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Linkbox om den russiske forfatter Aleksander Solsjenitsyn (1918-2008)
Den russiske forfatter Aleksander Solsjenitsyn døde 3. august 2008 i Moskva (født 11.12.1918 i Kislovodsk (Nord-Kaukasus). Nobelprisen i 1970, landsforvist fra USSR i 1974.

Litterære debut med romanen En dag i Ivan Denisovitjs liv (1962; dansk udgave 1962) om livet i Stalintidens fangelejre. Skrev Gulag Øhavet (1973; dansk udgave 1974-76, 6 bind),

Solzhenitsyn in Moscow 1998. Source:

engelsk titel: The Gulag Archipelago ( Se engelske udgave online på



Artikler og nekrologer

Nekrolog: Stemmen fra Gulag er død ud. Af Mikael Hertoft (Kontradoxa, 4.8.2008)
“Hans stærke samfundskritik, hans vilje til at nå indtil kernen gennem kritisk analyse, hans kontroversielle synspunkter og hans utrolige overlevelsesevne vil markere ham som en af Ruslands største personligheder i det tyvende århundrede.”

TROITSE-LYKOVO, MOSCOW. Vladimir Putin and Lyudmila Putin at the home of Alexander Solzhenitsyn and Natalya Solzhenitsyn, 20 September 2000 Source: Author: Presidential Press and Information Office (CC BY 4.0)

Articles & obituaries

From rebel to zealot. By Tom Unterrainer (Solidarity, 3:139, 25 September 2008)
“He died an intolerant, nationalistic, religious zealot. He died a great literary figure, a powerful critic of the day-to-day brutality of Stalinism but a compromised critic of Bolshevism and, as these things go, capitalism.”

Solzhenitsyn: false prophet (Weekly Worker, Issue 735, September 4, 2008)
“Paul Flewers investigates how a hero of western anti-communism came to be abandoned by his former promoters.”

Alexander Solzhenitsyn: Witness to the Gulag (Socialist Worker, Issue 2114, 16 August 2008)
“Dave Crouch looks at the politics and work of Alexander Solzhenitsyn, the great chronicler of Stalin’s Russia who died recently.”

Solzhenitsyn and the right. By Richard Seymour (Lenin’s Tomb, August 4, 2008)
“Solzhenitsyn was notable for his reactionary pro-Tsarist politics, and for his concessions to antisemitism. And, as just as many of his criticisms of the Stalinist terror were, they were both exaggerated and conjoined to a paranoid view about the supposed menace posed by the USSR.”

Mapping Solzhenitsyn’s decline. By Alan Wald (Against the Current, No.56, May/June 1995). Review of Paul N. Siegel, The Great Reversal: Politics and Art in Solzhenitsyn (Walnut Publishing, 1991). “Paul Siegel’s short but rigorous study has the virtue of offering a cogent perspective on the changes that have occurred in Solzhenitsyn the man, as well as in his art.”

Solzhenitsyn’s Gulag Archipelago, Part two (pdf) (Dissent, Spring 1976 , p.155-163)
“We print here the first English translation of a discussion of Solzhenitsyn’s Gulag II by the distinguished Russian historian and intellectual dissident Roy Medvedev.”

Solzhenitsyn’s The Gulag Archipelago. Review by Dave Hughes (International Socialism, No.72, October 1974)
“Solzhenitsyn’s own experiences in the camps and his compilation of the accounts of others mean that The Gulag Archipelago vividly brings to life many aspects of the prison regime …”

Solzhenitsyn: The politics of isolation. By Bruce Young (International Socialism, No.72, October 1974)
“The problem with Solzhenitsyn is that whereas in his work he describes truthfully and entertainingly what it’s like to live in a Stalinist system, his own politics are highly reactionary.”

Solzhenitsyn: A political analysis. By Jean-Marie Chauvier (The Socialist Register, 1974, p.48-100)
“The author’s central thesis is, indeed, that what is called the ‘Stalin’ terror resulted from the very quintessence of the regime that was born in October 1917 and continues to exist today.”

The Gulag Archipelago: Solzhenitsyn’s assault on Stalinism and the October Revolution. By Ernest Mandel (Inprecor, May 9, 1974, p.19–24; online at Marxists Internet Archive). Også på svensk: Gulag-arkipelagen (pdf) (
“… the personal tragedy of a writer of exceptional talent who, because of his inability to understand the origins and character of the evil he is confronted with, has come to reactionary conclusions …”


Tema: Solsjenitsyn og oppositionen i Sovjetunionen (Kultur & Klasse, nr.29, 1977, 132 s.). Med bidrag fra Gunhild Agger, Jiri Pelikan, Ernest Mandel, Roy Medvedev og Jean-Marie Chauvier. Artiklerne af Mandel, Medvedev og Chauvier er online på engelsk ovenfor.

Alexander Solzhenitsyn: soldier, prisoner, writer. By R. Weerakoon (International Publisher, Colombo, 1972, 127 p., online at Marxists Internet Archive)
“Born a year after the October Revolution, Solzhenitsyn belongs to a generation which could not have become aware of its socio-political environment before the year 1930 …By the time he was fifteen, Stalinism had consolidated itself in the Soviet Union and the Bolshevik Old Guard had been liquidated.”

Georg Lukacs: Solsjenitsyn (Gyldendals Uglebøger, 1971, 140 sider). See review by Irving Howe, Lukacs and Solzhenitsyn (pdf) (Dissent, November-December, 1971) + George Lukacs: Solzhenitsyn and the new realism (Socialist Register, 1965, p.197-215)


Se også/See also:

The Gulag: Global Museum on Communism ( Anti-communist web site devoted to the history of the Gulag, a project of Victims of Communism Memorial Foundation (official US). Virtual Gulag, Exhibits, Multimedia, Ressources (Books & Films).

Se også på Socialistisk Bibliotek:


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