Marx, Engels og Darwin
Marx, Engels og Darwin

On the relations between Karl Marx and Charles Darwin and their understanding of natural science. / Om Karl Marx and Charles Darwin og deres forståelse af naturvidenskaben.

The Friends of Charles Darwin

Marx of Respect (2006; online at Internet Archive WayBackMachine)
“It’s a well-known chestnut of Darwinian trivia that the father of international socialism, Karl Marx, once offered to dedicate one of the volumes of his magnum opus, Das Kapital, to that other 19th Century bearded revolutionary living in the south of England, Charles Darwin. Unfortunately, it turns out that this particular chestnut is something of a myth, although the story of how it came about is of interest in its own right.” See also the letter by Bob Potter: Marx myth (Weekly Worker, Issue 651, November 30, 2006; scroll down)

International Socialist Review

Ian Angus: Marx and Engels…and Darwin? (Issue 65, May–June 2009)
“The essential connection between historical materialism and natural selection.”

Marxists Internet Archive

Glossary of People: Darwin, Charles (1890-82)

Anton Pannekoek: Marx and Darwin (Charles H. Kerr, 1912)

Edward Aveling: Charles Darwin and Karl Marx: A comparison (The New Century Review, March-April 1897)

Monthly Review

Margaret A. Fay: Marx and Darwin: A literary detective story (Vol. 31, No. 10, March 1980, p. 40-57)
(not online, July 2015)
“… Marx’s offer to dedicate any of his work to Darwin was finally revealed for what it really is: a myth which entered the accumulation of historical facts when a letter which Darwin had written to Aveling in 1880 was attributed to Marx’s correspondence 50 years after both Marx and Darwin died.” See also The Friends of Charles Darwin above.


Natural History

Stephen Jay Gould: A Darwinian gentleman at Marx’s funeral (September 1999; online at InvisionFree, July 19, 2008)
“The odd friendship of an evolutionist and a revolutionist.” Reprinted as chapter six in Stephen Jay Gould, I Have Landed (London, 2002).

New Left Review

Valentino Gerratana: Marx and Darwin (Issue 82, Nov.-Dec. 1973, p.60-82)
“… a striking and sensitive analysis of the actual relations between Marx and Darwin, which should put to rest many partisan preconceptions.” Only summary online.

Reason in Revolt
By Alan Woods and Ted Grant (London, Wellred, 1995)

Marxism and Darvinism (p. 309-322)
“Although they greatly admired Darwin, Marx and Engels were by no means uncritical of his theories.”

On Evolution see also on Socialistisk Bibliotek:

Emnelisten Kampen om Darwin
Emnelisten Charles Darwins ‘Arternes oprindelse’, 1859


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