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29. november 2021
Forside Tags Filosoffer

Tag: filosoffer

One whistleblower speaks for another. Daniel Ellsberg speaks at Free Bradley Manning protest at Fort Meade, June 1, 2013. Photo: Steve Rhodes. (CC BY-NC-ND 2.0). Source: flickr.com See on Daniel Ellsberg and the Pentagon Papers juli 13, 1971, below.


"Revenge taken by the Black Army for the Cruelties practised on them by the French". Illustration by British soldier and self-admitted "admirer of Toussaint L'Ouverture" (chapt.5) Marcus Rainsford from his 1805 book "An historical account of the black empire of Hayti". 1805. Source: https://www.loc.gov/pictures/item/2006685880/. Author: Marcus Rainsford (19th century). Public Domain.


Left: Title page for the fourth edition of John Locke's An essay concerning human understanding. 4th ed. London : Printed for Awnsham and John Churchil, and Samuel Manship, 1700. Collection: University of Sydney, Rare Books Library, Australia. Public Domain. Right: Portrait of John Locke. Oil on canvas painted i 1697 by Godfrey Kneller (1646–1723), German painter, draughtsman, engraver and miniaturist. Collection: Hermitage Museum, The Winter Palace, St. Petersburg, Rusland. Public Domain.


Mirabeau arrive aux Champs Élisées. Print shows Mirabeau at center arriving at the Champs Élisées where he hands a copy of the French Constitution to J.J. Rousseau as Benjamin Franklin reaches to place a wreath on his head; in the left background Fénelon, Montesquieu, Voltaire, and Mably come to greet him, and in the right background Demosthenes and Cicero are talking together, on the far right, Charon uses an oar to push his boat off from shore. Published: Paris, 1791. Engraving on off-white wove paper by Louis Joseph Masquelier (1741-1811), French draughtsman and engraver, and Jean Michel Moreau (1741-1814), French draughtsman, illustrator and engraver. Collection: French Political Cartoon Collection (Library of Congress, Washington, DC., USA). Public Domain.


Voltaire at the desk, 1778. Etching on paper by Daniel Niklaus Chodowiecki (1726–1801), German-Polish painter and printmaker. Title vignette for "Candide or the best world. Again Germanized by W. Chr. Mylius", by Voltaire. Public Domain.


Amsterdam - Zwanenburgwal / Amstel - View West on Statue of Benedictus de Spinoza. Statue made 2008 by Nicolaas Lambertus Maria (Nicolas) Dings (1953-), Dutch sculptor and draughtsman. Photo: Taken 2008 by Txllxt TxllxT. (CC BY-SA 4.0).


Lavater and Lessing Visit Moses Mendelssohn. Portrays an imagined meeting among Mendelsohn (1729-1786) and Gotthold Ephraim Lessing (1729-1781), and the Swiss theologian Johann Kaspar Lavater (1741-1801), at the residence of Moses Mendelssohn located at Spandauerstraße 68, Alt Berlin. Mendelssohn (on the left), wearing a red coat, and seated at a chess table in his library with Lavater. Lessing stands at the center behind the two. The scene refers to two foundational moments in the history of German-Jewish cultural interaction. The actual meetings between Mendelssohn and Lavater, which took place in 1763-64, were followed by the failed attempt on the part of the theologian to convince Mendelssohn to embrace Christianity. The well-known friendship between Mendelssohn and Lessing, one of the high points of the haskalah, or “Jewish Enlightenment,” came to be considered a paradigm of the possibility of a harmonious cohabitation between Germans and Jews. Painted in 1856 by Moritz Daniel Oppenheim (1800–1882), German painter. Collection: Judah L. Magnes Museum / The Magnes Collection of Jewish Art and Life, Californien. (CC BY-NC-SA 3.0).


Descartes at the Court of Christina of Sweden. In 1646, the 19-year old Swedish queen Kristina, ever curious for knowledge, began to correspondence with Descartes, that focused on the issue of hate and love. Eventually she invited Descartes to come to Sweden. René Descartes arrived in Stockholm on October 1649, and resided with the French ambassador Chanut. However he had to wait until December 18 before starting private lessons with the young queen, lessons that gave her an insight into Catholicism, the religion to which she later on converted. Kristina’s schedule was rigid, and their private lessons in philosophy and religion were scheduled for 5 in the morning in the freezing castle library. Perhaps that was too much for the aging Frenchman, who was used to sleeping in. On February 1650, Descartes fell ill with pneumonia, and he died ten days later. Oil on canvas painted by Pierre Louis Dumesnil (1698-1781), French painter. Collection: Musée National des Châteaux de Versailles et de Trianon, France. (CC BY-NC-SA 2.0).


Thomas Hobbes (1588–1679), aged 89. Oil on canvas painted 1676 by anonymous. Collection: National Trust for Places of Historic Interest or Natural Beauty, England, Wales and Northern Ireland. Public Domain.


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