George Habash square [Tulkarem?], Taken on 7 April 2011, Source: https://www.panoramio.com/photo/50717122. Author: Mujaddara. (CC BY-SA 3.0) Om George Habash se 1 august 1925
George Habash square [Tulkarem?], Taken on 7 April 2011, Source: https://www.panoramio.com/photo/50717122. Author: Mujaddara. (CC BY-SA 3.0) Om George Habash se 1 august 1925


Socialistisk Biblioteks Tidslinje med links til begivenheder og personer i 1925.


Se også Index over personer, organisationer/partier og værker (som bøger, malerier, mm.), steder, begivenheder, mv., der er omtalt på hele Tidslinjen, titler og indhold på emnelisterne osv.

 

Bladliste

Nye blade 1925:

  • Kampen. Organ for Danmarkskommunistisk Ungdomsforbund
  • Kvindernes Oplysningsblad. Udg af Arbejderkvindernes Oplysningsforbund, se nedenfor 28. april 1925.
  • Ny Produktion.Fra Stat til Sogn – Fra Lønarbejde til Samarbejde
  • Solidaritet. Organ for den syndikalistiske Arbejderbevægelse i Danmark. Udg. af Revolutionært Arbejderforbund.
  • Se: Arbejderhistorisk Bladliste, under året 1925 (scroll ned)

 

12. februar 1925

Forfatteren Tage Skou-Hansen fødes i Fredericia. (dør 11.11.2015 i 1925tage.jpgÅrhus). Hovedværk: De nøgne træer, 1957.
(foto: www.danskeakademi.dk)

Leksikalt:

Artikler:

I frimodighed og tillid. Af Erik Skyum-Nielsen (Information.dk, 12. november 2015). “Forfatteren Tage Skou-Hansen, der i februar fyldte 90, er død efter længere tids sygdom. Dansk kultur har mistet en årvågen iagttager og kommentator og dansk litteratur en fin samtids- og samfundsskildrer.”

Tage Skou-Hansen er død. Af Hans Hertel (Politiken.dk, 11. november 2015). “Det blev til et af vores store efterkrigsforfatterskaber, der fastholder 70 års Danmarkshistorie, fra 1930’rne via 60’ernes og 70’ernes opbrud til 90’ernes rådvilde bjergsomhed …”

En nær ven af AGF er gået bort (AGF, 12. november 2015). “Mindeord over forfatter og AGF-ambassadør Tage Skou-Hansen.”

De nøgne træer – Tage Skou-Hansen. Af Søren Schou (Dansk Litteraturs Historie, bd. 4, side 561-564.

Borgerens længsel efter det radikale opgør – Tage Skou-Hansen. Af Søren Schou (Dansk Litteraturs Historie, bd. 5, side 333-344.

Et bragende gennembrud 50 år efter. Af Hans Hertel (Politiken.dk, 3. november 2007). “Tage Skou-Hansens debutroman ’De nøgne træer’ om krig og kærlighed, oplevet på dagen, på stedet, i uniform: 29. oktober 1957 – og 2007.”

En dansk forfatter, der ved noget om sprængstoffer. Af Kristen Bjørnkjær (Information.dk, 1. november 2007)


 

21. marts – 6. april 1925

Kommunistisk Internationales eksekutivkomite (EKKI) opstiller på sit udvidede 5. plenum i Moskva “bolsjevisering” som hovedparole for sektionernes (kommunistpartiernes) arbejde.


 

18. marts 1925

Manglende lønforbedringer for lavest lønnede giver et nej til forhandlingsresultatet fra Arbejdsmandsforbundet, der går ud i 80 dages kamp, der ender med accept af mæglingsforslaget, og at forbundet er ude af landsorganisationen DsF i 4 år. Socialdemokratiske regering var klar med lovindgreb.1925fagbv15.jpg

Se:

Se også:


 

12. marts 1925

Grundlæggeren af den nationalistiske bevægelse i Kina, Yixian, Sun Wen (Sun Yat-sen) dør i Bejing (født 12.11.1866 i Hsiang-shan, Kwangtung Provinsen).

Sun Yat-sen 1904. Kilde: https://www.quora.com/Was-Sun-Yat-sen-a-US-citizen
Sun Yat-sen 1904. Kilde: https://www.quora.com/Was-Sun-Yat-sen-a-US-citizen

Se:


 

3. april 1925

Den britiske Labour-politiker Tony Benn fødes i London (dør 14. marts 2014 i London). Han var minister 1964-70 + 1974-79, og han blev ledende talsmand for Labours venstrefløj fra 1970erne.

2014benn.jpg

Nekrologer/Obituaries:

Tony Benn: the moderate extremist. By Paul Demarty (Weekly Worker, Issue 1002, March 20, 2014)

Tony Benn 1925-1914. By Sean Matgamna (Workers’ Liberty, 17 March 2014). “An analysis of the strange political career of Tony Benn.”

Tony Benn: a vision to inspire and mobilise. By Phil Herse (Socialist Resistance, March 15, 2014)

Why I am an unrepentant Bennite (Red Pepper, March 2014). “Mike Marqusee remembers one of the great modern communicators of the socialist cause.”

Tony Benn really was ‘dangerous’ – to the establishment. By Hilary Wainwright (Red Pepper, March 2014)

Labour’s lost leader. By Leo Panitch (Red Pepper, March 2014)

Veteran Labour “left” Tony Benn dead at 88 (World Socialist Web Site, 15 March 2014). And republishing an longer article from July 7, 1999 by Julie Hyland and Chris Marsden.

Tony Benn (1925–2014). By Ian Birchall (RS21: revolutionary socialism in the 21st century, March 14, 2014). “He was a serious reformist politician – and increasingly, as he grew older, a left reformist. … a genuine socialist who fought to the end.”

Obituary: Tony Benn. By Peter Taaffe (Socialistworld.net, 14/03/2014). “Steadfast in speaking out for socialism.”

Tony Benn: socialist, comrade, friend. By John Rees (Counterfire, 14 March 2014)

Tony Benn: an outstanding leader of the British left. By Rob Sewell (In Defence of Marism, 14 March 2014)

Tony Benn 1925-2014: inspiring socialist who moved left through his life. By Charlie Kimber (Socialist Worker, Issue 2394, 14 March 2014)

Artikler + anmeldelser/Articles & reviews:

Tony Benn: Will and Testament. By Jeannie Robinson (Socialist Review, October 2014). Review of Skip Kite’s documentary.

The labour of Tony Benn. By Peter Taaffe (Socialism Today, Issue 174, December 2013/January 2014). Review of The Last Diaries of Tony Benn: a blaze of autumn sunshine (Hutchinson, 2013)

Tony Benn on life on the outside (Socialist Review, September 2007). Interview by Lindsey German and Judith Orr.

Life of the struggle. By Solomon Hughes (Socialist Review, Issue 268, November 2002). Review of Tony Benn, Free at Last: Diaries 1991-2001 (Hutchinson, 2002)

Freedom, struggle and constraint. By Chris Harman (Socialist Worker, No.1821, 12 October 2002). Review of Tony Benn, Free At Last: Diaries 1991-2001 (Hutchinson, 2002)

Caught in the web. By Sheila McGregor (Socialist Review, Issue 192, December 1995). Review of Tony Benn, The Benn Diaries (Hutchinson, 1995)

The Labour Left’s brightest star. By Paul Foot (Socialist Review, No.3, March-April 1980). Review of Tony Benn, Arguments for Socialism (Penguin Books, 1980)

Followed by Question Time] [Left wing Politics (YouTube, 5:49 min.). On New Labour, class war etc.

Se også debat om venstrereformisme:/See also on Left Reformism:


 

24. april 1925

Indkaldelse til 9. marts (!) møde i Rømersgade 9.3.1931 fra AO. Foto: ABA

Arbejderkvinders Oplysningsforening, en såkaldt faglig venstreklub stiftes af bl.a. Marie Nielsen og Inger Gamburg (første formand), med opgaver som fagopposition, kampen for ligeløn og seksualoplysning.
Udgav tidsskriftet Kvindernes Oplysningsblad (1925-1937), fra nr. 5, 1929: Arbejderkvindernes …, og fra april 1933: Arbejderkvinden. 6 af de første numre online: se: Kilder til ligelønskampen (Arbejdermuseet).

 

Se:

Arbejderkvindemes Oplysningsforening 1925-34 (pdf). Af Hanne Caspersen (Årbog for arbejderbevægelsens historie,  nr. 8, 1978, side 97-152). Om foreningens faglige arbejde og seksualpolitiske oplysningsarbejde, og om forholdet til DKP og det bredere fagoppositionelle arbejde.

Se også:

Inger Gamburg /1892-1979) (Kvindebiografisk Leksikon)

Om lægen og seksualplyseren J.H. Leunbach: Wikipedia.dk & Dansk Biografisk Leksikon (af Preben Hertoft). Se også om foreningen Sexpol på Leksikon.org.

Se også på Socialistisk Bibliotek:

Tidslinjen 23. december 1875, om Marie Nielsen.


 

19. maj 1925

Malcolm Little (senere Malcolm X) fødes i Omaha, Nebraska. Skudt ned 21. februar 1965. Se linkboxen Malcolm X: (1925-1965)

Malcolm X 1963. Source: https://www.usatoday.com/story/news/2015/02/16/black-history-malcolm-x/23533051/
Malcolm X 1963. Source: https://www.usatoday.com/story/news/2015/02/16/black-history-malcolm-x/23533051/

 

25.-30. maj 1925

“30. maj-bevægelsen”: kinesiske arbejders strejke- og demonstrationsbevægelse i storbyerne mod udenlandsk kapital starter den kinesiske revolution 1925-27, (der viste arbejderklassens evne til en ledende rolle i tilbagestående landes koloniale revolution).

Strikers during the 1925 Hong Kong general strike. Source: https://libcom.org/history/chinese-revolution-1925-1927
Strikers during the 1925 Hong Kong general strike. Source: https://libcom.org/history/chinese-revolution-1925-1927

Se:


 

2. juli 1925

Den afrikanske nationalist og Congos første leder Patrice Lumumba fødes i Onalua (myrdes 17. januar 1961, se denne).

Patrice Lumumba. Source: - https://www.thefamouspeople.com/profiles/patrice-lumumba-6027.php
Patrice Lumumba. Source: – https://www.thefamouspeople.com/profiles/patrice-lumumba-6027.php

 

18. juli 1925

1925hitler.jpgFørste bind af Adolf Hitlers racistiske, antisemitiske, antimarxistiske, reaktionære slamskrift udkommer med titlen Eine Abrechnung. Bind 2: Die nationalsozialistische Bewegung udkom i december 1926 , og fra 1930 udkommer begge bind af denne nazistiske bibel i ét bind med fælles titel, den berygtede Mein Kampf.

 

Se:

Se også:

Anmeldelser af Ian Kershaws store Hitler-biografi (1998/2000):

Se også på Socialistisk Bibliotek:


 

20. juli 1925

Frantz Fanon
Frantz Fanon

Den algierske befrielsesforfatter og psykiater Frantz Fanon fødes på Martinique (dør 6.12.1961 i Algier).

Se:

 


 

August 1925

Det nystiftede Arbejderkvindernes Oplysningsforening, udgiver første nummer af Kvindernes Oplysningsblad. Red. af Marie Nielsen. Sidste nr. i september 1937. Se Hans Uwe Petersen: Kilder til ligestillingskampen (Arbejdermuseet). Med 5 numre af bladet online (1925-1928).

Se også:

Nielsen, Marie (Leksikon.org)

Se også på Socialistisk Bibliotek:

Tidslinjen 23. december 1875, om Marie Nielsen


 

1. august 1925 (2. august 1926?)

George Habash, stifteren af PFLP, Popular Front for the Liberation of Palestine/Folkefronten til Palæstinans Befrielse, og dets generalsekretær 1967-2000, fødes i Lydda, Palæstina (senere: Lodv i Israel). (Dør 26. januar 2008).

ghabash-150.jpg

Se:

Nekrologer / Obituaries:

En frihedskæmper er død. Af Irene Clausen (Gaia, nr.59, forår 2008). “George Habash tegnede om nogen den palæstinensiske befrielseskamp og rangerede i palæstinensernes øjne på linje med ’den anden store’, Yassir Arafat.”

Nekrolog: ”Den vise” er død. Af Lars Ploug (Modkraft/Kontradoxa, 29. januar 2008). “… nu har George Habash, endnu en af palæstinensernes store politikere fundet sit livs afslutning.”

De revolutionære dør aldrig. Af Irene Clausen + Udklip fra Georges Habash’ memoirer (Arbejderen.dk, 23. august 2008). “George Habash, grundlægger og mangeårig leder af PFLP – Folkefronten til Palæstinas Befrielse – fortæller i en ny bog om et halvt århundredes palæstinensisk befrielseskamp.”

George Habash Obituary: 1916-2008. By Marcus Halaby (Fifth International, Vol.2, No.5, Summer 2008). “Here was someone an Arab patriot and secularist from a Christian background, a highly-educated man, and a self-declared Marxist and supporter of the oppressed, an opponent of Zionism and Western imperialism.”

The death of George Habash and the prospects for the Palestinian left. By an Israeli socialist (Workers’ Liberty, 28 February 2008). “Nonetheless, Habash was always committed to secularism, sympathized the labor movement in each country, opposed fundamentalism and regarded the Israelis as equal citizens in his idealistic vision of one socialist and secular republic.”

A Palestinian hero: George Habash – 1926-2008. By Kim Bullimore (Green Left Weekly, Issue 738, 6 February 2008). “Habash, popularly known as Al-Hakim (the wise one) was one of the most influential leaders of the Palestinian national liberation struggle.”

George Habash’s contribution to the Palestinian struggle. By As’ad AbuKhalil (The Electronic Intifada, 30 January 2008). “If there is a world revolutionary symbol for the second half of the 20th century, it should be George Habash.”

ILPS mourns the death of Dr. George Habash, Al-Hakeem, founder of the Popular Front for the Liberation of Palestine. By Jose Maria Sison (International Network for Philippine Studies, 28 January 2008)

George Habash. By David Hirst (The Guardian, 27 January 2008). “In his later years, George Habash, who has died of a heart attack, at an age believed to be 82, was often known as ‘the conscience of the Palestine revolution’.”

The journey of Al-Hakim: 1925-2008 (Popular Front for the Liberation of Palestine, PFLP, 26 January 2008). “In 1993, when the Oslo agreement was signed, Comrade Al-Hakim called for maximum popular opposition to the agreement and saw in it a defeat to the Palestinian traditional leadership of the PLO.”

George Habash square [Tulkarem?], Taken on 7 April 2011, Source: https://www.panoramio.com/photo/50717122. Author: Mujaddara. (CC BY-SA 3.0)
George Habash square [Tulkarem?], Taken on 7 April 2011, Source: https://www.panoramio.com/photo/50717122. Author: Mujaddara. (CC BY-SA 3.0)

Se også:

Israel/Palæstina konflikten og PFLP’s rolle heri (pdf). I: Modrapporter: FARC & PFLP. (Fighters+Lovers, maj 2008; online på Information.dk). Afsnit 2: “PFLP” (s.48-66). Baggrundsinformation udarbejdet af de sigtede i forbindelse med retssagen mod Fighters+Lovers.

PFLP soul-searching: The rise and fall of Palestine’s socialists. By Ramzy Baroud (The Palestine Chronicle, November 26, 2014). “The PFLP is back in the headlines after a recent attack in Jerusalem, raising questions about the current relevance of the group.”

Palestinian nationalism and the Arab revolution. By Phil Marshall (International Socialism, Issue 33, Autumn 1986, p.34-58; online at Marxists Internet Archive). “In order to understand why, for over 30 years, the leaders of the PLO have rejected this strategy, it is necessary to look at the origins and development of the national movement.”


 

3. oktober 1925

Den amerikanske forfatter, kulturkritiker og politiske skribent Gore Vidal fødes i West Point, New York (dør 31.7.2012 i Hollywood).

1925vidal.jpg

Se:

Gore Vidal: The United States of Amnesia. By Fred Mazelis (World Socialist Web Site, 2 June 2014). “The newly released documentary, Gore Vidal: The United States of Amnesia, about the literary figure, public intellectual and political gadfly and radical … has much to recommend it.”

American writer and liberal thinker Gore Vidal, 1925-2012. By Sandy English (World Socialist Web Site, 27 August 2012). “One of the more penetrating bourgeois critics of American politics and culture, he always remained firmly of and within the establishment.”

Gore Vidal: a rebel in the American establishment (Socialist Worker, Issue 2315, 11 August 2012). “Richard Seymour looks back at the life of a literary radical and fierce critic of US empire.” See also the longer edition: Gore Vidal remembered: ‘Every time a friend succeeds, I die a little’ (Al Jazeera, 4 August 2012)

Consciously political: Gore Vidal, 1925-2012. By Mike Belbin (Weekly Worker, Issue 926, August 9, 2012). “Gore Vidal was a consciously political animal, in the broadest sense.”

Uncompromising critic of America’s rulers (SocialistWorker.org, August 9, 2012). “Bill Crane remembers the life of one of U.S. society’s most powerful critics.”

Remembering Gore Vidal. By Jon Wiener (The Nation, August 1, 2012). “Gore was a citizen of the republic and a critic of the empire.”

Gore Vidal died (In Defence of Marxism, 2 August 2012). “We republish the article The decline and fall of the American Empire by Alan Woods to pay tribute to the prominent US writer and intellectual Gore Vidal” + Gore Vidal: a belated obituary by Alan Woods (1 October 2012). “Who was Gore Vidal, and what did he really stand for?”

Video:

A short history lesson from Gore Vidal (1925-2012) (Socialist Unity, 6 August, 2012, 9:53 min.). “Gore Vidal was a man of the left with often trenchant and witty comments on the American political establishment …”

The great unmentionable evil at the center of our culture is monotheism. From a barbaric Bronze Age text known as the Old Testament, three anti-human religions have evolved – Judaism, Christianity, and Islam. These are sky-god religions. They are, literally, patriarchal – God is the Omnipotent Father – hence the loathing of women for 2,000 years in those countries afflicted by the sky-god and his earthly male delegates. The sky-god is a jealous god, of course. He requires total obedience from everyone on earth, as he is not just in place for one tribe, but for all creation. Those who would reject him must be converted or killed for their own good.
(Source: The sky-god as origin of evil, GranneBlog)


 

19. december 1925

Den 14. partikongres (18.-31.12) i SUKP slutter op bag stalinismens ide (formuleret af Stalin i dec. 24) om socialisme i ét land.

Lenin græmmes over beslutningen. Ifølge: https://murphyhistory12.weebly.com/ldquosocialism-in-one-countryrdquo.html
Lenin græmmes over beslutningen. Ifølge: https://murphyhistory12.weebly.com/ldquosocialism-in-one-countryrdquo.html

Se:

Socialisme i et land (Leksikon.org)

Se på Socialistisk Bibliotek:

Tidslinjen 17. december 1924


 

21. december 1925

Sergej Eisensteins stumfilm “Panserkrydseren Potemkin” får premiere i Moskva (særforevisning på SUKPs 14. partikongres). Og i 1928 stumfilmen “Oktober: Ti dage der rystede verden”.

1925stummfilm_panzerkreuz.jpg

Failing Eisenstein: the Pet Shop Boys’ new score for Battleship Potemkin in Trafalgar Square. By Paul Bond (World Socialist Web Site, 23 September 2004). “Sergei Eisenstein’s Battleship Potemkin (1925) remains one of the greatest achievements in cinematic history.”

Battleship Potemkin, Strike, October by Sergei Eisenstein: Appreciation. By Mark Hoskisson (Permanent Revolution, February 2008). “On the free re-release of Sergei Eisentein’s Battleship Potemkin by the Observer, we publish this brief appreciation of Eisenstein’s major films.”

When antiwar sailors took over the ship. By Amanda Maystead (International Socialist Review, Issue 58, March-April 2008). Review of Neal Bascomb, Red Mutiny: Eleven Fateful Days on the Battleship Potemkin (Houghton Mifflin, 2007,
386 p.)

 

Se også: / see also

Visualizing revolution: Revisiting Sergei Eisenstein. By Geoff Bailey (International Socialist Review, Issue 105, Summer 2017, p.71-92). “Among Marxist writers on film and film theory, Sergei Eisenstein stands alone.”

Eisenstein’s revolution in film. By Paul Rouhan (Counterfire, March 14, 2016). “A new exhibition showcases the great revolutionary filmmaker’s avant-garde films as well as sketches, his designs for the theatre and memorabilia.”

Sergei Eisenstein: Relative and silent genius. By Catriona Grant (Frontline, Issue 11, 2003). “Eisenstein was without doubt one of the best filmmakers of his time: a real revolutionary, an artist, a unique experience.”

In Perspective: Sergei Eisenstein: A review of the special centenary edition of The Eisenstein Collection. By Anna Chen (International Socialism, Issue 79, July 1998, p. 105-120). See the articles illustrated at Anna Chen’s site. “The movies directed by Sergei Eisenstein during the 1920s provided much of the defining imagery of the Russian Revolution.”

Sergei Eisenstein’s October: a monumental work. By Bernd Reinhardt (World Socialist Web Site, 10 March 2012). “A new version of Sergei Eisenstein’s revolutionary classic October was given a special screening as part of this year’s Berlinale.”

Eisenstein and the Russian Revolution [Video, 8:52 min.]. Talk by Alan Woods (In Defence of Marxism, 7 November 2015). Talking at the International Marxist Tendency’s Red October 2015 weekend school, Alan Woods introduces director Sergei Eisenstein’s masterpiece about the Russian Revolution of 1917: “October – Ten Days that Shook the World”.


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