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Articles and sites in English

Forord

Danske (+ norske) artikler og temaer

Encyclopedia

Sites in English

Articles in English

Appendix: Battle of Seattle, 1999


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Encyclopedia

Leksikon for det 21. århundrede

Den Internationale Valutafond (IMF)

Verdensbanken

WTO

Wikpedia.org

International Monetary Fund (IMF)

World Bank

World Trade Organization (WTO)

World Trade Organization Ministerial Conference of 1999 protest activity

Washington A16, 2000

Anti-globalization protests in Prague

Category: Anti-globalization protests

Sites in English

Bretton Woods Project
Critical voices on the World Bank and the IMF.

CEE Bankwatch Network
“We monitor the activities of the international financial institutions (IFIs) which operate in the region (Central and Eastern Europe), and propose constructive alternatives to their policies and projects.”

Center for Economic and Policy Research (CEPR)

Issues: Globalization/Trade + International Monetary Fund
“CEPR looks at the impact of international financial institutions on economic growth, poverty rates, and trade around the world.”

CorpWatch: Holding Corporations Accountable

Issues: World Financial Institutions
“The International Monetary Fund and the World Trade Organization rule trade worldwide, ostensibly helping developing countries enter the 21st century by investing in their modernization, and regulating trade to allow smaller nations compete with the big boys. But this “aid” often comes with a heavy price.”

Dissent!
“Reports and reflections about mobilisations against summits, from the 1988 IMF (International Monetary Fund) and World Bank meeting in West Berlin, to the recent mobilisation against the World Trade Organisation (WTO) Ministerial in Cancun, Mexico in autumn 2003.”

GATSwatch
“One of the main objectives of the GATSwatch project is research and analysis of the role and agenda of corporate lobbies with regards to the WTO GATS 2000 negotiations.” GATSwatch is a joint project of Corporate Europe Observatory og Transnational Institute

Global Exchange

The Global Rulemakers + Global Trade Agreements
“The undemocratic institutions of the global economy.”

Global Policy Forum

Topics: The Bretton Woods institutions and other governance fora
“The World Bank and the International Monetary Fund wield tremendous power and influence, but exclude the voices of developing countries most adversely affected by financial and trade policies. These articles address the need for democratization, accessibility, accountability and transparency at all three institutions.”

IFIwatchnet

Focus on: IMF + World Bank Group
“IFIwatchnet connects organisations worldwide which are monitoring international financial institutions (IFIs) such as the World Bank, the IMF, and regional development banks.”

People’s Global Action

Themes: IMF, World Bank & WTO: policies, impacts and resistance.

Themes: WTO & GATS: information & analysis.

Third World Network (TWN)

Trade issues: Rules and WTO
“This section is on WTO issues and current developments. You will find current news and in-depth analysis of the WTO negotiations and the WTO agreements, from the perspective of developing countries.”

World Bank Bonds Boycott
“The World Bank Bonds Boycott is an international grassroots campaign that is building moral, political, and financial pressure on the World Bank.”

WTO / GATT (Gatt.org)
“In early 2000, WTO/GATT transferred Gatt.org – which people sometimes mistake for the World Trade Organization’s official website – to a group of impostors known as The Yes Men.”

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Articles in English

Against the Current

Gerard Greenfield: From populism toward anti-capitalism (No.93, July/August 2001, p.12-14)
“The recent attempt to ban ski masks and scarves in Quebec City during the Summit of the Americas provides a useful insight into the way antiglobalization movements are perceived by the powers-that-be.”

Kim Moody: Global capital and economic nationalism, Part 2 (No.88, September/October 2000, p.26-30)
“The political side of globalization was revealed in a series of battles over trade and investment policy, beginning with NAFTA in the United States, Maastricht in Europe, and then the ratification of WTO here, along with two rounds of defeated fast track legislation, and most recently the fiasco of the WTO Ministerial Meeting.”

Dan La Botz: The new movement for global justice (No.88, September/October 2000, p.33-38)
“This movement already can take pride in a great achievement: We have taken what had been thought of as the obscure topics of world trade and financial issues and made them subjects of debate and discussion among millions of people.”

Loren Goldner: Viewpoint: Transnationals after Seattle (No.88, September/October 2000)
“From a revolutionary viewpoint, it is easy to be skeptical about the events in Seattle. The American participants, both among the trade union contingent and the direct action groups, were overwhelmingly white, in a country in which thirty percent of the population is now constituted by people of color.”

Sze Pang Cheung: Fighting China or the WTO? (No.87, July/August 2000, p.31-33)
“Since the Seattle protest, anti-China sentiment has grown in the United States, as unions and NGOs turned to target China’s entry to the WTO.”

Kim Moody: Protectionism or solidarity?, Part 1 (No.87, July/August 2000, p.34-38)
“Thus, we have the rise of an ‘Us versus Them’ class consciousness, tied to an enduring economic nationalism. This dual consciousness is not limited to the unionized workers, who are directly tied to these “private welfare states.”

Center for Economic and Policy Research (CEPR)

Mark Weisbrot and Juan Montecino: The IMF and economic recovery: Is fund policy contributing to downside risks? (October 2010, 18 p.)
“This paper finds that the IMF continues to support pro-cyclical policies in some countries, fiscal consolidation in many others, and clearly does not support central bank financing of fiscal stimulus – even in countries such as the United States – where the threat of high inflation is very remote.”

Dollars and Sense

Sarah Anderson: The IMF and World Bank’s cosmetic makeover + The ABC of free trade agreements (Issue 233, January/February 2001)
“In recent years, the doctors’ harsh medicine has been exposed in dozens of studies and in increasingly vocal street protests. In response, the World Bank and the IMF have been attempting to revamp their public image into that of anti-poverty crusaders.”

Abby Scher: The ABC’s of the global economy (Issue 228, March/April 2000; updated in the fall of 2006)
“What follows is a primer on the most important of those institutions.”

International Socialism

Susan George: What now? (Issue 91, Summer 2001, p.3-10)
“The worldwide social movement fighting against corporate globalisation and for a more just, more democratic and more ecologically sustainable world has travelled a long way in the past three years and we have won significant victories.”

Walden Bello: The global conjuncture: characteristics and challenges (Issue 91, Summer 2001, p.11-19)
“Today the global correlation of forces is different – some would say quite different. A crisis of legitimacy now envelops the key institutions of global economic governance: the International Monetary Fund (IMF), World Bank and WTO.”

Chris Nineham: An idea whose times has come (Issue 91, Summer 2001, p.21-30)
“Outlining a socialist strategy involves going back to some fundamental questions raised, but left hanging by Walden Bello and Susan George. Both are keen to kick-start a discussion about the kind of alternatives we should be promoting.”

John Rees: Anticapitalism, reformism and socialism (Issue 90, Spring 2001, p.3-40)
“This is a time of change. Old political patterns are being transformed. Ossified relationships are breaking up and new ones are taking their place. New forces are entering the line, revitalising the veterans. It is all long, long overdue.”

Walden Bello: 2000: The year of global protest (Issue 90, Spring 2001, p.71-76)
“The protests throughout the year had a strong anti transnational corportaion (TNC) strain, with the World Bank, IMF, and WTO regarded as servitors of the corporations. A strong distrust of TNCs had, in fact, developed, even in the US, where over 70 percent of people surveyed felt corporations had too much power over their lives.”

Boris Kagarlitsky: The lessons of Prague (Issue 89, Winter 2000, p.49-58)
“The events of September 2000 in Prague marked a turning point … the international bankers were obliged to flee from a city whose streets had become the scene of battles between police and thousands of demonstrators from all parts of Europe.”

Chris Harman: Anti-capitalism: theory and practice (Issue 88, Autumn 2000, p.3-59)
“Chris Harman looks at the movement and its most prominent thinkers – Susan George, Pierre Bourdieu and Naomi Klein. He gives a lucid account of the practical and theoretical issues facing the new activist.”

Abbie Bakan: From Seattle to Washington: the making of a new movement (Issue 87, Summer 2000, p.85-93). Review of Kevin Danaher and Roger Burbach (eds), Globalize This! The Battle Against the World Trade Organization and Corporate Rule (Common Courage Press, 2000)

Abbie Bakan: After Seattle: the politics of the World Trade Organization (Issue 86, Spring 2000, p.19-36)
“Abbie Bakan explores the background of the Seattle protests by looking at the history of the WTO and the prospect for challenging it.”

International Socialist Review

Special issue: Whose world? Theirs or ours? (Issue 19, August-September 2001, 136 p.)
“This special issue is devoted to a discussion of the issues, debates, and prospects for the international movement for global justice.” With Noam Chomsky, Edward Said, Patrick Bond, Kevin Danaher, Jo Freeman, Ahmed Shawki and many more.

Katherine Dwyer: Lessons of Quebec City (Issue 18, June-July 2001)
“In some ways, the main lessons of Quebec lay not in what activists were able to accomplish, but in a vision of what is possible. Quebec gave a whole layer of activists a taste of what it would be like to actually shut down a major trade meeting.”

Meredith Kolodner: Eyewitness in Quebec (Issue 18, June-July 2001)
“One could argue that they started losing control of our minds years ago, but now they were losing control of our bodies and our actions as well. Quebec City was an experience I will not soon forget – for its sense of solidarity and hope, and for its lessons for the struggles that lie ahead.”

Ahmed Shawki: Between things ended and things begun (Issue 18, June-July 2001)
“The enthusiasm for Seattle was immense – and rightly so – most of all among the left, both in the U.S. and internationally. Though the radicalization didn’t start there, Seattle came to symbolize the new resistance, which could be seen in many expressions everywhere.”

Links: International Journal of Socialist Renewal

Adam Hanieh: Egypt’s ‘orderly transition’? International aid and the rush to structural adjustment (May 29, 2011)
“This article argues, that a critique of these financial packages needs to be seen as much more than just a further illustration of Western hypocrisy. The plethora of aid and investment initiatives advanced by the leading powers in recent days represents a conscious attempt to consolidate and reinforce the power of Egypt’s dominant class in the face of the ongoing popular mobilisations.”

Monthly Review

William S. Solomon: More form than substance: Press coverage of the WTO protests in Seattle (Vol.52, No.1, May 2000)
“This essay studies the twenty-two reports and editorials in the Los Angeles Timesand the thirty-five in the New York Times, from November 21 through December 21, 1999.”

William K. Tabb: The World Trade Organization? Stop world takeover (Vol.51, No.8, January 2000)
“Let me review where the WTO came from, how it works, and why protesters want revolutionary change from TNC rule of the world system.”

New Left Review

Franco Moretti and Dominique Pestre: Bankspeak (Issue 92, March-April 2015)
” What can quantitative linguistic analysis reveal about global institutions? From Bretton Woods to the present, the language of World Bank reports has undergone telling modulations. Moretti and Pestre track the decline of concrete referents and active verbs, the triumph of acronyms over nation-states””and irresistible rise of ”˜governance’.”

Robert Wade: Showdown at the World Bank (Issue 7, January-February 2001)
“”˜International financial institutions’ are more national than they seem. Robert Wade reveals how tightly the US Treasury monitors and controls the World Bank, and how quickly it will stamp out departures from its orthodoxy.”

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Symposium on globalization: hard questions for the left (No.29, Summer 2000, p.12-42)
“In the following symposium, New Politics hopes to stimulate discussion of the kind of alternative globalization the emerging movement stands for, and how to get there. Participants were asked the questions below – some answering them directly and individually, others weaving their responses into an integrated essay.”

Socialist Review

After Genoa: what next? (Issue 255, September 2001)
“Genoa produced the biggest anti-capitalist mobilisation yet. Activists contribute to the debate on what to do next. Plus John Foot reports from Italy, Chris Bambery on the rebirth of the left, and reports from demonstrators by Peter Dwyer and Leo Zeilig.”

Resistance is winning (Issue 254, July 2001)
“Journalist and film maker John Pilger has produced a television programme about how the world’s poor continue to suffer because of the WTO and the IMF. He spoke to Karen O’Toole.”

On the track to Genoa (Issue 253, June 2001)
“Genoa will be the focus for the next huge anti-capitalist protest in July. Chris Nineham looks at some of the arguments in the movement, while Paul Kellogg reports from Quebec City.”

The wisdom of the masses (Issue 250, March 2001)
“Kevin Danaher was a key organiser of the ‘Battle of Seattle’. He recently spoke to Socialist Review about the future of the anti-capitalist movement.”

The bitter pill (Issue 249, February 2001)
“More global investment is the only way of helping poor countries, says the government. Yuri Prasad explains how the record so far shows the opposite.”

Special feature: Anticapitalism: what next? (Issue 245, October 2000)
“Noam Chomsky, George Monbiot, Susan George, Rob Newman, Lindsey German, Tony Benn, Mark Thomas, Mike Marqusee and Jean Lambert give their views.”

Get the banks off our backs (Issue 244, September 2000)
“Mike Haynes examines the role of the IMF and World Bank, meeting in Prague this month, as policemen to the global paymasters.”

World Development Movement

Jessica Woodroffe/Mark Ellis-Jones: State of unrest : Resistance to IMF policies in poor countries (World Development Report, November 2000)
“Since Seattle last year, the media has heralded the dawn of a new movement in Europe and America, epitomised by protests aimed at the WTO, IMF and the World Bank … What follows is a summary of protests and demonstrations organised by the southern poor.”

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