"Revenge taken by the Black Army for the Cruelties practised on them by the French". Illustration by British soldier and self-admitted "admirer of Toussaint L'Ouverture" (chapt.5) Marcus Rainsford from his 1805 book "An historical account of the black empire of Hayti". 1805. Source: https://www.loc.gov/pictures/item/2006685880/. Author: Marcus Rainsford (19th century). Public Domain.


Socialistisk Biblioteks Tidslinje med links til begivenheder og personer i 1804.


Se også Index over personer, organisationer/partier og værker (som bøger, malerier, mm.), steder, begivenheder, mv., der er omtalt på hele Tidslinjen, titler og indhold på emnelisterne osv.

 

1. januar 1804

Efter slaveoprøret (1790-) (med general Toussaint Louverture) på Haiti vandt de indfødte uafhængighed, og general Jean-Jacques Dessalines udråbte sig til kejser (1805) i verdens første frie sorte nationalstat.

Title of engraving: Toussaint Louverture Chef des Noirs Insurgés de Saint Domingue. Portrait of Toussaint Louverture. This portrait was made as part of a series of portraits of generals of the French Revolution. Circa 1800. Source: John Carter Brown Library. https://jcb.lunaimaging.com/luna/servlet/s/573lxq. Artist: Unknown. Image publisher: Chez Jean rue Jean de Beauvais, No. 10, Paris. Public Domain.
Title of engraving: Toussaint Louverture Chef des Noirs Insurgés de Saint Domingue. Portrait of Toussaint Louverture. This portrait was made as part of a series of portraits of generals of the French Revolution. Circa 1800. Source: John Carter Brown Library. https://jcb.lunaimaging.com/luna/servlet/s/573lxq. Artist: Unknown. Image publisher: Chez Jean rue Jean de Beauvais, No. 10, Paris. Public Domain.

Toussaint Louverture, leader of the Haitian revolution (Charnel-House, May 20, 2017). “You can read a number of books, essays, and articles by clicking on the links below.”

Stormen på Vertiéres (Arbejderen.dk, 18. november 2011). “For første gang i historien lykkes et slaveopgør med nederlag for magthaverne og udråbelsen af den franske koloni Saint Dominigue til den frie nation Haiti.”

“The Slave-Holding Republic”. By Jennifer Jopp (Against the Current, Issue 186, January-February 2017). Review of Gerald Horne, Confronting Black Jacobins: The United States, the Haitian Revolution, and the Origins of the Dominican Republic (Monthly Review Press, 2015, 424 p.). “Horne carries the narrative into the 19th century, excavating the transformative impact of the Haitian revolt on Europe and, most particularly, the United States.”

Haiti’s Jacobin. By David A. Bell (The Nation, November 2, 2016). Review of Philippe Girard, Toussaint Louverture: A Revolutionary Life (Basic Books, 2016, 352 p.). “A new biography explores the mysterious life and times of Toussaint Louverture.”

Représentation épique de Jean-Jacques Dessalines lors de la Révolution haïtienne de 1804. 19th century. Source: Peinture murale à Port-au-Prince. Author:Unknown. Domaine public.
Représentation épique de Jean-Jacques Dessalines lors de la Révolution haïtienne de 1804. 19th century. Source: Peinture murale à Port-au-Prince. Author: Unknown. Domaine public.

A spectacular corner of history: writing the Haitian Revolution. By Christian Høgsbjerg (International Socialism, Issue 145, Winter 2015). Review of Philip Kaisary, The Haitian Revolution in the Literary Imagination: Radical Horizons, Conservative Constraints (University of Virginia Press, 2014, 256 p.).

Toussaint L’Ouverture and the Haitian slave revolution. By Neil Faulkner (Counterfire, 21 October 2013). “On 1 January 1804 they proclaimed the Republic of Haiti – an independent black-ruled state created by slave revolution. It would stand as a beacon lighting the road to eventual emancipation across the Americas.”

Revolution on stage. By Scott McLemee (Red Verge, 25 February 2013). “… comments on the republication of C.L.R. James’ long-lost play on Toussaint L’Ouverture.”

A book in progress, Part 15: Politics, morality and the Haitian Revolution. By Kenan Malik (Pandaemonium, April 11, 2012). “This extract … tells the story of the Haitian Revolution and what that revolution reveals about the relationship between morality and politics in the modern world.”

The slave revolution: Saint-Domingue 1791-1803. By Greg Oxley (In Defence of Marxism, 15 December 2004). “The insurgent slaves finished by defeating, each in turn, the great European powers like Spain, England and France. But it is also a history of greed, cynicism and inhumane cruelty on the part of the ruling classes.”

Of human bondage. By Robin Blackburn (The Nation, October 4, 2004). “In the sequence of revolutions that remade the Atlantic world between 1776 and 1825, the Haitian Revolution is rarely given its due, yet without it the progressive credentials of the others would.”

Haiti: Slave revolution that defeated three empires. By David McNally (New Socialist, Issue 45, January–February 2004). “In 1796, Great Britain, the world’s premier colonial power, sent its largest-ever expeditionary force – 30,000 men on nearly 100 ships – to crush the insurgent armies of ex-slaves before their example spread. Instead, Saint Domingue, as it was then usually known (although the Spanish name San Domingo was also used), became “the burial ground of Great Britain.”

Toussaint L’Ouverture and the great Haitian slave revolt. By Paul Foot (Socialist Worker, Issue 1885, 24 January 2004). “This month saw the 200th anniversary of the founding of the Caribbean republic of Haiti after a revolutionary uprising against slavery.”

The Haitian revolution and Atlantic slavery. By Colin Waugh (Workers Liberty, 2/2, March 2002). “The Haitian revolution of 1791-1804 is arguably comparable in importance to the American Revolution of 1776 and the French Revolution of 1789.”

Toussaint L’Ouverture: The Haitian slave revolt of 1791 (Marxists Internet Archive). A lecture by Paul Foot delivered on 12 July 1991 in London: “Perhaps more important than anything else in the whole history of the world, it’s no great exaggeration to say that, the events that started in 1791 in San Domingo in the West Indies.”

Se også/See also:

Retten til at regere sig selv: Revolutionært anti-slaveri i Den Franske og Haitianske Revolution. Af Nicolai von Eggers (Baggrund, 1. oktober 2018). “Denne artikel følger slaveri-debatten fra oplysningens arv i Den Franske Revolution til Haitis og de slavegjortes uafhængighed i 1804.”

15 Black uprisings against European and Arab oppression they won’t teach in schools (Atlanta Black Star, September 26, 2013) + 10 Black uprisings … (October 21, 2013).

Se også på Socialistisk Bibliotek:


12. februar 1804

Filosofen Immanuel Kant dør i Köningsberg Kaliningrad] (født samme sted, 22. april 1724, se denne).


 

1. juli 1804

Feministen og politikeren George Sand fødes som Amandine Aurore Lucille Dudevant i Paris, senere Baronness Dudevant (dør 8. juni 1876 i Nohant).

Oilpainting by Auguste Charpentier (1813–1880). Description Français: Portrait de George Sand (1804-1876). George Sand est le pseudonyme d'Amantine Aurore Lucile Dupin de Francueil, baronne Dudevant, romancière, auteur dramatique, critique littéraire française et journaliste. English: Portrait of George Sand. 1838. Current location: Musée de la vie romantique, Salon George Sand. Source/Photographer: Musée de la vie romantique - Hôtel Scheffer-Renan - 16 rue Chaptal 75009 Paris. Domaine public.
Oilpainting by Auguste Charpentier (1813–1880). Description Français: Portrait de George Sand (1804-1876). George Sand est le pseudonyme d’Amantine Aurore Lucile Dupin de Francueil, baronne Dudevant, romancière, auteur dramatique, critique littéraire française et journaliste. English: Portrait of George Sand. 1838. Current location: Musée de la vie romantique, Salon George Sand. Source/Photographer: Musée de la vie romantique – Hôtel Scheffer-Renan – 16 rue Chaptal 75009 Paris. Domaine public.

Se:

Caricature de George Sand en pantalon, 1848. Source: Own work. Author: Axagore (CC BY-SA 3.0)
Caricature de George Sand en pantalon, 1848. Source: Own work. Author: Axagore (CC BY-SA 3.0)
Painting oil on canvas of Frédéric Chopin and George Sand based on the circa 1837 preliminary sketch of Eugene Delacroix's joint portrait of Frédéric Chopin and George Sand by Eugène Delacroix (1798–1863). 2008. Current location: Louvre Museum. Public Domain.
Painting oil on canvas of Frédéric Chopin and George Sand based on the circa 1837 preliminary sketch of Eugene Delacroix’s joint portrait of Frédéric Chopin and George Sand by Eugène Delacroix (1798–1863). 2008. Current location: Louvre Museum. Public Domain.

 

28. juli 1804

Portait engraving of Ludwig Feuerbach from Die Gartenlaube 1872 (1) p. 17, 1872. Source: Die Gartenlaube. Author: Ernst Keil (publisher). Public Domain.
Portait engraving of Ludwig Feuerbach from Die Gartenlaube 1872 (1) p. 17, 1872. Source: Die Gartenlaube. Author: Ernst Keil (publisher). Public Domain.

Ludwig Andreas Feuerbach, tysk filosof og materialistisk religionskritiker, fødes i Landshut, Bayern, (dør 13. september 1872 i Rechenberg).

Se:

Ludwig Feuerbach: the ‘true conqueror of the old philosophy’. By Martin Thomas (Workers Liberty, 27 May 2014). “Among Karl Marx’s most famous writings are his Theses on Feuerbach. But who was Feuerbach?”

Marx and Feuerbach. By Sydney Hook (New International, Vol.3, No.2, April 1936; online at Marxists Internet Archive). “The real significance of Marx’s criticism of Feuerbach has not been adequately grasped by the overwhelming majority of his zealous and “orthodox” disciples.”

Ludwig Feuerbach og den klassiske tyske filosofis udgang (1886). Af Friedrich Engels (Marxister.dk). “I denne fagfilosofiske tekst analyserer Engels i korte træk overgangen fra Hegel over Feuerbach til Marx.”

Teser om Feuerbach. Af Karl Marx (Marxisme Online). “Skrevet af K. Marx i foråret 1845. Først offentliggjort af F. Engels i 1888 som tillæg til særtrykket af hans skrift ‘Ludwig Feuerbach’.”

Se også:

The German Ideology (1846). By Karl Marx and Frederick Engels (Marxists Internet Archive).

Die Gartenlaube (1872) by Ernst Keil. Leipzig. Bild aus Seite 745 in "Die Gartenlaube". Image from page 745 of book Die Gartenlaube ("The Garden Arbor").Caption in English "Feuerbach’s Wohnhaus am Rechenberg bei Nürnberg. Nach der Natur aufgenommen von J. Geyer." Source: Scan from the original work. Public Domain.
Die Gartenlaube (1872) by Ernst Keil. Leipzig. Bild aus Seite 745 in “Die Gartenlaube”. Image from page 745 of book Die Gartenlaube (“The Garden Arbor”).Caption in English “Feuerbach’s Wohnhaus am Rechenberg bei Nürnberg. Nach der Natur aufgenommen von J. Geyer.” Source: Scan from the original work. Public Domain.

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