Udvalgte artikler om Einstein
100 years of General Relativity, Part 1-3. By Bryan Dyne (World Socialist Web Site, 7-9 December 2015)
“Three-part series examining the history, science and implications of Einstein’s general theory of relativity.”
Albert Einstein’s life, or parts of it, in the first season of National Geographic’s Genius. By Bryan Dyne (World Socialist Web Site, 20 July 2017)
“The 10-episode season portrays the life of arguably world history’s most renowned scientist while focusing little on the science he developed. Neither does the show pay a great deal of attention to the broader intellectual, cultural and political ferment that Einstein was born into. Instead, the series focuses on Einstein’s personal relationships, particularly his two marriages and his various love affairs. The results are very disappointing.”
The hidden half-life of Albert Einstein: Anti-racism (Socialism and Democracy, Vol.17, No.1, April 19, 2011)
In a game of free association, if I say “Einstein,” what’s your response?
Probably “genius.” Maybe “brilliant.” Possibly even “absent-minded professor.”
But few, if any would say, “social activist” or “human rights advocate,” and virtually nobody would say, “anti-racist.”
Einstein on Palestine and Zionism. By Edward C. Corrigan (Dissident Voice, January 9, 2010)
There is some controversy over Einstein’s political views especially on the issue of Palestine and the creation of a Jewish State. Many Zionists claim Einstein as one of their own. Einstein, however, was a pacifist, a universalist and abhorred nationalism. The recently published book, Einstein on Israel and Zionism: His Provocative Ideas About the Middle East by Fred Jerome (New York, St. Martin’s Press, 2009) has brought Einstein’s political views on the Middle East back into the spotlight.
Einstein letter sold for record sum], Part 1-2. By Ann Talbot and Chris Talbot (World Socialist Web Site, 23-24 June 2008)
A previously unknown letter of Einstein’s recently came up for sale at auction. It is a remarkable document because it contains the great physicist’s candid comments on religion.
One hundred years since Albert Einstein’s annus mirabilis, Part 1-4. By Peter Symonds (World Socialist Web Site, 11-14 July 2005)
Whereas in 1905 there was a climate of optimism and enthusiastic interest in scientific achievements, science today is forced to defend its most basic precepts in the face of superstition, mysticism and anti-scientific nonsense, all of which are promoted for politically reactionary ends. The media coverage afforded to the Pope’s recent death, and the various mediaeval rituals associated with it, will far outweigh, for example, any examination of the contribution of Einstein over the past 100 years. That is all the more reason for socialists, and anyone preoccupied with mankind’s future progress, to pay tribute to his astonishing achievements and to defend those who continue his legacy: extending the boundaries of our knowledge of nature and the universe.
Albert Einstein, Radical: A political profile. By John J. Simon (Monthly Review, Vol.57, No.1, May 2005). Only abstract online.
2005 marks the fiftieth anniversary of the death of Albert Einstein and the centennial of the publication of five of his major scientific papers that transformed the study of physics. Einstein’s insights were so revolutionary that they challenged not only established doctrine in the natural sciences, but even altered the way ordinary people saw their world. By the 1920s he had achieved international popular renown on a scale that would not become usual until the rise of the contemporary celebrity saturated tabloids and cable news channels. His recondite scientific papers as well as interviews with the popular press were front page news and fodder for the newsreels. Usually absent, however, was any sober discussion of his participation in the political life of his times as an outspoken radical-especially in profiles and biographies after his death.
Einstein’s 1905 Revolution: New physics, new century. By Ansar Fayyazuddin (Against the Current, Issue 116, May-June 2005)
Albert Einstein hardly needs an introduction. A popular culture icon, his name, his disheveled appearance in late life, his theory of relativity are synonymous with genius. It may be hard to imagine a physicist as a popular culture icon, Time’s Person of the Century (for heaven’s sake); yet no other figure of the 20th Century comes to my mind, with the possible exception of Picasso, whose legacy is so indisputable as to qualify for the position of something so improbable as Person of the Century.
What brings about changes in science? (Socialist Worker, Issue 1946, April 9, 2005)
I discussed last week how Albert Einstein’s 1905 paper on the special theory of relativity helped resolve an emerging crisis in physics. In the same year Einstein published three other major scientific papers.
How Einstein explored the light fantastic (Socialist Worker, Issue 1945, April 2, 2005)
I showed last week how Isaac Newton developed laws of motion that allowed a materialist picture of the universe to emerge. This materialism was of a mechanical kind ”” with matter interacting like parts in a giant clockwork mechanism set into motion by god.
It was all set in motion by Isaac Newton (Socialist Worker, Issue 1944, March 26, 2005)
One hundred years ago Albert Einstein published four papers that began a revolution in science. There are many reasons why socialists might be interested in Einstein. He was a lifelong opponent of militarism and oppression, and he became a committed socialist.
E=mc2 and socialism. By Mary Godwin (Weekly Worker, Issue 564, February 17, 2005)
On July a hundred years will have passed since Albert Einstein published his special theory of relativity. The inter-convertibility of mass and energy demonstrated in this theory, and expressed in the well known equation, E=MC2, provided the theoretical basis for the development of the atomic bombs with which the US government destroyed the Japanese cities of Hiroshima and Nagasaki in August 1945.
USA`s bedste allierede (Arbejderen.dk, 4. juni 2004)
Når Einstein var imod delingen af Palæstina, var det, fordi han anede og frygtede den udvikling, der er sket. Ingen jøde med erindring om den Anden Verdenskrigs rædsler kunne unde palæstinenserne den tilværelse, der er blevet dem til del i dag.
Einstein’s legacy. By Eric Walberg (Peace Magazine, October-December 2003)
The America I once knew seems like a distant memory, says one journalist after another these days. But how about this: “Times such as ours have always bred defeatism and despair.”
Albert Einstein was not a Zionist. By Kim Petersen (Dissident Voice, May 1, 2003)
I was something of a science geek when I was younger. My bedroom walls were adorned with various posters of the great physicist Albert Einstein. I had Einstein biographies on my bookshelf. My friends all sent me photos of Mr. Einstein when they came across them. I even attended a one-man play in a small local theatre on the life of Mr. Einstein. Mr. Einstein is and was, singularly, a scientific icon whether he wanted to be or not. This iconic status was confirmed when Time magazine chose Mr. Einstein as its Man of the Century. But Mr. Einstein transcended science; he was outspoken in his support for peace, racial harmony, and socialism.
Was Einstein right?. By John Chuckman (Counterpunch, April 4, 2003)
Einstein’s was one of the most important names lent to the cause of Zionism. His name and visits and letters raised a great deal of money towards establishing universities and resettling European Jews suffering under violent anti-Semitism long before the founding of Israel.
But even in a cause so dear to his heart, Einstein never stopped thinking for himself. He not only opposed the establishment of a formal Israeli state – he was after all a great internationalist – but he always advocated treating the Arabic people of Palestine with generosity and understanding.
Albert Einstein: Om hans liv og fysik-teorier (Rostra.dk, juli 2004)
I år er det 125 år siden at Albert Einstein blev født. Næste år, 2005, er det 50 år siden, at Einstein døde, og det er 100-året for Einsteins såkaldte ‘Mirakuløse år’. Det år, i 1905, skrev han nogle grundlæggende artikler, alt imens han var ansat på et patentkontor i Schweiz. Artiklerne blev offentliggjort i det tyske fagtidsskrift ‘Annalen der Physik’, og alle beskæftigede de sig med grundlæggende fysiske problemstillinger. I en af artiklerne gives en teoretisk redegørelse for den ‘fotoelektriske effekt’, teorien om fotocellen. En anden artikel indeholder teorien for det, der siden er blevet kaldt ‘den specielle relativitetsteori’, og en tredje artikel beskæftiger sig med de såkaldte ‘brownske bevægelser’ af partikler opslæmmet i en væske.
For sine teoretiske arbejder, men primært for teorien om den fotoelektriske effekt fik Einstein Nobelprisen i fysik for året 1921.
I anledning af de runde år for Einstein, er året 2005 udnævnt til ‘Det internationale Fysik-år’. Ret ukendt er det, at Einstein også har udtænkt et par opfindelser, som han har fået patent på. I det følgende noget om Einsteins liv og hans fysik-teoretiske arbejder.
John Passant on Einstein’s brain (Workers Online, Issue 25, August 6, 1999)
A few weeks ago there was a bit of rubbish in some of the press about Einstein’s brain. The articles roused my interest, not in phrenology but in Einstein and his social thought.
Relativity Theory (In Defence of Marxism, 18 July 2005)
Fra bogen [Reason in Revolt : Marxism and Modern Science af Alan Woods og Ted Grant] (1999)
Few ideas have penetrated the human consciousness as profoundly as that of time. The idea of time and space has occupied human thought for thousands of years. These things at first sight seem simple and easy to grasp, because they are close to everyday experience. Everything exists in time and space, so they appear as familiar conceptions. However, what is familiar is not necessarily understood. On closer examination, time and space are not so easily grasped. In the 5th century, St. Augustine remarked: “What, then, is time? If no one asks me, I know what time is. If I wish to explain it to him who asks me, I do not know.” The dictionary is not much help here. Time is defined as a “a period,” and a period is defined as “time.” This does not get us very far! In reality, the nature of time and space is quite a complex philosophical problem.
Albert Einstein and the Atomic Bomb. By Doug Long (Hiroshima: Was it Necessary?)
Albert Einstein and the Atomic Bombings of Japan.
Albert Einstein as scientist and socialist. By Carl Darton (Labor Action, July 10, 1950, online at Workers’ Liberty, 3 December, 2015)
“The unique status of Albtrt Einstein rests not only on his scientific pre-eminence but also upon his keen interest in social and political affairs.”
Political views of Albert Einstein (Wikipedia.org)
Albert Einstein was widely known during his lifetime for his work with the theory of relativity and physics in general. His political opinions were of public interest through the middle of the 20th century due to his fame and involvement in political, humanitarian and academic projects around the world. He was often called upon to give judgments and opinions on matters often unrelated to theoretical physics or mathematics. Einstein’s visible position in society allowed him to speak and write frankly, even provocatively, at a time when many people were silenced due to the rise of the Nazi movement.
General relativity (Wikipedia)
General relativity (GR) or general relativity theory (GRT) is the theory of gravitation published by Albert Einstein in 1915. The conceptual core of general relativity, from which its other consequences largely follow, is the Principle of Equivalence, which describes gravitation and acceleration as different perspectives of the same thing, and which was originally stated by Einstein in 1907 as: “We shall therefore assume the complete physical equivalence of a gravitational field and the corresponding acceleration of the reference frame. This assumption extends the principle of relativity to the case of uniformly accelerated motion of the reference frame.”
Special relativity på (Wikipedia)
Special relativity (SR) or the special theory of relativity is the physical theory published in 1905 by Albert Einstein. It replaced Newtonian notions of space and time, and incorporated electromagnetism as represented by Maxwell’s equations. The theory is called “special” because it is a special case of Einstein’s principle of relativity where the effects of gravity can be ignored. Ten years later, Einstein published the theory of general relativity, which incorporates gravitation.