Coup of September 11, 1973. Bombing of La Moneda (presidential palace). Author: Biblioteca del Congreso Nacional de Chile. (CC BY 3.0 CL). Source: Wikimedia Commons
Coup of September 11, 1973. Bombing of La Moneda (presidential palace). Author: Biblioteca del Congreso Nacional de Chile. (CC BY 3.0 CL). Source: Wikimedia Commons

Den 11. september 1973: Militærjunta under ledelse af general Pinochet – og støttet af USA – vælter den socialistiske præsident Allende i Chile, og myrder ham. En blodig undertrykkelse starter. Kuppet får stor betydning for den europæiske venstrefløjs strategiske diskussioner.

Bjarne A. Frandsen, august 2008
Revideret og ajourført september 2023


 

Indhold:/Content:


sta_anchor id=”artik” /]

På dansk (og nordisk)

Artikler:

Til forsvar for Allende. Af Ariel Dorfman (Solidaritet.dk/Kritisk Revy, 11. september 2023)
“Spørgsmålet om, hvor Chiles sande identitet ligger, bliver stadigt mere presserende, som 50 årsdagen for Pinochets kup nærmer sig.”

Bombemanualer og fraktionsdannelse: Om solidaritetsarbejdet med Chile i 1970’erne (Solidaritet.dk, 11. september 2023)
“Salvador Allendes regering blev væltet i et militærkup 11. september 1973. Straks begyndte det internationale solidaritetsarbejde for Chile, og det fandt også til Danmark. Solidaritet bringer her Morten Things minder om solidaritetsarbejdet med Chile.”

50 år efter militærkuppet i Chile (Solidaritet.dk/Kritisk Revy, 11. september 2023)
“Vi bringer … Ricardo La Barcas tale i anledning af 50 årsdagen for militærkuppet i Chile 11. september 1973. Talen blev holdt ved Chiles mindelund på Den røde Plads på Nørrebro i København mandag 4. september.”

50 år siden militærkuppet: Chiles kæmpende revolutionære venstrefløj. Af Inge K. Hansen og Alfred Lang. 1. del (Autonom Infoservice, 8. september 2023)
“Chiles revolutionære bevægelse ’Movimiento de Izquierda Revolucionaria’ (MIR) forsøgte frem til 1973 at forcere folke-magtstrukturer fra neden.”
Chiles revolutionære venstrefløj: Årene op til og under militærkuppet. 2. del (Ibid., 10. september)
“MIR lod ikke deres tidligere forsigtige støtte til Allende afholde dem fra at indtage en aktiv rolle i klassekonfrontationerne.”

50 år efter kuppet i Chile – et tilbageblik på Folkeenhedens første år. Af Taroa Zúñiga Silva (Socialistisk Information, 30. august 2023)
“Miguel Lawner sad i flere år i fængsel efter militærkuppet i Chile i 1973 og kom senere til Danmark som politisk flygtning. Som chef for byfornyelse under Folkeenhedens (1970-73) regering ser han tilbage på begejstringen efter den venstreorienterede regerings valgsejr.”

Chile, d. 11. september 1973: Historien om et blodigt militærkup. Af Alfred Lang (Autonom Infoservice, 10. september 2018/2003; opdateret 11. september 2019)
“For 33 år siden borede datoen 11. september sig for første gang dybt ind i verdensoffentligheden. Den dag i 1973 gennemførte Chiles militær et blodigt kup, der blev støttet af USA’s regering. Drømmen om en fredelig vej til socialisme var slået fejl.”
Også online på Konfront.dk (10. september 2020) + i lettere rev. udgave på Solidaritet.dk: 11. september: Historien om et blodigt militærkup i Chile (11. september 2022).

Chile 40 år efter kuppet: ‘Det kan ske igen’. Af Andreas Bülow (Modkraft.dk, 11. september 2013)
“Der er gået fyrre år, men Jorge M. Carvajal husker det tydeligt: Militærfanfaren i radioen, talerne om fædrelandet, soldaterne der bevogtede gaderne.”

“Det må aldrig ske igen” (pdf). Af Dorte Ellesøe Hansen (Arbejderhistorie, nr.3, 2013, s.72-80)
Om Arbejdermuseet & ABA særudstilling af egne plakater fra det danske støttearbejde til fordel for Chile.

Ingen fredelig vej til socialisme. Af Martin Hammer (Socialistisk Information, 8. september 2013; tidligere bragt i 2003)
“Unidad Populars regering var et forsøg på en demokratisk og fredelig overgang til socialisme. Kuppet i Chile definerede spørgsmålet: Kan vi stemme os til socialisme?”

DR-chef forsvarer højrefløjsdiktatur. Af Ole Wugge Christiansen (Modkraft.dk, 30. september 2010)
“DR-chef med ansvar for tv-serien ‘Jagten på de røde lejesvende’, Morten Hesseldahl, har forståelse for Chiles tidligere diktator Augusto Pinochet, som han roser for ‘brutalt fokus på udviklingen af et liberalistisk marked’.”

Fortidens synder IV: Da Chile fik en nødvendig ‘overgangs-regering’. Af Ulrik Dahlin (Information, 29. august 2008)
“Selv om det er ‘utilfredsstillende’ og et tragisk ‘overgreb’, at Chiles generaler i september 1973 styrter landets folkevalgte præsident, forstår Danmarks to store borgerlige aviser nødvendigheden af kuppet. Bare det bliver en kortvarig affære …”

9-11 … i Chile 1973. Af Alfred Lang (Modkraft.dk, 11. september 2006)
“11. september 1973 druknede drømmen om en fredelig vej til socialisme i blod.”

Salvador Allende, January 1972. Photo: Photographer Unknown. Collection: Brazilian National Archives Accession number. Public Domain/Arquivo Nacional. Source: <a href="https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Salvador_Allende,_1972.tif">Wikimedia Commons</a>
Salvador Allende, January 1972. Photo: Photographer Unknown. Collection: Brazilian National Archives Accession number. Public Domain/Arquivo Nacional. Source: Wikimedia Commons

Et folks tragedie. Af Mike Gonzales (Socialistisk Revy, nr.8, oktober 1998, s.13-15)
“Chiles venstreorienterede regering – et eksperiment i demokratisk socialisme – blev brutalt smadret af et militærkup for 25 år siden. Mike Gonzales kigger på, hvad der gik galt og hvorfor.”

Chile 1973: Arbejderregeringen væltes – konsekvensen af en arbejderregering uden et klart socialistisk program. Af Michael Styrk (Revolution, 12. oktober 2003)

Læren af Chile (1979). Del 1-3. Af Alan Woods (Revolution, 10. september 2003). Del 2 (17. oktober 2003) + Del 3 (24. marts 2004). 44 printsider ialt.
“I dag 40 år efter borgerskabets kup i Chile, er det stadigt lærerigt at tage et kig på fortidens erfaringer. Dette dokument blev oprindelig skrevet i 1979, men analysen er mindst lige så relevant i dag som den var i 1979.”

Chile – enden på den parlamentariske vej til socialismen. Af Ian Birchall og Chris Harman (Proletar! nr. 6, november 1973, s.6-13)
“Mange såkaldte marxister har påstået, at den borgerlige stat i moderne tid kan ændres ved hjælp af ‘fredelige’ reformer, i hvert fald i lande med en stærk parlamentarisk tradition. Det var præcis de argumenter, Allende og kommunistpartiet førte i marken i Chile.”

Chile (Kurasje, nr.5-6, 1972, 183 s.)
“Det primære sigte med dette [tema]nummer er at formidle en baggrundsinformation, som – omend utilstrækkeligt – skulle kunne muliggøre en mere klar forståelse af den proces, der i disse år er i gang i det chilensiske samfund.”

Texter om utvecklingen i Chile (Marxistarkiv.se)

U.S. Secretary of State Henry Kissinger with Pinochet in 1976. Source: Archivo General Histórico del Ministerio de Relaciones Exteriores ([1]). Author: Ministerio de Relaciones Exteriores de Chile. (CC BY 2.0 CL). Source: <a href="https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Reuni%C3%B3n_Pinochet_-_Kissinger.jpg">Wikimedia Commons</a>
U.S. Secretary of State Henry Kissinger with Pinochet in 1976. Source: Archivo General Histórico del Ministerio de Relaciones Exteriores ([1]). Author: Ministerio de Relaciones Exteriores de Chile. (CC BY 2.0 CL). Source: Wikimedia Commons

[sta_anchor id=”artic” /]

 

In English

Articles:

Then & now: Reflections on Chile. By Oscar Mendoza (Against the Current, Issue 230, May-June 2024)
“It was the 50th anniversary commemoration of the military coup on September 11 of that year, the original 9/11, that took me back to Chile after a longer than usual time. For several months I had been preparing myself to be in the country on this date, for the first time in half a century.”

Kissinger in Chile. By René Rojas (Jacobin, November 29, 2023)
“By the time Chile’s workers rose up to rally around Salvador Allende, Latin America had become a key arena in US planners’ “mortal struggle to determine the shape of the future world.” Henry Kissinger was obsessed with toppling the socialist president.”

The Economist magazine’s role in the Chilean coup. By John McEvoy (Jacobin, September 27, 2023)
“The Economist marked 50 years since the Chilean coup by calling for the country to move on from the past. What the magazine didn’t do was confront its own key role in demonizing Salvador Allende and building Augusto Pinochet’s international legitimacy.”

The Left should draw the right lessons from Salvador Allende’s rise and fall. By René Rojas (Jacobin, September 18, 2023)
“The great achievements of Salvador Allende’s socialist government in Chile have often been overshadowed by its brutal defeat. But the fall of his government wasn’t inevitable.”

Salvador Allende was in Washington’s crosshairs. By Branko Marcetic (Jacobin, September 11, 2023)
“Fifty years on, more details on the US role in overthrowing Salvador Allende’s socialist government are being uncovered. Among the latest revelations: Richard Nixon knew that the 1973 coup was going to happen days before it did.”

Struggle for memory continues 50 years after Chile coup. By Claudia Hernández Aliaga“According to official numbers from Chile’s Ministry of Justice and Human Rights, during 17 years of dictatorship, 40,175 people were persecuted, tortured, executed and disappeared. Of these, it is believed at least 3,200 were executed and disappeared. To date, only 307 have been found and identified.”

A revolutionary experience: Chile 1970-1973. By Franck Gaudichaud (International Viewpoint, 11 September 2023)
“Today, these memories of repression, exile and struggle for the defense of human rights continue to mark our images of this country in the Southern Cone. But Chile was not only a country of tragedies: the first years of the 1970s were above all those of an extraordinary popular and (pre)revolutionary process that shook the established order.”

Half a century after his death, Salvador Allende is still present among us. By Victor Figueroa (Jacobin, September 11, 2023)
Chile’s socialist leader Salvador Allende became an icon of resistance to oligarchic tyranny after the right-wing coup that began 50 years ago today. His ideas and his sacrifice remain a powerful example for anyone seeking to build a movement for change.”

That other 9-11: The coup that ended Chile’s Popular Unity government. By Richard Fidler (Life on the Left,)
“It seems appropriate to look back at the Chilean experience – the first breakthrough for the Left in Latin America after the Cuban Revolution of 1959 – and to think about the lessons to be learned for today’s Left and progressive movements.”

National road to disaster (Weekly Worker, Issue 1457, 7 September 2023)
“Some 60,000 died, huge numbers were tortured and driven into exile, the parties of the left were banned and driven underground. Mike Macnair asks if any strategic lessons were learnt.” See also letter by Ian Birchall: Chile defeat (Ibid., Issue 1459, 21 September 2023). “A great deal more information has become available since then, and Macnair makes some useful and valid points. But it is, to say the least, surprising that in his treatment of the SWP position, he makes not a single mention of the various articles by Mike Gonzalez.”

Chile: 50 years after the disgrace Neoliberalism at gun point. By Eric Toussaint and Roberto Gonzalez Amador (CADTM, 7 September 2023)
“Chile prefigured what was about to happen in the world at large over the next ten years: an imperialist counter-offensive, notably from the USA, against policies aiming at income redistribution, local industrial development and the creation of welfare states.”

50 years since Pinochet’s bloody coup. By Sophie Squire and Charlie Kimber (Socialist Worker, Issue 2871, 5 September 2023)
Feature: “Socialist Worker takes a look at the lessons 50 years since the coup that ended the left wing government in Chile and says why they are still vital today.”

Chile 1973 — The original 9/11. By Oscar Mendoza (Against the Current, Issue 226, September-October 2023)
“As we near the day of the 50th anniversary, I believe that we should ask ourselves two questions: first, what are we commemorating? And, second, does Allende’s dream of a fairer and better Chile live on today?”

Chile 1973 – the original 9/11. By Oscar Mendoza (Europe Solidaire Sans Frontiers, )
“… I’m taken back to that gray drizzly day when the future we had dreamt of disappeared in a wave of violence, death and repression. Fifty years on from the coup, does Allende’s dream live on?”

Kissinger and the CIA in Chile: An interview With Peter Kornbluh, Part I. By Marc Cooper (Truthdig, July 6, 2023)
A comprehensive review of the U.S. role in the 1973 coup of Salvador Allende and its aftermath.”
Part 2: After the coup (Ibid., July 11)
“How Kissinger and the CIA bolstered the regime of Augusto Pinochet for years—until they couldn’t.”

The workers who seized the means of production. By Oren Schweitzer (Jacobin, August 25, 2022)
“During the height of Salvador Allende’s socialist government in Chile, workers began to take over their factories and assert their right to live free of those who had oppressed them for generations.”

Salvador Allende’s brief experiment in radical democracy in Chile began 50 years ago today. By Sasha Lilley (Jacobin, September 4, 2020). An interview with Marian Schlotterbeck: “Socialist leader Salvador Allende became Chile’s president fifty years ago today. Allende’s election inaugurated a unique experiment in radical democracy that was cut short by Augusto Pinochet’s brutal US-backed coup.”

What Salvador Allende feared. By Rossana Rossanda (Jacobin, September 11, 2019)
“On September 11, 1973, Chile’s socialist president Salvador Allende was overthrown in a CIA-backed military coup. In this 1971 interview, published in English for the first time, Allende expressed his fears of internal destabilization and US interference.”

Allende in Chile today. By Noam Titelman (Jacobin, September 11, 2019)
“Nearly five decades after the coup that overthrew leftist president Salvador Allende, the Chilean left is starting to rebuild power. But it still wrestles with the legacy of the bloody defeat of Allende’s democratic revolution.”

A thousand days of democracy (Jacobin, September 11, 2018)
An interview with Marian Schlotterbeck: “The violent overthrow of Salvador Allende on September 11, 1973 brought to a brutal close a thousand days of popular participation and radical democratic ferment.” + Allende’s last speech (ibid.).

Chile’s revolutionary left movement under Allende and Pinochet. By Doug Enaa Greene (Links: International Journal of Socialist Renewal, August 6, 2016)
“About the Movimiento de Izquierda Revolucionaria (Movement of the Revolutionary Left, MIR), Chile’s small Guevarist organization.”

Fifty years since its founding: A history of the Movement of the Revolutionary Left (MIR) (Viewpoint Magazine, September 24, 2015; online at Internet Archive)
“Fifty years ago, the Movement of the Revolutionary Left (MIR) was born, a political force that marked the history of the Chilean and Latin American left. Franck Gaudichaud provides a brief introduction to this story.”

Salvador Allende: Revolutionary democrat. By Laurence Goodchild (Links: International Journal of Socialist Renewal, August 5, 2014). Review of Victor Figueroa Clark’s biography (Pluto Press, 2013, 176 p.)
“While detailing a vivid account of Salvador Allende’s life, Clark also provides a much needed historical context to Allende’s leadership of the Popular Unity government, and addresses his political strategy in a manner that is highly relevant to the contemporary ‘pink tide’ in Latin America.”

Building a revolutionary Left in Chile: The MIR, Popular Unity, and Chile’s prerevolutionary moment (International Socialist Review, Issue 91, Winter 2013-14, p.94-113)
“On September 11, 2013, Victor Toro spoke to Orlando Sepúlveda about the foundation of the MIR, the Popular Unity period, the role of revolutionaries during those years, and prospects for Chilean elections, scheduled in November 2013.”

Salvador Allende: Revolutionary Democrat. By Adam Tomes (Counterfire, 24 November 2013). Review of Victor Figueroa Clark’s book (Pluto Press, 2013, 164 p.)
“This biography of Salvador Allende raises the question of whether he was a reformist or a revolutionary, and what can be learned from his brief period in office.”

Looking back at popular power 1970-1973 (International Viewpoint, Issue 465, October 2013)
“Franck Gaudichaud has just published two books, Chili 1970-1973: Mille jours qui ébranlèrent le monde (Presses universitaires de Rennes/IDA, Coll. Amériques, 2013), and, Venceremos! Analyses et documents sur le pouvoir populaire au Chili (Editions Syllepse, Paris, 2013). He was interviewed on 27 August 2013 by Jan Malewski.”

The coup that crushed democracy in Chile (SocialistWorker.org, September 11, 2013)
“Forty years ago on September 11, Chile’s military, backed by the U.S., carried out a coup against the government of socialist Salvador Allende. Lance Selfa tells the story.”

40 years since the coup in Chile: lessons to learn. By Ken Olende (Socialist Worker, Issue 2370, 10 September 2013)
“Augusto Pinochet’s neoliberal experiment began 40 years ago in Chile after a coup. He is celebrated by the right but workers could have beaten him.”

The other 9/11. By Neil Faulkner (Counterfire, 9 September 2013)
“The history of Chile between 1970 and 1973 has rich lessons to teach … It concerns the realities of power when the stakes are this high.”

Apologising for the Chilean coup. By Nathaniel Mehr (International Socialism, Issue 126, Spring 2010). Review of Alistair Horne, Kissinger’s Year: 1973 (Orion Books, 2009) + Grace Livingstone, America’s Backyard (Zed Books, 2009)

New documents link Kissinger, Bush senior to Letelier assassination. By Patrick Martin (World Socialist Web Site, 20 April 2010)
“Documents released last week by the National Security Archive, which has played a valuable role in uncovering evidence of the crimes of American imperialism in Latin America, provide new details on the role of top US officials in facilitating the assassination of former Chilean foreign minister Orlando Letelier.” See also The National Security Archive.

Remembering September 11, 1973: The US‑backed Pinochet coup in Chile (2008). By Daniel Bensaid (Anticapitalist Resistance, 29 August 2023)
It was one of the heaviest and bloodiest defeats ever suffered by the left and progressive movement in Latin America. There are a number of events being organised in Britain this year to remember and discuss the Chilean process and coup.”

Strange Defeat: The Chilean Revolution, 1973 – Pointblank! By Mike Harman (Libcom.org, Jul 22, 2007)
“Instead of blaming the right and the CIA for the coup like most commentators on the left, Pointblank! point out the role that Allende and the parties of the left played in demobilising the powerful working class.”

Born in the USA: Pinochet’s blood bath. By David Edwards (MediaLens, December 19, 2006)
“Is the suppression of evidence of the US role in Chile’s bloodbath an irrelevant one-off?”

Augusto Pinochet: the tyrant who served the system. By Mario Nain (Socialist Worker, Issue 2031, 16 December 2006)
“Chilean socialist Mario Nain was thrown in prison when Augusto Pinochet took power in his 1973 coup. He writes on the welcome death of a dictator.” Med link i bunden.

Pinochet, Chile’s former US-backed dictator, dead at 91. By Bill Van Auken (World Socialist Web Site, 11 December 2006)
“At the time of his death, Pinochet was facing some 300 criminal complaints related to the murder, torture and kidnappings carried out by his regime.”

The atrocities of Gen. Augusto Pinochet and the United States. By Roger Burbach (NACLA, 2006)
“As the proceedings against Pinochet advanced, reports of US complicity in the coup and the repression began to surface, particularly about the role of Kissinger.”

Chile 1973: The other 11 September. By Ian Birchall (Socialist Review, No.277, September 2003, p.20-21)
“Thirty years ago the left wing government of Chile was drowned in blood. Ian Birchall tries to draw lessons from the tragedy.”

Chile: The state and revolution. By Tom Lewis (International Socialist Review, Issue 6, Winter 1999)
“The coup of September 11, 1973, represented the final act in a drama whose end was largely determined by the unwillingness of Popular Unity to abandon the parliamentary road in favor of the revolutionary road to socialism at three key junctures throughout the last year of Allende’s government.”

A people’s tragedy. By Mike Gonzalez (Socialist Review, No.222, August-September 1998, p.18-20; online at Internet Archive)
“The left government in Chile-an experiment in democratic socialism-was brutally crushed by a military coup 25 years ago this month. Mike Gonzalez looks at what went wrong and why.”

The Chile coup: The U.S. hand. By Peter Kornbluh (IF magazine, November/December 1998)
“Newly declassified U.S. government records put Washington’s role in the Chilean coup in sharper focus than ever before. The papers also shed light on corners of the story that previously had been suspected, but not proven. The documents describe how an angry Nixon demanded a coup, if necessary, to block the inauguration of Marxist Salvador Allende following his victory in the 1970 Chilean elections.”

The left and the coup in Chile. By Mike Gonzalez (International Socialism, Issue 22, Winter 1984, p.45–86)
“… the left, the potential revolutionary leadership, was trapped within the bourgeois state by its allegiance to a politics of reform which it often amended but never confronted.”

Lessons of Chile 1973. By Alan Woods (In Defence of Marxism, 11 January 1979)
“The arrest of former Chilean dictator Pinochet in London has generated a lot interest about Chile. We take advantadge of this opportunity to publish a document written in 1979 by Alan Woods analysing the history of Chilean labour movement and specially the period of the socialist coalition government of Allende.” Longer article.

The coup in Chile. By Ralp Miliband (Socialist Register, 1973, p.451-474)
“Chile has … forced upon many people on the Left some uncomfortable reflections and questions about the ‘strategy’ which is appropriate in Western-type regimes for
what is loosely called the ‘transition to socialism’.”

“I am essentially a man of action”: An interview with Salvador Allende (1971) (Jacobin, September 11, 2023)
“After becoming Chile’s president, Salvador Allende discussed his background and political outlook with the French writer Régis Debray. In this extract from their conversations, he also spoke about the danger of a violent right-wing counterrevolution in Chile.”


[sta_anchor id=”boge” /]

 

Bøger på dansk:

Kuppet i Chile – og den danske venstrefløj. Af Morten Lassen (Informations Forlag, 2015, 432 s.). Se: Et før og efter for den danske venstrefløj, af Kristian Villesen (Information.dk, 5. september 2015) + uddrag fra bogen: “Jeg var jo i den forstand terrorist” (ibid.) + anmeldelse af Svend Vestergaard Jensen: Erfaringen fra Chile og solidaritetsarbejdet i Danmark (Socialistisk Information, 3. oktober 2015; også online på Modkraft.dk, 19. oktober 2015) + anmeldelse af Morten Thing (Arbejderhistorie, nr.1, 2016, s.176-177; scroll ned).

Chile – kampen for demokrati. Af Kai Rasmussen (Frydenlund, 2010, 141 sider). Se kildetekster og links på His2rie.dk.

Klassekamp bag kulisserne: hvorledes borgerskabet inddæmmer revolutionen og bekæmper de revolutionære. Af DDVs dokumentationsgruppe (Forlaget Demos, 1977)

Chile – om den fredelige overgang til socialismen. Redaktion ved Elna Bering mfl. (Politisk Revy, 1974, 224 sider)

Erfaringen fra Chile: En antologi om muligheden for fredelig overgang til socialisme. Redaktion ved Ellen Brun mfl. (Gyldendal, 1974, 201 sider)

Den chilenske evolution, det fascistiske diktatur og kampen for at styrte det og skabe et nyt demokrati. Beretning af generalsekretær Luis Corvalán ved Chiles kommunistiske Partis Centrakomitémøde i august 1977 (Forlaget Tiden, 1978, 121 sider)

Chile (Kurasje, nr.5-6, 1972, 183 sider). Temanummer om Chile: “Det primære sigte med dette nummer er at formidle en baggrundsinformation …”. Med dokumenter: Unidad Popular’s program + MIR’s svar til UP.

Régis Debray: Samtaler med Allende: Socialisme i Chile (Fremad Fokusbøger, 1972, 145 sider). Svensk udgave: Samtal med Allende (pdf) (Rabén & Sjøgren, 1971, 235 sider; online på Marxistarkiv.se)


Some victims' faces of the Chilean dictatorship (years 1973-1990). Date: 5 February 2017. Author: Carlos Teixidor Cadenas. (CC BY-SA 4.0). Source: Wikimedia Commons
Some victims’ faces of the Chilean dictatorship (years 1973-1990). Date: 5 February 2017. Author: Carlos Teixidor Cadenas. (CC BY-SA 4.0). Source: Wikimedia Commons
[sta_anchor id=”seog” /]

 

Se også:

Chile 7. september 1986: Attentatet på kupgeneralen Augusto Pinochet. Af Inge K. Hansen og Alfred Lang (Autonom Infoservice, 6. september 2022)
“I starten af 1986 beslutter den chilenske modstands- gruppe ‘Frente Patriótico Manuel Rodríguez’ (FPMR)  at gennemføre et attentat på general Augusto Pinochet.  Lederen af militærkuppet mod den venstreorienterede regering under præsident Salvador Guillermo Allende, d. 11. september 1973.”

Da Pinochet inviterede nyliberalismen. Af Alex Fuentes (Socialistisk Information, 19. september 2013)
“Nobelpristageren Milton Friedmans lærlinge, de såkaldte ‘Chicago Boys’, indførte efter militærkuppet nyliberalismens ‘fagre nye verden’. For første gang skulle modellen afprøves på et land.”

Den glemte 11. september. Af Morten Lassen (Politiken, 11. september 2013)
“Chiles 11. september gav anledning til et politisk engagement i Danmark. Kunne det ske i dag?”

Chile 40 år efter kuppet. Af Inge K. Hansen og Alfred Lang (Autonom Infoservice, 10. september 2013)
“Mens erindringen om tiden op til militærkuppet i Chile d.11. september 1973, under den myrdede præsident Salvador Allende, fortoner sig, så lever diktatoren Augusto Pinochets arv videre.”

Neoliberal economists like Milton Friedman cheered on Augusto Pinochet’s dictatorship. By Jessica Whyte (Jacobin, September 11, 2023)
“Friedrich von Hayek and Milton Friedman are the founding fathers of neoliberal economics. When Augusto Pinochet overthrew Chile’s elected government, they helped devise his economic agenda and endorsed the brutal repression that was needed to force it through.”

Patricio Guzmán’s The Battle of Chile is a masterpiece of revolutionary cinema. By Stephen Borunda (Jacobin, September 11, 2023)
“Filmmaker Patricio Guzmán and his team documented Chile’s Popular Unity government and the 1973 coup that destroyed it. Smuggled out of the country to be edited in exile, The Battle of Chile, is an unforgettable record of an extraordinary historical moment.”

How the Chicago Boys broke Chile. By Tim Brinkhof (Jacobin, May 13, 2023)
“Conservatives cast Chile as a success story in which the neoliberal economists known as the ‘Chicago Boys’ reversed reckless socialist experimentation. This whitewashes the horrific crimes of Augusto Pinochet and the precarity his policies normalized.”

44 years ago today, Chilean socialist Orlando Letelier was assassinated on US soil. By Alan McPherson (Jacobin, September 21, 2020)
“On September 21, 1976, Orlando Letelier, a former minister in Salvador Allende’s socialist government in Chile who was forced into exile after the US-backed coup that brought General Augusto Pinochet to power, was assassinated by a car bomb in the heart of Washington, DC.”

Chile in the time of the dictator. By Orlando Sepúlveda (International Socialist Review, Issue 53, May–June 2007)
“An analysis of Chile after Pinochet’s coup and the struggle to revive the popular democracy he brutally strangled.”

Photographer Leonardo Henrichsen filming his death (Video, Youtube, 2:03 min.)

Leonardo Henrichsen (Wikipedia.og)