Hvorfor socialisme? (Revolution, 21. december 2009)
Et af verdens store toneangivende medier, TIME Magazine, har netop kåret Albert Einstein som ‘Århundredets Person’. Den store naturvidenskabsmand beskæftigede sig ikke kun med fysik, men også med sociale og politiske spørgsmål. I denne – ofte oversete – tekst fra 1949 forklarer han, hvorfor kapitalismen må erstattes af socialisme.
Hvorfor sosialisme? (Røde Fane, nr.4, 2002)
Albert Einstein (1879-1955) var sveitsisk fysiker. Denne artikkelen ble opprinnelig utgitt i den første utgaven til Monthly Review, mai 1949. Monthly Review er et marxistisk tidskrift utgitt i New York, USA. Abonnement anbefales. Artikkelen er oversatt av Johan Petter Andresen, med hjelp fra Ellen Røsjø.
Why Socialism? (May 1949) (Monthly Review, Vol.61, No.1, May 2009)
“Is it advisable for one who is not an expert on economic and social issues to express views on the subject of socialism? I believe for a number of reasons that it is.”
New Palestine Party visit of Menachem Begin and aims of political movement discussed (Marxists Internet Archive, Albert Einstein Reference Archive)
Letter to The New York Times, 2 December 1948.
Prominent Jews issue warning (AMEU)
The following letter to the editor appeared in the New York Times on December 4, 1948. Co-signed by twenty-eight prominent Jews, the letter provided unsettling commentary about Menachem Begin’s past actions and his impending visit to the United States.
Einstein letter of 22 January 1947 (Federation of American Scientists e-Prints)
I write to you for help at the suggestion of a friend.
Albert Einstein’s letters to President Franklin Delano Roosevelt (E-World, 20 February 1997)
The letter that launched the arms race. A warning to President Roosevelt of the possibility of constructing “extremely powerful bombs of a new type” with hints that the German government might be doing just that. Addressed and dated Peconic, Long Island, August 2nd 1939, it was most likely written by Leo Szilard, the scientist who invented the chain reaction. Nevertheless, Einstein took full responsibility for its consequences, calling it “the greatest mistake” of his life. I have tried to reproduce the formatting as it appeared in the original. This is the only letter for which I have done this.
Einstein explains the equivalence of energy and matter (mp3) (Dr Okan Ã–zer, 0:55 min.)
It followed from the special theory of relativity that mass and energy are both but different manifestations of the same thing — a somewhat unfamilar conception for the average mind. Furthermore, the equation E is equal to m c-squared, in which energy is put equal to mass, multiplied by the square of the velocity of light, showed that very small amounts of mass may be converted into a very large amount of energy and vice versa. The mass and energy were in fact equivalent, according to the formula mentioned before. This was demonstrated by Cockcroft and Walton in 1932, experimentally.