1968 var et oprørsår - her fra Paris maj 1968. Foto: Marc Riboud
1968 var et oprørsår - her fra Paris maj 1968. Foto: Marc Riboud


Socialistisk Biblioteks Tidslinje med links til begivenheder og personer i 1968.


Se også Index over personer, organisationer/partier og værker (som bøger, malerier, mm.), steder, begivenheder, mv., der er omtalt på hele Tidslinjen, titler og indhold på emnelisterne osv.

 

1. januar – 31. december 1968

Se også:


 

5. januar 1968

Reformkommunisten Alexander Dubcek overtager ledelsen af det tjekkoslovakiske kommunistparti, såkaldte Prag-forår begynder. Afsluttes med invasionen 21. august 1968 (se denne længere nede på siden)

Se:


 

21. januar 1968

Amerikansk B52-fly lastet med brintbomber styrter ned ved Thule i Grønland efter brand ombord. Oprydningsarbejdet overlades til ubeskyttede danske arbejdere, der bagefter starter livslang kamp for anerkendelse af strålingsskader.

Se:

Drop myten om Thule-arbejdernes strålingsskader. Af Knud Juel, Gunvor Auken og Jens Peter Johansen (Politiken.dk, 15. maj 2015)

‘Idealisten’ fortegner danmarkshistorien. Af Poul Villaume (Kronik i Politiken, 23. april 2015)

USA holdt atombombe hemmelig for Danmark. Af Sofie Glud Heriedal (11. november 2008). Med link til andre Politiken-artikler om samme.

Registerundersøgelse af dødelighed og kræftforekomst blandt Thule-
arbejdere (pdf). Af Knud Juel, Gerda Engholm og Hans Storm (Statens Institut for Folkesundhed og Kræftens Bekæmpelse, december 2005, 23 s.)

Brinks fornemmelse for skandalen. Af Marie-Louise Møller (Journalisten.dk, 28. januar 1998)

Se også:

  • Grønland (Leksikon.org). Scroll ned til Bombefly-ulykke og efterfølgende.
  • Broken Arrows (Weapons of Mass Destruction (WMD); GlobalSecurity.org)
Sidste amerikanske container sendes afsted. Der blev både efterladt en brintbombe og strålingsskadede arbejdere.
Sidste amerikanske container sendes afsted. Der blev både efterladt en brintbombe og strålingsskadede arbejdere.

 


 

23. januar 1968

Folketingsvalget i Danmark, efter arbejderflertallets selvskabte sammenbrud den 16. december 1967, se denne), giver 4 mandater til den nydannede Venstresocialisterne (VS), og fører til borgerlig regering ledet af Hilmar Baunsgaard.

Se også:


 

31. januar 1968

Ved det vietnamesiske nytår påbegynder Nationale Befrielsesfront (NFL) i Sydvietnam en offensiv, helt ind på den amerikanske ambassade i hovedstaden Saigon.
Bliver beviset i USA på, krigen i Vietnam ikke kunne vindes. Et endepunkt i krigen og for krigsmodstanden i USA og verden over.

Se:

I ly for TET-offensiven. (billedtekst: On January 31, 1968, approximately 70,000 North Vietnamese and Viet Cong forces began a series of attacks on the U.S. and South Vietnamese. Kilde: History. Photo Galleries. The Vietnam War: Tet-ofensive: http://www.history.com/topics/vietnam-war/vietnam-war-history/pictures/vietnam-war-tet-offensive/american-marines-take-cover-during-vietnam-war
I ly for TET-offensiven. (billedtekst: On January 31, 1968, approximately 70,000 North Vietnamese and Viet Cong forces began a series of attacks on the U.S. and South Vietnamese. Kilde: History. Photo Galleries. The Vietnam War: Tet-ofensive: http://www.history.com/topics/vietnam-war/vietnam-war-history/pictures/vietnam-war-tet-offensive/american-marines-take-cover-during-vietnam-war

Vänsterpress om Tet-offensiven 50 år efteråt (pdf) (Marxistarkiv.se, 26. juni 2018). “Artiklarna behandlar offensiven ur olika synvinklar. Pierre Rousset lägger t ex tyngdpunkten på dess betydelse för den internationella solidaritetsrörelsen och radikaliseringen.”

Fifty years since the Tet Offensive. By Patrick Martin (World Socialist Web Site, 31 January 2018). “The military assault marked a turning point in the Vietnam War, demonstrating the enduring power of the popular revolutionary struggle and crippling the Johnson administration.”

The story of the Tet Offensive. By Robert Buzzanco (Jacobin: Reason i Revolt, 30 January 2018). “Fifty years ago today, the Tet Offensive exposed the US military and the global economic order it oversaw.”

1968: Tet and the watershed in Vietnam. By Eric Ruder (SocialistWorker.org, January 30, 2018). “Fifty years ago, the Vietnamese resistance turned the tide against the American war effort, with profound implications back in the U.S.”

The beginning of the end (Jacobin: Reason i Revolt, 30 January 2018). An interview with Christian G. Appy (author of American Reckoning: The Vietnam War and Our National Identity): “The Tet Offensive was a powerful blow against US imperialism and a boon to the antiwar movement.”

Vietnam’s blow to US Empire. By Alistar Farrow (Socialist Worker, Issue 2588, 22 January 2018). “Fifty years ago this week Vietnamese liberation forces showed the world that it was possible to resist the horrors of US imperialism.”

Tet: Turning point in the Vietnam War. By Joe Allen (International Socialist Review, Issue 57, January-February 2008). “The supporters of the American war in Vietnam never recovered from the humiliation from what has gone down in the history books as the Tet Offensive.”

The Tet Offensive: the turning point in the Vietnam War (In Defence of Marxism, 30 January 2008) + Part 2 (31 January 2008). “Alan Woods analyses the events that led to the Vietnam War and the significance of the Tet Offensive in bringing about the defeat of US imperialism.”

Tet Offensive – decisive battle of the Vietnam war. By Phil Hearse (International Viewpoint, Issue 396, January 2008). “The dramatic scale of the offensive and the images of urban battles seen on TV screens around the world convinced world and American public opinion that the war could not be won by the US.”

Se også på Socialistisk Bibliotek:


 

1. februar 1968

Sydvietnams politichef myrder en nordvietnamesisk fange for åbne kameraer.

Politischefen skyder fange.
Politischefen skyder fange.

Et af krigens billeder, der fik stor betydning for troen på USAs sag i USA selv.

Klik her for billedet i fuld størrelse

(Citat fra The Digital Journalist Tribute to Eddie Adams)


 

7. marts 1968

“Tidsskriftcentret – Informations- og mødestedet” åbner i Plum-fondens hus, Dronningensgade på Christianshavn, i etagen under det socialistiske 14-dages tidsskrift Politisk Revy, som boede der 1963-1987.
Tidsskriftcentret boede på 5 forskellige adresser med tidsskriftssamling, udlån og læsesal, før det blev online bibliotek i 2001 og indgik fra 1. maj 2007 som sektion i den progressive portal Modkraft. Fra januar 2012 skiftes navn til Modkraft Biblioteket – Progressive Online Library. Efter lukningen af den progressive portal Modkraft i februar 2017, fortsætter biblioteket arbejdet på eget site, med navnet “Socialistisk Bibliotek” – online november 2017.

 

Det Alternative DanmarkKlik for større billede.

Bøger, pjecer (i udvalg):

  • “Alternativ information og formidling”. Red. Jørgen Lund og Erling Pedersen (Temanummer af Biblioteksarbejde: tidsskrift for informations- og kulturformidling, 9. årgang, nr. 23-24, 1988, 135 sider)
  • Alternative biblioteker: en vejviser. Red. Erling Pedersen, Jørgen Lund mfl. (Tidsskriftcentret, 1988, 73 sider)
  • Fra Ala Découverte til Århus H: 745 løbende tidsskrifter, august 87 (Tidsskriftcentret, 1987, 61 sider)
  • Fred i bevægelse: fortegnelse over tidsskriftsartikler på Tidsskriftcentret om den politiske diskussion i og omkring vesteuropæisk fredsbevægelse 1979-84 (Tidsskriftcentret, 1985, 118 sider)
  • Det alternative Danmark: vejviser over græsrødder og venstrefløj. Red. Stine Lindhardt, Poul Mikael Allarp og Erling Pedersen (Tidsskriftcentret, 1983, 355 sider)
  • Fra Action on Namibia til Århus H: 573 løbende tidsskrifter i Tidsskriftcentret, sep. 83 (Tidsskriftcentret, 1983, 43 sider)
  • Index til den danske venstreoppositions tidsskrifter 1977-1978. Bind 1-2 (Tidsskriftcentret, [1980])
  • Venstrefløjens bogmarked: Den røde liste 1975-juni 1978: kumuleret udgave (nr. 1-33) (Tidsskriftcentret, Husets Udstillinger, 1978, 347 sider)
  • Billedresultat for socialistisk håndbogSocialistisk håndbog: beskrivelse, formål, aktiviteter, adresselister, tidsskriftfortegnelse (pdf). 2. udgave (Tidsskriftcentret, november 1978, 136 sider; online på Det Kongelige Bibliotek)
  • Venstreoppositionens skrifter: 1972, 1973, 1974 (Tidsskriftcentret, 1976, 177 sider). Bøger, pjecer, løbesedler, tidsskrifter og aviser.
  • Socialistisk Håndbog: politiske grupper på venstrefløjen og andre progressive organisationer (Tidsskriftcentret, januar 1975, 60 sider)
  • Venstreoppositionens skrifter: bøger, pjecer og foldere 1968-71 incl: tidsskrifter 1968-73 incl. Af Anne Svendsen mfl. (Danmarks Biblioteksskole, 1974, 159 sider)
    Illustration: 4-siders bibliografisk pjece om Ken Loachs film "Land and Freedom" og Den Spanske Borgerkrig fra Tidsskriftcentret, 1985.
    Illustration: 4-siders bibliografisk pjece om Ken Loachs film “Land and Freedom” og Den Spanske Borgerkrig fra Tidsskriftcentret, 1985.

Se også:

 

 

 

Billedresultat for knowledge is power modkraft


 

8. marts 1968

Studenterdemonstration i Polens hovedstand Warszawa mod forbud mod teaterstykke.


 

16. marts 1968

105 amerikanske soldater i Charlie-companiet, 11. brigade Task Force Barker, begår massakre i den vietnamesiske landsby Tu Cung, med 504 civile myrdede. Amerikanerne kaldte byen My Lai. Løjtnant William Calley anklages senere som ansvarlig for Vietnamkrigens mest kendte massakre.

Se:

Apocalypse then: the My Lai Massacre (Counterfire, March 16, 2018). “Fifty years on from the worst US atrocity of the Vietnam War, Sean Ledwith explains what happened that day.”

Wrath of the Centurions. By Max Hastings (London Review of Books, Vol.40, No.2, 25 January 2018). Review of Howard Jones, My Lai: Vietnam, 1968 and the Descent into Darkness (Oxford University Press, 2017, 504 p.). “Jones has performed a useful historical service by compiling as thorough an account as we are ever likely to have of this defining act of military barbarism.”

The scene of the crime: A reporter’s journey to My Lai and the secrets of the past. By Seymour M. Hersh (The New Yorker, March 30, 2015). “The My Lai massacre was a pivotal moment in that misbegotten war.”

‘Something dark and bloody’: What happened at My Lai? By Drew Lindsay (Historynet, 8 July 2012). “The truth emerged piecemeal, and only much later—indeed 20 months after those first reports.”

A My Lai a month. By Nick Turse (The Nation, November 13, 2008). “In Operation Speedy Express, new evidence of civilian slaughter and cover-up in Vietnam.”

Massacre at My Lai: The slaughter that the U.S. Army committed in Vietnam (SocialistWorker.org, March 28, 2003). “Joe Allen describes the war crimes committed by the U.S. Army at My Lai.”

The legacy of My Lai. By Alexander Cockburn (The Nation, March 26, 1988; online at Third World Traveler). Interview with Ron Ridenhour: “Without Ridenhour there would have been no Army investigation, no Seymour Hersh breaking the story through a small news service nothing …”

Coverup—I + II-Coverup (January 29, 1972). By Seymour M. Hersh (The New Yorker, January 22 + January 29, 1972). “Early on March 16, 1968, a company of soldiers in the United States Army’s Americal Division were dropped in by helicopter for an assault against a hamlet known as My Lai 4 …”

The My Lai Massacre. By Seymour M. Hersh (St. Louis Post Dispatch, November 13 + November 20 + November 25, 1969). “Here for the first time in electronic form are the unabridged original dispatches by Seymour Hersh on the 1968 My Lai massacre in Vietnam.”

Litteratur:

  • Four Hours in My Lai. By Michael Bilton and Kevin Sim (New York, Penguin Books, 1992, 430 p.). See Wikipedia.org.

Se også:

Se også på Socialistisk Bibliotek:

Unidentified Vietnamese man and child killed by US soldiers, 16 March 1968. Source: Report of Army review into My Lai incident, book 6, 14 March 1970. Foto: Ronald L. Haeberle. Public Domain. Se https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Dead_man_and_child_from_the_My_Lai_massacre.jpg
Unidentified Vietnamese man and child killed by US soldiers, 16 March 1968. Source: Report of Army review into My Lai incident, book 6, 14 March 1970. Foto: Ronald L. Haeberle. Public Domain. Se https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Dead_man_and_child_from_the_My_Lai_massacre.jpg

 

22. marts 1968

Daniel Cohn-Bendit og 7 andre studenter besætter universitet i Nanterre i protest mod diciplinær bortvisning, og grundlægger 22.-marts-bevægelsen, som er begyndelsen på det franske “maj 68” med studenteroprør, fabriksbesættelser og generalstrejke i Frankrig.

Cohn Bendit på Nanterre, mars 1968 Kilde: https://www.20minutes.fr/politique/diaporama-5053-photo-781557-fin-parti-daniel-cohn-bendit
Cohn Bendit på Nanterre, mars 1968 Kilde: https://www.20minutes.fr/politique/diaporama-5053-photo-781557-fin-parti-daniel-cohn-bendit

 

Leksikalt mv.:

På dansk/skandinavisk:

Hvad er der tilbage af 1968-revolten? (Autonom Infoservice, 22. maj 2018). “Et tilbageblik af Jean-Francois Cabral og Charles Paz, to franske 68’ere” + uddrag af Daniel Bensaid/Alain Krivine-bog.

50 år siden maj 68’ revolutionen i Frankrig. Af Rasmus Jeppesen (Revolution, nr.39, maj 2018, s.13-15). “Der er ingen grund til at romantisere maj ’68 og heller ingen grund til at reducere det til et ‘studenteroprør'” + leder af Marie Frederiksen: Ånden fra maj 68 (s.2).

Maj 68: ‘Mere plads i dag til en anti-kapitalistisk venstrefløj end dengang’ (Socialistisk Information, 28. maj 2008). Interview med Alain Krivine: “I 1968 var den yderste venstrefløj en lille organisation blandt studenterne, men uden nogen forankring i arbejderklassen. I dag er det næsten omvendt.”

Från ungdomsuppror till generalstrejk – Maj 68 (pdf). Av Anders Hagström (Marxistarkiv.se, marts 2008, 18 s.). Artikeln tar även kortfattat upp utvecklingen efteråt (fram till idag, år 2008).

Frankrig maj ’68: historiens største generalstrejke. Af Karen Larsen (Revolution, 5. maj 2008). “Mange borgerlige historikere prøver at fremstille maj 1968 oprøret udelukkende som et studenteroprør. Det er fuldstændig forkert, men det er rigtigt at det var de franske studerende som begyndte oprøret.”

Frankrig 1968 – hvad skete der egentlig? (Revolution, 3. april 2003). “Var det et studenteroprør, gadeslagsmål, anarkistoptøjer eller var det begyndelsen til en rigtig revolution?”

‘Fantasien til magten’: Frankrig 1968 (1988). Af Ian Birchall (Internationale Socialisters Forlag, 1988, 48 sider) (Revolutioner i vores tid, 1) + maj 2018-udgave (Forlaget Modstand, 112 sider). Oversat fra “France 1968: ‘All Power to the Imagination'”, in: Revolutionary Rehearsals, ed. by Colin Barker (Bookmarks, 1987, p.5-40). English edition online at Google Books. “Maj 1968 i Frankrig var en del af en verdensomspændende bølge af radikalisering blandt studenter og ungdom, som formede en hel politisk generation.”

Revolution og kontrarevolution i Frankrig, maj-juni 1968 (pdf). Af Klavs Birkholm (Kurasje, nr.2-3, 1970, s.3-37). “Efter et kort signalement af oprørets historiske baggrund analyserer artiklens forfatter i et mere teoretisk kapitel den proletariske bevægelses motivationsstruktur i senkapitalismen …”

 

In English:

‘It was like a rocket: a fantastic display’: Reflections on May ’68. By Colin Barker (RS21: Revolutionary Socialism in the 21st Century, 25 May 2018). “In a speech to Manchester rs21, Colin Barker reflects on the ‘madness of May ‘68’, when, for a brief moment, everything seemed possible.”

How beautiful it was. By Jonah Birch (Jacobin, 23 May 2018). “For a few brief weeks in France, not just a government but an entire system was called into question.”

Wonderful yet underperformed (Weekly Worker, Issue 1202, 10 May 2018). “Jack Conrad looks back at the May-June events that rocked France 50 years ago.”

1968: Revolution reaches the heart of Europe (SocialistWorker.org, May 10, 2018). “We continues our series marking the 50th anniversary of the revolutionary year of 1968 with an article that tells the story of the French May.”

Remembering May (Viewpoint Magazine, May 2, 2018). Two oral histories from a new collection by Mitchell Abidor, May Made Me: An Oral History of the 1968 Uprising in France (Pluto Press, 2018, 272 p.). See review of the book by Richard Greeman (Indypendent, May 1, 2018).

Paris in spring 1968 – fifty years on from a working class revolt that shook the state (Socialist Worker, Issue 2602, 1 May 2018). “Fifty years ago protests and a general strike shook the French state. Nick Clark tells the story of a struggle that posed a direct challenge to the system—and what we can learn from it today.”

The spirit of those frenzied days. By Ian Birchall (International Socialist Review, Issue 91, Winter 2013-14). Review of Daniel Singer, Prelude to Revolution: France in May 1968 (Haymarket Books, 2013, 504 p.). “His book was first published in 1970, and so it contains research and reflection that were absent from commentaries written within weeks of the events. Yet it is still infused with the spirit of those frenzied days.”

“There Were No Teachers”: Rossana Rossanda on May 68 (Verso, Blog, 9 May 2018). “In this excerpt from The Comrade from Milan (2010), Rosanna Rossanda recounts her experiences of May 1968 between Italy and France.”

The French Generel strike of 1968: Class struggle in France May-June 1968 (pdf). By David Broder (Workers’ Liberty, Vol.3, No.21, July 2008, 12 p.; online at Marxists Internet Archive). “… to understand the May 1968 general strike we must look into both the state of the French worker’s movement and the situation with which it was confronted.”

The meaning of May 1968. By Jean-Francois Cabral and Charles Paz (International Viewpoint, Issue 401, June 2008). “What remains of 1968? This major event of the class struggle profoundly changed French society, while having significant effects beyond France’s frontiers.”

May 1968 across the decades. By Matt Perry (International Socialism, Issue 118, Spring 2008, p.53-71). “Although the students provided a largely spontaneous trigger for a generalising strike movement, spontaneity could not challenge the entrenched position of the bureaucracies of the PCF and CGT or mount a sustained challenge to the French state.”

1968: The general strike and the student revolt in France, Part 1-8. By Peter Schwarz (World Socialist Web Site, 28 May – 8 September 2008). “This series of articles concentrates on the events in France. Here, class conflicts erupted to the surface with explosive power in May and thoroughly disproved the thesis of the New Left that the working class had been successfully integrated into capitalism via consumption and the domination of the media.” With a new introduction (29 May 2018).

May 1968 explosion and Cohn-Bendit’s exaggerated role. By Jack Conrad (Weekly Worker, Issue 719, May 1 2008). “The media still portrays May 1968 as a situationist stunt, a grand student happening, an outburst of immature foot-stamping whose secret lies in the mecurial personality of Cohn-Bendit. The working class is typically forgotten or reduced to an afterthought.”

The political roots of student revolt (Weekly Worker, Issue 720, May 8, 2008). “Jack Conrad looks at the role of students in the May 68 events.”

The French Revolution of May 1968. By Alan Woods (In Defence of Marxism, 2 May 2008). “May 1968 was the greatest revolutionary general strike in history … They took most of the Left completely by surprise, because, they had all written off the European working class as a revolutionary force.”

The May events in France. By Clare Doyle (Socialism Today, Issue 118, May 2008). “Forty years on and interest in this inspirational revolutionary movement is greater than ever. But May-June 1968 went much further than the student radicalisation noted by most reporters. An all-out general strike by ten million workers was backed by the overwhelming majority of society.”

“France 1968: ‘All Power to the Imagination'”, in: Revolutionary Rehearsals, ed. by Colin Barker (Bookmarks, 1987, p.5-40). English edition online at Google Books.

May 1968: First Phase of the French Socialist Revolution. By Pierre Frank (International Socialist Review, Vol.29, No.5, September 1968, p.1-48; online at Marxists Internet Archive). “The French socialist revolution has begun; the European revolution has resumed its march forward. Fifty years after October 1917 worldwide victory looms on the horizon.” [sic!] ****

Samtidige/contemporay articles:

The May events and revolution in the West. By Lucio Magri (Socialist Register, 1969, p.29-53). “The May events are the most well-equipped laboratory in which to do research about revolution in the West …”

Hope was reborn in May. By Daniel Singer (International Socialist Journal, July 1968). “While writing for The Economist, as the unnamed ‘Paris correspondent’, Daniel Singer contributed this piece to the International Socialist Journal of July 1968, under the nom de plume of ‘Daniel Martin’.”

France – the struggle goes on. By Tony Cliff and Ian Birchall (International Socialism, august 1968, 80 p.). “Suddenly, as if out of the blue, the revolt of the French working class burst upon a shocked capitalist world. It changed the political and social climate.”

Paris: May 1968 – Maurice Brinton’s diary (Libcom.org, 2005). “A vivid and exciting eyewitness diary by Maurice Brinton of Solidarity on the events in Paris in May 1968. First edition published by Solidarity, June 1968.”

Se også/See also:

  • Maj 68: studenterbevægelsen og klassekampene i Frankrig – dokumenter og analyser. Ved Jules Lund (Tiderne Skifter, [1976], 256 s.)
  • Venstreradikalismen: kur mod kommunismens alderdomssvækkelse – studenteroprørets baggrund og strategi. Af Daniel og Gabriel Cohn-Bendit (Rhodos, 1968, 316 s.)

1968majJorn.gif

Fire plakater udført af Asger Jorn til støtte for de franske studenter, Paris maj 1968. Se Jorns plakater med oversættelser (Aldus.dk – Per Hofmann Hansen)


 

Arnulf Øverland, Foto: Postkort, Nasjonalbiblioteket

25. marts 1968

Norske digter Arnulf Øverland dør i (født 27. april 1889 i Kristianssund).

Se:

Se også:

Tekster af Arnulf Øverland på emnelisten Jul – andre sider af julen/Alternative julesange, -digte, -fortællinger. Norske-svenske tekster.


 

1968kingarrest.jpg4. april 1968

Den afro-amerikanske borgerrettighedsleder Martin Luther King myrdes i Memphis, Tennessee. (Født 15.1.1929 i Atlanta, Georgia).
Martin Lugther King is shot down in Mamphis, Tenn.

Se Tidslinjen 15. januar 1929 for generelle links om Martin Luther Kings liv, biografier mv. See Timelline 15. january 1929 for links to articles on the life of Martin Luther King, biographies, etc.

Video: Brian Jones on Martin Luther King’s last struggle (43 min.) (Socialist Workers Socialism 2008, June 19-22, Chigago, Illinois)

Biografi/Biographies: (online)

Artikler/Articles:

Hvem stod bag mordet på Martin Luther King? Af Thomas Hoffmann (Videnskab.dk, 4. april 2016). “En domstol konkluderede i 1990erne, at Martin Luther King, Jr. blev myrdet efter en sammensværgelse. Alligevel lyder den officielle forklaring stadig, at en hvid racist planlagde og udførte attentatet på egen hånd.”

If only we could revive the fruitful tension between Martin Luther King and Malcolm X. By Kenan Malik (The Guardian, 8 April 2018). “Reflections on Dr King’s death have overlooked how his liberal universalism and Malcolm X’s separatism gave each other strength.”

The promised land is still not here. By Robert Greene II (Jacobin: Reason in Revolt, April 4, 2018). “Fifty years after Martin Luther King’s assassination, the Left struggles to speak with the kind of moral clarity King exemplified — but that shouldn’t stop us from trying.”

1968: When King’s murder set off the uprisings. By Khury Petersen-Smith (SocialistWorker.org, April 4, 2018). “Fifty years ago, the assassination of Martin Luther King stunned the world and began a new chapter in the Black freedom struggle.”

Fifty years since the assassination of Martin Luther King Jr. By Fred Mazelis (World Socialist Web Site, 4 April 2018). “A serious discussion of this period shines a bright light on present-day American society and exposes the lies and hypocrisy of the defenders of the status quo who falsify King’s legacy.”

A strike for dignity and civil rights in Memphis. By Brian Jones (SocialistWorker.org, February 12, 2018). “We should never forget that King died in a struggle for public-sector unionization …”

Forty years on, some lessons from the life – and death – of Dr. Martin Luther King Jr. By Patrick Martin (World Socialist Web Site, 7 April 2008). “The American political establishment sets strict limits on how much to say about a man once regarded as a dangerous agitator and hounded unmercifully by the FBI.”

The unfinished struggle: Forty years after King’s last stand. By Brian Jones (Socialist Worker, Issue 668, April 4, 2008). Review of Michael Honey, Going Down Jericho Road: The Memphis Strike, Martin Luther King’s Last Campaign (Norton, 2007)

America lauds Martin Luther King, but undermines his legacy every day. By Gary Younge (Guardian, March 31, 2008). “Forty years after the civil rights leader’s death, his myth masks how the US remains segregated in practice and attitudes.”

The assassinations of Malcolm X and Martin Luther King Jr.. By Roland Sheppard (Marxists Internet Archive).”An update of a paper May 20, 2005, first written as the February, 2001 Monthly Feature for the Holt Labor Library website.”

Martin Luther King: Christian core, socialist bedrock. By Paul Le Blanc (Against the Current, No.96, January/February 2002). “I will argue here that his outlook represents a remarkable blending of Christian, democratic, and socialist perspectives.”

On the death of Martin Luther King. By Hal Draper (KPFA Commentary, April 6, 1968; online at Marxists Internet Archive). “During the last forty-eight hours or so, on radio and TV and in the newspapers, I have heard and read more flowery tributes to Martin Luther King’s peacefulness than my stomach can take.”

Martin Luther King, Jr. By Martin Glaberman (Speak Out, April 1968; online at Marxists Internet Archive). “Martin Luther King rose to national prominence as a Negro leader as a consequence of a particular mass struggle, the Montgomery Bus Boycott.”

Memphis Sanitation Strike, 1968 (Kingencyclopedia). “A short history of the 1968 strike of 1300 African-American sanitation workers in Memphis, Tennessee, during which Martin Luther King Jr. was assassinated.”

Se også på Socialistisk Bibliotek/See also on our Timeline:


 

11. april 1968

Den tyske studenterleder Rudi Dutschke bliver skudt ned i Berlin (overlever attentatet, og dør 24. december 1979, se denne).

Attentaten gir anledning til største gadekampe siden 30’erne i Tyskland, især rettet imod Springer-pressen i påske-demonstrationer.


 

19. april 1968

Psykologisk Laboratorium på Københavns Universitet blir besat at studerende, som kulmination på flere måneders forhandlinger om studenterindflydelse på universitets politik. Besættelsen ophæves 25.4.


 

 

20. april 1968

Britiske konservative politiker Enoch Powell bringer racismen, emmigration og nationalismen på vesteuropæiske politiske dagsorden med “Rivers of Blood”-talen.

Demo mod Enock Powell

Se:

No more ‘Enoch was right’. By Eddie Ford (Weekly Worker, Issue 1199, 19 April 2018). “But what was Powell’s contested speech actually about? In many ways, it was a lament for empire, to which he always felt total loyalty from an early age.”

‘We’ll reject the legacy of the racist Tory Powell’. By Tomáš Tengely-Evans (Socialist Worker, Issue 2600, 14 April 2018). “Fifty years on, anti-racists will defy the message of Enoch Powell’s racist speech.”

From Enoch Powell’s speech to Stephen Lawrence’s murder—how racism grows, and how it’s beaten back (Socialist Worker, Issue 2600, 14 April 2018). “This week marks the anniversaries of Enoch Powell’s ‘Rivers of Blood’ speech and Stephen Lawrence’s murder. Both can tell us about how to fight racism.”

Battle on the docks—when workers marched for Enoch Powell (Socialist Worker, Issue 2600, 14 April 2018). “Support for racist Enoch Powell among some dockers showed how racism could take hold. But many fought against it.”

Remembering “Rivers of Blood”. By Shirin Hirsch (International Socialism, Issue 158, Spring 2018). “Now, 50 years since the speech, struggles over the memory of Powell have re-emerged … To understand these memories, the article first outlines the context in which Powell’s speech was made.”

Enoch Powell and racism (Socialist Worker, Issue 2097, 19 April 2008). “Simon Basketter looks back at the impact of the infamous 1968 ‘Rivers of Blood’ speech.”

Workers’ unity in the face of Enoch Powell’s racism. By Chris Harman (Socialist Review, Issue 324, April 2008). “Socialists watched in despair when dockers and building workers marched in support of Enoch Powell’s ‘rivers of blood’ speech. But the tide turned and a few years later dockers were marching for Grunwick strikers.”

Beyond the Powell. By Paul Foot (Socialist Review, No.217, March 1998). Obituary of Enoch Powell: “Powell went on with this racism all his life. There was no satisfying his racist appetite.”

Powell’s poison platform. By Paul Foot (Socialist Worker Review, No.93, December 1986). “He gave full vent to all the crudest racialist stereotypes, linking people’s propensity to crime, fecklessness and disorder to the colour of their skins and their countries of origin. He predicted in the most colourful phrases a race war …”


 

23. april 1968

Frem til 30. april besætter/befrier studenter på USAs førende Columbia Universitet administrationsbygningen og fakulteter, på baggrund af protester mod Vietnam-krigen.

Se:

1968clumbiUniv_1968_Vuttns.jpg
Columbia University 1968 buttons.
(Source with more info & buttons: http://www.columbia.edu/cu/computinghistory/1968/68-cubuttons.html)


 

26. april 1968

Helmut Herzfelde (John Heartfield) dør i Berliln, DDR, (født i Berlin 10. juni 1891, se denne).


 

27. april 1968

Den største Vietnam-demonstration fandt sted med 25-30.000 deltagere, fra Christiansborg over Blågårds Plads til USA’s ambassade på Dag Hammarskjölds Alle. Parolerne var «Bekæmp den amerikanske imperialisme» og «USA ud af Vietnam – Danmark ud af NATO» samt «bryd med Saigon – anerkend FNL og Nordvietnam». Demonen endte i et større politioverfald på demonstranterne. 10 af demonstranterne blevet senere anklaget.

Se:

  • Vietnambevægelsen (Leksikon.org). Artikel om hele vietnambevægelsen udvikling med fyldig omtale af demonstration 27. april 1968.

Litteratur:

  • Carl Madsen: Proces mod politiet (Stig Vendelkær, 1969. 386 sider, ill. af Herluf Bidstrup).
  • Politisk Revy og De Danske Vietnamkomitéer: En borgerkrigsmanøvre. (Særtryk af Politisk Revy, april 1969, 4 sider). Til ét års-dagen for Vietnam-demonstrationen 27. april 1968.

 

2. maj 1968

Vietnamdemonstration 2. maj 1968 på vej til ambassaden (den amerikanske) i København gør klar til såkaldt Ho Chi Minh-løb, hvor man under taktfaste råb Ho-Ho-Ho Chi Minn og slag i asfalten og løb frem i stadig større hast fra siddende stilling.

Foto: Den kendte aktivist Finn Ejnar Madsen. Se om ham på Socialister på Assistens kirkegård

Personer fra venstre: Jørgen Lund m. Che-hjelmen, to tyske aktivister, Gert Rasmussen (“KUF-Gert”), og bagved ses bl.a. Erik Brandt (Solvognen), Anders Stig Møller og Poul Petersen (Poul P.).

1968Maj_1968.jpg


 

10. maj 1968

Maj-oprøret i Frankrig eskalerer, efter studenter- og ungdomsoprørets demonstrationer fra 3. maj blir mødt med politi-undertrykkelse 10. maj, der fører til 13. maj-generalstrejken og efterfølgende læreanstalt- og fabriksbesættelser.

Se:

13. maj 1968 :  ’68-oprøret (Dagbladet Arbejderen, 14. maj 2010)

Se også på Socialistisk Bibliotek:

Se også datoen 22. marts ovenfor.

Emnelisten 1968 – oprørsåret


 

13. maj 1968

 

 


24. maj 1968

Den danske arbejderdigter Oskar Hansen (“Når jeg ser et rødt flag smælde”) dør i København. (Født 23. juli 1895, se denne).


 

1. juni 1968

Døvblinde kvindesags- og politisk aktivist Hellen Keller dør (født 27. januar 1880, se denne).


 

4. juni 1968

Den demokratiske præsidentvalgskanidat, Robert (Bobby) Kennedy blir myrdet ved skudattantat i Los Angeles.

Se:


 

27. juni 1968

I Tjekkoslovakiet offentliggøres det politiske manifest, “2000 ord”.

Se:


 

20. august 1968

Warszawa-pagt landene (undtagen Rumænien) invaderer Tjekkoslovakiet, og sætte en stopper for reformkommunismen.

Se:

The Prague Spring of 1968: a glimpse of socialism? By Tomáš Tengely-Evans (International Socialism, Issue 159, Summer 2018, p.81-106). “Fifty years ago Russian tanks rolled across the Czechoslovakian border. They brought the upheavals of 1968, that year of global revolt against war, oppression and capitalism, into the heart of officially ‘socialist’ Eastern Europe.”

1968: A revolt blooms behind the ‘Iron Curtain’ (SocialistWorker.org, May23, 2018). “Phil Gasper tells the story of the Prague Spring uprising in the so-called ‘socialist’ Eastern Bloc, in an article for SW’s yearlong series on the revolutionary year of 1968.”

The ‘Prague Spring’ and the ‘Prague Autumn’: 40 years on. By Andy Kilmister (International Viewpoint, Issue 407, December 2008). “November 21 2008 marked the fortieth anniversary of the end of the student strike in Czechoslovakia against the occupation of the country by Russian troops the preceding August.”

Czechoslovakia 1968: ‘Lenin wake up, Brezhnev has gone mad‘. By Alan Woods (In Defence of Marxism, 18 May 2000). “This was one of the slogans chanted on the street of Prague 30 years ago as Russian and Warsaw Pact troops invaded Czechoslovakia.”

Czechoslovakia. By Chris Harman (International Socialism, No.37, June/July 1969). “The Czech events have now revealed all the features of the classical crisis of bureaucratic state capitalism, as revealed in the events of Poland and Hungary in 1956.”

Czechoslovakia: Stalinism rocked by crisis, Part 1-3 (In Defence of Marxism, 9-18 June 2008). “We are here reprinting an article by Alan Woods, first written on September 4, 1968, in which he clearly relates the momentous events that shook the Stalinist regimes and explains their significance.”

Invasion of Czechoslavakia. By Hal Draper (KPFA Commentary, August 22, 1968). “As always, the invasion of Czechoslovakia puts everyone on the spot. It asks: which side are you on?”

Prag 1968
Prag 1968

 

25. august 1968

8 demonstrerer i Moskva på Den Røde Plads mod invasionen i Tjekkeslovakiet.

Se:

1968moskva.jpg

For jeres frihed og vores

 

 


 

26.-29. august 1968

Emblem fra demonstrationerne mod Vietnamkrigen.
Emblem fra demonstrationerne mod Vietnamkrigen.

Ved det Demokratiske Partis partikonvent i Chicago møder de massive demonstrationer hårde forsøg fra politiet på at fjerne og nedkæmpe dem.

 

Se på Socialistisk Bibliotek:

 

 


 

20. september 1968

Det Ny Samfund (DNS) stiftes. arrangerer bl.a Thylejren (se også 4. juli 1970)

Se:

Fortællinger om Det Ny Samfund 1968-1970 (Modkraft.dk/Modkraft.tv, 15. maj 2011, 27 min.). “I dette indslag beretter Allan Anarchos om udstillingen: Fortællinger om “Det Ny Samfund” 1968-1970″ (Frederiksberg Bibliotek, maj 2011).


 

2. oktober 1968

I Mexico slagtes studenternes oprør i nedskydning af ca. 400 døde i en massakre i Mexico City.

Se:

the Olympics that saw repression breeding resistance. By Eamonn McCann (Socialist Worker, Issue 2304, 26 May 2012)

Mexico 1968: society erupts onto the political stage. By Arturo Anguiano (International Viewpoint, Issue 402, July 2008)

The resilience of impunity: NACLA and Mexico, 1968–2008. By Fred Rosen (NACLA Report on the Americas, Vol.41, Issue 1, May/June 2008)

True voice of the revolution. By Ed Vulliamy (The Observer/Guardian.co.uk, January 20 2008)

Story of revolt in 1968 Mexico. Book review by Peter Lamphere (Socialist Worker, US, Issue 529, February 4, 2005)

Two hundred thousand commemorate 1968 Mexico City massacre. By Gerardo Nebbia (World Socialist Web Site, 6 October, 1998)

BBC Report: Mexico City Massacre 1968 (Eristic ragemail, may 31, 2008)


 

5. oktober 1968

Første borgerretttighedsmarch i Derry, starter nyt opsving i kampen i Nordirland.

1969_october.gif
Se:

The Museum of Free Derry: The National Civil right Archive. (site). The Museum of Free Derry is an archive focussing on the civil rights era of the 1960s and the Free Derry/early troubles era of the 1970s.

The roots of revolt. By Eamonn McCann (Socialist Review, Issue 114, November 1988; online at REDS – Die Roten)

Northern Ireland 1968: Derry’s days of rage (Socialist Worker, Issue 2121, 4 October 2008). “Reprint the front page article from Socialist Worker at the time by Eamonn McCann, one of the march organisers.”

After 5 October 1968. By Eamonn McCann (International Socialism, No.51, April 1972)

War in an Irish Town, Part 2. By Eamonn McCann (Pluto Press, 1993)

Litteratur:

  • Irsk by i krig. Af Eamonn McCann (Politisk Revy, 1981, 190 sider)

Se også:

  • Linkboxen Bloody Sunday (Socialistisk Bibliotek). Om borgerrettighedsmarch 30. januar 1972.
  • Northern Ireland (History and Current Status of “The Troubles” Government 100.3, November 11, 2002)
  • Nordirland (Leksikon.org)
  • Tidslinjen 15. august 1969, britiske tropper indsættes i Nordirland.
  • Tidslinjen 24. april 1916 om Påskeopstanden + 12. maj 1916 om James Connoly.
  • Tidslinjen 28. november 1905 om Sinn Fein.
  • Section Irland (Reds – Die Roten; English texts)
  • Bookwatch: Ireland. By Pat Riordan (International Socialism, Issue 66, Spring 1995, p.139-147)

Black Power ved OL
Black Power ved OL

16. oktober 1968

Ved medaljeoverrækkelsen i 200 m.-løb for herrer demonstrerer de amerikanske løbere Tommie Smith (guld) and John Carlos (bronze), bl.a. med Black Power-bevægelsens behandskede knyttede hånd.

Se:


 

Finn Ejnar Madsen
Finn Ejnar Madsen

21. november 1968

Ved Københavns Universitets årsfest erobrer stud.psyk. Finn Ejnar Madsen talerstolen foran rektor Mogens Fog – med kongefamilien på første række – og får tre minuter til at tale om klassesamfund og uddannelsespolitik.

Se:

Se også Socialistisk Bibliotek:


 

25. november 1968

Forfatteren Upton Sinclair dør i Bound Brook, New Jersey (født 20.9.1878 i Baltimore, Maryland).
Forfatter til bl.a. romanerne Junglen (Aarhus-Spejlet, 1906) + Kong Kul (Gyldendal, 1918) + Olie (Hagerup, 1928) + Boston (Woel forlag, 1930) (se om Sacco/Vanzetti-sagen på Tidslinjen 27. august 1927)

Se:

Upton Sinclair and the Democrats’ dirty tricks (SocialistWorker.org, April 25, 2016). “Lance Selfa tells the story of the socialist writer’s dramatic 1934 campaign to become governor of California–and considers the lessons it holds for the left today.”

Upton Sinclair speaks. By Louis Proyect (The Unrepentant Marxist, January 25, 2016). With video (7:47 min.)

The politics of Upton Sinclair: offender of the rich and powerful. By Ron Jacobs (CounterPunch, January 20-22, 2012)

Se også:

US elections – before Bernie Sanders came Eugene Debs (Socialist Worker, Issue 2498, 5 April 2016). “Charlie Kimber looks at Eugene Debs and Upton Sinclair.”

The Grave of Upton Sinclair
The Grave of Upton Sinclair

Upton Sinclair’s grav på Rock Creek Cemetery, Washington, DC.


 

26. november 1968

Forfatteren Arnold Zweig dør i Øst-Berlin. (Født 10. november 1887 i Głogów, Polen; tidl.: Glogau, Nedre Schlesien).

Se:

1968zweig.jpg


 

27. november 1968

Fodboldkampen i Idrætsparken (CL 2 runde, returkamp) mellem danske AB og græske AEK, Athen, bliver afbrudt af demonstranter – imod forbindelser med kup-juntaens Grækenland. Demonstranter bliver overfaldet af spillere, kontrollører og tilskuere og 10 kommer til skade, 25 anholdes. AB taber 02.

Se på Socialistisk Bibliotek:


 

19. december 1968

Premiere for den britiske instruktør Lindsay Andersons film if…, om undertrykkelse og oprør på en kostskole, med bredere perspektiv.

Se:


 

20. december 1968

Forfatteren John Steinbeck dør i New York. (Født i Salinas, Californien, 27. februar 1902, se denne).


 

22. december 1968

Forfatteren, oversætteren og kulturskribenten Otto Gelsted dør i København. (Født Einar Otto Jeppesen, 4.11.1888 i Middelfart).

I digtet Dannebrog (1936)

“Gør jer frit af selvbedraget
og et liv, der længst er dødt –
slet det grimme kors af flaget,
gør det rødt!

Otto Gelsted
Ottoi Gelsted

Litteratur:

  • Otto Gelsted bibliografi: med biografiske noter. Af Børge Houmann (Sirius, 1977, 558 sider)
  • Otto Gelsted: Bøger (Litteratursiden.dk)
Gelsted's gravsted, hvor også Hans Kirk ligger, på Ordrup Kirkegård.
Otto Gelsteds og Hans Kirks dobbelte gravsted, på Ordrup Kirkegård.
  • Kulturradikale kapitler fra Georg Brandes til Otto Gelsted. Af Carl Erik Bay (C.A. Reitzel, 2003, 257 sider)

Se også på Socialistisk Bibliotek:

 

 

 


68-oprør i USA, Frankrig og Danmark.
68-oprør i USA, Frankrig og Danmark.

 


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