Pro-Segregationists with Quote from Supreme Court Decision on Integration demonstrating for segregation september 1957 in Little Rock. Central High School Visitors Center - Little Rock - Arkansas - USA. Photo of picture taken on May 16, 2012 by Adam Jones. (CC BY-SA 2.0).
Pro-Segregationists with Quote from Supreme Court Decision on Integration demonstrating for segregation september 1957 in Little Rock. Central High School Visitors Center - Little Rock - Arkansas - USA. Photo of picture taken on May 16, 2012 by Adam Jones. (CC BY-SA 2.0). Source: flickr.com See september 25, 1957 below.

Socialistisk Biblioteks Tidslinje med links til begivenheder og personer i 1957.


Se også Index over personer, organisationer/partier og værker (som bøger, malerier, mm.), steder, begivenheder, mv., der er omtalt på hele Tidslinjen, titler og indhold på emnelisterne osv.

 

10. februar 1957

Sammenslutningen af 10. februar til dannelse af Danmarks socialistiske Parti (Venstresocialisterne), DSP, stiftes.

Leksika:

Litteratur:


 

25. marts 1957

Traktaten om Det Europæiske Økonomiske Fællesskab underskrives i Rom (Romtraktaten), senere Traktaten om oprettelse af Det Europæiske Fællesskab.

Se:

Se også:

Den Europæiske Union (EU) (Leksikon.org)


 

5. september 1957

Forsiden af 1. udgave
Forsiden af 1. udgave

Den amerikanske forfatter Jack Kerouacs roman On the Road udgives (New York, Viking), romanen for den amerikanske “beat generation” og beatniks. (Dansk udgave: Vejene. Arena, 1960).

Leksika:

Artikler:

Se også:

Filmen On the Road

Biografaktuel 4. oktober 2012.
Walter Salles filmatisering af Jack Kerouacs klassiske bog fra 1957, On the Road, om den amerikanske ‘beat generation’ i 1950erne.

  • Biografer og data på Scope.dk
  • On the Road (film) (Wikipedia.org)
  • Vennerne og vejen. Af Jonas Varsted Kirkegaard (Information.dk, 3. oktober 2012)
  • On the Road: a generation in search of a new life. By Sian Ruddick (Socialist Worker, Issue 2322, 29 September 2012)
  • The Gatekeepers from Israel and a film version of Jack Kerouac’s On the Road. By Joanne Laurier (World Socialist Web Site, 4 April 2013)
  •  (2:53 min.) (YouTube.com)

 

25. september 1957

Nationalgarden og militæret bliver indsat for at gennemføre integrationspolitik på Central High School i Little Rock, Arkansas, da 9 farvede studenter, omgivet af mere end 1.000 soldater, skal gennemføre en undervisningsdag.

Soldiers from the 101st Airborne Division escort African-American students to Central High School in Little Rock in Sept. 1957, after the governor of Arkansas tried to enforce segregation. Photo courtesy National Archives. Operation Arkansas. Photo by The U.S. Army. (CC BY 2.0).
Soldiers from the 101st Airborne Division escort African-American students to Central High School in Little Rock in Sept. 1957, after the governor of Arkansas tried to enforce segregation. Photo courtesy National Archives. Operation Arkansas. Photo by The U.S. Army. (CC BY 2.0). Source: flickr.com
L. Alex Wilson, Reporter for the Tri-State Defender, Memphis, Attacked by a Crowd Near Central High School, Little Rock, Arkansas. 9-23-1957. Gelatin silver print (1931-1995) de Young Museum. Photo of photo by Will Counts taken on June 8, 2017 by rocor. (CC BY-NC 2.0).
L. Alex Wilson, Reporter for the Tri-State Defender, Memphis, Attacked by a Crowd Near Central High School, Little Rock, Arkansas. 9-23-1957. Gelatin silver print (1931-1995) de Young Museum. Photo of photo by Will Counts taken on June 8, 2017 by rocor. (CC BY-NC 2.0). Source: flickr.com

Se også på Socialistisk Bibliotek:

Linkboxen Black Power: Historie og personer


 

4. oktober 1957

Første satellit sendes i kredsløb omkring Jorden, den sovjetiske Sputnik I. Det såkaldte rumkapløb var i gang.

Se:

Sputnik 1 (Wikipedia.dk). Dansk leksikal artikel, med links til længere på fx engelsk og russisk.


 

19. oktober 1957

Vere Gordon Childe
Vere Gordon Childe. From: Tringham, Ruth (1983): Review: V. Gordon Childe 25 Years after: His Relevance for the Archaeology of the Eighties. In Journal of Field Archaeology 10 (1), pp. 85–100. Digitalised on March 9, 2011 by PB_Hausarbeiten. (CC BY 2.0). Source: flickr.com

Den austalske marxistiske arkæolog Vere Gordon Childe dør i New South Wales (født 14. april 1892 i Sydney).

Se:

Vere Gordon Childe and prehistory: a way of thinking, and much more. By Judy McVey (International Socialism, Issue 169, Winter 2021). Reeview of Terry Irving, The Fatal Lure of Politics: The Life and Thought of Vere Gordon Childe (Monash University Publishing, 2020, 424 p.). “Readers will be enthralled by Irving’s rich investigative research. He uncovers the life of one of the world’s most important intellectuals, who challenged archaeologists, historians and socialists …”

Gordon Childe and Marxist archaeology. By Neil Faulkner (International Socialism, Issue 116, Autumn 2007, p.81-105). [The books] Man Makes Himself and What Happened in History, though empirically and theoretically flawed, remain excellent and highly accessible introductions to prehistory and antiquity.”

No flag, no God and no country. By Phil Shannon (Green Left Weekly, Issue 181, 29 March 1995). Review of Peter Gathercole (ed.), Childe and Australia: Archeology, Politics and Ideas (University of Queensland Press, 1995). “Childe will be remembered for his strengths — his enduring Marxist-influenced contribution to pre-history, and the historical socialist benchmark of How Labor Governs, his critique of Labor in office.”

Back to our roots. By Chris Harman (Socialist Worker Review, Issue 143, June 1991). Review of Bruce G. Trigger, Gordon Childe: revolutions in archaeology + P.B. Hammond, Physical anthropology and archaeology, introductory readings: “… even if some of the material Gordon Childe used … is out of date, the Marxist approach to such questions is far from being antiquated nonsense.”


 

3. november 1957

Den radikale seksualforsker og psykoterapeut Wilhelm Reich dør i statsfængslet i Lewisburg, Pennsylvania, USA. Født i en landsby i Galizien, 24. marts 1897.

Psychiatrist Wilhelm Reich declared the existence of a universal healing and revitalizing force, called orgone, and created devices (the booth and breathing apparatus are pictured here) to capture and administer it. He was fined and eventually jailed in the 1950s. Healing Devices (FDA 138)The U.S. Food and Drug Administration.
Associate Warden’s Record Card for Wilhelm Reich, Lewisburg Federal Penitentiary, March 1957. From Svoboda, Antonin (2009). Wer Hat Angst vor Wilhelm Reich? (“Who’s Afraid of Wilhelm Reich?”) (1:34 hr), documentary, Austrian TV. Photo: Prison employee. Public Domain. Source: Wikimedia Commons.

Leksika:

  • Reich, Wilhelm. Af Erik Grønseth (Leksikon.org)
  • Reich, Wilhelm (Marxists Internet Archive; Encyclopedia of Marxism: Glossary of People). Scroll ned.
  • Wilhelm Reich (Wikipedia.org). Med mange links.
  • The Wilhelm Reich Museum (Wilhelm Reich Infant Trust). “To establish and preserve an accurate account of Reich’s life and the development of his work.”
  • Orgone energy (The Skeptic’s’ Dictionary). Med mange links, bl.a. FBI’s files.

Artikler på dansk:

Den seksuelle frigørelse begyndte allerede i 1930’erne. Af Bertel Nygaard (Videnskab.dk, 15. juni 2016). “‘Orgastisk potens’. Det var nøgleordet, da psykoanalytiker Wilhelm Reich i 1930 skrev programteksten til en kongres om seksualitet i Wien.”

Da fascismen blev bekæmpet med orgasmer. Af Ask Hansen (Information.dk, 22. august 2014). Interview med Lea Korsgaard om hendes bog: Orgasmeland: da den sexuelle revolution kom til Danmark (Gyldendal, 2014, 432 s.): “Glem alt om, at den seksuelle frigørelse begyndte i 1960’erne – ny bog føjer et kapitel til forståelsen af vores seksualhistorie.”

Offer på drømmenes slagmark. Af Lotte Folke Kaarsholm (Information.dk, 10. februar 2012). Om Christopher Turners bog: Adventures in the Orgasmatron: Wilhelm Reich and the Invention of Sex (Fourth Estate, 2011, 532 p.). See Christopher Turner: Wilhelm Reich: the man who invented free love (The Guardian, 8 July 2011).

Psychiatrist Wilhelm Reich declared the existence of a universal healing and revitalizing force, called orgone, and created devices (the booth and breathing apparatus are pictured here) to capture and administer it. He was fined and eventually jailed in the 1950s. Healing Devices (FDA 138)The U.S. Food and Drug Administration.
Psychiatrist Wilhelm Reich declared the existence of a universal healing and revitalizing force, called orgone, and created devices (the booth and breathing apparatus are pictured here) to capture and administer it. He was fined and eventually jailed in the 1950s. Photo: The U.S. Food and Drug Administration. Public Domain. Source: Wikimedia Commons.

Articles in English:

Creative genius or crazy scientist? – delusional or defamed? – paranoid or persecuted? By Bernd Nitzschke (Logos: a journal of modern society & culture, Vol.7, No.1, Winter 2008). “A biographical essay commemorating the fiftieth anniversary of the death of Wilhelm Reich.”

Marxism and Psychoanalysis: Notes on Wilhelm Reich’s life and works (In Defence of Marxism, 15 October 2004). “Alessandro D’Aloia looks at the rise and fall of Reich.”

The sexual politics of Wilhelm Reich (Socialist Standard, No.825, May 1973). “In his view, the restric­tions on sexual activity imposed through the father-dominated family structure produced people dependent on authority and incapable of independent thought and action.”

WR: World Revolution or Wishful Revisionism? By Tirril Harris (International Socialism, No.54, January 1973). “A young psychoanalyst very close to Sigmund Freud in the 1920s, Reich joined the Communist party in 1927.”

Wilhelm Reich and the sexual revolution (The Anarchist Library). “In her article, originally published in Now in 1945, Marie Louise Berneri reviews the pioneering work of Wilhelm Reich, focusing on Reich’s then recent publication, The Function of the Orgasm (1942).

Litteratur på dansk:

  • Fascismens massepsykologi. Af Wilhelm Reich (Rhodos, 1974, 487 sider)
  • Hvad er klassebevidsthed?. Af Wilhelm Reich (Rhodos, 1973, 141 sider)
  • Wilhelm Reich i Danmark, af Ellen Sierstad + Wilhelm Reich og orgonomien, af Ola Raknes (Rhodos, 1972, 218 sider)
  • Orgasmens funktion: den biologiske energis seksualøkonomiske grundproblemer. Af Wilhelm Reich (Rhodos, 1971, 391 sider)
  • Sexuel viden og kamp. Af Wilhelm Reich (Mondes Forlag, 1933, 47 sider)

Se også/See also:


 

24. november 1957

Den mexicanske maler Diego Rivera dør (født 8. december 1886, se denne).


 

20. december 1957

Engelske “singer-song writer and political activist” Billy Bragg fødes i London.

Se:



 

24. december 1957

Spanske forfatter Arturo Barea dør i England (født i Badajoz, Spanien, 1897), forfatter til erindringstrilogien om bl.a. Den Spanske Borgerkrig: Smedjen; Den blodige vej; Oprøret (da.: 1941-46).

Se:

Life and works of a Spanish rebel. By Luke Stobart (International Socialism, Issue 123, Summer 2009). Review of Michael Eaude, Triumph at Midnight of the Century: A Critical Biography of Arturo Barea (Sussex Academic Press, 2009)