An illustration of the priest John Ball (
An illustration of the priest John Ball ("Jehã Balle") on a horse encouraging Wat Tyler's rebels ("Waultre le tieulier") of 1381, from a ca. 1470 manuscript of Jean Froissart's Chronicles in the British Library. There are two flags of England (St. George's cross flags) and two banners of the Plantagenet royal coat of arms of England (quarterly France ancient and England), and an implausible number of unmounted soldiers wearing full plate armour among the rebels. Artist: Unknown medieval artist illustrating Froissart's Chronicles in the last quarter of the 15th century, before 1483. Collection: Detail of British Library manuscript "Royal 18 E. I f.165v". Public Domain. Source: Wikimedia Commons.

Socialistisk Biblioteks Tidslinje med links til begivenheder og personer i 1381.


Se også Index over personer, organisationer/partier og værker (som bøger, malerier, mm.), steder, begivenheder, mv., der er omtalt på hele Tidslinjen, titler og indhold på emnelisterne osv.

 

12. juni 1381

Engelsk bondeopstand mod skattesystemet under ledelse af Wat Tyler, Jack Straw og præsten John Ball går mod London, angriber borgen Tower, men blir slået ned af kongemagt og adel den 15. juni.

Links:

12. juni 1381 – Bondeoprør i England – mødet ved Blackheath (Arbejderen.dk, 12. juni 2008). “Der hersker en stor disciplin blandt oprørerne. Da de trænger ind i London, går de kun efter de paladser, der huser de mest forhadte adelsmænd.”

Den engelske opstand 1381: fortolkning og dokumentation. Af Knud J. V. Jespersen (Historisk Tidsskrift, bind 84, hæfte 2, 1984, s.177-97). “… nogle hovedtendenser i udforskningen af den store engelske opstand, samt at knytte nogle kommentarer til det berettende kildemateriale …”

In English:

The Peasants’ Revolt—when people fought corruption (Socialist Worker, Issue 2758, 5 June 2021). “In 1381 thousands of peasants stormed London and demanded change from the king. Nick Clark explains why the Peasants’ Revolt holds important lessons 640 years on.”

 

‘Kill all the Gentlemen’—tales of rural revolts (Socialist Worker, Issue 2603, 5 May 2018). Interview with Martin Empson about his book: ‘Kill All The Gentlemen’: Class struggle and change in the English countryside (Bookmarks Publisher, 2018, 320 p.). “In his new history of countryside struggles in England, Martin Empson shows how ordinary people have always fought for their rights—and what’s needed for them to win.”

England arise. By Martin Empson (Socialist Review, Issue 397, December 2014). Review of Juliet Barker, England Arise: The People, the King and the Great Revolt of 1381 (Little Brown, 2014, 528 p.). “It is a well written and thoroughly researched book which will stimulate further study of 1381 and its context, and should inspire a new generation of activists.”

On this day 10/6/1381 (International Socialist Group, 10 June 2013). “On this day in 1381 rebels took control of Essex and Kent during the peasants’ revolt. Gareth Beynon summarises the events.”

Peasant movements and political agency. By Dominic Alexander (Counterfire, 6 September 2009). “Was the Peasants Revolt of 1381 the result of organised political action or a spontaneous response to the hated poll tax?”

The peasants’ revolt shook England’s rulers. By Matthew Cookson (Socialist Worker, Issue 2167, 5 September 2009). “The 1381 poll tax riots are still inspiring struggles today.”

The English Peasants’ Revolt of 1381. By Kim Milone (The Loyola University Student Historical Journal, 1986-1987). “The Revolt may have failed in its immediate goals, but it served as a link in the quest of the poor for emancipation from servitude, controlled wages, and unfair taxes.”

“This bright day of Summer”: The Peasants’ Revolt of 1381. By Paul Foot (Socialist Workers Party, June 1981, 20 p.; online at Marxists Internet Archive). “First given as a talk in celebration of the 600th Anniversary of the Peasants’ Revolt at the Socialist Workers Party Rally in Skegness, Easter 1981.”

The Peasant’s Revolt (The Labour Monthly, Vol.20, No.12, December 1938; online at Marxists Internet Archive). Review of H. Fagan, Nine Days that Shook England (Gollancz, 1938; online at Marxists Internet Archive).

Let’s Kill All The Lawyers (Duhaime.org). “‘The first thing we do, let’s kill all the lawyers’. These famous words, uttered by a character in Shakespeare’s play Henry VI (Henry VI lived from 1421-1471), are spoken as a whimsical but deadly true strategy to eliminate impediments to a successful rebellion. Indeed, even by the 14th Century, lawyers had become important beacons of order in society – a status which soon brought mortal danger.”

Litteratur:

William Morris: A Dream of John Ball (1888) (Marxists Internet Archive). Dansk udgave: Drømmen om John Ball (Sirius, 1962, 109 sider)

Illustration fra bogen:

Illustrates the couplet "When Adam delved and Eve span / Who was then the gentleman?" which had international popularity in several Germanic languages as an equalitarian slogan during the medieval period. Artwork from April 1888 by Edward Burne-Jones (1833–1898), British painter, for the first book edition of William Morris' A Dream of John Ball. Public Domain. Source: <a href="https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:William.Morris.John.Ball.jpg">Wikimedia Commons</a>.
Illustrates the couplet “When Adam delved and Eve span / Who was then the gentleman?” which had international popularity in several Germanic languages as an equalitarian slogan during the medieval period. Artwork from April 1888 by Edward Burne-Jones (1833–1898), British painter, for the first book edition of William Morris’ A Dream of John Ball. Public Domain. Source: Wikimedia Commons.

Se også:

Bondeoprør (Leksikon.org)

Se også på Socialistisk Bibliotek:

Tidslinjen 25. maj 1358, om den franske opstand La Jacquerie.


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