review of Samuel Farber, The origins of the Cuban Revolution reconsidered (2006)
“What was the class character of the Cuban revolution of 1959-61? More than any other Marxist over the last forty-five years, Sam Farber has tried to tackle this question from the standpoint of Third Camp working class socialism.”
Part I: Overview
Part II: Political economy
Part III: Castro’s group
Part IV: The role of the US
Part V: The role of the USSR
Part VI: The Cuban working class

Is Cuba socialist? (No. 54, March 1999)
“Paul Hampton of Workers’ Liberty spoke in debate with Bernard Regan, a leading member of the Socialist Teachers’ Alliance, at a London Workers’ Liberty meeting on 3 February 1999.”

World Socialist Web Site

Bill Van Auken: Cuba marks 50th anniversary of revolution in shadow of world crisis (3 January 2009)
“Cuba marked the 50th anniversary of the revolution that brought Castro to power with subdued celebrations. Havana sees the deepening world capitalist crisis not as a harbinger of international revolutionary struggle, but as a threat to Cuba’s unstable economy.”

Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Fidel Castro

 

 

 

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