Columbus landing on Hispaniola, October 12, 1492; greeted by Arawak Indians. Litographi by Theodor de Bry (1528–1598), engraver, goldsmith, editor and publisher. based on eyevitnesses. Public Domain.
Columbus landing on Hispaniola, October 12, 1492; greeted by Arawak Indians. Litographi by Theodor de Bry (1528–1598), engraver, goldsmith, editor and publisher. based on eyevitnesses. Public Domain. Source: Wikimedia Commons.

Socialistisk Biblioteks Tidslinje med links til begivenheder og personer i 1492.


Se også Index over personer, organisationer/partier og værker (som bøger, malerier, mm.), steder, begivenheder, mv., der er omtalt på hele Tidslinjen, titler og indhold på emnelisterne osv.

 

12. oktober 1492

“Indianerne” (beboerne på øen, i dag Haiti) opdager Christoffer Columbus og hans tre skibe.

Links:

No more genoside: Abolish Columbus Day
No more genoside: Abolish Columbus Day

Christoffer Columbus (Denstoredanske.dk)

Christopher Columbus (Wikipedia.org)

The real Christopher Columbus. By Howard Zinn (Jacobin: Reason in Revolt, 10 October 2016). “There was no heroic adventure, only bloodshed. Columbus Day should not be a celebration.”

The Story of Columbus. By Marley-Vincent Lindsey (Jacobin: Reason in Revolt, 10 October 2016). “Popular writers looking to add nuance to the narrative about Christopher Columbus have instead muddied the waters. Here’s a more accurate story.”

A celebration of mass murder (SocialistWorker.org, October 15, 2009). “Dahr Jamail and Jason Coppola document the real history of Christopher Columbus and the conquest of the ‘New World’.”

Columbus and the discovery of Latin America. By Stuart King (Permanent Revolution, 23 August 2008). “Mass killings, slavery and increasingly group suicides by the Arawaks themselves took a terrible toll of Hispaniola’s population.”

History not taught is history forgot: Columbus’ legacy of genocide. By Ward Churchill. Excerpted from the book Indians are Us?: Culture and Genocide in Native North America (Common Courage Press, 1994)

Columbus and the conquest of the Americas (Green Left Weekly, Issue 74, 7 October 1992). “The information here was put together by the US organisation Witness for Peace.”

Columbus & the colonial legacy (New Internationalist, Issue 226, December 1991). “Wayne Ellwood explores the myth of discovery and looks at the famous mariner’s impact on the land and people of the Americas.”

1492: The first invasion of globalization. Noam Chomsky interviewed by Heinz Dieterich (Chomsky.info, 1989/1992). Excerpted from Latin America: From Colonization to Globalization (Ocean Press, 1999). See also Noam Chomsky: Year 501: The Conquest Continues (South End Press, 1992; online at ZNet).

Føderal feriedag i USA siden 1971:
Transform Columbus Day

Litteratur:

Eventyret om Columbus. Af Hans Koning (Københavns Bogforlag, 1991, 120 sider) Kap. 10, side 113-120: Interview med Domitila Chungara. **
Se herom også:
Domitila – en minearbejderkone i Bolivia. Af Domitila Barrios de Chungara. (Mellemfolkeligt Samvirke, 1978, 215 sider. “..om den bolivianske minearbejderkones liv og om den bolivianske arbejderklasse, dens livsbetingelser, .. undertrykkelse og faglige organisering.”

Chicano students from the University of Wisconsin at Madison protest Columbus Day on October 12, 1992, the Columbus quincentennial. 500 years of resistance. Photo: University of Wisconsin-Madison Library Archives.
Chicano students from the University of Wisconsin at Madison protest Columbus Day on October 12, 1992, the Columbus quincentennial. 500 years of resistance. Photo Credit: University of Wisconsin-Madison Library Archives..

Se også:

Why do we honor genocide? By Khury Petersen-Smith (SocialistWorker.org, October 9, 2017). “The calls to end the celebration of Columbus Day have a relevance today beyond recognizing the atrocities of European colonialism.”

Kolonialisme (Leksikon.org).

Kolonialisme (Historie – Afsnit: Spanierne og portugiserne i Amerika) (scrol ned) (Denstoredanske.dk)

Privileges and Prerogatives Granted by Their Catholic Majesties to Christopher Columbus: 1492 (The Avalon Project at Yale Law School)

New World Empires: Maya, Aztec, and Inca. Part 27 in: Neil Faulkner: A Marxist History of the World (Counterfire, 17 January 2011)

The new colonialism. Part 35 in: Neil Faulkner: A Marxist History of the World (Counterfire, 12 May 2011)

The conquest of the New Spain. Chapter in: Chris Harman: A People’s History of the World (pdf) (Bookmarks, 1999, p. 161-172; online at Talmidim.cz). Scroll down.

American Holocaust: The Conquest of the New World. By David E. Stannard (Oxford University Press, 1992, 358 p.). See excerpts from the book at Third World Traveler

Latinamerikas åreladning. Af Eduardo Galeano (Internationalt Forum, 1971/1973, 288 sider). Online in English edition: Open Veins of Latin Amerika (pdf) (Monthly Review Press, 1973, 313 p.)

"They would cut an Indian's hands and leave them dangling by a shred of skin ... [and] they would test their swords and their manly strength on captured Indians and place bets on the slicing off of heads or cutting of bodies in half with one blow. ... [One] cruel captain traveled over many leagues, capturing all the Indians he could find. Since the Indians would not tell him who their new lord was, he cut off the hands of some and threw others to the dogs, and thus they were torn to pieces." Date 1590s. Included in later editions of Brevísima relación de la destrucción de las Indias, 1552 by Bartolomé de las Casas. Engraving by Theodor de Bry (1528–1598),Southern Netherlandish engraver, draughtsman, editor and publisher. Public Domain.
“They would cut an Indian’s hands and leave them dangling by a shred of skin … [and] they would test their swords and their manly strength on captured Indians and place bets on the slicing off of heads or cutting of bodies in half with one blow. … [One] cruel captain traveled over many leagues, capturing all the Indians he could find. Since the Indians would not tell him who their new lord was, he cut off the hands of some and threw others to the dogs, and thus they were torn to pieces.” Date 1590s. Included in later editions of Brevísima relación de la destrucción de las Indias, 1552 by Bartolomé de las Casas. Engraving by Theodor de Bry (1528–1598),Southern Netherlandish engraver, draughtsman, editor and publisher. Public Domain. Source: Wikimedia Commons.
“They made gallows just high enough for the feet to nearly touch the ground … and they burned the Indians alive.” Illustration by Theodor de Bry in “A Short Account of the destruction of the Indies.” Brevisima Relacion De La Destruycion De Las Indias; by: Bartolome De Las Casas; (1552) (1552 is original edition - this image is probably from the 1598 Latin translation). Designer: Joos van Winghe (1544–1603), Southern Netherlandish-German painter and draughtsman. Engraver: Theodor de Bry (1528–1598), Southern Netherlandish engraver, draughtsman, editor and publisher. Public Domain.
“They made gallows just high enough for the feet to nearly touch the ground … and they burned the Indians alive.” Illustration by Theodor de Bry in “A Short Account of the destruction of the Indies.” Brevisima Relacion De La Destruycion De Las Indias; by: Bartolome De Las Casas; (1552) (1552 is original edition – this image is probably from the 1598 Latin translation). Designer: Joos van Winghe (1544–1603), Southern Netherlandish-German painter and draughtsman. Engraver: Theodor de Bry (1528–1598), Southern Netherlandish engraver, draughtsman, editor and publisher. Public Domain. Source: Wikimedia Commons.

. Amerikanske civilisationer før Columbus 1/2. f Anders Bæk simonsen. (Socialistisk Arbejderavis, nr. 377, 27. janur 2020). (Serie: Almindelige menneskers historie: Del 11.). “Om maya-civilisationen, der allerede var en kultur i nedgang, da de spanske kolonisatorer satte deres fod i Amerika.”
http://socialister.dk/amerikanske-civilisationer-foer-columbus-del-2-2/Amerikanske civilisationer før Columbus 2/2. Af Anders Bæk Simonsen (Socialistisk Arbejderavis, nr. 378, 17. marts 2020). (serie: Serie: Almindelige menneskers historie. Del 12). Om “de to andre udviklede civilisationer, nemlig aztekerne og inkaerne.”

se også på tidslinjen 16. november 1532, om inka-rigets nederlag.

1532

Se også:

Renæssancen: Kimen til koloniseringen og kapitalismen. Af Anders Bæk Simonsen og Jens Riis Bojsen. (Socialistisk Arbejderavis, nr. 381, 19. august 2020). “I denne artikel ser vi på perioden mellem 1300- og 1600-tallet, som blev startskuddet til det helt nye økonomiske system kapitalismen, der ikke blot skulle forandre Europa, men også via Europas kolonisering over de næste 500 år skulle forandre hele vor klode grundlæggende..”

 


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