Marat Having a Animated Conversation with Danton (standing) and Robespierre (seated). Oil on canvas painted in 1882 by Alfred Loudet (1836–1898), French painter. Collection: Musée de la Révolution française. Source/Photographer: David Monniaux, 2010-07-03. Public Domain.
Marat Having a Animated Conversation with Danton (standing) and Robespierre (seated). Oil on canvas painted in 1882 by Alfred Loudet (1836–1898), French painter. Collection: Musée de la Révolution française. Source/Photographer: David Monniaux, 2010-07-03. Public Domain. Source: Wikimedia Commons.

Socialistisk Biblioteks Tidslinje med links til begivenheder og personer i 1759.


Se også Index over personer, organisationer/partier og værker (som bøger, malerier, mm.), steder, begivenheder, mv., der er omtalt på hele Tidslinjen, titler og indhold på emnelisterne osv.

 

25. januar 1759

Den skotske nationaldigter Robert Burns fødes i Alloway, Skotland. (Dør i Dumfries, Skotland, 21. juli 1796, se denne).


 

27. april 1759

Den borgerlige feminist Mary Wollstonecraft fødes i London (dør 10 september 1797 samme sted)

Skrev 1792: A Vindication of the Rights of Woman (Marxists Internet Archive).

Portrait of Mary Wollstonecraft. Oil on canvas painted between circa 1790 and circa 1791 John Opie (1761–1807), British painter. Collection: Tate Britain (National Gallery). Public Domain.
Portrait of Mary Wollstonecraft. Oil on canvas painted between circa 1790 and circa 1791 John Opie (1761–1807), British painter. Collection: Tate Britain (National Gallery). Public Domain. Source: Wikimedia Commons.

Se:

Who was Mary Wollstonecraft? (Counterfire, November 13, 2020). “Following the recent controversy around a new statue commemorating Mary Wollstonecraft, Jaqueline Mulhallen looks at the life and times of this radical figure.” See also Lindsey German: Mary Wollstonecraft statue is a poor representation of her radical ideas (Counterfire, November 12, 2020) + Sally Campbell: Mary Wollenstonecraft (Socialist Review, Issue 463, December 2020).

Romantic outlaws. By Claire Fermont (Socialist Review, Issue 406, October 2015). Review of Charlotte Gordon’s book (Hutchinson, 2015, 672 p.). “… a beautifully written book that highlights the grim realities faced by women in 18th and 19th century Europe and, crucially, brings to life women usually presented as ciphers in the biographies of the famous.”

The myth of Mary Wollstonecraft. Chapter 3 in Hal Draper: Women and Class: Towards a Socialist Feminism (Center for Socialist History, 2011, p.85-107; online at Marxists Internet Archive). “In celebrating her pioneer achievements, we should not go beyond the truth. Her pioneer contribution was a Vindication of the Rights of Certain Women. She was not concerned about ‘one half of the human race’, despite the feminist rhetoric, but about her sector of the upper tenth.”

Mary Wollstonecraft. Vindication of the Rights of Woman: with Strictures on Political and Moral Subjects. Boston: Peter Edes for Thomas and Andrews, 1792, frontispiece. Rare Book and Special Collections Division, Library of Congress. Public Domain.
Mary Wollstonecraft. Vindication of the Rights of Woman: with Strictures on Political and Moral Subjects. Boston: Peter Edes for Thomas and Andrews, 1792, frontispiece. Rare Book and Special Collections Division, Library of Congress. Public Domain. Source: Wikimedia Commons.

Litteratur:

Et forsvar for kvindens rettigheder. Af Mary Wollstonecraft. Forord af Tania Ørum, oversat og kommenteret af Claus Bratt Østergaard (Informations Forlag, 2012, 320 sider)
Anmeldelse:
En hyæne i skørter. Af Bjarne Nielsen (Arbejderen.dk, 7. marts 2013)

Mary og revolutionen: en historisk collage om Mary Wollstonecraft, forfatteren til ‘Et forsvar for kvindernes rettigheder’. Af Toni Liversage (Gyldendal, 1974, 127 sider)

Se også:

‘Feminism in the radical and early socialist movement’. Chapter 8 in Sheila Rowbotham: Hidden from History: 300 years of women’s oppression and the fight against it (Pluto Press, 1975; online at Marxists Internet Archive)

Se også på Socialistisk Bibliotek:

Linkboxen: Oplysningstiden / The Enlightenment


 

26. oktober 1759

Den franske revolutionsleder Georges Danton fødes i Arcis-sur-Aube, nordøstlige Frankrig (henrettes ved guillotinen 5. april 1794 i Paris)

Georges Danton (1759-1794). Engraving from 1849 by unknown artist. Public Domain.
Georges Danton (1759-1794). Engraving from 1849 by unknown artist. Public Domain. Source: Wikimedia Commons.

Se:

Danton’s Death at the National Theatre. By Ann Talbot (World Socialist Web Site, 2 September 2010). “A review of Danton’s Death by Georg Büchner in a new version by Howard Brenton at the National Theatre in London, directed by Michael Grandage.”

Danton. By Sasha Simic (Socialist Review, Issue 339, September 2009). Review of David Lawday’s /Danton: The Gentle Giant of Terror (Jonathan Cape, 2009, 294 p.). “The weakness of David Lawday’s biography is that he gives us a sanitised Danton, and detests Maximilien Robespierre.” See also review by Hilary Mantel: He roared (London Review of Books, Vol.31, No.15, 6 August 2009). “Lawday writes as if Robespierre, by contrast, was in possession all along of an unshakeable plan, which included the destruction of Danton. He sets up the Danton/Robespierre contest early in the book.”

The big picture: Danton. By Paul McGarr (Socialist Review, Issue 212, October 1997). “Polish director Andrej Wajda’s film Danton (1983) is a masterpiece, albeit a flawed one.”

The trials of Danton. By Chris Harman (Socialist Worker Review, No.90, September 1986). “On the portrayal of Danton in film and drama.”

Se også:


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