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Artikler og sites på dansk

Web sites / Collections of articles in English

Articles in English

Books

Appendix: On Simon Bolivar


Leksikon:

Leksikon for det 21. århundrede

Boli­var, Simón

Den Store Danske

Simón Boli­var

 

In English:

Encyclopædia Britannica 1911

Simon Bolivar

Counterfire

Simon Bolivar and the Spanish-American revolutions (28 October 2013)
“Neil Faulkner looks at the rolling wave of revolutions in the Spanish Empire’s New World colonies between 1808 and 1826.”

International Socialism

The real Simon Bolivar (Issue 112, Autumn 2006, p.183-188)
“Simon Bolivar’s name is now used to describe the revolutionary process in Venezuela. Andy Brown looks at a an important new biography.”

Marxists Internet Archive

Bolivar y Ponte. Karl Marx in the New American Encyclopedia (1858)

Monthly Review

Boli­var and Chávez: the spirit of radical determination. By István Mészáros (Vol.59, No.3, July-August 2007)
“As we know only too well, the historical tempests which carry feathers like Simón Bolívar can temporarily die down without fulfilling their original promise. The objectives set by even the most distinguished historical figures can be realized only when their time truly arrives both in an objective and in a subjective sense.”

New Politics

Karl Marx and Simon Bolivar : a note on authoritarian leadership in a national-liberation movement. By Hal Draper (Issue 25, Winter 1968, Vol.7, No.1, p. 64-77). The article is reprinted in Hal Draper’s book: Socialism from Below (1992/2001; på Marxists Internet Archive)
“Considering that the article was supposed to be bland and nonpartisan, Marx was clearly presenting an extreme hostile view of Bolivar’s authoritarianism by means of selection and emphasis. Through all this, the progressiveness of the struggle for independence itself is not only unquestioned but confidently assumed. … Thus, for Marx, Bolivar’s Bonapartism is counterposed to the interest of the revolution.”

Socialist Review

The enduring spell of Bolivar (July 2006)
“James Dunkerley is impressed by a new biography of the Latin American freedom fighter.”

Solidarity & Workers’ Liberty

Bolivarianism and Bonapartism. By Eduardo Tovar (Issue 475, 18 July 2018)
“In short, whatever Simon Bolívar’s importance as a military leader, his Bonapartist tendencies meant that the independence struggle could never meet the full extent of its liberationary potential.”

Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Simón Bolivar

World Socialist Web Site

Hugo Chávez, Marx and the ‘Bolivarism’ of the twenty-first century. By Jair Antunes (12 February 2007)
“Hugo Chávez, in particular, has presented this movement as a continuation of the old crusade of Simon Bolivar, the ‘Liberator’, who two centuries ago said he intended to save Latin America from the imperialist yoke, but who in reality laid the foundations for centuries more of imperialist domination.”

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