'The Ministers and their cronies off to Botany Bay, and the Dorcester men returning'. Politicians in tears on a boat, going away from the shore; free Dorchester Unionists on another boat, getting closer to the shore. At the bow is a flag reading 'FOR BOTANY BAY'. The two oarsmen guide the boat towards a ship from which is returning another boat, containing two oarsmen and the six Tolpuddle Martyrs. Among the politicians are Lord Chancellor Brougham, with two money-bags marked 'PENNY' and 'MAGAZINE', and holding a rolled-up paper reading 'CHEAP LAW'. Brougham is being comforted by Lord Melbourne. The Chancellor of the Exchequer Viscount Althorp, has a sack bearing the word 'BUDGET'. The Duke of Wellington declaims 'Never mind M-lb-n, we no doubt can get places among the Cannibals at Bottomhouse Bay. An Irishman and a Scotsman look on, while John Bull addresses the politicians. Image taken from The Political drama. [A series of caricatures.] Originally published/produced in [London] : Printed and published by G. Drake, 12, Houghton Street, Clare Market, [1834-1835]. Image taken from The Political drama. [A series of caricatures.] Held and digitised by the British Library (CC0 1.0) See more below, March 18, 1834.
'The Ministers and their cronies off to Botany Bay, and the Dorcester men returning'. Politicians in tears on a boat, going away from the shore; free Dorchester Unionists on another boat, getting closer to the shore. At the bow is a flag reading 'FOR BOTANY BAY'. The two oarsmen guide the boat towards a ship from which is returning another boat, containing two oarsmen and the six Tolpuddle Martyrs. Among the politicians are Lord Chancellor Brougham, with two money-bags marked 'PENNY' and 'MAGAZINE', and holding a rolled-up paper reading 'CHEAP LAW'. Brougham is being comforted by Lord Melbourne. The Chancellor of the Exchequer Viscount Althorp, has a sack bearing the word 'BUDGET'. The Duke of Wellington declaims 'Never mind M-lb-n, we no doubt can get places among the Cannibals at Bottomhouse Bay. An Irishman and a Scotsman look on, while John Bull addresses the politicians. Image taken from The Political drama. [A series of caricatures.] Originally published/produced in [London] : Printed and published by G. Drake, 12, Houghton Street, Clare Market, [1834-1835]. Image taken from The Political drama. [A series of caricatures.] Held and digitised by the British Library. (CC0 1.0) See more below, March 18, 1834.


Socialistisk Biblioteks Tidslinje med links til begivenheder og personer i 1834.


Se også Index over personer, organisationer/partier og værker (som bøger, malerier, mm.), steder, begivenheder, mv., der er omtalt på hele Tidslinjen, titler og indhold på emnelisterne osv.

 

Februar 1834

The Grand National Consolidated Trades Union of Great Britain and Ireland grundlagt, bl.a. af Robert Owens.

Se:

Grand National Consolidated Trades Union (Wikipedia.org)

The Grand National Consolidated Trade Union: taken from H. Pelling, A History of Trade Unionism. (A Web of English History)

“Schools of War” Chapter Three, In the Cause of Labour: A History of British Trade Unionism. By Rob Sewell (In Defence of Marxism)

Se også på Socialistisk Bibliotek:

Tidslinjen 14. maj 1771, om Robert Owens.


18. marts 1834

Seks landarbejdere fra Tolpuddle i Dorset, England, idømmes maksimumsstraf på 7 års deportation til Australien af en jury bestående af bønder, for stiftelse af den tidlige “fagforening”, Friendly Society of Agricultural Labourers.
1834tulpuddlemartyrs.gif

De sejrrige protester førte til løsladelser få år efter, og blev et samlingspunkt for den tidlige arbejderbevægelse – bl.a. med massedemonstration med 100.000, og er siden blevet fejret med årlig festival/march i juli måned i landsbyen, arrangeret af det britiske LO, TUC.

Se:

18. marts 1834 – Tolpuddle martyrerne (Arbejderen, 18. marts 2010)

The Tolpuddle Martyrs (The Dorset Page) 1834Dorset_Rail_Snapshot.jpg

Tolpuddlemartyrene (Wikipedia.no). Norsk intro-artikel.

Tolpuddle Martyrs (Wikipedia.org)

Tolpuddle Martyrs Museum : website of Tolpuddle Martyrs’ Museum and Festival Website

Tolpuddle Martyrs (site)

The Tulpuddle Martyrs (A Web of English History)

Humble petition or militant action? By Mike Macnair (Weekly Worker, Issue 826, July 15, 2010)

The Tolpuddle Martyrs: trade unions and the state. By David Brandon (Socialist Appeal, 13 May 2008)

Tolpuddle and Swing: The flea and the elephant (Bristol Radical History Group, May 2009)

Se også på Socialistisk Bibliotek:

A trade union demonstration in 1834 at Copenhagen Fields (near modern Kings Cross) in London demanding the return of the Tolpuddle martyrs
A trade union demonstration in 1834 at Copenhagen Fields (near modern Kings Cross) in London demanding the return of the Tolpuddle martyrs.

 

24. marts 1834

1834moris.jpgDen engelske socialist og designer William Morris fødes i London (dør 3. oktober 1896 i Kelmscott House, Oxfordshire).

Leksikalt/encyclopidia:

Morris, William (Leksikon.org)

William Morris (Denstoredanske.dk). Dansk leksikon intro.

William Morris (Wikipedia.dk). God dansk indføring.

William Morris (Wikipedia.org). Large English article.

Sites:

William Morris Internet Archive (Marxists Internet Archive). With Biography [with links to articles on Morris on MIA + external links], Chronology, Journalism, Photos and Works.

Including: A Dream of John Ball (13 November 1886 Morris started publishing this in “Commonweal”, the paper of the Socialist League.

And: News From Nowhere: or An Epoch of Rest Being Some Chapters From a Utopian Romance (+ MIA introduction)

Portal: The William Morris Society. Reader and links. Incl. the following:
William Morris’s socialism
The Worldwide Morris
Journal of William Morris Studies, with full-text archive 1961-2003.

William Morris – Literary Works: A Selected List (The Victorian Web): Literary Works, Online Texts of Morris’ Literary Works and Visual Arts.

1834williammorrisalphabeth.jpg

 

Articles etc:

Udviklingens eller moralens realisme: om fremskridtet i Edward Bellamys og William Morris socialutopier (pdf). Af Torben Hviid Nielsen (Årbog for Arbejderbevægelsens historie, nr. 16, 1986, side 57-82). “Det fremskridt for civilisationen, som for Bellamy var fælles for kapitalismen og socialismen, var for Morris samfundets ødelæggelse …” With summary.

Art for the people. By Jim Horton (Socialism Today, Issue 184, Dec/Jan 2014/15). Review of Anarchy & Beauty: William Morris and his legacy, 1860-1960, National Portrait Gallery.

William Morris’s socialism. By Siobhan Brown (Socialist Review, December 2012)

Debunking the ‘Menshevik myth’: William Morris and revolutionary politics. By Graham Milner (Links: Journal of Socialist Renewal, May 2010)

William Morris: Victorian artist and revolutionary. By Hassan Mahamdallie (Socialist Worker, Issue 2183, 9 January 2010)

Socialist by design. By Chris Nineham (Socialist Review, Issue 196, April 1996)

William Morris: a Marxist for our time’, an online pamphlet. By Paul Hampton (Workers Liberty, 12 March 2008)

William Morris and revolutionary Marxism: crossing the ‘river of fire’. By Hassan Mahamdallie (International Socialism, Issue 71, June 1996, p.57-98)

William Morris: The Man and The Myth. By R. Page Arnot (Lawrence and Wishart, London, 1964, 131 p.; online at Marxists Internet Archive). See review by Adam Buick: William Morris as a socialist (Socialist Standard, No.727, March 1965)

William Morris. By E.P. Thompson (Marxists Internet Archive). A lecture to the Williams Morris Society, 1959.

William Morris and the moral issues today. By E.P. Thompson (Arena, Vol.2, No.8, June-July 1951)

William Morris, March 24, 1834–October 3, 1896. By Hal Draper (Socialist Appeal, Vol.3, No.49, 11 July 1939)

Foto: Hammersmith afdelingen The Socialist League, der var grundlagt af William Morris i 1884. I forreste række nr. 3 og 5 fra venstre ses William Morris’ to døtre May og Jenny Morris. William Morris selv ses stående til højre med hvidt skæg. (Kunstindustrimuseet).
Foto: Hammersmith afdelingen The Socialist League, der var grundlagt af William Morris i 1884. I forreste række nr. 3 og 5 fra venstre ses William Morris’ to døtre May og Jenny Morris. William Morris selv ses stående til højre med hvidt skæg. (Kunstindustrimuseet).

Literature: 

William Morris: Romantic to Revolutionary. By E. P. Thompson. Foreword by Peter Linebaugh (Merlin Press, 2011, 825 p.; 1955-edition online at Libcom.org). Reviews:
Book of a lifetime: William Morris: Romantic to …. By Sheila Rowbotham (Independent, 7 May 2010).
William Morris: Romantic to Revolutionary, part 1+2. By Andrea Gibbon (Blog: Books, Labour, Strugle & Movement, October 11, 2014). With Thompson, Morris et al quotations.


 

23. december 1834

Den engelske demograf og økonom Robert Malthus dør i Heleybury, Herford. (Født 13. februar 1766, se denne)


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