Right to return for all Palestinians
Right to return for all Palestinians
Print Friendly, PDF & Email

Emnelisten dækker især den socialistiske traditions kritik af zionismen, den israelske debat om staten Israels historie (som den kom op blandt israelske historikere i slutningen af 80’erne) og den nutidige kritik omkring zionismen og statens Israels historie, set fra danske og internationale venstrefløjs- og solidaritetssynspunkter.


Indhold

Forord

På dansk

In English


Forord

Satiretegning af Latuff, 2007
Satiretegning af Latuff, 2007

I anledning af 60-året for settlerstaten Israels dannelse og Nakbaen (den etniske udrensning af palæstinenserne i 1948), har vi revideret og ajourført emnelisten fra 2002, og samlet en række artikler, bøger og sites, som alle handler om zionismen, dens historie og konsekvenser. For de nyere bøger gælder, at de ikke er fuldtekst-online, men vi har tilføjet anmeldelser og uddrag online.

Emnelisten dækker især den socialistiske traditions kritik af zionismen, den israelske debat om staten Israels historie (som den kom op blandt israelske historikere i slutningen af 80’erne) og den nutidige kritik omkring zionismen og statens Israels historie, set fra danske og internationale venstrefløjs- og solidaritetssynspunkter.

Vi har lagt vægt på, at de medtagne links ikke repræsenterer fascisme og racisme, herunder anti-semitisme (dog undtaget dokumenter fra The Zionist Library).

Bjarne A. Frandsen &
Poul Mikael Allarp
Juni 2002

Ajourført og revideret fra april 2008 og frem –

 

Se også på Socialistisk Bibliotek:


 

På dansk

 

Artikler

Israelsk Tank
Israelsk Tank

Autonom Infoservice

  • Alfred Lang mfl.: Palæstinas tragedie – et historisk tilbageblik på konflikten (6. januar 2018). Artiklen er skrevet marts 2002.
    Zionismens historie, kolonimagternes rolle og udviklingen i Palæstina. Indeholder desuden et interview med den jødiske marxist og fagforeningsleder Jakob Moneta (85 år), som fra 1933 til 1947 arbejdede i kibbutz i Palæstina, men siden brød med zionismen.

Boycot Israel

Leksikon for det 21. århundrede

Modkraft.dk

  • Jaques Hersh: Zionismens iboende autisme! (Kontradoxa, 24. april 2013)
    “Et fænomen, som har domineret den europæiske kultursfære i mere end 60 år, er den goodwill, zionismens statsprojekt har opnået.” Også online på Kritisk Debat (15. april 2013)

Palæstina-Info

  • Jacob Feldt: Zionismen
    “Zionisme er den jødiske udgave af nationalisme. Navnet zionisme henviser til Zion, som er en bibelsk benævnelse for Jerusalem… I 1897 dannedes den Zionistiske Verdensorganisation under Theodor Herzls ledelse, hvilket var den egentlige politiske begyndelse på zionismen både som ideologi og som praktisk handlemåde.”
  • Lucas Grollenberg: Palæstinenserne og den tidlige zionistiske bevægelse
    Et længere uddrag af Lucas Grollenberg bog fra 1977 med en historisk analyse af udviklingen i forholdet mellem den zionistiske bevægelse og den arabiske befolkning i Palæstina. (Dansk udgave: Palæstinenserne og staten Israel, 1980).
  • Carlo Hansen: Palæstina-konflikten – et historisk overblik
    “I det følgende kan du på seks sider få et historisk overblik over Palæstina-konflikten gennem de sidste 100 år. Indlægget har oprindeligt været bragt i Drømmen om Palæstina, udgivet af Dansk Flygtningehjælp, 2003.”

Palæstina-Orientering

  • Børge S. Christiansen: Staten (nr. 2, 1998, s. 3-5)
    “Om de begivenheder og historiske forudsætninger, der førte frem til FN’s deling af Palæstina i 1947 og staten Israels udråbelse i maj 1948.”
  • Baruch Kimmerling: Hverken demokratisk eller jødisk (nr. 4, december 1997)
    “Den israelske stats definition af ‘jødiskhed’ gør de to begreber ‘demokrati’ og ‘jødiskhed’ indbyrdes modsigende. Resultatet er, at Israel næppe har hvad der svarer til den almindeligt accepterede opfattelse af vestlig-liberalt og oplyst demokrati.”
  • Morten Thing: Jødestaten i 100 år (nr. 1, marts 1996, s. 3-9)
    “Det var i februar hundrede år siden, den moderne zionismes fader Theodor Herzl udgav ‘Der Judenstaat’. Palæstina-Orientering har bedt historikeren Morten Thing om at kommentere jubilæet.”
  • Flemming M. Hansen: Erobringen af det tomme land (nr. 4, 1986, s. s. 9-12)
    “Den zionistiske propaganda har med stor succes skabt myten om Palæstina som et tomt land, dengang de jødiske kolonister ankom. Fordrivelsen af 750.000 palæstinenserne og besættelsen af Vestbredden og Gaza afslørede den falske myte.”
  • Svend Holm-Nielsen: Zionismens ideologi (nr. 2-3, 1981, s. 4-7)
    “Artiklen gennemgår myterne bag den zionistiske ideologi og forklarer hvorfor zionismen er blevet karakteriseret som en form for racisme.”
  • Svend Holm-Nielsen: Korsfarerstaten Jerusalem – den zionistiske stat Israel (nr. 4, 1980, s. 3-7)
    “Artiklen gennemgår den middelalderlige korsfarerstat Jerusalem’s historie – dens ide, udvikling og forfald og drager paralleller til det moderne Israel og zionismen.”
  • Svend Holm-Nielsen: Jødisk antizionisme (nr. 4, 1979, s. 11-15)
    “Det er et fast led i zionistisk propaganda, at modstand imod zionisme har noget med jødehad at gøre … [men] det er ikke rigtigt, at alle jøder er zionister. Lige fra zionismens begyndelse har der været modstand imod den blandt jøder.”
  • Søren Højmark: To zionistiske klassikere (nr. 4, 1979, s. 4-7)
    “Leon Pinsker og Teodor Herzl betragtes ofte som zionismens fædre. Artiklen gennemgår deres grundlæggende værker: Leon Pinskers ‘Autoemanicipation’ (1892) og Herzl’s ‘Den Jødiske stat’ (1896).”
  • Svend Holm-Nielsen: Af Palæstinas historie (nr. 2, 1979, s. 4-7)
    “En historisk gennemgang fra forhistorisk tid indtil staten Israel oprettes og det engelske mandatstyres trækkes tilbage – maj 1948.”

Socialistisk Arbejderavis

  • Martin Bagge Johansen: Zionismen – den falske Messias (nr. 204, 2002)
    “Zionismen er en ideologi, der bygger på kolonialisme og racisme, og den fungerer som legitimering af Israels besættelse og undertrykkelse af det palæstinensiske folk.”

Socialistisk Revy

  • Ann Rogers: Marxismen og det jødiske spørgsmål (nr.4, maj 1998)
    “I år fejrer den israelske stat 50-års fødselsdag. Zionismen og Israels undertrykkelse af palæstinenserne forsvares tit ved at henvise til jødeforfølgelsen. Ann Rogers skriver om Abram Leons bog ‘The Jewish Question’, der forkaster zionismen og undersøger myter og realiteter bag antisemitismen.”

Sites

Dansk Palæstinensisk Venskabsforening
“Sitet har aktuelle indlæg samt baggrundsoplysninger med henvisning til aftaler, konventioner og historiske dokumenter (fortrinsvis engelsksprogede). Desuden afsnit med fakta og aktiviteter. Links til videre søgning.”

Palæstina-Info
“Formålet med Palæstina-Info er at tilvejebringe et redskab, som kan bruges af offentligheden og i undervisningssektoren – fra gymnasieskolen & HF og opefter. Dels med henblik på at forstå baggrunden for den hundredårige konflikt om Palæstina, dels forstå omstændighederne omkring den endeløse besættelse af Østjerusalem, Vestbredden og Gaza, samt flygtningespørgsmålet.”

Bøger

Dansk Palæstinensisk Venskabsforening

Om zionisme
Af Pierre Stambul (Klim, 2016, 74 sider). Med forord af Morten Thing.
“Zionismen forvandler jøderne – Europas tidligere pariaer, som man havde dømt til ikke at kunne assimileres – til europæiske kolonister i Mellemøsten.”

Derfor sanktioner mod Israel
Redigeret af Audrea Lim (Solidaritet, 2012, 301 sider)
Med bidrag fra bl.a. Mustafa og Omar Barhhouti, Joel Beinin, Angela Davis, Ken Loach, Naomi Klein, Ilan Pappe, Michel Warchawsky og Slavoj Zizek. Bogen er online på Solidaritet.dk (pdf) (via Internet Archive WayBack Machine).Se også engelske udgave: The Case for Sanctions against Israel (pdf) (Verso, 2012, 244 p.; online at Bamdadi.com)

Det moderne Palæstinas historie: et land, to folk
Af Ilan Pappe (Klim, 2009, 396 sider)
“Palæstina bebos af to folk med hver sin nationale identitet. Ilan Pappe beskriver landets historie fra tiden under det Ottomanske Rige først i 1800-tallet frem til vor tid.”
Anmeldelse/interview:

Israels erobring af Palæstina: fra Rishon LeZion til Ariel
Af Carsten Skovgaard Jensen (Aalborg Universitetsforlag, 2007, 525 sider)
“Bogen er et opgør med den officielle historieforskning i Israel. Den forholder sig kritisk til en række sejlivede myter omkring zionismen og staten Israels forhold til palæstinenserne.”
Se omtale på Fagboginfo.dk.

Lubya var en by i Palæstina
Af Mahmoud Issa (Tiderne Skifter, 2005, 274 s.)
“Gennem hundredvis af samtaler med eksilerede indbyggere fra Lubya og deres efterkommere – og gennem omfattende studier i historiske arkiver og dokumenter – har Mahmoud Issa i denne bog, som også udgives på arabisk, hebraisk og engelsk, foretaget en personlig rejse tilbage til fortiden og livet i Lubya før og efter den etniske udrensning. Bogens kombination af makrohistorie og mundtlige beretninger (mikrohistorie) afdækker den etniske udrensnings brutale ansigt i 1948.”
Se også Mahmoud Issa: Masseflugten i 1948 – kerneproblemet i den palæstinensiske katastrofe (Palæstina-Info)

Kaktussens land: en rejse i selvbedrag : 100 års kamp om Palæstina
Af Carlo Hansen (Forlaget Klim, 2002, 288 sider)
“Den erfarne journalist, Carlo Hansen, fortæller nøgternt og vidende om vilkårene i de palæstinensiske flygtningelejre, om overgrebene og de ufattelige lidelser, men ikke mindst om historien bag landflygtigheden.”
Se omtale på Fagboginfo.dk.

En stat for enhver pris: konflikten i Mellemøsten
Af Birgitte Rahbek (Fremad, 2000, 407 sider)
“Bogen handler om kampen for og om Palæstina fra konfliktens begyndelse til den aktuelle situation.”
Se hele bogen online på forfatterens site (pdf) (Birgitterahbek.dk)
Dyr fred. Anmeldelse af Charlotte Aagaard (Information, 13. september 2000)

Det tabte land: en personlig historie
Af Göran Rosenberg (Forlaget Tiderne Skifter, 1998/2001, 494 sider)
“I en personlig essayistisk beretning skildrer forfatteren vor civilisations største og mest gennemgribende utopi: Det forjættede land, Messiasriget, Sion, Israel. Bogens titel – Det tabte land – giver et fingerpeg om, hvor hans rejse til slut har bragt ham hen.”
Se interview med forfatteren: Forjættede land farvel (Information, 20. marts 1998)
Anmeldelse:

Zionismens Israel: et land i evig krig
Af Kit Broholm og Anne Grethe Holmsgård (Historisk Revy, 1984, 236 sider)
“Bogen er en grundig og lettilgængelig fremstilling af den historiske baggrund for og myterne omkring den nuværende konflikt. Den giver en materialistisk forklaring på årsagerne til antisemitismen i de førkapitalistiske samfund, og dokumenterer at den zionistiske bevægelse ikke opstod som en ‘befrielsesbevægelse’, men tværtimod som en reaktionær og proimperialistisk bevægelse …”


 

In English

 

Articles

American Socialist

  • Isaac Deutscher: Message of the non-jewish Jew (September 1958)
    “By virtue of his special environment and social position, the ‘non-Jewish Jew from Spinoza to Freud has often made important contributions to science, culture, politics.”

CanPal (Canada-Palestine suppport Network)

Global Dialogue

In Defence of Marxism

Yossi Schwartz: The origins of the Jews (15 December 2003)
“For the working class it is important to understand the difference between the ugly anti-Semitism (anti-Jewish) on the one hand and the struggle against imperialism and colonialism including that of the Israeli state on the other. For this reason a short history of the Jews and anti-Semitism, including the role of the Zionist movement, is important.”

International Socialism

  • John Newsinger: The Labour Party, anti-Semitism and Zionism (Issue 153, Winter 2017, p.119-148)
    “… the essential underpinning of the Labour Party’s commitment to Zionism was, from the beginning and continues to be today, its usefulness first to the British Empire and, since the 1950s, to the British State’s ‘special relationship’ with US imperialism.”
  • Tom Hickey and Philip Marfleet: The ‘South Africa moment’: Palestine, Israel and the boycott (Issue 128, Autumn 2010, p.31-55)
    “This article examines the background to these developments [Boycott Campaigns], the lessons from previous campaigns for boycotts and sanctions, and the implications for the Palestinian movement.”

International Socialist Review

  • Daphna Thier: What’s the matter with the Israeli working class? (Issue 110, Fall 2018)
    “… a settler-colonial working class relates to the state in a fundamentally different way than a traditional working class. Given incentives to promote colonization, it acts as collaborator with its own ruling class. The formation of the Israeli working class necessarily came at the expense of the formation of a multiracial class.”
  • One democratic state in historic Palestine: A socialist viewpoint (Issue 90, Summer 2013; web exclusive)
    “Tikva Honig-Parnass responds to Moshé Machover and a one state solution to the Israel-Palestine conflict.”
  • Apartheid Israel and the contradictions of left Zionism. Interview with Tikva Honig-Parnass (Issue 72, July-August 2010)
    “Israeli socialist activist Tikva Honig-Parnass fought in the 1948 War as a Zionist. Years later she would break with Zionism and join the ranks of the Israeli Socialist Organization, also known by the name of its publication, Matzpen (‘Compass’).”
  • Israelis and Palestinians: Conflict & resolution (Issue 65, May-June 2009)
    “Israeli socialist Moshé Machover on the roots of conflict and what it will take to resolve it.”
  • Annie Zirin: The hidden history of Zionism (Issue 24, July-August 2002)
    “What kind of national liberation movement allies itself in every case and at every moment in its history with the powers of world imperialism? What national liberation struggle built its very existence on the colonization of another people, on the obliteration of that people’s history, their culture, and their land?”
  • Moshe Machover/Akiva Orr: The class character of Israel (1969) (Issue 23, May-June 2002)
    “‘The class character of Israeli society’, first published in 1969, represents a pioneering Marxist analysis on the nature of the working class in Israel. Its authors, members of the now-defunct Israeli Socialist Organization, capture the uniqueness of Israeli society – ‘financed by imperialism without being exploited by it’. Although there have been many changes inside Israel and internationally, this article remains an important starting point for any discussion of the dynamics of Israeli society.”
  • Lance Selfa: Zionism: False Messiah (Issue 4, Spring 1998, p.9-15)
    “No doubt all sorts of distorted history and ideological claptrap will accompany the media’s ‘celebration’ of Israel’s 50th anniversary. This is understandable, if only because the real history of Zionism and Israel is so sordid.”
  • Lance Selfa: Israel: the U.S. watchdog (Issue 4, Spring 1998, p.16-23)

Links: International Journal of Socialist Renewal

  • Kim Bullimore: Palestine: Zionism, class and occupation (Issue 30, 2007)
    “While much has been written about the Palestinian struggle for national liberation, little has been written by the revolutionary and radical left that explores in depth the class nature of Zionism, the Israeli state or Palestinian society. The ongoing absence of a class-based analysis results in confusion not only about the class nature of the Israeli state but also about Palestinian society and the resistance.”

Louis Proyect: The Unrepentant Marxist

  • Brian A. Mitchell: Palestine and Israel (April 29, 2018). Guest post.
    “The power and importance of original quotes cannot be stressed enough … Many of these quotes are not widely known, some not at all. So please do spread them widely so that many more people can know what really goes on in this troubled world in our name.”

Marxistarkiv

Middle East Information Center

  • Edward Said: Zionism from the standpoint of its victims (1979)
    “Said’s investigation of the history and ideology of Zionism raised hackles from different quarters. Some Jewish critics, such as Robert Wistrich, protested the connections Said made between Zionism and European colonialism.”

Middle East Report

Middle East Report Online

  • Jonathan Cook: The myth of Israel’s liberal Supreme Court exposed (February 23, 2012)
    “Little more than a decade ago … the Israeli Supreme Court issued two landmark rulings that, it was widely assumed, heralded the advent of a new, post-Zionist era for Israel. But with two more watershed judgments handed down over the winter of 2011-2012 the same court has decisively reversed the tide.”
  • Jeff Halper: Sharon’s national unity government: shoring up the ‘Iron Wall’ (March 13, 2001)
    “In a famous article entitled ‘The Iron Wall’, published in 1923, Ze’ev Jabotinsky articulated a cardinal principle of the Zionist enterprise: Zionism should endeavor to bring about a Jewish state in the whole land of Israel, regardless of the Arab response.”

Middle East Research and Information Project

  • Joel Beinin and Lisa Hajjar: Palestine, Israel and the Arab-Israeli conflict: A primer (pdf) (2014, 12 p.)
    The publication was first published in 1991 and then updated in 2001. Obviously, much has happened in Israel-Palestine since then. By popular demand, Beinin and Hajjar have comprehensively updated and revised the primer.

Mike Haynes Homepage

Monthly Review

  • Jacques Hersh: Inconvenient truths about ‘real existing’ Zionism (Vol.61, No.1, May 2009)
    “To understand what has happened, it may be useful to go back to the roots of Zionism and to include the forces external to the movement that influenced the evolution of Jewish politics. Awareness of the past is of importance to any analysis of the present as well as projections of the future.”

The Nation

  • Avi Shlaim: A somber Anniversary (May 8, 2008)
    “Sixty years after the founding of the State of Israel, the long conflict with the Palestinians, and with the Arab world at large, casts a pall over Israeli life.”

New International

  • Hal Draper: Israel’s Arab minority: The beginning of a tragedy (Vol. 22, No.2, Summer 1956, p.86-106)
    “Today we find that, in truth, the setting up of the Zionist state coincided with a process whereby the large majority of the Palestinian Arabs found themselves separated from their land and homes. How did this happen?”
  • Hal Draper: Israel’s Arab minority: The great land robbery (Vol.13, No.1, Winter 1957, p.7-30)
  • L. Rock [i.e. Tony Cliff]: Class politics in Palestine (Vol.5, No.6, June 1939)
    “The political problem of Palestine must be considered from two main points: first, a definition of the essence of the Arabian national movement, and, second, the role played by Jewish immigration and settlement.”
  • L. Rock [i.e. Tony Cliff]: The Jewish-Arab conflict (Vol.6, No.11, November 1938)
    “The collision in the Arab-Jewish conflict is between two national exclusivist movements (between Zionism and the feudal, semi-bourgeois Arab leadership on the one hand, and on the other the struggle of the Arab masses against Zionism.”

New Left Review

  • Perry Anderson: The House of Zion (Issue 96, November-December 2015, p.5-37)
    “The fate of the Palestinians and the fortunes of Israel, after fifty years of occupation, and American and European collusion with it. Realities behind the official tropes decorating a ”˜two-state solution’, and hesitations of nascent debate over a single state in the territory once ruled as a mandate by Britain.”
  • Perry Anderson: Scurrying towards Bethlehem (Issue 10, July-August 2001, p.1-30)
    “Behind the second Intifada lies a century of conflict in Palestine. What are its roots, and what are its prospects? The Oslo Accords, the Israeli landscape and the Arab world.”
  • Gabriel Piterberg: Erasing the Palestinians (Issue 10, July-August 2001, p.31-46)
    “How the founding myths of Israel dictated conceptual removal of Palestinians, during and after physical removal. The invention of ‘retroactive transfer’ and ‘present absentees’ as the glacial euphemisms of ethnic cleansing.”

New Politics

  • Jason Schulman: The life and death of Socialist Zionism (Vol. 9, No. 3, Whole No. 35, Summer 2003)
    “In previos decades it was not uncommon for democratic leftists, Jewish ones in particular, to believe that the state of Israel was on the road to exemplifying – as Irving Howe once put it – ‘the democratic socialist hope of combining radical social change with political freedom’. But times have obviously changed.”

Palestine Remembered

  • Ann M. Lesch: Zionism and its impact
    The article is from Encyclopedia of the Palestinians, edited by Phillip Mattar (2000).
    Large survey article about Zionism.

RS21: Revolutionary Socialism in the 21st Century

  • Village by village, town by town – how Zionists tried to destroy Palestine in 1948 (November 11, 2014)
    “In the sixth and final part of his series on Zionism, imperialism and the Palestinians, Neil Rogall describes the Nakba – the establishment of the Israeli state and catastrophe for Palestine.” With links to Part 1-5: The Origins of Zionism – Palestine, the Great War and imperialism – The origins of the Iron Wall: Zionist settlers during the mandate – The Birth of Palestinian Resistance and the 1936 uprising – Making the Palestinians the scapegoats for Nazi crimes.

Socialist Review

  • Ilan Pappe: Israel, the Holocaust and the Nakba (May 2008)
    “Acclaimed anti-Zionist historian Ilan Pappe looks at the legacy of the Nazi persecution of Jews, and the complicity of world leaders, past and present, in maintaining the occupation in Palestine.”
  • Tony Cliff: The Jews, Israel and the Holocaust (Issue 219, May 1998, p.20-22)
    “On the 50th anniversary of the state of Israel, Tony Cliff looks at the roots of Zionism while John Rose charts the history of the Israeli state.”
  • John Rose: State of aggression (Issue 219, May 1998, p.22-23)

Socialist Worker (UK)

  • ‘Fear works if you cave in’ — Ilan Pappe on Israel, Palestine and antisemitism (Issue 2616, 4 August 2018)
    “The right are trying to silence solidarity with Palestine by claiming it’s antisemitic to call Israel and its founding Zionist ideology racist. Ilan Pappe, a leading Israeli-born historian and anti-Zionist, spoke to Nick Clark about how to combat their claims.”
  • Israel: a vicious child of imperialist powers
    “Israel’s assault on the Freedom Flotilla last week was not an aberration. The state of Israel was born in violence – and continues to exist because of its perpetual use of violence.”
  • Ilan Pappe on how Israel was founded on ethnic cleansing (Issue 2011, 29 July 2006)
    “Acclaimed anti-Zionist historian Ilan Pappe on Israel and the history of it’s destructive role in the Middle East.”
  • Analysing Zionism (Issue 1984, 21 January 2006)
    “Last year saw the publication of two new books on this topic. Author Jacqueline Rose speaks to Anindya Bhattacharyya about her work, The Question of Zion, while Ronnie Kasrils responds to John Rose’s book The Myths of Zionism.”

SocialistWorker.org

  • Zionism’s colonial project (June 10, 2010)
    “Lance Selfa describes the roots of the Zionist movement and the drive to create a Jewish state.” Extract from Lance Selfa (ed), The Struggle for Palestine (Haymarket Books, 2002, 256 p.).
  • Daphna Thier: The myth of liberal Zionism (June 13, 2011)
    “Many Israelis say they are horrified by the rise of right in their country – but the war on Palestinians was carried out for years by ‘left’ Zionists.”

Verso

  • Semites, Anti-Semites, Zionists and Anti-Zionists (Blog, 4 March 2019)
    “Emmanuel Macron recently described anti-Zionism as a new form of antisemitism, setting in motion a process to criminalize anti-Zionism. In this article, Shlomo Sand discusses changing natures of Judeophobia, Zionism, and of Jewish identity.”

Weekly Worker

  • What Zionists want suppressed. By Tony Greenstein (Issue 1166, 3 August 2017).
    Review of Thomas Suarez, State of terror – how terrorism created modern Israel (Skyscraper Publications, 2016, 418 p.)
    “Suarez has documented, in extremely copious detail, the war of terror that the Zionists waged, both against the Arabs and British from the late 1930s up to the Suez War.”
  • Zionism and anti-Semitism (Issue 1105, 5 May 2016). Interview with Israeli socialist Moshé Machover.
    “In its essence [Zionism] is a political project, the project of colonising Palestine by Jews and turning it into a nation-state with an overwhelming Jewish majority.”
  • Leandros Fischer: Left Zionism exposed (Issue 898, January 26, 2012). Review of Tikva Honig-Parnass, False Prophets of Peace: Liberal Zionism and the Struggle for Palestine (Haymarket Books, 2011)
    “It is not only an academically brilliant work, backed up by a thorough description of contemporary left Zionist and post-Zionist discourse in Israel, but also an accessible and useful handbook for activists engaged in the struggle for Palestinian rights.”
  • Zionist collaborators with Nazism revealed (Issue 792, 5 November 2009)
    “Tony Greenstein reviews two books by Francis Nicosia: The Third Reich and the Palestine question (London, 1985, 320 p.) and Zionism and anti-Semitism in Nazi Germany (Cambridge, 2008, 344 p.)
  • Moshé Machover: Breaking the chains of Zionist oppression (Issue 757, February 19, 2009)
    “A resolution of the Israeli-Palestinian conflict cannot be achieved within the confines of ”˜historical Palestine’. Moshé Machover calls for a socialist approach.”
  • Unholy alliance (Issue 630, June 22, 2006)
    “What is the link between Zionism and anti-semitism? Tony Greenstein explains that there is a closer connection than many modern Zionists would care to admit.”
  • Zionism and the holocaust (Issue 631, June 29, 2006)
    “Tony Greenstein continues his examination of the unholy alliance between anti-semitism and Zionism. With the coming to power of the Nazis the collaboration reached new depths.”
  • Hungary, Auschwitz and rewriting the holocaust (Issue 632, July 6, 2006)
    “In his third article on Zionism, Tony Greenstein continues his examination of collaboration and denial.”
  • The real resistance (Issue 633, July 13 2006)
    “Popular opposition to anti-semitism saved thousands of Jews under Nazi occupation, writes Tony Greenstein in this concluding article – despite rather than because of Zionism.”

Workers International News

  • Tony Cliff: The Middle East at the crossroads (Vol.6, No.3, December 1945)
    “The events of the last few weeks in the Middle East have drawn the attention of the whole world to what is happening in this region. The terroristic acts of Zionist military organizations, the strikes and demonstrations of the Arab masses in Cairo, Alexandria, Damascus, Beirut and Baghdad against Zionism, and the concentration of British troops in Palestine has aroused numerous questions.”
  • Part 2: The role of Zionism (Vol.6, No.4, January 1946)
  • Part 3: The role of Stalinism (Vol.6, No.5, February-March 1946)

Workers’ Liberty

  • The Trotskyists and the creation of Israel: Nine key documents, 1929-1948 (3/13, 2007)
    “Articles by Hal Draper, The Fourth International, The Revolutionary Communist League of Palestine, Max Shachtman, Albert Glotzer and Ernest Mandel.”

World Socialist Web Site

  • Jean Shaoul: Deep unease as Israel celebrates its 60th anniversary (8 May 2008)
    “Despite the celebrations, not one of the commentators outside or within Israel has been able to disguise the deep sense of unease and disillusionment that pervades Israel.”
  • Jean Shaoul: The economic, social and political disaster produced by the Zionist project, Part 1-2 (January 2006)
    “In short, Israel with all its cultural advantages, an educated workforce, and massive aid, is an economic and political disaster, dominated by enormous social inequality. The Israeli government does not represent the interests of the majority of the Jewish people who live in Israel, let alone the Jewish people all over the world.”
  • Jean Shaoul: Terrorism and the origins of Israel, Part 1 (21 June 2003) + Part 2 (23 June 2003)
    “The Zionists of all political colours used terrorist methods to achieve statehood – something that present-day Zionists seem to have forgotten when they talk about refusing to negotiate with the Palestinians whom they routinely refer to as ‘terrorists’.”
  • Jean Shaoul: The political dead end of labour Zionism, Part 1-3 (April 2001)
    “This three-part article examines the historical process that has led Israel’s Labour Party to form a coalition government with Likud under Ariel Sharon, and its participation in the brutal suppression of the Palestinian intifada.” Part 1: The origins and class character of political Zionism (5 April) + Part 2: The convergence of the Labour Zionists and Revisionist Zionism (6 April) + Part 3: The June 1967 & ‘Six Day War’: A turning point in the evolution of Israel (7 April).

Wikipedia, , the free encyclopedia

 

Sites

Al-Ahram Weekly

  • 1948-2002 – The Nakbah continiues (Issue No.586, 16-22 May 2002)
    Special issue with articles by Ilan Pappe, Salman Abu Sitta, Tikva Honig-Parnas and M Shahid Alam.
  • 1948-1998 (1998)
    “Special pages commemorating 50 years of Arab dispossession since the creation of the State of Israel.” Compilation of articles and photographs.

The Electronic Intifada
“The Electronic Intifada is an independent online news publication and educational resource focusing on Palestine, its people, politics, culture and place in the world.”

If Americans Knew
What every American need to know about Israel/Palestine.
Contents: History, Statistics, Current situation, US interest, Media analysis.

Institute for Palestine Studies (IPS)
“The only institute in the world exclusively devoted to documentation, research, analysis, and publication on Palestinian affairs and the Arab-Israeli conflict.”

Journal of Palestine Studies
“The Journal is the only English language quarterly devoted exclusively to the study of Palestinian affairs and the Arab-Israeli conflict. Through its articles and interviews, it gives readers a full range of outlooks of scholars, decision makers, foreign policy analysts, journalists, and political activists of various nationalities-Arab, American, European, and Israeli.” The articles is not for free online.

Marxists Internet Archive

  • Jews, Marxism and the Worker’s Movement
    “A subject index of texts from Marx, Engels, Lenin, Trotsky, Leon and Luxemburg; texts from the Jewish Socialist and Labor Movement and the effect on the Jewish working class of the Russian Revolution.”
  • Middle East
    Books and articles.

Middle East 1916-2001: A Documentary Record
The Avalon Project of the Yale University Law School i New Haven,
Connecticut.
“Digital documents relevant to the Middle East history fields of law, history, economics, politics, diplomacy and government.”

1948: Lest We Forget

Palestine Remembered, al Nakba 1948-
“A comprehensive source of information about about the villages and cities that were ethnically cleansed, looted, and destroyed by the Israeli army.”

Reds – Die Roten

 

Books

English booklists

Verso

ZNet

Books in English online

The Origin of the Palestinian-Israeli Conflict
Published by Jews for Justice in the Middle East (2001)
“Our position, however, is that the Palestinians have a real grievance: their homeland for over a thousand years was taken, without their consent and mostly by force, during the creation of the state of Israel. And all subsequent crimes – on both sides – inevitably follow from this original injustice.”

Comrades and Enemies: Arab and Jewish Workers in Palestine, 1906-1948
By Zacharay Lockman (University of California Press, 1996, 440 p.)
“Zachary Lockman explores the mutually formative interactions between the Arab and Jewish working classes, labor movements, and worker-oriented political parties in Palestine just before and during the period of British colonial rule.”

Israel: Politics, Myths and Identity Crises (pdf)
By Akiva Orr (Pluto Press, 1994, 198 p.)
“This book consists of various essays dealing with the politics and ideology of Zionism, the sociology of Israel and politics of ethnicity generally. Some of these essays were written during the last twenty years, some are new.”

Jewish History, Jewish Religion: The Weight of Three Thousand Years (pdf)
By Israel Shahak (London, Pluto Press, 1994, 127 p.).
“Drawing on the Talmud and rabbinical laws,Israel Shahak embarks on a provocative study of the extent to which the secular state of Israel has been shaped by religious orthodoxies of an invidious and potentially lethal nature.”
Book review by Simon Behrman (Socialist Review, Issue 330, November 2008)

Israel: The Hijack State: America’s Watchdog in the Middle East
By John Rose (Socialist Workers Party, 1986, 62 p.)
“Israel’s evolution has seen the increasing use of state terror on a monumental scale. This, combined with American backing for the militarisation of its economy, has turned Israel into a ruthless outpost for Western domination of the Middle East. The pious noises about ‘terrorism’ from Israel, America and indeed Britain, conceal this deeper motivation.”

Israel’s Sacred Terrorism: A Study Based on Moshe Sharett’s Personal Diary and Other Documents
By Livia Rokach. With a foreword by Noam Chomsky (AAUG Press, 1986, 68 p.)
“The recently published Personal Diary of Moshe Sharett (1979) now offers a decisive and authoritative contribution to the demystification of the myth of lsrael’s security and its security policies. Between 1933 and 1948 Sharett guided the foreign relations of the Zionist movement, as head of the Jewish Agency’s Political Department, and from 1948 to 1956 he was lsrael’s foreign minister. In 1954 and 1955 he was its prime minister as well.”

The Iron Wall: Zionist Revisionism from Jabotinsky to Shamir
By Lenni Brenner (Zed Press, 1984, 221 p.)
“History of the Zionist Revisionist current, which has become the dominant force in Israeli politics.”

Zionism in the Age of the Dictators: A Reappraisal
By Lenni Brenner (Lawrence Hill Books, 1983, 277 p., online at Internet Archive)
“Devastating study demonstrating in detail how the Zionists were much more interested in establishing a Zionist state in Palestine than in making any efforts to defend European Jewry against anti-semitic attacks in the period between the two World Wars.” See Zionism in the Age of the Dictators (Counterpunch, February 24, 2014). “Lenni Brenner on his book by the same name, on the occasion of a new edition published in 2014.” (On Our Own Authority! Publishing; Updated edition, 346 p., February 4, 2014)

51 Documents: Zionist Collaboration With The Nazis. Edited by Lenni Brenner (Barricade Books, 2002, 360 p.). “This book presents 51 historic documents to indict Zionism for repeated attempts to collaborate with Adolf Hitler.” See Lenni Brenner: 51 Documents (Counterpunch, December 23, 2002)

The unJewish state: The Politics of Jewish Identity in Israel (pdf)
By Akiva Orr (Ithaca Press, 1983, 246 p.)
“This book describes the collapse of a cultural identity. It deals with the numerous attempts – and failures – over the last thirty years to provide a secular definition of Jewish identity in Israel.”

Zionism: False Messiah
By Nathan Weinstock. With introductionary interview with Moshe Machover (Ink Links, 1979, 330 p.; online at Internet Archive)
Zionism: False Messiah has as its subject one of the most historically complex and controversy-laden developments of this century: the rise of the Zionist movement, its implantation in Palestine and the eventual establishment of the state of Israel.”

The Other Israel: The Radical Case Against Zionism
Edited by Arie Bober (Anchor Books, 1972, 264 p.; online at Matzpen.org). Also online at Marxists Internet Archive.
“Collection of articles and documents produced by the Israeli Socialist Organization (Matzpen) in the late 1960s and early 1970s.” See especially part 3: A critique of Zionist ideology.

The Jewish Question: A Marxist Interpretation
By Abram Leon (1946/1970, 270 p.) See Introduction by Nat Weinstein (Socialist Viewpoint, Vol.2, No.3, March 2002)

The Problem of the Middle East
By Tony Cliff (unpublished manuscript, 1946; published at the Marxists Internet Archive, June 2011)
See chapter 19: Zionism

Other Books in English

Palestine: A Four Thousand Year History
By Nur Masalha (Zed Books, 2018, 458 p.)
“Beginning with the late Bronze Age and moving through to the present day, this is the definitive history of Palestine and its people.”

See:

Ten Myths About Israel
By Ilan Pappe (Verso, 2017, 172 p.)
“The ‘ten myths’ that Pappe explores—repeated endlessly in the media, enforced by the military, accepted without question by the world’s governments—reinforce the regional status quo.”

See:

War Against the People: Israel, the Palestinians and Global Pacification
By Jeff Halper (Pluto Press, 2015, 340 p.)
“A disturbing insight into the new phenomenon of the ‘securocratic’ war in the modern policed world, with a focus on the Israeli state.”

See:

Israelis and Palestinians: Conflict and Resolution
By Moshé Machover (Haymarket Books, 2012, 327 p.)
“The veteran Israeli socialist, Moshé Machover, has just brought out a wonderful collection of writings, chiefly his own, on the Israeli-Palestinian conflict. It is no exaggeration to say that this book is the best possible introduction to the topic for English-speaking readers.”

See:

Palestinians in Israel: Segregation, Discrimination and Democracy
By Ben White (Pluto Press, 2012, 128 p.)
“[The book] considers a key issue ignored by the official ‘peace process’ and most mainstream commentators: that of the growing Palestinian minority within Israel itself.”

See:

False Prophets of Peace: Liberal Zionism and the Struggle for Palestine
By Tikva Honig-Parnass (Haymarket Books, 2011, 264 p.)
“Through a critical analysis of the prevailing discourse of Zionist intellectuals and activists on the Jewish-democratic state, it uncovers the Zionist left’s central role in laying the foundation of the colonial settler state of Israel …”

See:

The Forgotten Palestinians: A History of the Palestinians in Israel
By Ilan Pappe (Yale University Press, 2011, 336 p.)
“In this book, historian Ilan Pappé examines how Israeli Palestinians have fared under Jewish rule and what their lives tell us about both Israel’s attitude toward minorities and Palestinians’ attitudes toward the Jewish state.”

See:

  • Review by Elaine Graham-Leigh (Counterfire, 12 April 2012)
  • Review by Khalil Nakhleh (The Palestinine Chronicle, 09/02/2011)

The Invention of the Jewish People
By Shlomo Sand (Verso, 2009, 400 p.)
“Leading Israeli historian evaluates the national myth of the Jewish exile from the promised land.” See also Shlomo Sand: The Invention of the Land of Israel (Verso, 2014, 304 p.).

See:

Linkbox: Shlomo Sand & The Invention of the Jewish People (Socialistisk Bibliotek)

Israeli Apartheid: A Beginner’s Guide
By Ben White (Pluto Press, 2009, 172 p.)
“Indispensable for the Palestinian solidarity movement, [the book] distils the work of academics and experts into a highly readable introduction. This is the book to read if you want to understand the root of the conflict and how apartheid applies to the situation in Palestine.”

See:

The Returns of Zionism: Myths, Politics and Scholarship in Israel
By Gabriel Piterberg (Verso, 2008, 298 p.)
“In this original and wide-ranging study, Gabriel Piterberg examines the ideology and literature behind the colonization of Palestine, from the late nineteenth century to the present. Exploring Zionism’s origins in Central-Eastern European nationalism and settler movements, he shows how its texts can be placed within a wider discourse of western colonization.”

See:

Beyond Chutzpah: On the Misuse of Anti-Semitism and the Abuse of History
By Norman G. Finkelstein. Updated edition (University of California Press, 2008, 412 p.)
“Meticulously researched and tightly argued, Beyond Chutzpah points to a consensus among historians and human rights organizations on the factual record of the Israel-Palestine conflict. Norman G. Finkelstein exposes the corruption of scholarship and the contrivance of controversy shrouding human rights abuses, and interrogates the new anti-Semitism.”

See:

An Israeli in Palestine: Resisting Dispossession, Redeeming Israel
By Jeff Halper (Pluto Press, 2008, 336 p.)
“In this book, the Israeli anthropologist and activist Jeff Halper throws a harsh light on the Israeli-Palestinian conflict from the point of view of a critical insider. While the Zionist founders of Israel created a vibrant society, culture and economy, they did so at a high price: Israel could not maintain its exclusive Jewish character without imposing on the country’s Palestinian population policies of ethnic cleansing, occupation and discrimination …”

See:

Overcoming Zionism: Creating a Single Democratic State in Israel/Palestine
By Joel Kovel (Pluto Press, 2007, 320 p.)
“Joel Kovel argues that the inner contradictions of Zionism have led Israel to a ”˜state-sponsored racism’ fully as incorrigible as that of apartheid South Africa and deserving of the same resolution. Only a path toward a single-state secular democracy can provide the justice essential to healing the wounds of the Middle East.”
Review and debate in Against the Current:

The Ethnic Cleansing of Palestine
By Ilan Pappe (One World, 2006, 313 p.)
“The renowned Israeli historian revisits the formative period of the State of Israel. Between 1947 and 1949, over 400 Palestinian villages were deliberately destroyed, and civilians were massacred. This book unveils the hidden and systematic ethnic cleansing of the Palestinians in 1948, and its relevance to resolving the conflict.”
Danish edition: Den etniske udrensning af Palæstina (Forlaget Klim, 2012)

See:

Blood and Religion: The Unmasking of the Jewish and Democratic State
By Jonathan Cook (Pluto Press, 2006, 248 p.)
“Jonathan Cook’s timely and important book on the Palestinians in Israel is by far the most penetrating and comprehensive on the subject to date … [He] builds, through exhaustive reference to the Hebrew press, a convincing picture of ethnocratic Zionism constantly preoccupied with a central dilemma: how to rid the land of its indigenous people.”
See the author’s site, with extracts and reviews of the book.

A History of Modern Palestine: One Land, Two Peoples
By Ilan Pappe. Second edition (Cambridge University Press, 2006, 384 p.)
“Ilan Pappe’s book traces the history of Palestine from the Ottomans in the nineteenth century, through the British Mandate, the establishment of the state of Israel in 1948, and the subsequent wars and conflicts which have dominated this troubled region. The second edition of Pappe’s book has been updated to include the dramatic events of the 1990s and the early twenty-first century.”
See the author’s site, with review of the book.
See also Kit Weiner: Pappe and Israel’s New Historians (Against the Current, No.152, May-June 2011)

On the Border
By Michel Warschawski (Pluto Press, 2005, 240 p.)
“On the Border chronicles a radical political education in a time and place charged with idealism and danger. A Polish Frenchman and a rabbi’s son, Michel Warschawski left for Israel at the age of sixteen to to study the Talmud, and eventually became one of the most renowned figures of the Israeli left.”

The Myths of Zionism
By John Rose (Pluto Press, 2004, 232 p.)
“Chapter-by-chapter, John Rose scrutinises the roots of the myths of Zionism. Mobilising recent scholarship, he separates fact from fiction presenting a detailed analysis of their origins and development. This includes a challenge to Zionism’s biblical claims using very recent and very startling Israeli archaeological conclusions.”
See:

Toward an Open Tomb: The Crisis of Israeli Society
By Michel Warschawski (Monthly Review Press, 2004, 128 p.)
“Warschawski has the keen eye of an Israeli insider. He develops a powerful critique of Israeli policies with a persuasive power drawn from his own Jewish origins and his deepening devotion to what he regards as the best Jewish traditions.”
See:

  • Chapter 8: The new Israel (Monthly Review, Vol.56, No.7, December 2004)
  • A final warning? Review by David Finkel (Against the Current, No.113, November/December 2004)

Image and Reality of the Israel-Palestine Conflict
By Norman Finkelstein. Second edition (Verso, 2003, xxxviii, 287 p.)
First published in 1995, this highly acclaimed study scrutinizes popular and scholarly representations of the Israel-Palestine conflict. It begins with a novel theoretical inter-pretation of Zionism, and then moves on to critically engage the influential studies of Joan Peters, Benny Morris, and Anita Shapira. Carefully rehearsing the documentary record, Finkelstein also challenges the dominant images of the June 1967 and October 1973 Arab-Israeli wars. In a comprehensive new introduction, he provides the most succinct overview available in the English language of the Israel-Palestine conflict …”
See also the author’s site + + Wikipedia.org.

The Politics of Denial: Israel and the Palestinian Refugee Problem
By Nur Masalha (Pluto Press, 2003, 304 p.)
“The aim of this book is to analyze Israeli policies towards the Palestinian refugees as they evolved from the 1948 catastrophe (or nakba) to the present. Masalha discusses the 1948 exodus; Israeli resettlement schemes since 1948; Israeli approaches to compensation and restitution of property; Israeli refugee policies towards the internally displaced (‘present absentees’); and Israeli refugee policies during the Madrid and Oslo negotiations.”

Apartheid Israel: Possibilities for the Struggle Within
By Uri Davis (Zed Books, 2003, 242 p.)
“In this book, a sequel to Israel: An Apartheid State (1987), Uri Davis provides a critical insight into how it was possible for Jewish people, the victims of Nazi genocide in the Second World War, to subject the Palestinian people, beginning with the 1948-49 war, to such criminal policies as mass deportation, population transfers and ethnic cleansing, prolonged military government (with curfews, roadblocks and the like), and economic, social, cultural, civil and political strangulation, punctuated by Apache helicopters strafing civilians and their homes.”
See the authors site.

The Fateful Triangle: The United States, Israel, and the Palestinians
By Noam Chomsky. Updated edition (Pluto Press, 1999, 587 p.)
“Since its original publication in 1983, Fateful Triangle has become a classic in the fields of political science and Middle East affairs. This new edition features new chapters and a new introduction by Noam Chomsky and a foreword by Edward Said.”

The Iron Wall: Israel and the Arab World
By Avi Shlaim (Norton, 1999, 448 p.)
“A powerful revisionist history of Israeli policy toward the Arab world.”

See:

Israel at 60: the ‘iron wall’ revisited. By Avi Shlaim (OpenDemocracy, 8 May 2008)

Expulsion of the Palestinians: The Concept of ‘Transfer’ in Zionist Political Thought, 1882-1948

By Nur Masalha (Institute for Palestine Studies, 1992, 236 p.)
“In this meticulous work, based almost entirely on Hebrew archival material, Nur Masalha examines the Zionist concept of ‘transfer’, or the expulsion of the Palestinian population to neighboring Arab lands. Masalha establishes the extent to which ‘transfer’ was embraced by the highest levels of Zionist leadership, including virtually all the Founding Fathers of the Israeli state.”

See:

1948 and after: Israel and the Palestinians
By Benny Morris (Oxford University Press, 1990, 284 p.)
“This collections of essays serves as complement to the study The birth of the Palestinian refugee problem, 1947-1949. In part, these essays are based on materials discovered after completing The Birth.”

The Birth of the Palestinian Refugee Problem, 1947-49
By Benny Morris (Cambridge University Press, 1989, 380 p.)
“This book is the first full-lenght historical study of the birth of the Palestinian refugee problem. Based on recently declassified Israeli, British and American state and party political papers and on collections of hitherto untapped private papers …”

Debate:

  • Roane Carey: Dr. Benny and Mr. Morris: The historian and the twisted politics of expulsion (CounterPunch, July 19/20, 2008)
  • Joel Beinin: Forgetfulness for memory: The limits of the new Israeli history (Winter 2005, p.6-23) (Journal of Palestine Studies, Vol.34, No.2, Winter 2004-05, p.6-23)
  • Joel Beinin: No more tears: Benny Morris and the road back from Liberal Zionism (Middle East Report, Issue 230, Spring 2004)
  • Walid Khalidi: Why did the Palestinians leave, revisited (Journal of Palestine Studies, Vol.34, No.2, Winter 2004-05, p.42-52)
    Debate in Journal of Palestine Studies (Issue 81, Autumn 1991): Norman Finkelstein: Myths, old and new (pdf) (p.66-89) + Nur Masalha: A critique of Benny Morris (pdf) (p.90-97) + Benny Morris: Responses to Finkelstein and Masalha (p.98-114)
  • Norman Finkelstein: Rejoinder to Benny Morris (pdf) (Issue 82, Winter 1992, p.61-71)

Blaming the Victims: Spurious Scholarship and the Palestinian Question
Edited by Edward W. Said and Christopher Hitchens (Verso, 1988/2001, 304 p.)
“Blaming the Victims demonstrates with cold precision how the consistent denial of truth about the Palestinians by governments and the media in the West … Contributors include Norman G. Finkelstein, Peretz Kidron, Noam Chomsky, G. W. Bowerstock, Ibrahim Abu-Loghod, Rashid Khalidi, Janet L. Abu-Lughod, Muhammed Hallaj, and Elia Zureik.”

See:

The Birth of Israel: Myths and Realities
By Simha Flapan (Pantheon, 1987, 277 p.)
“The Israeli author demolishes, based on irrefutable Israeli sources, the seven basic myths upon which an aggressive Israel has depicted itself as the victim of aggression … The most egregious of the seven delusions is that 750,000 Palestinians fled their homes in 1948-1949 in response to calls from their leaders, who asked them to get out of the way temporarily while the Jews were driven into the sea. Flapan poignantly concedes that he, like most Israelis, accepted this and the other six myths as the core of Israel’s self-perception.”

See:

The Palestinian Catastrophe: The 1948 Expulsion of a People from Their Homeland
By Michael Palumbo (Quartet Books, 1987, 233 p.)
“Using newly discovered material from archives in United States, Europe and Israel as well as the documented testimony of the Jewish veterans, Michael Palumbo reveals how the Zionists carried out Ben Gurion’s plan to ‘expel the Arabs and take their place’.”
See chapter 1: Land without a people (p.1-33).

Israel and the Arabs
By Maxime Rodinson (Penguin, 1968/1982, 364 p.)
“The book traces the course of Zionism and examines the changing ambitions and interrelations of the Arab nations.”
Concluding chapter: On the general nature of the conflict (p.314-355)

The Gun and the Olive Branch: The Roots of Violence in the Middle East
By David Hirst (Faber & Faber, 1977, 367 p.)
“In this thoughtful and carefully-documented work the Middle East correspondent of The Guardian traces the origins of this terrible conflict back to the 1880s to show how Arab violence, though too often cruel and fanatical, is a response to the challenge of repeated agression.”
See Extracts from the book (scroll down to David Hirst)

From Haven to Conquest: Readings in Zionism and the Palestine problem until 1948
Edited by Walid Khalidi (Washington, DC, Institute for Palestine Studies, 1971/1987, 914 p.)
“Now a classic in its field, From Haven to Conquest is a unique ”Ž compendium of difficult-to-obtain or out-of-print material on ”ŽZionism and the history of Palestine from ancient times until 1948.”

EFTERLAD ET SVAR

Indtast din kommentar
Indtast dit navn her

Comment moderation is enabled. Your comment may take some time to appear.

This site uses Akismet to reduce spam. Learn how your comment data is processed.