23. juli 1983 åbnede guerilla-organisationen LTTE (Liberation Tigers of Tamil Eelam, De Tamilske Tigre, stiftet i maj 1976) den væbnede kamp for mindretallet af den tamilske befolkningsgruppes selvbestemmelse og oprettelse af Tamilsk Eelam.
Borgerkrigen sluttede i maj 2009 med regeringens militære sejr.
Sri Lanka (Leksikon.org)
Borgerkrigen i Sri Lanka (Wikipedia.dk). Dansk intro.
Sri Lankan Civil War (Wikipedia.org). Større engelsk artikel.
Liberation Tigers of Tamil Eelam (Wikipedia.org)
TamilEelam.dk : Nyheder om tamilerns forhold på Sri Lanka
TamilNet : reporting to the world on Tamil affairs
Sri Lanka: En nådeløs krig, der ikke har ført en politisk løsning med sig (Socialistisk Information, 18. maj 2009)
Massakre mod tamiler. Interview med Remmon Washington (Socialistisk Arbejderavis, nr. 288, 30. april 2009, side 2). Bl.a. om borgerkrigens historiske rødder.
Sri Lanka : nationalismens blindgyde. Af Barry Pavier (Socialistisk Arbejderavis, nr. 287, 19. marts 2009, side 2). Oversat fra Socialist Review 334, marts 2009.
Reporting genocide in Sri Lanka. By Manny Thain (Socialism Today, Issue 168, May 2013). Review of Frances Harrison, Still Counting the Dead: Survivors of Sri Lanka’s hidden war (Portobello Books, 2012)
“This book recounts the horrific experiences of Tamils in the last few months of the conflict between Sri Lankan armed forces and the separatist Liberation Tigers of Tamil Eelam (LTTE). President Mahinda Rajapaksa declared victory on 18 May 2009.”
Life under the Tamil Tigers. By Chris Slee (Links, May 30, 2013). Review of N. Malathy, A fleeting moment in my country: the last years of the LTTE de-facto state (Clarity Press, 2012)
“This book tells us about N. Malathy’s country – the Tamil homeland in the north and east of the island of Sri Lanka. It tells of a period when a substantial part of the Tamil homeland was governed by the Liberation Tigers of Tamil Eelam (LTTE).”
New history book details Tamil struggle. By Chris Slee (Green Left Weekly, Issue 938, September 18, 2012). Review of Ron Ridenour, Tamil Nation in Sri Lanka (New Century Book House, 2012)
“Ridenour explains the reasons why many Tamils took up arms to fight for an independent Tamil state. He shows the history of racism in Sri Lanka and the violent repression carried out by successive governments against peaceful Tamil protests.”
Sri Lanka: Behind the massacre – an interview with Ashok Kumar (Against the Current, No.141, July/August 2009)
“Ashok Kumar is a 2008-2009 Fulbright Research Scholar in Sri Lanka. He was interviewed by email for Against the Current by Dianne Feeley and David Finkel shortly after the crushing of the ‘Tamil Tigers’ by the Sri Lankan military offensive.”
The collapse of the ethno-nationalist project of the LTTE and the Tamil Question in Sri Lanka. By Rajesh Tyagi (In Defence of Marxism, 2 July 2009)
“[The article] highlights the responsibilities firstly of the Sri Lankan ruling elite and its imperialist backers, but also of the leaders of the labour movement in failing to offer an alternative in the past, and of the LTTE leaders, who organised their war from a purely nationalist point of view, offering nothing concrete to the workers and peasants.”
No future without a political solution. By Danielle Sabaï ((International Viewpoint, Issue 413, June 2009)
“Sri Lanka offers a striking example of the political, economic and religious problems left by colonisation. An examination of the colonial history of Sri Lanka throws light on the current civil war in its ethnic dimension but also in terms of its economic and social roots.”
Savage repression won’t bring peace to Sri Lanka. By Dan Mayer (Socialist Review, June 2009)
Sri Lanka: the defeat of the LTTE and the dead-end of nationalism. By Bill Van Auken (World Socialist Web Site, 21 May 2009)
“The defeat of the Liberation Tigers of Tamil Eelam has unleashed immense suffering on the Tamil people of northern Sri Lanka. Sympathy for the LTTE’s massacred fighters, however, must not prevent fundamental lessons from being drawn.”
The scorched earth of Tamil Eelam. By Richard Seymour (Lenin’s Tomb, May 21, 2009)
“The LTTE struggle can’t be reduced to its tactics, but its tactics did flow from its nationalist premises. That is why it chose to pursue a guerilla struggle when it didn’t have mass support …”
Socialism only way forward for Sri Lanka’s Tamils. By Camilo Cahis (In Defence of Marxism, 25 May 2009)
“Greater rights for the Tamil people cannot be achieved with the methods adopted by the Tamil Tigers. In fact, a completely different alternative was, at one time, possible, based on a united working class, Tamil and Sinhalese, in the struggle for a socialist Sri Lanka.”
Sri Lanka’s war against the Tamils. By Clare Doyle (Socialism Today, Issue 128, May 2009)
Ceylon/Sri Lanka (Encyclodedia of Trotskyism On-Line). Texts about the Lanka Sama Samaja Party.
The National Question in Sri Lanka. By Edmund Samarakkody (What Next! Issue 3, 1997)
“This article is a shortened version of a pamphlet of the same name issued by the Revolutionary Workers Party of Sri Lanka in 1984.”