"Her Imperial Majesty was Pleased to Smile very Graciously upon Me." Illustration from the Gutenberg Project Gulliver's Travels To remote regions of the world written by Jonathan Swift, d.d. and published by D.C. Heath & Co, 1900, and edited by Thomas M. Balliet with thirty-eight illustrations and a map, 1900. Public Domain. Source: Wikimedia Commons.

Socialistisk Biblioteks Tidslinje med links til begivenheder og personer i 1667.


Se også Index over personer, organisationer/partier og værker (som bøger, malerier, mm.), steder, begivenheder, mv., der er omtalt på hele Tidslinjen, titler og indhold på emnelisterne osv.

 

16. november 1667

Den irske skribent, samfundssatiriker m.m. Jonathan Swift fødes i Dublin. (Dør samme sted 19. oktober 1745). Ud over at skrive essays og pamfletter var Swift gejstlig og blev 1713 dekan ved St. Patrick i Dublin.
Som samfundssatiriker skrev han dels under pseudonymer og kritik gennem utopiske samfundsbeskrivelser i form af rejsebeskrivelser. Således hans hovedværk Gulliver’s Travels (1726) (på dansk: første del i 1768).

Travels Into Several Remote Nations of the World, London 1667. Title page of first edition of Gulliver's Travels by Jonathan Swift. Public Domain.
Travels Into Several Remote Nations of the World, London 1667. Title page of first edition of Gulliver’s Travels by Jonathan Swift. Public Domain. Source: Wikimedia Commons.

Se:

Online faksimilie-udgave: Gulliver’s Travels = Travels Into Remote Nations of the World (pdf). By Lemuel Gulliver (26 October 1726, 287 pages.)

Gullivers rejser (Klim, 2017, 383 sider). “Dette er den uforkortede udgave af ‘Gullivers rejser’, som bærer den fulde titel: ‘Rejser til adskillige af verdens fjerne nationer. I fire dele’. Af Lemuel Gulliver, først kirurg, så kaptajn på adskillige skibe’.” Se oversætter  Hans-Jørgen Birkmose: Jonathan Swifts latter: en meget kort introduktion til Jonathan Swift (Baggrund, 29. november 2017)

Artikler:

Politlitics vs. Literature: an examination of Gulliver’s Travels. By George Orwell (Polemic, No.5, September/October 1946; online at Orwell.ru). “Swift did not possess ordinary wisdom, but he did possess a terrible intensity of vision, capable of picking out a single hidden truth and then magnifying it and distorting it.”

Jonathan Swift and A Tale of a Tub. By Anatoly Lunacharsky (On Literature and Art, 1930; online at Marxists Internet Archive). “This is what Swift wrote about himself: ‘I do not wish to entertain, but to irritate and insult people’.”

The political economy of Swift’s satires and other prose works. By Renee Prendergast  (Oeconomia, Vol.4, No.2, 2014, p.593-619). “Jonathan Swift wrote perceptively about the emerging commercial society in Britain in the early eighteenth century. His particular  focus was on the financial revolution and its implications for economic and political stability as well as for shifts of power between the landed and commercial classes…”

Utopias, past and present:why Thomas More remains astonishingly radical. By Terry Eagleton (The Guardian, 16 October 2015).
With critic of other utopians, such as Jonathan Swift, Daniel Defoe + Charles Fourier.
“… Swift’s Gulliver’s Travels is one (..) rightwing polemic. Tories like Swift, who regard human beings as feeble and corrupt, fear that nothing but chaos and confusion can result from the grandiose schemes of the progressivists. If men and women are encouraged to hope unrealistically, they can only end up damaged and disenchanted… alien creatures from distant lands are shown to be depressingly like ourselves. The natives of Lilliput are petty, vicious, quarrelsome and sectarian. When the hero finally encounters a race of noble-minded creatures, they turn out to be horses.”

(dansk udgave 27. februar 2016,: Sande utopister er kritikere – ikke profeter. Af Terry Eagleton (Information/Moderne Tider, 27. februar 2016, side 8-10). Med kritik af andre utopister som Jonathan Swift, Charles Fourier + Daniel Defoe. – Artiklen er p.t. ikke online, men er på engelsk.
See also: The 100 best novels, No 3 .. – Gulliver’s Travels by Jonathan Swift (1726). By Robert McCrum. The Guardian, 6 oct 2013)

Gulliver tied up by the Lilliputians, from Gulliver's Travels: Coloured Picture Book for the Nursery, Thomas Nelson and Sons, London, Edinburgh, New York, 1883. Illustrator: Unknown. Public Domain.
Gulliver tied up by the Lilliputians, from Gulliver’s Travels: Coloured Picture Book for the Nursery, Thomas Nelson and Sons, London, Edinburgh, New York, 1883. Illustrator: Unknown. Public Domain. Source: Wikimedia Commons.

Se også:

Film:

Gullivers Travels film fra 1939

Som tegnefilm findes den bl.a. i udgave fra 1939 fra Paramount Pictures: Gulliver’s Travels: In Technicolor (YouTube, 73 min.)

Gulliver’s Travels (film) (Wikipedia.org). Artikel med andre referencer om filmen.

En “russisk udgave”: The new Gulliver 1935 Novyj Gulliver (YouTube, 73 min.)

Om filmen: The New Gulliver (Wikipedia.org)

Se også på Socialistisk Bibliotek:

Tidslinjen: April-maj 1720, om Swift som samfundskritisk/-satirisk skribent:

Linkboxen: Oplysningstiden / The Enlightenment


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