Honoré de Balzac's house, rue Fortunée, 1880. Painted by Paul-Joseph-Victor Dargaud (1873–1921). Public Domain.
Honoré de Balzac's house, rue Fortunée, 1880. Painted by Paul-Joseph-Victor Dargaud (1873–1921). Public Domain. Source: Wikimedia Commons.

Socialistisk Biblioteks Tidslinje med links til begivenheder og personer i 1799.


Se også Index over personer, organisationer/partier og værker (som bøger, malerier, mm.), steder, begivenheder, mv., der er omtalt på hele Tidslinjen, titler og indhold på emnelisterne osv.

 

20. maj 1799

Den franske forfatter, skaberen af naturalismen i romanen, Honoré de Balzac dør (en af Karl Marx’ yndlingsforfattere) fødes i Tours (dør i Paris den 18. august 1850).

The original daguerrotype of Honoré de Balzac, taken in 1842 by Louis-Auguste Bisson (1814–1876), French photographer and chemist. Public Domain.
The original daguerrotype of Honoré de Balzac, taken in 1842 by Louis-Auguste Bisson (1814–1876), French photographer and chemist. Public Domain. Source: Wikimedia Commons.

Se:

Besat af Balzac. Af Jacob Ludvigsen (Politiken, 20. januar 2002). “Kronikøren slår et slag for den franske forfatters halvanden reolmeter værker.”

Perceiving Materiality: Balzac’s social realism and the Marxist connection in Père Goriot. By Mike Breger (At the Apogee, Blog, 12 December 2018). “… [Balzac’s] literary realism uncovered the importance and preponderance of economic realities over feelings and ideas … Balzac’s literary realism had a profound effect on … Karl Marx and Friedrich Engels, who shared this material fixation …”

Capitalist morality laid bare. By Linda Taaffe (Socialism Today, Issue 155, February 2012). Review of Honoré de Balzac, Lost Illusions (Penguin Classics). “Balzac, one of the founding fathers of realism in European literature, tells a captivating narrative of love, desire, ambition and tragedy. It is a great read.”

A man of honor: Balzac’s Le Colonel Chabert. By Laura Villon (World Socialist Web Site, 29 May 2000). “One cannot hope to understand French bourgeois society of the early nineteenth century, in all its complexity, without becoming acquainted with Balzac’s characters.”

Litteratur:

Guldets satan: introduktion til Balzac og Den menneskelige komedie. Af Eric Danielsen (Vindrose, 1994, 244 sider). Se anmeldelse af John Pedersen: Balzac og pengene (Bogens Verden, nr.5, 1995). “Eric Danielsens bog er nemlig ikke et sofistikeret litteraturvidenskabeligt fremstød. Det er en erfaren og engageret læsers invitation til at gå på opdagelse i en verden, han selv har haft stor glæde af at gæste. En bog om litteratur fra fortiden med bud til nutiden.”

Se også på Socialistisk Bibliotek:

Linkboxen: Oplysningstiden/The Enlightenment


 

9.-11. november 1799

Napoleon Bonaparte indsætter sig selv som førstekunsul i Frankrig efter kup 9. november (18 brumaire). (Bonarpartismen fødes, og datoen regnes ofte for den franske revolutions afslutning, 1789-1799).

Napoleon Crossing the Alps, 1800. Bonaparte has an orange cloak, the crispin (cuff) of his gauntlet is embroidered, the horse is piebald, black and white, and the tack is complete and includes a standing martingale. The girth around the horse's belly is a dark faded red. The officer holding a sabre in the background is obscured by the horse's tail. Napoleon's face appears youthful. Oil on canvas painted by Jacques-Louis David (1748–1825), French painter and politician. Collection: Musée national de Malmaison et Bois-Préau. Public Domain.
Napoleon Crossing the Alps, 1800. Bonaparte has an orange cloak, the crispin (cuff) of his gauntlet is embroidered, the horse is piebald, black and white, and the tack is complete and includes a standing martingale. The girth around the horse’s belly is a dark faded red. The officer holding a sabre in the background is obscured by the horse’s tail. Napoleon’s face appears youthful. Oil on canvas painted by Jacques-Louis David (1748–1825), French painter and politician. Collection: Musée national de Malmaison et Bois-Préau. Public Domain. Source: Wikimedia Commons.

Se:

Bonarpartisme (Leksikon.org)

The rise and fall of Napoleon Bonaparte, Part 1-4. By Alan Woods (In Defence of Marxism, June 2003)

Bonapartisme som et kriseregimente. Kap. 11:1, – i: Revolutionen forrådt. Af Leon Trotskij (1936)

Se også på Socialistisk Bibliotek:

Tidslinjen: 20. juni 1789, om Den Franske Revolution + efterfølgende datoer + links

Linkboxen: Oplysningstiden / The Enlightenment


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