PFLPs logo er inspiration for Marc Rudins tegning fra 1984. Kilde: https://www.palestineposterproject.org/poster/victory-to-the-plo
PFLPs logo er inspiration for Marc Rudins tegning fra 1984. Kilde: https://www.palestineposterproject.org/poster/victory-to-the-plo

Forord

Popular Front for the Liberation of Palestine, PFLP, dannes 11. december 1967, som en reaktion på nederlaget 5. juni 1967 (Seksdageskrigen).

PFLP har rødder i den pan-arabiske bevægelse Arab Nationalist Movement, ANM, der også var ophav til en række afdelinger i de fleste arabiske lande, bla. PFLO i Oman og National Liberation Front, NLF, i Sydjemen, der i 1969 var i stand til at smide de britiske kolonister ud, og danne People’s Democratic Republic of Yemen (PDRY).

PFLP blev hurtigt den stærkeste venstrefløjsorganisation, med et globalt syn på kampen mod kolonimagten Israel. De så både kampen mod imperialismen og de arabiske reaktionære magter, som en forudsætning for en sejr i Palæstina. De ønsker en demokratisk sekulær stat, med plads til både muslimer, jøder og kristne, og har altid arbejdet tæt sammen med israelere og folk med jødisk baggrund i andre lande.

PFLP blev især kendt internationalt efter en række flykapringer i de første år, som satte Palæstina spørgsmålet på den internationale dagsorden.

Poul Mikael Allarp,
august 2018
Sidst redigeret oktober 2018


Foreword

The Popular Front for the Liberation of Palestine, PFLP, was formed on December 11, 1967, as a response to the defeat of 5 June 1967 (Six-Day War).

PFLP has its roots in the pan-Arab movement Arab Nationalist Movement, ANM, which also originated in a number of departments in most Arab countries, including. PFLO in Oman and the National Liberation Front, NLF, in South Yemen, who in 1969 was able to throw out the British colonists and form the People’s Democratic Republic of Yemen (PDRY).

PFLP quickly became the strongest left-wing organization, with a global perspective of the struggle against the colonial state of Israel. They saw both the struggle against imperialism and the Arab reactionary forces, as a prerequisite for a victory in Palestine. They want a democratic secular state, accommodating both Muslims, Jews and Christians, and have always worked closely with Israelis and people with Jewish background in other countries.

PFLP became known internationally after a number of aircraft hijackings in the first years that put Palestine on the international agenda.

Poul Mikael Allarp,
August 2018
Last edited October 2018


Indhold


 

Leksika:


 

Sites:

PFLP. In addition to the Arabic-language version, there are versions in English, French, Italian and Polish.
Historical documents. Here are important documents since the start, as well as talks of leading people like George Habash and Leila Khaled.

Historical Documents of the Popular Front for the Liberation of Palestine.
“This documentation resource and archive exists to preserve, promote, and protect the historical documents, political legacy, and the present and future of the Palestinian revolution and the Palestinian left, specifically, the Popular Front for the Liberation of Palestine.”

Life in Struggle: Abu Ali Mustafa
Memorial site. “Abu Ali Mustafa is a Palestinian leader and martyr, a symbol of steadfastness and persistence through all of the stages of the Palestinian revolution. Assassinated on 27 August 2001 by a US-made and provided helicopter-fired missile at the hands of the Israeli occupation military, Abu Ali Mustafa’s life as a revolutionary was cut short amid the rising Al-Aqsa Intifada.”

Picture by Rafeik Sharaf, 1974 Advancing the revolution, Through weapons and thought, In pursuit of liberation and socialism. Source: https://www.palestineposterproject.org/poster/through-weapons-and-thought
Picture by Rafeik Sharaf, 1974 Advancing the revolution, Through weapons and thought, In pursuit of liberation and socialism. Source: https://www.palestineposterproject.org/poster/through-weapons-and-thought

The Palestine Poster Project
Section: The Popular Front for the Liberation of Palestine
The site collects posters from Palestinian organizations, but also some posters from other areas of the Middle East. In the PFLP context, it is mentioned here among other things. Many of the Swiss activist and artist Marc Rudin’s posters and magazine frontpages.

Origins of the PFLP Logo. By Vladimir Tamari (The Palestine Poster Project)
On how the logo was developed with sketches.

Logo of PFLP
Logo of PFLP

 

Dokuments:

The Popular Front after 50 Years: Strategy for the Liberation of Palestine. By Khaled Barakat (PFLP, November 20, 2017)

Strategy for the Liberation of Palestine
“… published by the Popular Front for the Liberation of Palestine in February 1969. It was translated at that time by the PFLP Information Department and widely circulated in English and other languages. This comprehensive political and organizational document was prepared by the Second Congress of the PFLP.”

PFLP Bulletin march 1982 cover af Marc Rudin Kilde: https://www.palestineposterproject.org/poster/pflp-bulletin-number-60
PFLP Bulletin march 1982 cover af Marc Rudin Kilde: https://www.palestineposterproject.org/poster/pflp-bulletin-number-60

 

Book: The Popular Front and External Operations (English). By Al Hadaf, 1971, 17 p.
Pjece udgivet af Al Hadaf, Frontens teoretiske organ, hvor de gør status over de “externe oprationer” – bl.a. flykapringer.

Speech of Al Hakeem – Dr. George Habash. Amman – Jordan At Jordan International Hotel (12 June 1970) Speech given after PFLP-units had occupyed the hotel and taken hostages after the Jordanian trops had attacked refugee camps. Dansk udgave se nedenfor.

Strategy for the Liberation of Palestine. PFLP Information Departement (February 1969)
“The Strategy presents a full strategic vision for liberating Palestine, including a review of the enemy forces and the forces of the revolution; a class analysis of the Palestinian and Arab movements; a vision for a liberated Palestine; and close study of organizational questions for building a revolutionary party. It presents a clear vision of the Front and the Palestinian national liberation movement of its time and remains an important and useful analysis for the present.”

Founding Statement of the Popular Front for the Liberation of Palestine (11/12/1967)
“The Founding Statement of the Popular Front for the Liberation of Palestine was issued on 11 December, 1967. This brief summary of the initiating principles of the PFLP marked the creation of the PFLP by setting forth its vision and goals.”


 

Articles in English:

The electronic Intifada
Tag: PFLP

Victims of Propaganda: In Defense of the Palestinian Left. By Patrick (Robespierre Monument, april 19, 1916)
“Among those voices of resilience is that of the Marxist-Leninist Popular Front for the Liberation of Palestine (PFLP), which served as the vanguard for the Palestinian Revolution and forced, for a time, the Palestine Liberation Organization—of which it was the second largest member, behind only Yasser Arafat’s Fateh—to adopt a social program breaching the limits of bourgeois nationalism.”

PFLP soul-searching: The rise and fall of Palestine’s socialists. By Ramzy Baroud (The Palestine Chronicle, November 26, 2014). “The PFLP is back in the headlines after a recent attack in Jerusalem, raising questions about the current relevance of the group.”

Popular Front’s role wanes in Palestinian politics. By Daoud Kuttab (Al-Monitor, December 10, 2013)
“The PFLP is unlikely to regain its former footing or standing. Once it stood as the second most popular Palestinian faction, after Fatah. PFLP supporters carrying red flags with a map of historic Palestine on them continue to appear in demonstrations and at other public events, but their real power and impact has clearly diminished.”

Palestinian nationalism and the Arab revolution. By Phil Marshall (International Socialism, Issue 33, Autumn 1986, p.34-58; online at Marxists Internet Archive). “In order to understand why, for over 30 years, the leaders of the PLO have rejected this strategy, it is necessary to look at the origins and development of the national movement.”


 

PFLP-dokumenter på dansk:

Den palæstinensiske befrielseskamp. En antologi ved Jens Navntofte (Gyldendals Logbøger, Kbh. 1971, 272 s.)
En for datiden vigtigt og øjenåbnende materialesamling med interviews med centrale personer fra den palæstinensiske modstand og mange dokumenter, også fra PFLP. – ikke online.

PFLP forklarer… (Kbh., Futura 1970, 54 s.)
Indholder artikler fra PFLP om den palæstinensiske modstandskamp. Specielt er der en analyse og beskrivelse af de hårde kampe i juni 1970 mellem jordanske styrker og den palæstinensiske modstand i flygtningelejrene i Amman, der ledte frem til ‘Sorte September’ 1970, hvor modstandsbevægelsen bliver drevet ud af Jordan, for derefter at slå sig ned i Libanon. Online på Snylterstaten.dk. [Snylterstaten.dk er nede p.t., men titlen kan findes på WayBack Machine]

George Habash’s tale på Continental Hotel. I PFLP forklarer… (se ovenfor) s. 37-40.
Talen blev givet efter at PFLP-enheder havde besat hotellet og taget gidsler i forbindelse med Jordans militære angreb på flygtningelejrene. Se mere om baggrunden i artiklen og i pjecen “PFLP forklarer …” [Snylterstaten.dk er nede p.t., men titlen kan findes på WayBack Machine]

PFLP parole "Vore Fjender er: Imperialismen, zionismen og de arabiske reaktionære" på dansk plakat lavet af Kommunistisk Ungdomsforbund, 1970 [Text in English: Our enemies are Imperialism, Zionism and the Arab Reactionaires]
PFLP parole “Vore Fjender er: Imperialismen, zionismen og de arabiske reaktionære” på dansk plakat lavet af Kommunistisk Ungdomsforbund, 1970 [Text in English: Our enemies are Imperialism, Zionism and the Arab Reactionaires]
Folkefronten for Palæstinas Befrielse (Ungkommunisten, 2. årgang, september 1969, nr. 7, s. 6-11)
Sammenfatning af PFLPs politiske manifest, vedtaget på kongres i august 1968. Online på Snylterstaten.dk. [Snylterstaten.dk er nede p.t., men titlen kan findes på WayBack Machine]

Om flyaktioner (Ungkommunisten, 3. årgang, februar 1970, nr. 2, s. 20-21)
Indeholder uddrag af interview med George Habash i Der Spiegel. Online på Snylterstaten.dk. [Snylterstaten.dk er nede p.t., men titlen kan findes på WayBack Machine]

Om en demokratisk stat i Palæstina (Ungkommunisten, 3. årgang, nr. 5, juni 1970, s. 19-22)
Online på Snylterstaten.dk [Snylterstaten.dk er nede p.t., men titlen kan findes på WayBack Machine]

Tel al Za’atar (Manifest, nr. 7, 5. november 1979, s. 34-36)
Oversat fra PFLP-bulletin nr 30, august-september 1979. Om den fascistiske massakre på flygtningelejren Tel al Za’atar der startede med en belejring der begyndte d. 22 juni 1976 og sluttede d. 12. august med en massakre 4.000-5.000 mennesker i lejren. [Snylterstaten.dk er nede p.t., men titlen kan findes på WayBack Machine]

Plakat 1969. Tegnet af Madsen, distribueret af KUF. Text in English: Fight Imperialism - The occupied Palestine - Fight Zionism.
Plakat 1969. Tegnet af Madsen, distribueret af KUF. Text in English: Fight Imperialism – The occupied Palestine – Fight Zionism.


 

På dansk:

Ny bog - Første bog om PFLP på dansk.
Forside på Irene Clausens bog "PFLP & Palestina"
Forside på Irene Clausens bog “PFLP & Palestina”

PFLP & Palæstina. Af Irene Clausen (Internationalt Forum, 2018, 433 sider, layout og tryk: Regnbue Tryk).

“Bogen beskriver den palæstinensiske modstandskamp i lyset af den zionistiske kolonisering af Palæstina. Ind imellem bringes beretninger fra PFLP’s kongresser. I en række temaartikler behandles spørgsmålene: kvindekamp og faglig kamp under besættelse, palæstinensernes ret til tilbagevenden og modstandsformer og terrorspørgsmålet.” Interviews med PFLP-aktivister.

Anmeldelser:

Boganmeldelse: PFLP og Palæstina.  Af Asbjørn Nielsen (Konfront, 21. november 2018)
Den bør læses af enhver med bare en perifer interesse i den palæstinensiske sag og venstrefløjen i Mellemøsten.

Boganmeldelse: Irene Clausen: ‘PFLP & Palæstina’. Af Alfred Lang (Autonom Infoservice, 19. december 2018)
“Et værk der suverænt og engageret guider læseren igennem den palæstinensiske modstands yderst komplekse historie …”

 

Vi er ikke terrorister. Af Anders Fenger (Arbejderen, 22. september 2012)
Interview med Abla Rasool fra PFLP, der er gift med Ahmad Sa’adat, der er generalsekretær i PFLP og idømt 30 års fængsel i Israel.

Gaza befinder sig i en blindgyde. Af Nicolas Pasadena (Modkraft.dk, 2. juni 2010)
Interview med den palæstinensiske flygtning Ghassan Ali, der er libertær kommunist og medlem af PFLP. Om PFLP og venstrefløjens situation.

Marxister og islamister kæmper side om side i Gaza (Modkraft.dk, 6. januar 2009)
“Det er ikke kun Hamas, der i disse dage fører væbnet kamp mod de israelske invasionsstyrker i Gaza, men en broget koalition af militante palæstinensiske grupper, herunder Abu Ali Mustafa-brigaden, den væbnede gren af det sekulære, marxistisk funderede PFLP. Det fortæller Albert Jensen fra organisationen Fighters+Lovers til Modkraft.dk.”

Israel/Palæstina konflikten og PFLP’s rolle heri (pdf). I: Modrapporter: FARC & PFLP. (Fighters+Lovers, maj 2008; online på Information.dk). Afsnit 2: “PFLP” (s.48-66). Baggrundsinformation udarbejdet af de sigtede i forbindelse med retssagen mod Fighters+Lovers.

Jødisk historiker: PFLP er en legitim oprørsbevægelse. Af Nina Trige Andersen (15. november 2007)
“PFLP opgav terror som middel i 1970’erne og er imod selvmordsbomber og angreb på civile, sagde et af forsvarets vidner, den jødisk-israelske historiker Ilan Pape, på retsmødet i Fighters+Lovers-sagen i går.”

Interview: En tredje Intifada? Af Modkraft (Modkraft.dk, 26. oktober 2004)
Interview med medlem af PFLP Ghassan Andoni. der er medstifter af International Solidarity Movement (ISM) – et netværk af internationale fredsvagter og palæstinensere i de besatte områder, der ved hjælp af ikke-voldelige ulydighedsaktioner prøver at lette palæstinensernes hverdag og sætte fokus på besættelsens konsekvenser. Han var også aktiv i den første intifada.

PFLP: »Vi er ikke lakajer« (Modkraft.dk, 6. maj 2003)
“PFLP kæmper på mange forskellige niveauer. Kulturelt, militært og så videre. Det er en lang kamp. Det vi ønsker, er demokrati. En palæstinensisk stat for arabere og for jøder. Det er den eneste løsning på det palæstinensiske problem. Det jødiske problem er Europas – ikke palæstinensernes.”

Sharon bad om det. Af Modkraft (Modkraft.dk, 1. oktober 2002)
Interview med PFLP-medlem om EUs terrorstempling af palæstinensiske organisationer, herunder PFLP.

Palæstinas venstrefløj (Autonomt Infoservice, 11. juni 2009)
Artikel-serien består af:
1. Den Den palæstinensiske venstrefløj med udgangspunkt i staten israel
2. PFLP og DFLPs historie og politik
3. Palæstinas kvinder
4. Den palæstinensiske venstrefløjs forgreninger
5. Den palæstinensiske venstrefløj og Oslo-aftalen
Oprindelig skrevet i 2002.


 

Hijackings:

The most spectacular of the Front’s aircraft hijackings took place on the 6th – 13th of September 1970, and became the last, but Palestine was forever placed on the world map. A total of 5 aircraft attempted hijacked 3 were forced to “Revolution Airport” Dawson Airfield (established by the British colonial power) in the Jordanian desert, a plane was too big and instead landed in Cairo, and one plane hijacking fails – the captain Patrick Arguello is killed and Laila Khaled is brought to a prison in London, from which she was quickly released.

Book: The Popular Front and External Operations (English). By Al Hadaf, 1971, 17 p.
Pamphlet published by Al Hadaf, Theoretical organ of the Front, where they make the status of “external operations” – including hijackings.

Wikipedia
Dawson’s Field hijackings

Dawson Airfield September 1970, Source: PFLP Information Department.
Dawson Airfield September 1970, Source: PFLP Information Department.
Airplanes and Camels. The airliners on the ground at Dawson Airfield during the PFLP-hosted press conference. 1970. Source: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/File:Dawsonfieldcamels.jpg. Public Domain.
Airplanes and Camels. The airliners on the ground at Dawson Airfield during the PFLP-hosted press conference. 1970. Source: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/File:Dawsonfieldcamels.jpg. Public Domain.
Propaganda material from the PFLP Information Department in the form of flighttickets from aircrafts hijacked or attempted hijacked in September 1970.
Propaganda material from the PFLP Information Department in the form of flighttickets from aircrafts hijacked or attempted hijacked in September 1970.

Guerrilla Hijackings: Deadline At Dawson’s Field (3:42). Film fra AP Archive på Youtube


 

George Habash (1925/1926? – 2008)

George Habash, stifteren af PFLP, Popular Front for the Liberation of Palestine/Folkefronten til Palæstinans Befrielse, og dets generalsekretær 1967-2000, fødes i Lydda, Palæstina 1. august 1925 (2. august 1926?) (senere: Lodv i Israel). Dør 26. januar 2008.

George Habash, founder of PFLP, Popular Front for the Liberation of Palestine, and its Secretary-General 1967-2000, born in Lydda, Palestine, August 1, 1925 (2 August 1926?) (Dies January 26, 2008).

George Habash. Source: Ungkommunisten, 3. årgang, juni 1970, nr. 5, s. 19.
George Habash. Source: Ungkommunisten, 3. årgang, juni 1970, nr. 5, s. 19.

Se:

  • Habash, Georges (Leksikon.org)
  • George Habash (Wikipedia.org)
  • George Habash. By Alain Gresh (Encyclopedia Of The Palestinians; PalestineRemembered.com, November 12, 2000)
  • PFLP. Sektion: George Habash, med taler og interviews (Popular Front for the Liberation of Palestine, PFLP)

Nekrologer / Obituaries:

En frihedskæmper er død. Af Irene Clausen (Gaia, nr.59, forår 2008). “George Habash tegnede om nogen den palæstinensiske befrielseskamp og rangerede i palæstinensernes øjne på linje med ’den anden store’, Yassir Arafat.”

Nekrolog: ”Den vise” er død. Af Lars Ploug (Modkraft/Kontradoxa, 29. januar 2008). “… nu har George Habash, endnu en af palæstinensernes store politikere fundet sit livs afslutning.”

De revolutionære dør aldrig. Af Irene Clausen + Udklip fra Georges Habash’ memoirer (Arbejderen.dk, 23. august 2008). “George Habash, grundlægger og mangeårig leder af PFLP – Folkefronten til Palæstinas Befrielse – fortæller i en ny bog om et halvt århundredes palæstinensisk befrielseskamp.” Omtale af Georges Habache, Les révolutionnaires ne meurent jamais – Conversations avec Georges Malbrunot, Fayard, Frankrig, 2008, 300 sider plus bilag

George Habash Obituary: 1916-2008. By Marcus Halaby (Fifth International, Vol.2, No.5, Summer 2008). “Here was someone an Arab patriot and secularist from a Christian background, a highly-educated man, and a self-declared Marxist and supporter of the oppressed, an opponent of Zionism and Western imperialism.”

The death of George Habash and the prospects for the Palestinian left. By an Israeli socialist (Workers’ Liberty, 28 February 2008). “Nonetheless, Habash was always committed to secularism, sympathized the labor movement in each country, opposed fundamentalism and regarded the Israelis as equal citizens in his idealistic vision of one socialist and secular republic.”

A Palestinian hero: George Habash – 1926-2008. By Kim Bullimore (Green Left Weekly, Issue 738, 6 February 2008). “Habash, popularly known as Al-Hakim (the wise one) was one of the most influential leaders of the Palestinian national liberation struggle.”

George Habash’s contribution to the Palestinian struggle. By As’ad AbuKhalil (The Electronic Intifada, 30 January 2008). “If there is a world revolutionary symbol for the second half of the 20th century, it should be George Habash.”

ILPS mourns the death of Dr. George Habash, Al-Hakeem, founder of the Popular Front for the Liberation of Palestine. By Jose Maria Sison (International Network for Philippine Studies, 28 January 2008)

George Habash. By David Hirst (The Guardian, 27 January 2008). “In his later years, George Habash, who has died of a heart attack, at an age believed to be 82, was often known as ‘the conscience of the Palestine revolution’.”

The journey of Al-Hakim: 1925-2008 (Popular Front for the Liberation of Palestine, PFLP, 26 January 2008). “In 1993, when the Oslo agreement was signed, Comrade Al-Hakim called for maximum popular opposition to the agreement and saw in it a defeat to the Palestinian traditional leadership of the PLO.”

George Habash square [Tulkarem?], Taken on 7 April 2011, Source: https://www.panoramio.com/photo/50717122. Author: Mujaddara. (CC BY-SA 3.0)
George Habash square [Tulkarem?], Taken on 7 April 2011, Source: https://www.panoramio.com/photo/50717122. Author: Mujaddara. (CC BY-SA 3.0)

 

Leila Khaled

Iconic picture of the activist Leila Khaled, 1970
Iconic picture of the activist Leila Khaled, 1970

Palæstinensiske Leila Khaled fødes i Haifa. Senere kendt som PFLP-medlem og flykaprer august 1969 og 6. september 1970, og medlem af det palæstinensiske nationalråd.

The Palestinian Leila Khaled was born in Haifa. Later known as PFLP member and hijacker in August 1969 and September 6, 1970, and member of the Palestinian National Council.

Se:

Palæstinensisk ikon. Af Svend Vestergaard Jensen (Socialistisk Information, 22. marts 2014). Anmeldelse af Sarah Irving: Leila Khaled – symbolet for Palæstinas befrielse (Forlaget Solidaritet, 2014, 218 sider). Se uddrag fra bogen: Leila Khaled fortæller (Arbejderen.dk, 9. april 2014)

Madame Terror taler ud. Af Hans Henrik Fafner (Samvirke, maj 2008, s.98-102; online på Internet Archive WayBackMachine). “I dag har hun lagt Kalashnikoven på hylden og stiller spørgsmålstegn ved vold som politisk våben.”

Leila Khaled poster: Resistance is Not Terrorism
Leila Khaled poster: Resistance is Not Terrorism

Ny film om Leila Khaled – den smukke flykaprer fra PFLP. Af Irene Clausen (Arbejderen, 5. april, 2008). “Ny film om hende mangler at fortælle mere om den palæstinensiske frihedsbevægelse.”

‘For me, Palestine is paradise’. By Frank Barat (Mondoweiss, April 7, 2014). An interview with Leila Khaled.

Leila Khaled, the 1970s Palestinian revolutionary, is still passionate. By Jennifer Jajeh (The National, February 16, 2013). “Once the poster girl of the Popular Front for the Liberation of Palestine and one of the most wanted women in the world, Leila Khaled now lives a somewhat quieter life in Jordan.”

PFLP leader Leila Khaled speaks out on Syria, imperialist intervention in Middle East. By Popular Front for the Liberation of Palestine (FightBack!News, February 4, 2013). “Leila Khaled, member of the Political Bureau of the Popular Front for the Liberation of Palestine, concluded a five-day visit to Turkey …”

Palestinian icon Leila Khaled denounces Syrian opposition (Democracy and Class Struggle, February 4, 2013). “She suggested that the Syrian opposition is part of a broader US foreign policy agenda in the Middle East …”

Palestinian hero Leila Khaled opposes US machinations in Mid East (Liberation, January 29, 2013). Interview: “We stand by the Syrian Army and the people of Syria.”

Frontpage of Sarah Irvings book: Leila Khaled
Frontpage of Sarah Irvings book: Leila Khaled

As’ad Abukhalil on Leila Khaled and Syria. By Sarah Irving (Sarah Irving Blog, January 28, 2013). “… I differ from her in that I believe that the removal of the current regime is key to meeting those demands.”

Leila Khaled: life of a revolutionary. By Riya Mary Al’Sanah (Socialist Review, Issue 371, July 2012). Review of Sarah Irving, Leila Khaled: Icon of Palestinian Liberation (Pluto Press, 2012, 128 p.) (Series: Revolutionary Lives). “One of Irving’s main points of focus is Khaled’s gender and how this affected her and was reflected in her political activities.”

Women on the left: Leila Khaled (International Socialist Group, 14 May 2012). “As Nakba day approaches, Gail MacKenzie looks back at the life and politics of a symbol of Palestinian resistance, revolutionary Leila Khaled.”

Resistance and revolution as lived daily experience. By Ziad Abu-Rish (Jadaliyya, September 12, 2011). An interview with Leila Khaled: Intro + Part 1-4.

Stay calm and no one gets hurt (pdf). By Josh Wood (Esquire, June 2010; online at Woodenbeirut.files.wordpress.com). “In a world where the word hijacking has become synonymous with terrorism, Khaled denies that she is or ever was a terrorist.”

‘Injustice every day’ (The Electronic Intifada, 7 January 2008). “… Khaled sat down with EI editor Matthew Cassel to discuss Annapolis, Nahr al-Bared, and how the Palestinian movement must move forward.”

Leila Khaled: Palestinian fighter, Marxist revolutionary. By Malena Hinze (Liberation, April 17, 2007). “She has dedicated her life to free Palestine from colonial occupation and to the international struggle for socialism.”

The still active Leila Khaled, here in Brussels, together with solidarity groups to receive EU support for prisoner releases, 8 February 1916.
The still active Leila Khaled, here in Brussels, together with solidarity groups to receive EU support for prisoner releases, 8 February 1916.

Imperialism’s two failures: Iraq and Lebanon (Workers World, October 12, 2006). “Following are excerpts from an interview conducted with Palestinian resistance leader Leila Khaled by Samia Halaby of the Defend Palestine Coalition, LeiLani Dowell of Workers World newspaper, and Sara Flounders of the International Action Center.”

A just solution is the way out of conflict – Leila Khaled (An Phoblacht, 11 August 2005). “During her trip Leila, who lives in exile in Amman, Jordan, gave a fascinating interview with An Phoblacht detailing her life in struggle and the prospects of a resolution of the Palestinian/Israeli conflict.”

Interview: Palestinian Leila Khaled. By Sana Abdallah (UPI, July 21, 2003). “In an interview with United Press International at her office in Amman’s middle-class commercial district of Jabal Hussein, she looked back at her life without regrets.”

My people shall live: The autobiography of a revolutionary (pdf). By Leila Khaled. Edited by George Hajjar (Hodder & Stoughton, 1973, 98 p.; online at Aktivist.nu/Internet Archive
WayBackMachine)

Video:

Video: Leila Khaled: Hijacker. The 2006 documentary on Leila Khaled, made by Lina Makboul (YouTube, 1:01:50 hour)

Leila Khaled Highjacker (filmsite)

Video: Leila Khaled interview part 1-4 (Workers Party, 29 August 2010, 9:59, 9:00, 8:46, 8:04 min.)

Leila Khaled on her Boycott, Divestment and Sanctions Movement tour (Youtube, 14:55)

Leila Khaled on Marxism-Leninism and the PFLP. (Youtube, 5:37)

Se også:

Living under occupation (Against the Current, Issue 159, July/August 2012). “Rabab Ibrahim Abdulhadi describes growing up in Palestine after the 1967 war, when Lelia Khaied emerged as a role model for young Palestinian girls.”

Two freedom fighters: Leila Khaled and Nelson Mandela. Photo by Sana Kassem
Two freedom fighters: Leila Khaled and Nelson Mandela. Photo by Sana Kassem

 

Ghassan Kanafani (1936 -1972)

Forfatteren Ghassan Kanafani, talsmand for PFLP, myrdes sammen med sin niece, ved et israelsk attentat i form af en bilbombe i Beirut, den 8. juli 1972.

The Author Ghassan Kanafani, spokesperson for PFLP, was assassinated along with his niece, by the Israelies with a car bomb in Beirut, on July 8, 1972.

Ghassan Kanafani in the office in Beiruth. Source: http://palestine.assafir.com/Medias/Photos//2014/956x643/2a4ba6e3-78ca-4800-90f5-2e6fb87698cf.jpg. Author: Assafir newspaper. (CC0 1.0).
Ghassan Kanafani in the office in Beiruth. Right above the head of Ghassan Khanafani there is a poster from the Danish organisation KUF, made by Madsen – the poster can be seen in bottom of the section “PFLP-dokumenter på dansk” – PFLP-documents in Danish. Source: http://palestine.assafir.com/Medias/Photos//2014/956×643/2a4ba6e3-78ca-4800-90f5-2e6fb87698cf.jpg. Author: Assafir newspaper. (CC0 1.0).

Se:

Ghassan Kanafani: Voice of Palestine (1936-1972). By Louis Brehony (The Palestine Chronicle, September 4, 2017). “Kanafani was one of the most important figures in 20th century literature. He was also a refugee, a revolutionary Marxist and an internationalist.”

Ghassan Kanafani: Revolutionary writer and journalist. By Raffaele Morgantini and Ricardo Vaz (Investig’Action, 21 July 2017). “In this essay we look at Kanafani’s life and work, the impact of his writing as a chronicling of the Palestinian struggle and the relevance of his political thought to this day.”

The second life of Ghassan Kanafani. By As’ad AbuKhalil (The Electronic Intifada, 12 July 2017). “On Arab social media, even among the young generation who are not accustomed to reading books, one notices him everywhere.”

Poster made by Ghassan Kanafani, 1970. Arabic text: Support the steadfastness of Gaza English text: Support the heroic struggle of the Palestinian people in Gaza against Israeli repression. French text: Support the struggle of the Palestinian people in Gaze against the Zionist occupation. Source: https://www.palestineposterproject.org/poster/support-the-steadfastness-of-gaza
Poster made by Ghassan Kanafani, 1970. Arabic text: Support the steadfastness of Gaza English text: Support the heroic struggle of the Palestinian people in Gaza against Israeli repression. French text: Support the struggle of the Palestinian people in Gaze against the Zionist occupation. Source: https://www.palestineposterproject.org/poster/support-the-steadfastness-of-gaza

Ghassan Kanafani, the Palestinian Revolutionary killed by Israeli Intelligence (Telesur, 8 July 2017). “45 years ago, the Palestinian revolutionary and novelist Ghassan Kanafani was assassinated by Mossad, Israel’s national intelligence agency.”

43 years on the assassination of Comrade Ghassan Kanafani, revolutionary leader and writer (Popular Front for the Liberation of Palestine, 8 July 2015). “His clarity of vision prioritized and highlighted the necessary and revolutionary role of the Palestinian popular classes while exposing the role of Zionism, imperialism and Arab reaction.”

With thanks to Ghassan Kanafani. By Dalia Karpel (Haaretz, April 14, 2005). “Sami Michael’s new book, Yonim be’Trafalgar (Doves in Trafalgar), is based on the novel Return to Haifa, by Palestinian writer Ghassan Kanafani, published in 1969. Now, Michael tells why he chose Kanafani’s work and says he feels like the abandoned boy in the original book.”

The 1936-39 Revolt in Palestine (pdf). By Ghassan Kanafani (London, Tricontinental Society, 1980, 67 p.). With Introduction to G.K. (p.4-5) + The political writings of G.K.  (p.6-7) + Letter from Gaza (p.61-64) + Tribute to G.K. (p.65-67). “Classic study of the 1936-1939 revolt in Palestine, with a class-based analysis of the revolutionary movement against British and Zionist colonization of Palestine”.

Interview with Ghassan Kanafani (6:57 min.)
Popular Front for the Liberation of Palestine spokesman Ghassan Kanafani interviewed by Richard Carleton, Beirut 1970. The conflict was fought between the Palestine Liberation Organisation under the leadership of Yasser Arafat, and the Jordanian Armed Forces under the leadership of King Hussein. See full transcripts of the interview.

Video: John Berger reads Ghassan Kanafani’s Letter From Gaza (Warscapes.com, April 26, 2014, 17 min.)

Se også:

Litteratur:

  • Mænd i solen. Af Ghassan Kanafani (Rhodos, 1990, 87 sider).
Ghassan Kanafani at the PFLP office in Beirut. Killed together with his niece by a car bomb by Israeli agents d. July 8, 1972
Ghassan Kanafani at the PFLP office in Beirut. Killed together with his niece by a car bomb by Israeli agents d. July 8, 1972

 

Se også / see also:

Turning Money into Rebellion: The Unlikely Story of Denmark’s Revolutionary Bank Robbers. Redigeret af Gabriel Kuhn. Udgivet af PM Press/Kersplebedeb, 2014, 240 s., ill.
Book about the danish Blekingegade Gang, that made money for PFLP via robberies.  Some parts of the book is online here at snylterstaten.dk. The central interview, where some members of the group tells about their cooperation with PFLP, are not online. The book is available in a German and Swedish edition. [Snylterstaten.dk er nede pt, men titlen kan findes på WayBack Machine]

Det handler om politik. Af Niels Jørgensen, Torkil Lauesen og Jan Weimann. Oprindelig offentliggjort i tidsskriftet Social Kritik, nr. 117, marts 2009, s. 4-61 (Tema: Blekingegade – tyve års dobbeltliv).
Blekingegadegruppens svar på Peter Øvig Knudsens bog om gruppen, men indeholder også en del om PFLP. Online i opdateret udg. på Snylterstaten.dk. English edition: It Is All About Politics. A little shorter version, made for the book Turning Money into Rebellion: The Unlikely Story of Denmark’s Revolutionary Bank Robbers. Redigeret af Gabriel Kuhn. Udgivet af PM Press/Kersplebedeb, 2014, 240 s., ill. [Snylterstaten.dk er nede p.t., men titlen kan findes på WayBack Machine]


 

Se også på / See also at Socialistisk Bibliotek:


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