Rivonia Trialist supporters outside the Palace of Justice in Pretoria. Source: https://www.westerford.co.za/news/rivonia-trialist-visits-westerford. Se 12. juni 1964 nedenfor.


Socialistisk Biblioteks Tidslinje med links til begivenheder og personer i 1964.


Se også Index over personer, organisationer/partier og værker (som bøger, malerier, mm.), steder, begivenheder, mv., der er omtalt på hele Tidslinjen, titler og indhold på emnelisterne osv.

 

1964socregister.jpg
Socialist Register (1964 – )

Januar 1964

Første nummer den britiske socialistiske årbog Socialist Register (a survey of movements and ideas), redigeret af Ralph Miliband og John Saville.

Se:

  • Socialist Register (site). Sitet har diverse søgefunktioner, og p.t. (24.2.2018) er alle artikler 1964-2008 online.
  • Preface by Ralph Miliband and John Saville (The Socialist Register 1964, p.7)

Se også på Socialistisk Bibliotek:


 

31. marts 1964

Militæret i Brasilien vælter præsident Joao Goulart. Starter 20 års militærdiktatur.

Se:

Brasilien (Leksikon.org)


 

3. april 1964

“Den røde præst”, Harald Søbye i Blovstrød suspenderes fra sin præstegerning af kirkeministeren.

Se på Socialistisk Bibliotek:

Tidslinjen 17. februar 2000 om Harald Søbye.


25. april 1964

1964havvrue.jpg
Den lille turistsag, statuen Den Lille Havfrue på Langelinie i Kbh., mister hovedet første gang.

Se:

100 turbulente år: Den Lille Havfrue er gået grueligt meget igennem. Den evigtunge kvinde har mistet arm og hoved og blevet overhældt med maling. (Politikens Oplysning, Politiken, 23. august 2013)


 

6. maj 1964

Den franske syndikalist og Trotskij-tilhænger og -ven Alfred Rosmer dør i Créteil, Frankrig. (Født i New York 23. august 1877, se denne)


 

27. maj 1964

Det første angreb af guerillaen i Colombia markerer grundlæggelsen af Fuerzas Armadas Revolucionarias de Colombia – Ejérctio del Pueblo/Colombias revolutionære væbnede styrker – Folkets hær (FARC EP).

På dansk: 1964_columbia.jpg

Efter colombianernes nej: Frygter for de politisk aktive. Af Peter Schwarz-Nielsen (Modkraft.dk, 7. oktober 2016)

Folkeafstemning i Colombia: Nej til fredsaftalen med FARC (Autonom Infoservice, 5. oktober 2016)

Efter 51 års væbnet konflikt er fredsaftale på plads i Colombia. Af Jan Nielsen (Modkraft.dk, 26. august 2016)

Colombia: ‘Der er ingen vej tilbage’. Af Åge Skovrind (Socialistisk Information, 04.10.2015). Interview med Hugo Orejuela fra paraply-organisationen Marcha Patriótica.

Colombia: Køreplan for fred offentliggjort. Af Rune Eltard-Sørensen (Modkraft.dk, 1. oktober 2014)

10 højdepunkter fra fredsforhandlingerne mellem FARC og Colombias regering. Af Marie Hagensen (Modkraft.dk, 1, oktober 2014)

FARC og krigen i Colombia: fortalt på 10 minutter (pdf) (Fighters+Lovers, 2008; online på Internet Archive WayBackMachine)

Om konflikten i Colombia og FARC-EP (pdf). I: Modrapporter: FARC & PFLP  (Fighters+Lovers, maj 2008, 86 sider; online på Internet Archice WayBackMachine). Også online på Information.dk. Baggrundsinformation udarbejdet af de sigtede i forbindelse med retssagen mod Fighters+Lovers.

Folkelige bevægelser vil med i fredsforhandlinger. Af Sven Gårn Hansen (Modkraft.dk, 24. september 2012). Interview med Piedad Cordoba fra de folkelige bevægelsers nye parti, Marcha Patriótica.

FARC’s udvikling fra selvforsvarsgrupper til væbnet oprør. Af James Petras (Modkraft.dk, 5. marts 2009)

Broderkrig hos guerillaen (pdf). Af Alberto Alvarez (Socialistisk Information, nr.220, august 2007, s.14-15). Scroll ned.

In English:

Revolutionary Armed Forces of Colombia (Wikipedia.org). Engelsk artikel, med links til kortere dansk, længere spansk osv.

FARC-EP, Bloques Iván Rios y Martin Cabellero de las FARC-EP. Eget site, spansksproget, incl. historie.

A partial peace in Colombia. By Kevin Young (Against the Current, Issue 187, March-April 2017). “Colombia’s peace accord serves capitalist interests, but may also open new space for the grassroots left.”

Why was Colombia’s peace deal defeated? (SocialistWorker.org, October 12, 2016). “In the wake of an agreement between the government and rebels that was rejected by a slim majority of voters, Tristin Adie asks what’s next for Colombia’s peace process?”

A Faustian gamble. By Kyla Sankey (Jacobin: Reason in Revolt, 8 October 2016). “Colombian president Juan Manuel Santos was doomed by his path of securing peace through elite pacts.”

Power over peace in Colombia. By Forrest Hylton (Jacobin: Reason in Revolt, 7 October 2016). “Proponents of Colombia’s peace deal underestimated their opponents’ strength and failed to mobilize their own base.”

Peace deal plebiscite defeated – what next for Colombia? (5 October 2016). “Jorge Martín explains the process leading up to the referendum and what this will mean for the future of the class struggle in Colombia.”

Make a desert, call it peace. By Daniel Finn (Jacobin: Reason in Revolt, 3 Oktober 2016). “The failure of Colombia’s peace deal will only benefit the forces of violent right-wing repression.”

Is peace in Colombia finally at hand? By Gabriel Chaves (SocialistWorker.org, October 8, 2015)

The battle for Bogota. By Mauricio Velásquez (New Left Review, Issue 91, January-February 2015)

The momentum of FARC: Colombian government peace talks slow, drastically. By W.T Whitney, Jr. (CounterPunch, May 13, 2014)

The latest Colombian peace process. Justin Podur (International Viewpont, Issue 454, November 2012)

Colombia peace talks: interview with FARC leader Timoleon Jimenez (Timochenko) (Links, September 27, 2012)

What prospects for the peace negotiations between FARC and government? By Anthony Boynton (Links, September 12, 2012)

The end for guerrilla warfare? By Anthony Boynton (Links, March 25, 2012)

Revolutionary social change in Colombia. By Tony Staunton (Socialist Review, February 2010). Review of James J Brittain, Revolutionary Sociali Change in Colombia: The Origin and Direction of the FARC-EP (Pluto Press, 2010)

Latin America and the future of the Farc. By Mike Gonzalez (International Socialism, Issue 120, Autumn 2008)

The Farc, Chavez and the Colombian dilemma. By Mike Gonzalez (Socialist Review, July/August 2008)

Mounting questions about Colombian hostage operation. By Bill Van Auken (World Socialist Web Site, 7 July 2008)

FARC should release all civilian hostages. By Gary Leech (Columbia Journal, April 2, 2008)

The guerrilla in Colombia: an interview with Rodrigo Granda, member of the FARC-EP International Commission. By Jean Batou (Monthly Review, Vol.59, No.10, March 2008)

Colombian protests hide state violence. By Andy Brown (Socialist Worker, Issue 2088, 16 February 2008)

The FARC-EP in Colombia: a revolutionary exception in an age of Imperialist expansion. By James J. Brittain (Monthly Review, Vol.57, No.4, September 2005)

Shalom interviews Podur (ZNet, March 11, 2002). About the political program and values of the guerrilla group, FARC.

Video: 50 years in guerrilla warfare (1999 documentary, trailer, 10 min.). Spansksproget med engelske undertekster.
Se også:

Colombia Journal (site). Colombia news and policy analysis by independent journalist Garry Leech.

Colombia: the right wing counteroffensive. By Ernesto Herrera (International Socialist Review, Issue 64, March-April 2009)

Human rights and the Colombian Government: an analysis of state-based atrocities toward non-combatants. By James J. Brittain (New Politics, Issue 40, Winter 2006)

The poisoned embrace: Plan Colombia and the expansion of imperial power. By Mike Gonzalez (International Socialism, Issue 93, Winter 2001)

Colombia: the terrorist state. By Tristan Adie and Paul D’Amato (International Socialist Review, Issue 10, Winter 2000)

Se også på Socialistisk Bibliotek:

Emnelisten Fighters+Lovers (2006, ikke opdateret)


 

1965mandela.jpg

12. juni 1964

ANC-lederen i Sydafrika, Nelson Mandela, idømmes livsvarigt fængsel ved den såkaldte Rivonia-retssag, engelsk: Rivonia Trail)) for kampen mod apartheid-regimet. (Født 18. juli 1918 i Mvezo, Sydafrika, død 5. december 2013 i Johannesburg).

Se:

In Danish:

Biografier mv.:

Mandela, Nelson (Leksikon.org).

Nelson Mandela (Denstoredanske.dk)

Nelson Mandela (Wikipedia.dk)

Tidsdoku. Nelson Mandela – et strejftog gennem hans liv og kamp (Autonom Infoservice, 5. december 2016)

Nye oplysninger om Mandelas kommunistiske fortid. Af Hans Erik Stolten (Ræson, 3. maj 2014)

Nekrolog: Mandelas plads i det sydafrikanske »mirakel«. Af Hans Erik Stolten (Modkraft.dk, 5. december 2013)

Det tyvende århundredes sidste helt. Af Peter Tygesen (Information.dk, 7. december 2013)

Mandelas tid. Af Hans Erik J. Stolten (Information.dk, 18. juli 2013)

‘Vi har allerede gennemlevet hans død’. Af Malin Schmidt (Information.dk, 22. juni 2013)
Se også:

Mandela, Jyllands-Posten og alle de primitive negre. Af Ulrik Dahlin (Information.dk, 20. september 2008)

Den Britiske Anti-Apartheid Bevægelses plakat ved Rivona sagen.Den Britiske Anti-Apartheid Bevægelses plakat ved Rivona sagen
Klik for større billede

In English:

Biographies:

Nelson Mandela (Wikipedia.org). Long article in English.

Nelson Rolihlahla Mandela (African National Congress Home Page)

The long walk of Nelson Mandela (PBS/Frontline)

Mandela, Nelson (pdf). By Luli Callinicos (International Encyclopedia of Revolution and Protest, 2009, 7 p.)

Biography falls short of penetrating myth surrounding ANC leader. By Ann Talbot (World Socialist Web Site, 5 August 1999). Review of Anthony Sampson, Mandela: The Authorised Biography (Harper Collins, 1999)

I Am Prepared to Die (Wikipedia.org). Mandela’s speech at the Rivonia Trail, with links to audio and trancript.

Articles:

Nelson Mandela’s victory is sweeter when it’s not sugar-coated. By Ayodele Jabbaar (Socialist Worker, Issue 2384, 17 December 2013). Review of the film, Mandela: The Long Walk to Freedom (2014)

Mandela and the South African Communist Party. By Bill Van Auken (World Socialist Web Site, 12 December 2013)

Why Mandela’s Communist Party membership is important. By Martin Plaut (New Statesman, 10 December 2013). “As we mourn Mandela’s death we should not forget and acknowledge the role that communists played in befriending and influencing this great man.”

SACP statement on the passing away of Madiba (Umsebenzi Online, Vol.12, No.43, 6 December 2013). “At his arrest in August 1962, Nelson Mandela was not only a member of the then underground South African Communist Party, but was also a member of our Party’s Central Committee.”

Nelson Mandela: Between fact and fiction. By Dimitris Fasfalis (Links, October 16, 2013)

Mandela: A human face for capitalism (World Revolution, July 16, 2013). “… beyond South Africa, the Mandela myth will continue to be one of the pillars of modern democratic ideology.”

Mandela’s non-racialism. By Michael MacDonald (Logos, Vol.12, No.3, Fall 2013)

Mandela: a human face for capitalism (World Revolution, Issue 361, July-August 2013)

Nelson Mandela’s greatness may be assured – but not his legacy. By John Pilger (New Statesman, 11 July 2013). “Mandela, too, fostered crony relationships with wealthy whites from the corporate world, including those who had profited from apartheid.”

Mandela, communism, and South Africa. By Stephen Ellis (OpenDemocracy, 25 July 2011). “The documentary evidence of Nelson Mandela’s membership of the South African Communist Party can contribute to a more truthful assessment of the country’s modern history.”

Mandela’s legacy. By Ashwin Desai (International Socialist Review, Issue 35, May-June 2004)

Neville Alexander interviewed by John Carlin (PBS/ Frontline). “A political activist, he was half Mandela’s age when he arrived on Robben Island in 1964, the same year as Mandela.”

Part 3: The Prisoner (Frontline; The long walk of Nelson Mandela, 1-4).

Robben Island (Freedom.co.za).
1966: Mandela and Walter Sisulu talking in the courtyard of Robben Island prison. The picture was taken secretly by a fellow prisoner and smuggled out1966: Mandela and Walter Sisulu talking in the courtyard of Robben Island prison. The picture was taken secretly by a fellow prisoner and smuggled out

Se også:

Det kulturelle overblik: Her finder du Mandela på bog, film og i musik (Politiken.dk, 6. december 2013)

Genoplev filmene og musikken om Mandela (Dr.dk, 6. december 2013)

Se også på Socialistisk Bibliotek:

  • Linkboxen Nelson Mandela (1918-2013). Nekrologer om Nelson Mandela mv. / Obituaries on Nelson Mandela etc.
  • Tidslinjen 8. januar 1912 om ANC’s dannelse og historie / On the history of ANC.
  • Tidslinjen 21. marts 1960 om Sharpeville-massakren og anti-aparteid-bevægelsen/on Sharpeville and the anti aprarteid movement.
  • Tidslinjen 16. juni 1976 om Soweto-opstanden / On the Soweto rising.
  • Tidslinjen 11. februar 1990 om Mandelas frigivelse fra fængsel / Mandelas release.
  • Tidslinjen 27. april 1994 om Sydafrikas første frie valg / The first free elections in South Africa.
  • Tidslinjen 16. august 2012 om Marikana-massakren.
  • Tidslinjen 27. august 2012 om Neville Aleander.

 

2013mandelaacitat.jpg


 

2. august 1964

Påstået episode, hvor to amerikanske destroyere bliver angrebet af 3 nordvietnamesiske torpedobåde, hvoraf amerikanerne sænkede den ene, og et ikke-stedfundet sammenstød den 4. august, er undskyldningen for vedtagelsen af Tonkinbugt-resolutionen, der legitimerer USAs krig mod Vietnam og en kraftig optrapning af krigen.

1964tonkin.jpgSe:

Vietnam-krigen byggede på en løgn. Af Martin Lindblom (Modkraft.dk, 14. februar 2008)

Vietnamkrigen begyndte med en løgn. Af Poul Høi (Berlingske.dk, 12. februar 2008)

Vietnamkriget: Tonkin – intermezzot 1964 – en tillbakablick (pdf). Av Martin Fahlgren (Marxistarkiv.se, 16. marts 2016)

Fifty years since the Gulf of Tonkin Resolution. By Patrick Martin (World Socialist Web Site, 7 August 2014)

Gulf of Tonkin Incident (Wikipedia.org)

Tema: The Gulf of Tonkin Incident, 40 years later: Flawed intelligence and the decision for war in Vietnam. Editede by John Prados (The National Security Archive, August 4, 2004)

Fortidens synder I: Da Berlingske og Jyllands-Posten valgte side i Vietnamkrigen. Af Ulrik Dahlin (Information.dk, 22. august 2008) + Fortidens synder III: Da Berlingske og Jyllands-Posten hang fast i ‘Vietnams vildnis’ (Information.dk, 26. august 2008)

30-year anniversary: Tonkin Gulf lie launched Vietnam War. By Jeff Cohen and Norman Solomon (FAIR: Fairness & Accuracy in Reporting, July 27, 1994)

Se også på Socialistisk Bibliotek:

Tidslinjen 30. april 1975 om Saigons fald og USAs tilbagetrækning.


 

5. august 1964

Den første Vietnam-demonstration foran den amerikanske ambassade i Kbh. markerer vietnambevægelsens start i Danmark.

Se:

Vietnambevægelsen. Af Inger V. Johansen og Wilfred Gluud (Leksikon.org). Se illustreret udgave: Vietnambevægelsen i Danmark 1964-75 (pdf). Af Inger V. Johansen og Wilfred Gluud (Dansk Vietnamesisk Forening, 2003, 32 sider).

Tidslinie for Vietnambevægelsen (1964-1975), – i: Erik Jensen: et liv i politik (pdf) (Særnummer af Demos Nyhedsbrev, nr.100, 2009, side 73-89).

Tema: Vietnambevægelsen i Danmark 1964-75 (Dansk Vietnamesisk Forening).

Solidaritet med Vietnams kæmpende folk 1963-1975, kap. 7, – i: Karen Steller Bjerregaard: ”Et undertrykt folk har altid ret”: Solidaritet med den 3. verden i 1960’ernes og 1970’ernes Danmark (pdf) (Ph.d.-afhandling ved Institut for kultur og identitet, RUC 2010, 499 sider). Scroll ned til side 251-378.

‘Tiden arbejder for os’: DKP og Vietnambevægelsen 1963-73 (pdf). Af Chris Holmsted Larsen (Arbejderhistorie, nr.4, 2006, s.1-19).

Tema: Vietnam-krigen og historie – artikler og links (Dansk Vietnamesisk Forening).

Om Rebeller i takt med tiden (pdf) (Marxistarkiv.se). Artikler om Kim Salomons bok Rebeller i takt med tiden – FNL-rörelsen och 60-talets politiska ritualer (1996)

Litteratur:

Tiden arbejder for os: DKP og Vietnamkrigen 1963-1973. Af Chris Holmsted Larsen (Multivers, 2007, 248 sider), Med appendiks: Status for forskningen i den danske Vietnambevægelse (side 202-213).

Kampagnen mod Atomvåben og og Vietnambevægelsen 1960-1972. Af Johs. Nordentoft of Søren Hein Rasmussen (Odense Universitetsforlag, 1991, 182 sider)

Se også på Socialistisk Bibliotek:


 

5. september 1964

1964flynn.jpg

“Rebel Girl” fra Joe Hills sang, fagforeningsorganisatoren, IWW-aktivisten Elizabeth Gurley Flynn, dør i Moskva (født 7.8.1890 i Concord, New Hampshire, USA).

Se:

The Rebel Girl: Arbejderkvinder i front. Af Margit Andersen (Arbejderen.dk, 7. marts 2016). “Gurley blev en af de største agitatorer i amerikansk fagbevægelses historie.”

Elizabeth Gurley Flynn (Marxists Internet Archive). With Biography.

Elizabeth Gurley Flynn (Wikipedia.org)

The Rebel Girl. By Mary Anne Trasciatti (Jacobin: Reason in Revolt, 22 January 2017). “As we build a movement to thwart Trump and win genuine social change, the activist life of Elizabeth Gurley Flynn is instructive.”

Elizabeth Gurley Flynn: Modern American Revolutionary. By Staughton Lynd (Countercurrents.org, 30 May, 2015). Review of Lara Vapnek’s book (Westview Press, 2015, 160 p.). “Lara Vapnek … helps us to perceive the integrity and dedication that characterized Flynn’s journey until the very end.”
Countercurrents.org

Elizabeth Gurley Flynn: a radical leader of workers’ struggles (Counterfire, 8 March 2013). “Jacqueline Mulhallen reveals the extraordinary story of Elizabeth Gurley Flynn and the militant struggles in which she played a leading role.”

The story of the Rebel Girl (SocialistWorker.org, August 7, 2012). “Benjamin Silverman chronicles the radical legacy of IWW leader Elizabeth Gurley Flynn.”

Iron in her Soul: Elizabeth Gurley Flynn and the American Left (pdf). By Ken Fones-Wolf (Pennsylvania History, Vol.63, No.2, April 1996, p.284-85). Review of Helen C. Camp’s book (Washington University Press, 1995, 396 p.)

Se også på Scialistisk Bibliotek:

Tidslinjen 27. juni 1905 om IWW (Industrial Workers of the World)

“Rebel Girl” was inspired by Joe Hill’s friend, Elizabeth Gurley-Flynn, who was a prominent speaker and leader in the Industrial Workers of the World. Hill wrote the song in 1915 while in prison in Salt Lake City, and hoped it would draw more women to the IWW. The original song is performed here by Alyeah Hansen at a park near downtown Salt Lake City. Today’s updated lyrics change the Rebel Girl’s role from supporting Rebel Boys to becoming a powerful force herself.


15. oktober 1964

1964nikitakrutsjov.jpg
Generalsekretær Nikita Khrusjtjov væltes i Sovjetunionens Kommunistiske Parti (SUKP) og erstattes af Leonid Bresnev.

Se:

Nikita Sergejevitsj Khrustjov (Leksikon.org).

Nikita Khrusjtjov (Denstoredanske.dk)


 

22. oktober 1964

Den franske filosof og skribent Jean Paul Sartre afviser at modtage Nobelprisen i litteratur: “En forfatter må nægte at lade sig selv blive forvandlet til en institution”.

Se også på Socialistisk Bibliotek:

Tidslinjen 21. juni 1905 om Jean Paul Sartre.


 

10. december 1964

Borgerrettighedsforkæmperen Martin Luther King Jr. tildeles Nobels Fredspris.

Se:

10. december 1964 – Martin Luther King får Nobels fredspris (Dagbladet Arbejderen, 10.12.2003).

Se også på Socialistisk Bibliotek:

Tidslinjen 5. april 1968 om mordet på King.


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