Heinrich Heine monument, Düsseldorf. Sculpture made in bronze in 1978-1981 by Bert Gerresheim (1935–), German sculptor. Collection: Schwanenmarkt (Düsseldorf). Photo: Bodoklecksel, März 2006. (CC BY-SA 3.0).
Heinrich Heine monument, Düsseldorf. Sculpture made in bronze in 1978-1981 by Bert Gerresheim (1935–), German sculptor. Collection: Schwanenmarkt (Düsseldorf). Photo: Bodoklecksel, März 2006. (CC BY-SA 3.0). Source: Wikimedia Commons.

Socialistisk Biblioteks Tidslinje med links til begivenheder og personer i 1797.


Se også Index over personer, organisationer/partier og værker (som bøger, malerier, mm.), steder, begivenheder, mv., der er omtalt på hele Tidslinjen, titler og indhold på emnelisterne osv.

 

27. maj 1797

Den franske revolutionære Gracchus Babeuf henrettes i Paris som ansvarlig for “De Liges Sammensværgelse” (født 23. november 1760).

François-Noël Babeuf/Gracchus Babeuf (1760–1797) was a French political agitator and journalist. Engraving from 1794 by François Bonneville (1755–1844), French engraver, publisher, painter and draughtsman. Collection: Bibliothèque nationale de France. Public Domain.
François-Noël Babeuf/Gracchus Babeuf (1760–1797) was a French political agitator and journalist. Engraving from 1794 by François Bonneville (1755–1844), French engraver, publisher, painter and draughtsman. Collection: Bibliothèque nationale de France. Public Domain. Source: Wikimedia Commons.

Se:

Gracchus Babeuf revisited. By Doug Enaa Greene (RS21: Revolutionary Socialism in the 21st Century, September 7, 2017). Review of Ian Birchall, The Spectre of Babeuf (Haymarket, 2016, 180 p.). “Ian Birchall provides a welcome corrective to the neglect of Babeuf by giving him the respect he deserves as a participant in the French Revolution and as an original socialist thinker …”

Day of the people: Gracchus Babeuf and the communist idea. By Doug Enaa Greene (Links: International Journal Of Socialist Renewals, February 20, 2013). “Babeuf was a revolutionary thinker and actor who was communist without having had a concept of capitalism as such.” Longer article (with 318 notes + bibliography with links).

The Babeuf bicentenary: conspiracy or revolutionary party? By Ian Birchall (International Socialism, Issue 72, Autumn 1996, p.77-93). “Was it a hopeless act of a desperate minority? Was Babeuf’s organisation the forerunner of the Leninist party?”

Neither Jacobin nor Utopian: Marx, Engels and Babeuf. By Ian Birchall (Grimanddim.org, 1996). “The present period is one in which it is vital to reassess the whole socialist tradition, starting with the man who in many ways stands at its very beginning, Babeuf.”

Morris, Bax and Babeuf. By Ian H. Birchall (The Morris Society Journal 1996; online at  Marxists Internet Archive). “A century separates Morris’s death from Babeuf’s ‘Conspiracy of the Equals’, arguably the first revolutionary socialist organisation in history. But there is more than a coincidence of dates linking two great pioneers of socialist thought and practice; there is an interesting and, as far as I know, little discussed connection between the two men.”

Thoughts on the defense of Gracchus Babeuf (1969). By Herbert Marcuse (Marxists Internet Archive). “Babeuf’s Defense before the High Court at Vendôme tries to achieve the impossible: recognition, by the established authority, of extreme civil disobedience as a legitimate protest against established authority.”

The Conspiracy of Equals and the birth of communism (Socialisme ou Barbarie, Issue 2, May-June 1949; online at Libcom.org). “Jean Léger examines the history of Gracchus Babeuf and his ‘Conspiracy of Equals’, a communist organisation which emerged during the French Revolution.”

The Last Episode of the French Revolution: Being a History of Gracchus Babeuf and the Conspiracy of the Equals. By Ernest Belfort Bax (Marxists Internet Archive; Library). Book, 1911, 271 p.

Se også på Socialistisk Bibliotek:


 

13. december 1797

Den progressive tyske digte Heinrich Heine fødes i Düsseldorf. (Dør 17. februar 1856 i Paris).

Heinrich Heine, 1831. Oil on panel painted by Moritz Daniel Oppenheim (1800–1882), German painter. Collection: Heinrich-Heine-Institut, Düsseldorf. Public Domain.
Heinrich Heine, 1831. Oil on panel painted by Moritz Daniel Oppenheim (1800–1882), German painter. Collection: Heinrich-Heine-Institut, Düsseldorf. Public Domain.
Source: Wikimedia Commons.

Se:

Heine, Heinrich (Leksikon.org). Meget kort intro.

Heinrich Heine (Denstoredanske.dk)

Heinrich Heine (Wikipedia.org) + Heinrich Heine (Wikipedia.de). Større leksikonartikler på engelsk og tysk.

Heinrich Heine Archive (Marxists Internet Archive; Reference writers) + Autobiographical Sketch.

Germany: Heinrich Heine in the ‘Marble Galgotha’. By Sybille Fuchs (World Socialist Web Site, 26 August 2010)

Se også på Socialistisk Bibliotek:

Linkboxen: Oplysningstiden/The Enlightenment


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