Mahatma Gandhi with Lord and Lady Mountbatten, 1947. Se om Indiens selvstændighed 15. august 1947 nedenfor (kilde: http://theconversation.com/how-the-partition-of-india-happened-and-why-its-effects-are-still-felt-today-81766)


Socialistisk Biblioteks Tidslinje med links til begivenheder og personer i 1947.


Se også Index over personer, organisationer/partier og værker (som bøger, malerier, mm.), steder, begivenheder, mv., der er omtalt på hele Tidslinjen, titler og indhold på emnelisterne osv.


8. januar 1947

Den britiske rocksanger og skuespiller David Bowie fødes i Brixton, London (dør på Manhattan i New York, USA, 10. januar 2016, se denne)



27. januar 1947

Den svenske sanger Björn Afzelius fødes i Huskvarna, Småland (dør 16.2.1999 i Göteborg).
bjorn.jpg

Se:


Litteratur:
Engang i Havanna: roman. Af Björn Afzelius (Per Kofod, 1993, 334 sider).


30. januar 1947

Den irske arbejderleder James Larkin (National Union of Dock Labourers) dør. (Født 21.1.1876). Strejkeleder under Belfast-strejken 1907 og Dublin-strejken 1913 (se links nedenfor).

(Photo: Jim James Larkin statue sculpture by Oisin Kelly in Oconnell Street, Dublin).1947larkinstatue.jpg
Links:

The Great Agitator. By James T. Farrell (Jacobin: Reason in Revolt, 30 January 2017). “James Larkin, hero of the 1913 Dublin Lockout, died seventy years ago today.”

Militant Dubliners. By Kieran Allen (International Socialism, Issue 106, Spring 2005). Review of John Newsinger, Rebel City: Larkin, Connolly and the Dublin Labour Movement (Merlin Press, 2004, 182 p.). “The tradition of Larkinism””as militant syndicalism came to be known””is also dismissed by Irish union leaders today.”

Jim Larkin, Syndicalism and the 1913 Dublin Lockout. By John Newsinger (International Socialism, Issue 25, Autumn 1984, p.3–36; online at Marxists Internet Archive). “Larkin’s great strength was his ability to articulate, indeed shout out his members’ bitterness and anger, their hopes and longings.”

Jim Larkin comes to the United States (Arguments for a Workers’ Republic). Extract from Elizabeth Gurley Flynn, The Rebel Girl (International Publishers, 1979). “He was a magnificent orator and an agitator without equal.”

The Catholic Communist (Arguments for a Workers’ Republic). Chapter from Bertram D. Wolfe, Strange Communists I Have Known (George, Allen & Unwin, 1966). “An Irish Nationalist to the core of his being, he was at the same time a revolutionary socialist and internationalist [and] a devout Catholic, a true son of his Church …”

Lest we forget: Jim Larkin, Irish Labor leader. By James T. Farrell (New International, Vol.13, No.3, March 1947; online at Marxists Internet Archive). “… he was one of the outstanding leaders of the Irish working class in the early years of this century.”

Se også på Socialistisk Bibliotek:


18. april 1947

Bibliotekspioner og Frihedsrådets gesant i Moskva mv. Thomas Døssing dør (født 6.6.1882, se dette).

 


17. april 1947

De fire fotografer, Robert Capa, Henri Cartier-Bresson, George Rodger og David “Chim” Seymour grundlægger fotokooperativet MAGNUM i Paris.

magnum1947.jpgSe:

Se også:

  • Tidslinjen 24. maj 1954 on Robert Capa
  • Om Capas fotografi “Faldende soldat” (Socialistisk Bibliotek)

 

25. juni 1947

Første udgave (på hollandsk) af Anna Franks Dagbog: Het Achterhuis: Dagboekbrieven van 12 Juni 1942 – 1 Augustus 1944 (Dansk udgave: En ung piges dagbog. Af Anna Frank. Grafisk Forlag, 1953, 255 sider)
[Datoen er formodet udgivelsesdag, da udgiveren, faderen Otto Frank, skriver i sin lommebog: BOOK. (Kilde: Anne Frank Museet)]frank1947.jpg
Anne fik dagbogen med rødternet omslag til sin 13-års fødselsdag 12. juni 1942.

Se:

Leksikalt:

Se også:

The death of Miep Gies (February 15, 1909-January 10, 2010): Protected Anne Frank from the Nazis. By Sybille Fuchs (World Socialist Web Site, 15 January 2010).

Litteratur:

Anne Franks dagbog: den uforkortede originaludgave: optegnelser fra baghuset 12. juni 1942-1. august 1944. Af Anne Frank. 4. reviderede [uforkortede] udgave (Aschehoug, 2006, 371 sider).

Dramaet om Anne Frank fortsætter. Af Hans Hertel (Politiken.dk, 5.1.2006). Om baggrunden for 4. udgaven. Kun online for abonnenter.

Anne Franks verden. Af Mia Bülow-Olsen og Sten Larsen. (Maaholm, 2004, 144 sider). Om jødernes forhold i Tyskland og Holland i tiden op til og under 2. verdenskrig. Sideløbende fortælles om Anne Frank og hendes familie.

Roser på jorden: en biografi om Anne Frank. Af Carol Ann Lee. (Rosinante, 1999, 311 sider), Ved hjælp af breve og andre hidtil upublicerede dokumenter fortælles historien om Anne Franks (1929-1945) og hendes families liv og skæbne under 2. verdenskrig. Ligeledes beskrives hændelserne efter den berømte dagbog.

Anne Frank: historien bag dagbogen. Af Ruud van der Rol/Anne Frank Stiftelsen. (Høst, 1995, 63 sider). Historisk gennemgang af Anne Franks (1929-1945) liv.

Jeg husker Anne Frank: historien om kvinden som hjalp med til at skjule familien Frank. Af Miep Gies. (Gyldendal, 1987, 210 sider). Om Miep Gies (f. 1909) og hendes indsats for Anne Frank (1929-1945) og hendes familie i de to år, de var gået under jorden i Amsterdam.

Se også:

Illustration: Sid Jacobson & Ernie Colón: “Anne Frank: The Anne Frank House Authorized Graphic Biography” (Farrar, Straus and Giroux, 14/09/2010 – 160 p.)


15. august 1947

“Juvelen i den britiske imperialismes krone”*, Indien, bliver selvstændig stat.

Se: Jewel In The Crown (Imperialism.india)

Se:

Indian independence: a revolution lost. By Jamal Singh (In Defense of Marxism, 14 September 2017). “In this article we summarise British rule in India and examine the main and most influential political characters, which eventually led to India being broken up …”

How the dying British Empire tore India in half — and how it could have been stopped (Socialist Worker, Issue 2567, 13 August 2017). “Seventy years ago this week the British Empire left India after decades of brutal rule.”

Empire and partition: the violent end of the British Raj. By Sean Ledwith (Counterfire, August 13, 2017). “Contrary to the rose-tinted view of decolonisation, the end of British rule in India was marked by blunder and duplicity.”

India and Pakistan: Traumatic partition and the elusive independence. By Lal Khan (In Defence of Marxism, 14 August 2015). “This independence came about in the midst of a traumatic partition of the Subcontinent into two truncated states, Pakistan and India, accompanied by a communal holocaust. A frenzy of madness and a ferocious campaign of murder were unleashed on a religious and ethnic basis.”

Britain and India: dividing to rule. By Anindya Bhattacharyya (Socialist Worker [UK], Issue 2063, 11 August 2007). “The policies of independence leaders and their colonial masters led to the tragic division of India following the end of British rule.”

The great partition. By Barry Pavier (Socialist Review, Issue 317, September 2007). Review of Yasmin Khan, The Great Partition: The Making of India and Pakistan (Yale University Press, 2007, 250 p.). “This is probably the best book going on the partition of the British Indian Empire.”

Indian Independence, Part 1: Marx and Indian history. By Jamil Iqbal (In Defence of Marxism, 27 June 2007) + Part 2: The crime of partition (15 August 2007) + Part 3: Role of the Communist Party of India during Partition (27 August 2007). “The partition of India in 1947 cut through the living body of whole communities, leading to untold death and misery.”

How Britain lost India (Socialist Worker [UK], Issue 1939, 19 February 2005). “Simon Basketter looks at the fight for Indian independence.”

India: imperialism, partition and resistance. By Sam Ashman (International Socialism, Issue 77, Winter 1997, p.81-102). “The end of the empire in India was a massive blow to British imperialism. Yet as Britain withdrew, it divided the subcontinent between India and the supposedly ‘Muslim’ state of Pakistan. The convulsions of partition saw Hindus, Muslims and Sikhs slaughter one another on an unprecedented scale.”

The transfer of power: real or formal? By Suniti Kumar Ghosh (Aspects of India’s Economy, No. 43, July 2007). “It is held as an axiomatic truth that India became an independent, sovereign state from 15 August 1947 when the British imperialists transferred power to Indian hands. Do facts bear out what is generally supposed to be true?”

The partition of India and the Indian bourgeoisie (Workers’ Liberty, 23 August 2017). “This article from 1947, by Ceylonese (Sri Lankan) Trotskyist Colin De Silva, discusses the stance on partition by the main bourgeois political groups in India — the Congress Party and the Muslim League.”

Relateret billede

Se også:

Inglorious Empire: What The British Did To India. By Gideon Polya (Countercurrents, September 8, 2017). Review article of Shashi Tharoor’s book (Hurst & Company, 2017, 288 p.). “Inglorious Empire is an important and timely book that sets out the 2-century atrocity that was British subjugation of India.”

India yesterday: development and revolution (1) + India today (2) +
The struggle for India’s future (3). By Paul Le Blanc (Links: International Journal of Socialist Renewal, November 2015)

The myths of Indian nationalism. By Nagesh Rao (International Socialist Review, Issue 94, Fall 2014). Review of Perry Anderson, The Indian Ideology (Verso, 2013, 192 p.). “… this is a provocative book that deftly cuts through the mythologies of Indian nationalism.”

India and Pakistan: Trapped in the duplicitous history of the two ruling classes. By Lal Khan (In Defence of Marxism, 17 June 2014)

Note towards a Marxist perception of Indian history (pdf). By Irfan Habib (The Marxist, Vol.26, No.4, October–December 2010, p.37-48)

Se også på Socialistisk bibliotek:


5. oktober 1947

De statsbærende kommunistiske partier (+ de største vestlige) offentligør grundlæggelsen af Kommunistisk Information Bureau (Kominform) i Warszawa. 30. sep. holder Sjdanov den grundlæggende tale om “to-lejr-teorien”: Verdenssituationen efter Krigen

zdanov1947.jpg


25. november 1947

Første systematiske forfølgelse af progressive og venstreorienterede kunstnere i USA under den Kolde Krig, den såkaldte blacklistning starter, da Hollywood Ten/10 fra Hollywood bliver udelukket fra arbejde via medielederes såkaldte Walldorf-udtalelse.

Se:

Hollywood on Trial: a timely reminder. By Charles Bogle (World Socialist Web Site, 10 December 2009)

The anti-communist purge of the American film industry. By David Walsh (World Socialist Web Site, 4 February 2009)

The way they were: Hollywood, the blacklist, the cold war. By Peter Biskind (Jump Cut, No.1, 1974)

Video: The Hollywood Ten (1950) (YouTube, 15 min.)

1947hollywood10-450.jpg

Se også på linksamlinger på Socialistisk Bibliotek:

Og på Tidslinjen på Socialistisk Bibliotek:


 

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