An illustration of the priest John Ball (
An illustration of the priest John Ball ("Jehã Balle") on a horse encouraging Wat Tyler's rebels ("Waultre le tieulier") of 1381, from a ca. 1470 manuscript of Jean Froissart's Chronicles in the British Library. There are two flags of England (St. George's cross flags) and two banners of the Plantagenet royal coat of arms of England (quarterly France ancient and England), and an implausible number of unmounted soldiers wearing full plate armour among the rebels. Artist: Unknown medieval artist illustrating Froissart's Chronicles in the last quarter of the 15th century, before 1483. Collection: Detail of British Library manuscript "Royal 18 E. I f.165v". Public Domain. Source: Wikimedia Commons.

Socialistisk Biblioteks Tidslinje med links til begivenheder og personer i 1381.


Se også Index over personer, organisationer/partier og værker (som bøger, malerier, mm.), steder, begivenheder, mv., der er omtalt på hele Tidslinjen, titler og indhold på emnelisterne osv.

 

12. juni 1381

Engelsk bondeopstand mod skattesystemet under ledelse af Wat Tyler, Jack Straw og præsten John Ball går mod London, angriber borgen Tower, men blir slået ned af kongemagt og adel den 15. juni.

Links:

Peasants’ Revolt (Denstoredanske.dk)

Bondeopprøret i England (Wikipedia.no). Norsk intro-artikel.

12. juni 1381 – Bondeoprør i England – mødet ved Blackheath (Arbejderen, 12. juni 2008). “Der hersker en stor disciplin blandt oprørerne. Da de trænger ind i London, går de kun efter de paladser, der huser de mest forhadte adelsmænd.”

Den engelske opstand 1381 : Fortolkning og dokumentation. Af Knud J. V. Jespersen (Historisk Tidsskrift, Bind 14, række 5, 1984: 2, side 177-97). With a summary. “… nogle hovedtendenser i udforskningen af den store engelske opstand, samt at knytte nogle kommentarer til det berettende kildemateriale …”

In English:

Peasants’ Revolt (Wikipedia.org)

The Peasants Revolt 1381 (Marxists Internet Archive: History Archive: British History: The Peasants Revolt). Incl. Chronicle of the Revolt, 1381 + Summary of the Revolt, its causes and significance.

England arise. By Martin Empson (Socialist Review, Issue 397, December 2014). Review of Juliet Barker, England Arise: The People, the King and the Great Revolt of 1381 (Little Brown, 2014)

On this day 10/6/1381: Rebels secure the principal towns of Essex and Kent and march on London during the “English Peasants’ Revolt” By Gareth Beynon (International Socialist Group, 10 June, 2013)

Peasant movements and political agency. By Dominic Alexander (Counterfire, 6 September 2009). “Was the Peasants Revolt of 1381 the result of organised political action or a spontaneous response to the hated poll tax?”

The peasants’ revolt shook England’s rulers. By Matthew Cookson (Socialist Worker, Issue 2167, 5 September 2009). “The 1381 poll tax riots are still inspiring struggles today.”

The English Peasants’ Revolt of 1381. By Kim Milone (The Loyola University Student Historical Journal, 1986-1987)

“This bright day of Summer”: The Peasants’ Revolt of 1381. By Paul Foot. (Socialist Workers Party, June 1981, 20 p.; online at Marxists Internet Archive). “First given as a talk in celebration of the 600th Anniversary of the Peasants’ Revolt at the Socialist Workers Party Rally in Skegness, Easter 1981.”

The Peasant’s Revolt (The Labour Monthly, Vol.20, No.12, December 1938; online at Marxists Internet Archive). Review of H. Fagan, Nine Days that Shook England (Gollancz, 1938; online at Marxists Internet Archive)

Let’s Kill All The Lawyers. “The first thing we do, let’s kill all the lawyers.” These famous words, uttered by a character in Shakespeare’s play Henry VI (Henry VI lived from 1421-1471), are spoken as a whimsical but deadly true strategy to eliminate impediments to a successful rebellion. Indeed, even by the 14th Century, lawyers had become important beacons of order in society – a status which soon brought mortal danger.

Litteratur:

William Morris: A Dream of John Ball (1888) (Marxists Internet Archive). Dansk udgave: Drømmen om John Ball (Sirius, 1962, 109 sider)

Illustration fra bogen:

Illustrates the couplet "When Adam delved and Eve span / Who was then the gentleman?" which had international popularity in several Germanic languages as an equalitarian slogan during the medieval period. Artwork from April 1888 by Edward Burne-Jones (1833–1898), British painter, for the first book edition of William Morris' A Dream of John Ball. Public Domain. Source: <a href="https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:William.Morris.John.Ball.jpg">Wikimedia Commons</a>.
Illustrates the couplet “When Adam delved and Eve span / Who was then the gentleman?” which had international popularity in several Germanic languages as an equalitarian slogan during the medieval period. Artwork from April 1888 by Edward Burne-Jones (1833–1898), British painter, for the first book edition of William Morris’ A Dream of John Ball. Public Domain. Source: Wikimedia Commons.

Se også:

Bondeoprør (Leksikon.org)

Se også på Socialistisk Bibliotek:

Tidslinjen: 25. maj 1358, om den franske opstand La Jacquerie.