The Mutineers turning Lt Bligh and part of the Officers and Crew adrift from His Majesty's Ship the Bounty, 29th April 1789. Hånd-koloreret cobberstik af Robert Dodd (1748–1815) 2. oktober 1790. Credit: National Maritime Museum, Greenwich, London
The Mutineers turning Lt Bligh and part of the Officers and Crew adrift from His Majesty's Ship the Bounty, 29th April 1789. Hånd-koloreret cobberstik af Robert Dodd (1748–1815) 2. oktober 1790. Credit: National Maritime Museum, Greenwich, London

Socialistisk Biblioteks Tidslinje med links til begivenheder og personer i 1789.


Se også index over personer, organisationer/partier og over værker (som bøger, malerier, mm.), steder , begivenheder, mv., der er på hele Tidslinjen, titler og indhold på emnelisterne osv.


 

28. april 1789

Under ledelse af Fletcher Christian begår mandskabet på det britiske HMS Bounty mytteri mod kaptajn Bligh.

Se:

Bounty (Denstoredanske.dk). Kortere dansk intro.
Mytteriet på Bounty (Wikipedia.no). Lidt længere norsk.
Mytteriet på Bounty. Af Björn Lundberg (Alt om Historie, nr.3, 2008)
Mutiny on the Bounty (Wikipedia.org). Med links.
Mutiny on the Bounty (fiction) (Wikipedia.org). Novels, films, stage etc.

Litteratur:

Mytteri. Af Ch. Nordhoff og J.N. Hall (Gyldendal, 1934). Senere udgaver med titlen Mytteri på Bounty.
I kamp med havet. Af Ch. Nordhoff og J.N. Hall (Gyldendal, 1935)
Pitcairn-øen. Af Ch. Nordhoff og J.N. Hall (Gyldendal, 1936)

Se også:

Paradises lost. By Jared Diamond (Discovery Magazine, November 1, 1997)
Tidslinjen 25. september 1764 om mytteri-lederen Fletcher Christian.

The Mutineers turning Lt Bligh and part of the Officers and Crew adrift from His Majesty's Ship the Bounty, 29th April 1789. Hånd-koloreret cobberstik af Robert Dodd (1748–1815) 2. oktober 1790. Credit: National Maritime Museum, Greenwich, London
The Mutineers turning Lt Bligh and part of the Officers and Crew adrift from His Majesty’s Ship the Bounty, 29th April 1789. Hånd-koloreret cobberstik af Robert Dodd (1748–1815) 2. oktober 1790. Credit: National Maritime Museum, Greenwich, London

 

20. juni 1789

“Boldhuseden” er første oprørsskridt i den franske revolution, da kongens indkaldte stænderforsamling (mødtes fra 5. maj 1789) var blevet lukket, og tredje stand ved møde i Boldhuset (tennisbaner) erklærede sig som “grundlovsgivende forsamling” og svor at ville blive til Frankrig havde fået en forfatning.

Boldhuseden (Denstoredanske.dk)
Tennis Court Oath (Wikipedia.org) med links til bl.a. norske artikel og til Estates General of 1789

Se også/See also:

Linkbox: Oplysningstiden / The Enlightenment (Socialistisk Bibliotek)

Le Serment du Jeu de paume af Jacques-Louis David (1748–1825), 1791. Credit line © Photo RMN (Agence photographique renunion f kimar) References: 83EE530/MV 840f Source/Photographer: frome de lutene
Le Serment du Jeu de paume af Jacques-Louis David (1748–1825), 1791. Credit line © Photo RMN (Agence photographique renunion f kimar) References: 83EE530/MV 840f Source/Photographer: frome de lutene

 

14. juli 1789

Den franske revolution træder ud over stænderforsamlingerne med opstanden i Paris og erobringen af fængselsslottet Bastillen i Paris.
The French Revolution develops beyond the Estates-General with the rebellion in Paris and the Storming of the Bastille.

På dansk:

Tidslinje 1788-1797, -i: – Den franske revolution. Red. Mikkel Thorup mfl. (Slagmark, 2015, 271 sider) (Slagmarks Revolutionsserie).

Bastillen (Denstoredanske.dk).

Den franske revolution. Af Kåre D. Tønnesson (Leksikon.org).

Miniforedrag – Den Franske Revolution og Danmark. Af Bertel Nygaard (Danmarkshistorien.dk, 8. november 2011, 3 min.)

Den franske revolution – 1789 (Perbenny.dk). Den franske revolution – 1789 – Fra den borgerlige til den proletariske Revolution – Den store franske Revolutions Betydning for Eftertiden

Den Franske Revolution (Denstoredanske.dk).

Den franske Revolution. Kap. 4, – i: Gustav Bang: Brydningstider i Europas historie (Forlaget Fremad, 1945; online på Marxisme.dk).

1789 som borgerlig revolution: historieskrivning og begrebsbrug hos Georges Lefebvre og Albert Soboul (pdf). Af Bertel Nygaard (Historisk Tidsskrift, bind 107, hæfte 2, 2007, s.478-508). “Måske er det på tide at erstatte den antimarxistiske kulturhistories blinde selvforherligelse med en kyndigere stillingtagen, der giver mulighed for konstruktiv selvkritik.”

Frihed, Lighed og Broderskab. Af Lars Ulrik Thomsen (Arbejderen.dk, kronik, 11. januar 2017). “De borgerlige franske revolutioner havde afsmittende virkning på andre lande i Europa.”

1789fenchawaekens.jpg

In English:

Overviews:

Historiography of the French Revolution: The Marxist/Classic interpretation (Wikipedia.org). Links to other subject on the French Revolution.

The French Revolution (Marxists Internet Archive). With Timeline, Principal Documents, Archives of Writers , Biographies + Revolutionary France Subject Archive.

French Revolution Digital Archive. A collaboration of the Stanford University Libraries and the Bibliothèque nationale de France. Indhold/Content:
Images de la Révolution francaise / Images of the French Revolution (app. 12.000)

Archives parlementaires / Parliamentary archives (19 vol.)

A Guide to the French Revolution. By Jonah Walters (Jacobin: Reason in Revolt, 14 July 2016).”For Bastille Day, we have answers to a bunch of questions about the French Revolution.”

The French Revolution: storming of the Bastille. Part 47, – in: Neil Faulkner, A Marxist History of the World (Counterfire, 3 October 2011).

The French Revolution: the Jacobin dictatorship. Part 48, – in: Neil Faulkner, A Marxist History of the World (Counterfire, 10 October 2011).

The French Revolution: Thermidor, Directory and Napoleon. Part 49, – in: Neil Faulkner, A Marxist History of the World (Counterfire, 24 October 2011).

The French Revolution. Part 6, Chapter 2, – in: Chris Harman, A People’s History of the World (pdf) (Bookmarks, 1999, p.277-302; online at Digamo.free.fr) + Chronology (p.278).

The French Revolution. Chapter 3, – in: Eric Hobsbawm: The Age of Revolution, 1789-1848 (pdf) (Weidenfield and Nicholson, 1962, p.53-76).

1789frykiske.jpg

Artikler/Articles:

Yes, the French Revolution was necessary. By Eric Hazan (Jacobin: Reason in Revolt, 14 July 2016). “Historians who argue otherwise overlook the appalling conditions on the ground.” Extract of Eric Hazan, A People’s History of the French Revolution (Verso, 2014, 432 p.). See review by William Alderson (Counterfire, May 7, 2015) + Eric Hazan responds to David Bell’s review of A People’s History of the French Revolution in the Guardian (Verso, Blog, 29 September 2014)

The French Revolution is not over. By Neil Davidson (International Socialism, Issue 113, Winter 2007, p.159-178). Review of Henry Heller, The Bourgeois Revolution in France, 1789-1815 (Berghahn Books, 2006). “… it is the first book in English explicitly to defend a Marxist interpretation of the French Revolution since revisionism became entrenched.”

The French Revolution: Marxism versus revisionism (International Socialism, Issue 80, Autumn 1998, p.113-125). Review of G Kates (ed.), The French Revolution: Recent Debates and New Controversies (Routledge, 1997). “Paul McGarr gives an overview of debates on the French Revolution.”

The French Revolution (In Defence of Marxism, 22 December 1999). “An article by Alan Woods which was originally written in 1989 … with a new introduction by the author.”

The Great French Revolution. By Paul McGarr (International Socialism, Issue 43, Summer 1989, p.15-110; online at Marxists Internet Archive). “The aim of this article is to present in an accessible form the main events and developments of the revolution.”

In defence of the French revolution. By Martin Thomas (Workers’ Liberty, Issue 12-13, August 1989, 12 p.). “The French Revolution set the benchmarks for radical and democratic politics, and it was the launch-pad for socialist politics.”

Defending the French Revolution, 1789-93. By Dave Hughes (Permanent Revolution, Issue 8, Spring 1989, p.75-111). “There is no shortage of academics and journalists trying to make the two hundredth anniversary of the Great French Revolution an orgy of so-called refutations of the Marxist interpretation of the French Revolution.”

Litteratur/Literature:

Den franske revolution. Red. Mikkel Thorup mfl. (Slagmark, 2015, 271 sider) (Slagmarks Revolutionsserie). Kildesamling. Med online: indholdsfortegnelse, redaktionelt forord og tidslinje 1788 – 1796.

Revolutionen lever og har det godt. Af Michael Seidelin Hansen (Arbejderhistorie, nr.33, oktober 1989, side 2-15). Om historikernes diskussioner af revolutionen. Online som slideshow.

Marxism and the Great French Revolution (International Socialism, Issue 43, Summer 1989, p. 1-171):

Socialist History of the French Revolution (1901). By Jean Jaurès (online at Marxists Internet Archive). See also Ian Birchall’s review of a new edition (Pluto Press, 2015): Jaurès on the French Revolution (Grim and Dim, 2015)

The Great French Revolution 1789-1793. By Peter Kropotkin (Libcom.org) + Kropotkin on the French Revolution. By John A. Dawson (Socialist Standard, No. 67, March 1910; online at WorldSocialism.org)

The French Revolution: A History (Wikipedia.org). With links to online edition of Thoma Carlyle’s book. Dansk udgave: Den franske revolution (Martins Forlag, 1917) (see also on this subject: The French Revolution. By E. Belfort Bax (New Age, 10 November 1910; online at Marxists Internet Archive).

Women's march on Versailles October 5, 1789, An Attack on Versailles performed by the rioting women of Paris due to high prices on bread
Women’s march on Versailles October 5, 1789, An Attack on Versailles performed by the rioting women of Paris due to high prices on bread

Se også Tidslinjen / See also on this Timeline:

6. maj 1758 om Maximilien Robespierre.
26. oktober 1759 om Georges Danton.
24. april 1792 om kampsangen (nationalsangen) Marseillaisen.
27. maj 1797 om Gracchus Babeuf.
9. november 1799 om Napoleons diktatur/on the dictatorship on Napoleon Bonaparte.
Linkbox om Oplysningstiden / The Enlightenment (Socialistisk Bibliotek).

See also on Wikipedia.org:

Albert Soboul
Georges Lefebre
Historiography of the French Revolution

La Liberté ou la Mort ! – Liberty or Death Gouache by Jean-Baptiste Lesueur, who lived 1749-1826, and created this artwork around 1792.
La Liberté ou la Mort ! – Liberty or Death Gouache by Jean-Baptiste Lesueur, who lived 1749-1826, and created this artwork around 1792.

Underneath it reads on the left:
“LE CRIS FRANCAIS / Des Citoyens de tous états se rencontrant dans les rues / se réunissoient, et poussoient ensemble le terrible cris de / La Liberté ou la Mort.”

And on the right it reads: “Départ pour les frontières d’un Citoyen / Volontaire, accompagné de sa femme, de ses / enfants et d’une parente son cousin Le / serrurier porte le Havresac.”

In other words: The French cry / Citizens of all estates come together in the streets / they gather and shout out unitedly the terrible cry of / Liberty or Death.
A citizen’s departure to the frontiers / A volunteer, accompanied by his wife, his / children and a relative his cousin The / locksmith carries the knapsack.
(Musée Carnavalet)


 

26. august 1789

(Déclaration des droits de l’homme et du citoyen) (Erklæringen om Mennesker og borgeres rettigheder)
Den Franske Nationalforsamling vedtager Menneskerettighedserklæringen

Representation of the Declaration of the Rights of Man and of the Citizen in 1789 Includes "Eye of providence" symbol (eye in triangle). Date: circa 1789. Oil on panel by Jean-Jacques-François Le Barbier (1738–1826). Carnavalet Museum, Rue de Sévigné, Paris, France
Representation of the Declaration of the Rights of Man and of the Citizen in 1789 Includes “Eye of providence” symbol (eye in triangle). Date: circa 1789. Oil on panel by Jean-Jacques-François Le Barbier (1738–1826). Carnavalet Museum, Rue de Sévigné, Paris, France

Se:

Menneskerettighedserklæringen (Denstoredanske.dk)

Declaration of the Rights of Man and of the Citizen (Wikipedia.org)

Se også:

Menneskerettigheder (Leksikon.org)

Menneskerettighederne (Wikipedia.dk)

Institut for Menneskerettigheder (site)

Declaration of the Rights of Man and of the Citizen (1793)

Om FNs Menneskerettighedserklæring på Tidslinjen, se 10. december 1948


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