1854tyendloven.jpg

Socialistisk Biblioteks Tidslinje med links til begivenheder og personer i 1854.


Se index over personer, organisationer/partier og værker (bøger, malerier, m.m.), der har en dato på Tidslinjen.



10. maj 1854

Tyendeloven gav tyende retsstilling, men fastslår at tyende står til rådighed for husbonden i døgnets 24 timer og kan straffes for ulydighed.

Links:

1854tyendloven.jpg
Illustration fra artiklen Tyendeloven (FOA)



2. september 1854

Anarkisten Hans Jæger fødes i Drammen, Norge (dør 8.2.1910 i Oslo)

Se:

Jæger, Hans Henrik (Leksikon.org).

Hans Jæger (Wikipedia.no)

Jæger, Hans (Foreningen Sorte Fane). Oversigt over tekster på dansk + links.

Hans Jæger, 1854-1910 (Anarchist Encyclopedia)

Jens Bjørneboe: Hans Jæger (Excerpts)

Litteratur:

Hans Jæger. Af J.J. Ipsen (Kbh., Woels Forlag, [1926], 82 sider).

Se også på Socialistisk Bibliotek:

1854hansJMunch.jpg

Edvard Munch: Hans Jæger (1889)


16. oktober 1854

Den ledende teoretiker i II. Internationale og socialdemokratierne før 1. Verdenskrig, Karl Kautsky fødes i Prag (dør 17.10.1938 i eksil i Amsterdam, Holland)

1857kaytskyTC.jpg Leksikalt mv.:

Artikler:

Karl Kautsky: “Renegat” og “krypto-revisionist – eller marxist? (pdf). Af Uffe Jacobsen (Arbejderhistorie, nr. 25, 1985, s. 3-29). “En oversigt samt nogle kommentarer til litteratur, der behandler Kautskys politisk-teoretiske udvikling”. Scroll ned.

Kautsky och Lenin (pdf). Av Lars T Lih (Marxistarkiv.se). Uddrag fra Lihs bok, Lenin Rediscovered (Haymarket Books, 2008, p.74-101). “Lih menar att Lenin var inspirerad av det tyska socialdemokratiska partiet och dess i Erfurt-program, liksom Karl Kautskys kommentarer till detsamma.”

Kautsky mot Lenin (pdf). Av Christer Lund (Zenit, nr.67, 1980; online på Marxistarkiv.se). “Debatten mellan Lenin och Kautsky markerade det vägskäl där reformismens och den revolutionära marxismens vägar skildes åt. Nu när vänstern börjat söka efter en ‘tredje väg’ är det kanske inte så underligt att man letar sig tillbaka till detta vägskäl …”

Karl Kautsky, Vägen till makt och den tyska socialdemokratin 1909: Bakgrund och polemik (pdf). Av Georg Fuelberth (Arkiv, nr.17, 1979; online på Marxistarkiv.se). Med link til bøger online på svensk: Den sociala revolutionen (1902/1906) + Vägen till makt (1909/1914).

In English:

Kautsky when he was a Marxist (Historicalmaterialism.org, February 2011, 32 p.; online at Internet Archive WayBackMachine). A collection of comments by Lenin compiled by Lars Lih.

Karl Kautsky: From pope to renegade. By Doug Enaa Greene (Links: International Journal of Socialist Renewal, October 25, 2018). “In the last few years, there has been a revival of interest in Kautsky’s politics in both academia and on the political left.”

Kautsky: the abyss beyond parliament (Marxist Left Review, No.14, Winter 2017). “Darren Roso contributes to debates about what kind of parties the revolutionary left needs and the role of Karl Kautsky, the leading theorist of the Second International before World War I.”

The enigma of Kautsky. By Marc Mulholland (Weekly Worker, Issue 1129, 3 November 2016). “[Karl Kautsky was] an original thinker, and in his life work he developed the system he had inherited.”

The roots of 1917: Kautsky, the state, and revolution in Imperial Russia. By Eric Blanc (Marxist Essays and Commentary, October 13, 2016). Also online in Weekly Worker (Issue 1128, October 27, 2016). På svensk: Rötterna till 1917 (pdf) (Marxistarkiv.se, 1. februar 2018). “This article reexamines the perspectives on the state and revolution advocated by the early Karl Kautsky and revolutionary social democrats across the Tsarist Empire.”

Party, class and Marxism: Did Kautsky advocate ‘Leninism’? By Eric Blair (Marxist Essays and Commentaries, May 24, 2016). “The article deserves a wide audience, as it clarifies the strategy of the early revolutionary Kautsky and because it insightfully challenges problematic political orientations that have become hegemonic among socialists today.”

A perfectly ordinary, highly instructive document (Weekly Worker, Issue 1087, 17 December 2015). “Lars T Lih introduces Zinoviev’s review of Kautsky’s 1909 book, Path to Power” + Grigorii Zinoviev’s review: Only one path to socialism (ibid.).

Lenin, Kautsky and the ‘new era of revolutions’. By Lars T Lih (Weekly Worker, Issue 895, December 22, 2011). “Lenin’s vision of world revolution at the turn of the 20th century was inspired by Karl Kautsky.”

Kautsky: From Erfurt to Charlottenburg (Weekly Worker, Issue 889, November 10, 2011). “Ben Lewis introduces Karl Kautsky’s ‘Guidelines for a socialist action programme’ + ‘Guidelines for a socialist action programme’ by Karl Kautsky (ibid.)

The book that didn’t bark (Weekly Worker, Issue 863, April 28, 2011). “Lars T Lih introduces excerpts from Karl Kautsky’s ‘Republic and social democracy in France'” + Karl Kautsky: Republic and social democracy in France, Part 1 (ibid.) + Part 2: Second Republic and the socialists (Issue 866, May 19, 2011) + Introduction: Same hymn sheet by Ben Lewis (ibid.) + Part 3: The Second Empire and the Paris Commune (Issue 867, May 26, 2011)

Supplement: Kautsky, Lenin and the ‘April theses’. By Lars T Lih (Weekly Worker, Issue 800, January 14, 2010) + Karl Kautsky: Prospects of the Russian Revolution (ibid.). “… introduced by Lars T Lih, who has been at the forefront of re-examining the complex relationship between these two widely misunderstood figures of the 20th century workers’ movement.”

VI Lenin and the influence of Kautsky. By Lars T Lih (Weekly Worker, Issue 783, September 3, 2009) + Lenin, Kautsky, and 1914 (Issue 784, September 10, 2009). “Lars T Lih discussed the relationship between two great Marxists.”

Lenin and Kautsky: The final chapter. By Lars T. Lih (Communist Students, January 22, 2009). “Lenin felt that Kautsky had changed, not himself. He saw no reason to abandon the outlook he had shared with Kautsky just at the time when, in his eyes, events had justified it completely.”

Karl Kautsky and Marxist historiography. By Paul Blackledge (Science & Society, Vol.70, No.3, July 2006, p.337-359). “While the power of Kautsky’s Marxism became muted after this period, the weaknesses of his later works should not be allowed to obscure the insights contained within his earlier work; insights that informed some of the best work of the next generation of Marxists.” Only abstract online.

Kautsky, Marxism and Leninism. By Paul Flewers (Revolutionary History, Vol.6, No.1, Winter 1995-96). Review of John Kautsky, Karl Kautsky: Marxism, Revolution and Democracy (Transaction Publishers, 1994)

The pope of Marxism. By Dave Stocking (Permanent Revolution, No.6, 1987). Review of Dick Geary, Karl Kautsky (Manchester University Press, 1987). “Dick Geary’s book belongs, at bottom to the school of those who see no fundamental contradictions in Kautsky’s development.”

Kautskyism. Part 2:1 in: What is the real Marxist tradition? By John Molyneux (International Socialism, Issue 20, Summer 1983). “The SPD officially committed itself to Marxism at its congress at Erfurt in 1891 when it adopted the Erfurt Programme drafted by the ‘Pope of Marxism’, Karl Kautsky.”

Karl Kautsky. By Leon Trotsky (New International, Vol.5, No.2, February 1939; online at Marxists Internet Archive). “We remember Kautsky as our former teacher to whom we once owed a good deal, but who separated himself from the proletarian revolution and from whom, consequently, we had to separate ourselves.”

1857kautskylederhosenIISG.jpg
Foto: Karl Kautsky in ‘Lederhosen’, 1904 … on a postcard written by his mother Minna Kautsky-Jaich to her daughter-in-law Luise Kautsky-Ronsperger. Sent from Vienna, August 1904. (BG A 7/208; International Institute of Social History, IISH, Amsterdam)

 

 

Litteratur:

‘Karl Kautsky: Ortodoks marxisme: teori og praksis’. Af Knud Knudsen. I: Socialdemokratiske tænkere. Red. Anders Dybdahl (Informations Forlag, 2014, s.66-82 + 314-15)



16. oktober 1854

Den engelske digter Oscar Wilde fødes som Oscar Fingal O’Flahertie Wills Wilde i Dublin, (dør 30. november 1900 i Paris).

1854oscarwilde_grave_Paris.jpg
Monumentet (af John Epstein) over Wildes grav på Père Lachaise-kirkegården i Paris er et kultsted med  blomster,, symbolske småting og pletterne på monumentet er aftryk af læbestiftskys!! Der er nu en glasmur omkring for at forhindre vandalisering, som fx fjernelse af kønsdele på Epsteins originale monument. (se mere på Wikipeida.org)

Se:

Den Wilde socialist. Af Martin B. Johansen (Socialistisk Revy, nr.3, april 1998)

The revolutionary ideas of Oscar Wilde. By James Granell (Irish Marxist Review, Vol.4, No.12, 2015)

The soul of Wilde under anti-humanism. By Richard Seymour (New Left Project, 31 January 2014)

Oscar Wilde, Edward Carpenter and the Socialist eros. By Christopher Brooke and Josephine Quinn (New Left Project, 27 January 2014)

A late Victorian utopia – Wilde’s Socialism in context. By James Thompson (New Left Project, 23 January 2014)

The soul of Man under … Anarchism? By Kristian Williams (New Politics, Vol.13, No.2, Whole No.50, Winter 2011)

The socialism of Oscar Wilde. By Kenny McEwan (Frontline, Vol.1, No.15, 2005)

The Oscar Wilde they never quote. By Stuart Munckton (Green Left Weekly, Issue 501, July 24, 2002)

Walk on the Wilde side. By Gareth Jenkins (Socialist Review, No.213, November 1997)

Oscar Wilde’s lasting significance. By David Walsh (World Socialist Web Site, 28 July 1997)

A man of some importance. By Colin Wilson (Socialist Review, No.186, May 1995, p.22-23). “… [he] was imprisoned 100 years … pilloried for his sexuality and lifestyle.”

Three Trials of Oscar Wilde (1895) (Famous Trails. By Douglas O. Linder)

Litteratur:

The Soul of Man Under Socialism. By Oscar Wilde (Verso, Blog, 27 November 2018). An excerpt from Oscar Wilde’s book: “Socialism won’t just improve the material conditions of society. It will also better the souls and creative impulses of everyone in it.”

Kapitalismen, socialismen og mennesket. Af Oscar Wilde (H. Hagerup, 1952, 80 sider). Ny udgave: Menneskets sjæl under socialismen (Informations Forlag, 2009, 78 sider)

Se for online-udgave:

Kapitalismen, socialismen & mennesket

The Soul of Man under Socialism (1891)

Se også:

Linkbox: Anarkisme vs. Marxisme (Socialistisk Bibliotek)


18. november 1854

1853petersen_nicolaj.jpg
Den danske socialist Nicolaj L. Petersen fødes. Er sammen med Gerson Trier venstreopposition i Socialdemokratiet før århundreskiftet, ekskluderet og stiftere af Det Revolutionære Socialistiske Arbejderparti 1890.

Se:

Arbejderne og den socialistiske videnskab. Af Nicolaj L. Petersen (Socialisten, nr.12, juni 1913, s.81-83; online på Marxisme Online). Artiklen er også trykt i Uffe Østergaard (red.): Den materialistiske historieopfattelse i Danmark før 1945 (Modtryk, 1973, s.202-203)

Pariserkommunen: Dens Aarsag og Følger. Af Nic. L. Petersen (Kbh., Eget Forlag, 1891, 31 sider; online på Marxisme Online). Pjecen er også trykt i Uffe Østergaard (red.): Den materialistiske historieopfattelse i Danmark før 1945 (Modtryk, 1973, s.141-171)

Se også:

Arbejderhistorisk Bladliste 1881-1890; Arbejderen : Socialistisk Ugeblad

Tidslinjen, 20. november 1890 m ekslutionen i Socialdemokratiet.


3. december 1854

The Eureka Stockade Miners Rebellion afsluttes af militærets erobring. Opstandens begyndelse regnes for 17. oktober 1854.

Se:


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