Portrait of Billie Holiday and Mister, Downbeat(?), New York, N.Y., ca. June 1946 (LOC). Photo:Gottlieb, William P., 1917-. Public Domain Source: https://www.flickr.com/photos/library_of_congress/5020400152/in/gallery-beautifulzelda-72157631799592343/
Portrait of Billie Holiday and Mister, Downbeat(?), New York, N.Y., ca. June 1946 (LOC). Photo:Gottlieb, William P., 1917-. Public Domain Source: https://www.flickr.com/photos/library_of_congress/5020400152/in/gallery-beautifulzelda-72157631799592343/

Forord

1939abel-2.jpg

Den progressive lærer og redaktør fra Bronx i New York Abel Meeropol skrev under navnet Lewis Allan tekst og melodi til den vigtigste og stærkeste sang mod racisme og lynchning, som Billie Holiday indspillede 20. april 1939.
Abel Meeropol adopterede senere de to sønner efter kommunisterne Ethel og Julius Rosenberg, der i juni 1953 blev henrettet for spionage til fordel for Sovjetunionen. (Se emnelisten Rosenberg-sagen og McCarthyismen / The Rosenberg Case and McCarthyism).
Inspirationen for sangen var dette billede fra 1930:

The lynching of Thomas Shipp and Abram Smith, a large gathering of lynchers. August 7, 1930, Marion, Indiana. Gelatin silver print. 9 1/2 x 7 1/2". Etched in the negative: "Marion, Ind. Aug. 1930".
The lynching of Thomas Shipp and Abram Smith, a large gathering of lynchers. August 7, 1930, Marion, Indiana. Gelatin silver print. 9 1/2 x 7 1/2″. Etched in the negative: “Marion, Ind. Aug. 1930”.

Se om denne dobbelt-lynching og dette foto længere nede og i Linkboxen: Marion-Lynchningen og fotografiet bag “Strange Fruit”.

Se:

Strange Fruit (Wikipedia.org). Om baggrunden for sangen, forfatteren/komponisten og indspilningen.

Strange Fruit. A movie by Daniel Weidlein (YouTube, 9:59 min.). Med tekst læst og interview om sangens historie.

Strange Fruit. By Billie Holiday (1959) (3:18 min.).

Other versions from YouTube.com:

Nina Simone Strange Fruit Remixed By Montecristo

Beth Hart

AaRON – Strange Fruit

Siouxsie And The Banshees – Strange Fruit (unofficial version)

Strange Fruit- Hip Hop Version

1939frank.jpgSe også på YouTube.com for andre tekster af Abel Meeropol / Lewis Allan:

The House I Live In (1945) (10:15 min.). Film med en ung Frank Sinatra (fik æres-Oscar 1946), m. manus af Albert Maltz, titelsang af Abel Meeropol, om religiøs tolerance og folkefronts-patriotisme. Læs mere om filmen her og på Wikipedia.org.

(The House I live In): That’s America To Me (YouTube, 4:17 min.)

Også indspillet med den progressive bas-sanger Paul Robeson:

“The House I Live In” (Paul Robeson) (1947) (3:12 min.). Tekst trykt i højre spalte under (more info)

Artikler/Articles

Strange Fruit. Af Ditte Goldschmidt og Jeanne G. Kempinski (Goldberg, nr.8, 2008)
“I år er det 40 år siden at menneskerettighedsforkæmperen Martin Luther King blev myrdet. Goldberg markerer det ved at fortælle historien om en sang, der blev symbol i kampen mod overgrebene på Amerikas sorte befolkning.”

Billie Holiday: ‘Strange Fruit’ (Marx21, Nr.11, Juni 2009)
1939billie.jpg
“Yaak Pabst über die antirassistische US-Protesthymne der 40er-Jahre.”

In English:

Strange convergence (Socialist Worker.org, April 9, 2015). “Robert Meeropol is the younger son of Ethel and Julius Rosenberg … here from his blog about what would have been his mother’s and singer Billie Holiday’s 100th birthday.” With link to video with Robert Meeropol about the song ‘Strange Fruit’.”

The strange story of the man behind ‘Strange Fruit’. By Elizabeth Blair (NPR Music, September 5, 2012)
“Many people know that the man who wrote the song . But they might not realize that he’s also tied to another watershed moment in America’s history.”

Billie Holiday and Strange Fruit in the 21st Century. By Alexander Billet (Dissident Voice, September 28th, 2007)
“It is truly amazing how heart-rending this song remains. Almost seventy years later it still sends chills up the spine and sticks hair on end.”

Stranger than fiction. By Jody Kolodzey (In These Times, March 24, 2003)
“… a hymn to the power of music to bring people together across the boundaries of race, religion, culture, geography and time.”

An anthem for the struggle against racism. By Amy Muldoo (Socialist Worker, US, Issue 433, December 13, 2002). Review of Joel Katz’s documentary film Strange Fruit (2002)

‘Strange Fruit’: the story of a song. By Peter Daniels (World Socialist Web Site, 8 February 2002). Book and film review.

The singer or the song? By Nick Grant (Socialist Review, Issue 255, September 2001). Review of David Margolick, Strange Fruit (Payback Press, 2001)

A song that changed the world. By Nicole Colson (Socialist Worker, US, Issue 369, May 25, 2001). Review of David Margolick, Strange Fruit: The Biography of a Song (Ecco Press, 2001)

Se også:

Billie Holiday (Wikipedia.org)

Billie and Bessie (1984) (David Widgery: Preserving Disorder, Pluto Press, London 1989, p.76-87)

Strange Fruit (novel) (Wikipedia.org)

Lillian Smith (author) (Wikipedia.org). Engelsk leksikonartikel om forfatteren.

Sælsom Frugt. Af Lillian Smith (Gyldendals Forlag, 1946; 2. oplag 1961, 393 sider) (Gyldendals Tranebøger)

Lynching in the United States (Wikipedia.org)

Nearly 4,000 blacks were lynched in Jim Crow South, report finds. By Tom Mackaman (World Socialist Web Site, 17 February 2015). See the report summary: Lynching in America: Conronting the Legacy of Racial Terror (Equal Justice Initiative, 2015, 25 p.)

Se også på Socialistisk Bibliotek:

Marion-lynchingen og fotografiet bag »Strange Fruit«

1939lynchbedstbund.jpg


 

EFTERLAD ET SVAR

Indtast din kommentar
Indtast dit navn her

Comment moderation is enabled. Your comment may take some time to appear.

This site uses Akismet to reduce spam. Learn how your comment data is processed.