Plakat udsedt af Justitsministeriets propagandakontor i 1940 for at minde folk om mørklægning. Author: Nationalmuseet - National Museum of Denmark from Denmark. (CC BY-SA 2.0).
Plakat udsedt af Justitsministeriets propagandakontor i 1940 for at minde folk om mørklægning. Author: Nationalmuseet - National Museum of Denmark from Denmark. (CC BY-SA 2.0). Source: Wikimedia Commons.

Socialistisk Biblioteks Tidslinje med links til begivenheder og personer i 1940.


Se også Index over personer, organisationer/partier og værker (som bøger, malerier, mm.), steder, begivenheder, mv., der er omtalt på hele Tidslinjen, titler og indhold på emnelisterne osv.

 

Bladliste

Nye blade i 1940:

  • Kultur og Politik. Udg. af gruppen: Kultur og politik. Red. Georg Moltved (ansv.), mfl.
  • Ugens Ekko. Udg. af Arbejderblade. Red. Martin Nielsen.
  • Arbejderpolitik.  Udgivet af en gruppe trotzkister, D.s.U.’ere mfl. Første illegale socialistiske tidsskrift.

Se også:

Arbejderhistorisk Bladliste, under året 1940


 

4. marts 1940

Forfatteren, feministen og den kristne socialist Bente Hansen fødes i Kolding. Redaktør af bl.a. tidsskriftet Politisk Revy og dagbladet Information.

Se:

Litteratur:

Bøger (Bentehansen.info)

Slagsmål og diskussioner – livet omkring Politisk Revy (Modkraft.dk, 6. juni 2014). Uddrag af Bente Hansen: Historien findes: erindringer (Gyldendal, 2014, 256 sider). Se også anmeldelse: En klog kvindes erindringer (Arbejderen.dk, 26. februar 2015).

Femø år 1 (KVINFO, 19. september 2004). Uddrag af Bente Hansen: En køn historie: erindringer fra kvindebevægelsen (Lindhardt & Ringhof, 2004, 324 sider)

 


 

16. marts 1940

Den italienske instruktør Bernardo Bertolucci fødes i Parma. Død 26. november 2018 i Rom.

Instruktør til bla. filmene Medløberen (1970), 1900 (1976, “en socalistisk Borte med blæsten“, if. instruktøren selv), Oscar-vindende Den sidste kejser (1987) og The Dreamers (2003) med oprøret 1968 i Paris som ramme.

Se:

Filminstruktøren Bernardo Bertolucci: Det var storslået kino (Autonom Infoservice, 28. november 2018)

The death of a class. By Luca Peretti (Jacobin, 5 December 2018). “Italy’s illustrious Marxist filmmaker Bernardo Bertolucci died last week. His films explored the death of the bourgeoisie; his legacy points us to the death of the chauvinist male auteur.”

Italian filmmaker Bernardo Bertolucci dies at 77. By Richard Phillips and David Walsh (World Socialist Web Site, 28 November 2018). “Bertolucci will be remembered for valuable films he directed in the 1960s and 1970s … As the analysis below reveals, Bertolucci subsequently suffered a precipitous artistic and intellectual decline … We are re-posting below Richard Phillips’ analysis of Bertolucci’s life and career that appeared on the WSWS in August 2012.

Bernardo Bertolucci obituary. By Ronald Bergan (The Guardian, 26 November 2018). “Film director acclaimed for Last Tango in Paris and the Oscar-winning The Last Emperor.”

Bernardo Bertolucci: the brilliant last emperor of highbrow cinema. By Peter Bradshaw (The Guardian, 26 November 2018). “He was one of the giants of European cinema, a thrilling anti-fascist combatant of postwar culture, a liberation theologian of the movies who strove to understand the competing demands of radical Catholicism and Marxism on the left.”

Italian filmmaker Bernardo Bertolucci: the fate of a member of the artistic ‘generation of 1968’. By David Walsh (World Socialist Web Site, 19 February 2004). “Italian filmmaker Bernardo Bertolucci’s latest film The Dreamers is really a terribly poor work—at times, almost embarrassing.”

Scene fra filmen 1900. (YouTube.com, 3:46 min.)  Kvindernes kamp-sang kende på dansk som “Selv om vi er kvinder” … indspillet af bla. Trille (hør en udgave på YouTube.com).


 

9. april 1940

Tyske tropper besætter Danmark og Norge.
Se:

  • Emnelisten Besættelsen 1940-1945, især afsnittet: Begivenheder 1940-45 (Socialistisk Bibliotek). Emneliste med artikler om Besættelselsestiden’s vigtigste begivenheder og datoer, 9. april 1940 – 5. maj 1945, og lidt om eftertiden.

 

14. maj 1940

Anarkisten Emma Goldman dør i Toronto, Canada (født 27. juni 1869).

Se på Socialistisk Bibliotek:

Personlisten: Emma Goldman (1869-1940)


 

31. maj 19401940_dyveke.jpg

På teatret Riddersalen har Kjeld Abell, Poul Henningsen og Kai Norman Andersen’s revy Dyveke premiere. Skuespilleren Liva Weel synger her bl.a. tangoen: Man binder os paa Mund og Haand.

Man binder os på mund, med indledning af PH (YouTube.com, 4:18 min.)

Litteratur:

  • Abell, Kjeld: Dyveke: Revykomedie i to akter af Kjeld Abel med viser af Poul Henningsen (Gyldendals Julebog 1967, 99 s.)
  • Henningsen, Poul: Alvorlig sjov (Stig Vendelkærs forlag, 1953, 103 s.)

Se også:

  • Tom Vilmer Paamand: Nyfundet vers til PH-sang: “Den oprindelige version af ‘Man binder os på hånd og mund’ er dukket op – med endnu mere krigsmodstand.” (Fred.dk)
  • Outlandish: Man binder os på mund og hånd (YouTube.com, 3:58). Illustreret med Palæstina-billeder!
  • Dyveke (Det Kongelige Bibliotek)

 

21. august 1940

Lev Trotskij dør i Mexico i  Coyoacán, en forstad til Mexico Ciry, dødelig såret af den stalinistiske agent Ramon Mercader med en isøkse dagen før.

The Grave of Leon Trotsky in Coyoácan, Mexico City. Photo taken 6 March 2008 by Gunther Schenk. (CC BY-SA 3.0).
The Grave of Leon Trotsky in Coyoácan, Mexico City. Photo taken 6 March 2008 by Gunther Schenk. (CC BY-SA 3.0). Source: Wikimedia Commons.

Artikler/Articles:

Trotskij var min morfar (Socialistisk Information, 30. november 2017). “Estaban Volkov var 13 år gammel, da mordere forsøgte at myrde ham, fordi hans morfar var Leon Trotskij. Nu er han 91 år og holder mindet om Trotskij i live på et museum i Mexico City.”

Barnebarn taler ud om mordet på Trotskij (Avisen.dk, 7.11.2007). “Trotskijs barnebarn, den nu 80-årige Esteban Volkov, fortæller historien til Avisen.dk.”

Ramón Mercader (Wikipedia.org)

Mordet på Trotskij för 75 år sedan (pdf) (Marxistarkiv.se, 22. august 2015, 17 p.). “Vänsterpress om mordet på Trotskij.”

Seventy-five years since the assassination of Leon Trotsky. By David North (World Socialist Web Site, 30 September 2015)

70th Anniversary of the assassination of Leon Trotsky (In Defence of Marxism, 20 August 2010; online at Internet Archive). Articles 1988-2003.

The assassination of Leon Trotsky (League for the Fifth International, 20/08/2010). “Simon Hardy records how Stalin and his gangsters brought this about.”

The mind of an assassin. By Peter Sedgwick (New Left Review, No.6, November-December 1960). Review of Isaac Don Levine, The Mind Of An Assassin (Weidenfeld & Nicholson, 1960)

Murder in Mexico. Chapter 8 in Hugo Dewar: Assassins at Large:
Being a fully documented and hitherto unpublished account of the executions outside Russia ordered by the GPU
(London, Wingate, 1951; online at Marxists Internet Archive)

A fictionized version of Trotsky’s murder. By Alfred Rosmer (Fourth International, Vol.10, No.3, March 1949). About Leandro A. Sanchez Salazar and Julian Gorkin, Asi Mataron a Trotsky (How They Murdered Trotsky) (1948)

How it happened. By Natalia Sedova Trotsky (Fourth International, Vol.2, No.4, May 1941)

The murder of Leon Trotsky (1-2) (Labor Action, Vol.4, No.23, 16 September 1940 + Vol.4, No.24, 23 September 1940). “Max Shachtman will lay bare the motives of the murder which was the work of Stalin and his nefarious GPU.”

With Trotsky to the end. By Joseph Hansen (Fourth International, Vol.1, No.5, October 1940)

Lev Davidovich. By Karl Mayer [Jean van Heijenoort, Trotsky’s secretary and bodyguard 1932-39] (Fourth International, Vol.II, No.7, August 1941, p.207–209). See Biography at  Marxists Internet Archive + writings: Jan van Heijenoort Archive.

To the memory of the old man (Trotsky obituary). By James P. Cannon (Socialist Appeal, September 7, 1940). Speech delivered to the Leon Trotsky Memorial Meeting in New York City on August 28, 1940.

Trotsky in Coyoacán – A Bibliography. By Wolfgang and Petra Lubitz (Lubitz’ TrotskyanaNet). Bibliographical compilation of literature about Trotsky’s final exile years in Mexico, his assassination, and about the Museo Casa de León Trotsky (Coyoacán, México). Section: Trotsky Museum.

Video:

Bøger/Books (med anmeldelser/reviews):

Mordet på Trotskij i ny litteratur (pdf). Av Bertrand M. Patenaude (Marxistarkiv.se, 6. november 2014)

Manden der elskede hunde. Af Leonardo Padura (Forlaget Sohn, 2011, 780 s.)
Anmeldelser mv.:
Mordet på Trotskij som historisk roman. Af Svend Vestergaard Jensen (Socialistisk Information, 1. januar 2012)
”Mit svar er ja”. Af Jakob L. Krogh (Socialistisk Arbejderavis, nr.315, 9. december 2011)
Cubansk stjerneforfatter laver omhyggelig skildring af politisk kynisme. Af Marie Tetzlaff (Politiken.dk, 17. november 2011)
Interview med Padura. Af Marie Frederiksen og Jonas Foldager (Revolution, 13. oktober 2011)
Anmeldelse af Andreas Bülow (Revolution, 30. maj 2011)
Vad kan vi lära av Paduras Mannen som älskade hundar? (pdf). Av Martin Fahlgren (Marxistsarkiv.se, 23. marts 2015). Med en række links.

Stalin’s Nemesis: The Exile and Murder of Leon Trotsky. By Bertrand M. Patenaude (Faber & Faber, 2010, 472 p.)
Reviews:
Trotsky’s last days. By Joe Allen (SocialistWorker.org, December 9, 2010)
The assassination of Leon Trotsky. By Alex Miller (Green Left Weekly, Issue 821, 9 December 2009)
Trotsky’s last years and assassination. By Keith Harvey (Permanent Revolution, Issue 14, Autumn 2009)
Leon Trotsky and the annihilation of classical Marxism. By Paul Hampton (Workers Liberty, 18 September 2009)
Review by Niall Mulholland (The Socialist, 7 July 2009)
Review by Andrew Stone (Socialist Review, Issue 337, June 2009)

Se også:

Trotsky’s last year. Part 1-6. By David North (World Socialist Web Site, 20 August – 8 September 2020). “An appraisal, on the occasion of the eightieth anniversary of Trotsky’s assassination, of the work of the great theoretician and strategist of World Socialist Revolution during the final year of his life.”

Se også på Socialistisk Bibliotek

  • Tidslinjen 7. november 1879 om Trotskij’s liv og biografier.
  • Tidslinjen september 1906 om Trotskij og den permanente revolution.
  • Tidslinjen 18. juni 1935 om Trotskijs ophold i Norge.
  • Tidslinjen 10. april 1937 om Dewey-høringerne af Trotskij (anti-Moskva-processerne).
  • Tidslinjen 3. september 1938 om dannelsen af 4. Internationale.

+ Video: Trotsky, Kahlo and Rivera (Louis Proyect: The Unrepentant Marxist, July 18, 2012, 1:54 min.)


 

9. oktober 1940

John Lennon fødes i Liverpool. (Myrdes i New York, 9. december 1980)
(“A working class hero is something to be”).

Se:

Lennon: Al magt til folket (Modkraft.dk/Kontradoxa, 8. oktober 2010). “… i 1971 lod Lennon og Yoko Ono sig interviewe af de to studenteraktivister Tariq Ali og Robin Blackburn, der udfrittede især Lennon om hans holdning til en række af venstrefløjens datidige mærkesager.”

Karaktermord på Beatles. Af Kim Ingemann (Modkraft.dk/Kontradoxa, 11. juni 2010). “Cepos-direktør Martin Ågerup og andre borgerlige vil gerne inkluderes i historien om 60’ernes ungdomsoprør. Derfor har Ågerup blandt andet foretaget en »liberal« tolkning af The Beatles.”

In English

  • John Lennon (Wikipedia.org). Marked as outstanding article/markeret som fremragende engelsk artikel.

John Lennon remembered. By Talat Ahmed (Socialist Review, Issue 464, January 2021). “John Lennon died on 8 December 1980 and would have been 80 this year … His songs inspired dreamers and lovers to imagine a better world. The best tribute to his life is to fight for it.”

Tariq Ali on John Lennon and Mick Jagger (Jacobin, December 12, 2020). “Tariq Ali, the legendary leftist writer, editor, and filmmaker, recalls his time with John Lennon and Mick Jagger at the height of the 1960s upheavals.”

John Lennon and the politics of the New Left. By Jon Wiener (Jacobin, December 12, 2020). “Forty years after his murder in New York City, we remember John Lennon’s record of political engagement as a champion of the anti-war movement and a self-styled “instinctive socialist” — which brought him into conflict with Richard Nixon and J. Edgar Hoover.

Re-Imagining Lennon. By Alexander Billet (SocialistWorker.org, December 10, 2010). “How the musician was radicalized by the social movements of his day.”

It was forty years ago today (Socialism Today, Issue 132, October 2009). “As the latest bout of Beatlemania subsides, Greg Maughan looks at the enduring appeal of John Lennon, the most iconic member of the ‘Fab Four’.”

John Lennon 1940-1980 (Democracy Now, December 8, 2005). “History Professor Jon Wiener discusses Lennon’s politics, FBI files and why Nixon sought to deport him.”

John Lennon’s legacy (The Nation, 12/07/2006). “Thirty years after the singer’s death, Jon Wiener asks: how did John Lennon make the transition from pop icon to political figure?”

The lost John Lennon interview. By Tariq Ali and Robin Blackburn (CounterPunch, December 8, 2005). “The interview ran in The Red Mole 1971, a Trotskyist sheet put out by the British arm of the Fourth International.” I svensk oversættelse i Rødt! (nr.3, 2009) + dansk oversættelse på Modkraft.dk: John Lennon: Al magt til folket (8. oktober 2010)

‘Imagine’ by John Lennon (World Socialist Movement, 13/8/2006). “‘Imagine’, the song, was unquestionably Lennon’s finest moment.”

John Lennon vs. his celebrators. By Joanne Laurier (World Socialist Web Site, 7 October 2006). “The U.S. vs. John Lennon, a documentary written and directed by David Leaf and John Scheinfeld, recounts the efforts of the Nixon administration to deport the rock legend …” See also review by Alan Maass: John Lennon’s revolution (Socialist Worker, Issue 604, October 6, 2006)

Power to the people (Socialist Review, Issue 302, December 2005). “Matthew Cookson uncovers John Lennon’s radical past 25 years after his death.”

The wanderings of a Zen Marxist. By Phil Shannon (Green Left Weekly, Issue 182, 5/4/1995). Review of Jon Weiner, Come Together: John Lennon in his Time (Faber and Faber, 1995)

Lennonism. By David Widgery (London Review of Books, 1985). Review of Ray Coleman, John Winston Lennon, vols. I & II; and Yoko Ono, John Lennon, Summer of 1980.

Se også på Socialistisk Bibliotek:

  • Tidslinjen: 1. juni 1967, Beatles-album “Sgt Pepper’s Lonely Heart Club Band” and links on Beatles in general/og mere generelle links om The Beatles.

 

15. oktober 1940

Charlie Chaplins film The Great Dictator har premiere. Dansk premiere (Diktatoren) 1. december 1947.

Se:

Se også på Socialistisk Bibliotek:


 

22. oktober 1940

Tyske blitz over London udbomber også herresædet Holland House i Kensington, hvis udbombede bibliotek blev fotograferet (under besøg af opkøbere i 1944).

Se:

Se billedet:

Holland House, Lord Ilchester's historic 17th. Century house, has been damaged during the recent air raids on London. An oil bomb started a fire on one of the towers and a 'Molotoff breadbasket' and a shower of incendiaries fell on the building. Firemen saved the east wing from complete destruction, but the rest of the house is a shell. Holland House, just off Kensington High-street, was London's great Whig salon in the 18th century and the home of Charles James Fox, and also earlier, of Joseph Addison, founder of the Spectator. Photo shows - The famous library containing a number of valuable and historical books was completely wrecked. The spectacle of the three men shown inspecting books in the library was likely staged for propaganda purposes. 23 October 1940. Photo: Harrison for Fox Photos Limited. Public Domain.
Holland House, Lord Ilchester’s historic 17th. Century house, has been damaged during the recent air raids on London. An oil bomb started a fire on one of the towers and a ‘Molotoff breadbasket’ and a shower of incendiaries fell on the building. Firemen saved the east wing from complete destruction, but the rest of the house is a shell. Holland House, just off Kensington High-street, was London’s great Whig salon in the 18th century and the home of Charles James Fox, and also earlier, of Joseph Addison, founder of the Spectator. Photo shows – The famous library containing a number of valuable and historical books was completely wrecked. The spectacle of the three men shown inspecting books in the library was likely staged for propaganda purposes. 23 October 1940. Photo: Harrison for Fox Photos Limited. Public Domain. Source: Wikimedia Commons.

 

12. november 1940

Arne Munch-Petersens brev til Stalin på foto af sig selv.
Arne Munch-Petersens brev til Stalin på foto af sig selv.

Den danske kommunist, stalinist og fhv. folketingsmedlem for DKP Arne Munch-Petersen dør af tuberkulose i Butyrka-fængslets hospital.

Se:

  • Munch-Petersen, Arne. Af Ole Sohn (Leksikon.org)
  • Odysseus. Det Kgl. Teaters omtale af operaen: Essay: Hvor var du? af Ole Sohn. Indeholder bl.a. enkens brev til Munch-Petersen (online på Internet Archive WayBackMachine). Scroll ned.
  • Den højeste straf. Det Danske Filminstitut. Grundoplysninger til Tomas Gislasons dokumentarfilm (2000).

Den højeste straf (Dokumentarfilm instr. af Tomas Gislason, 2000, 90 min.; online på Filmcentralen.dk). “En konkret rejse med Ole Sohn på detektivarbejde i de russiske arkiver, en historisk rejse tilbage til 30’ernes stalinistiske terrorregime, hvor tusindvis af mennesker forsvandt.”

Litteratur:

  • Ole Sohn: Fra Folketinget til celle 290 Arne Munch-Petersens skæbne (Forlaget Vindrose, 1992, 300 sider). Anmeldelse af Morten Thing: Mørke midt i sjælen (pdf) (Den Røde Tråd, 18. oktober 1992; online på RUC)
  • Tage Revsgård Andersen: “Sovjet beklager Munch-Petersens død” (Eget forlag, [1990], 23 sider)
  • Dokumenter vedrørende Arne Munch-Petersen og Claus Rasmus Jensen. Udg. af Tage Revsgård Andersen (Eget Forlag, 2004). Dokumenter og avisartikler samlet af Elna Hjorth Lorentzen.

 

19. december 1940

Den amerikanske folkesanger Philip David (Phil) Ochs fødes i El Paso, Texas, USA. (Dør 4.9.1976).

Phil Ochs. 26 May 1977. Photo: Kenneth Tash. (CC BY-SA 4.0).
Phil Ochs. 26 May 1977. Photo: Kenneth Tash. (CC BY-SA 4.0). Source: Wikimedia Commons.

 

Se:


 

27. december 1940

Den amerikanske venstrefløjsaktivist og kritiske skribent om race/klasse, historiker Noel Ignatiev fødes i Philidelphia, USA. Dør i Tucson, Texas, 9. november 2019, se denne dato.


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