EZLN - Zapatisterne, se nedenfor, se nedenfor 1. januar 1994. (KIlde: https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Flag_of_the_EZLN.jpg)

 

Socialistisk Biblioteks Tidslinje med links til begivenheder og personer i 1994.


Se også Index over personer, organisationer/partier og værker (som bøger, malerier, mm.), steder, begivenheder, mv., der er omtalt på hele Tidslinjen, titler og indhold på emnelisterne osv.

1. januar 1994

EZLN (Zapatisterne erobrer fire byer i Mexicos Chiapas-provins og træder ind på historiens scene.

Se:

 

EZLN (Ejército Zapatista de Liberación Nacional) (Leksikon.org)

 

Tidslinjen 17. november 1983 om Zapatisterne (Socialistisk Bibliotek)

EZLN fane (kilde:http://www.flickr.com/photos/seven_resist/2638235119/)


20. januar 1994

Kommunisten og modstandsmanden (“Nielsen”) Børge Houmann dør (født 26.3.1902, se denne).


25. februar 1994

Baruch Goldstein fra det israelske organisation Kach trænger ind i moskeen ved Patriarkernes grav i Hebron og myrder 29 bedende.

Se:

Cave of the Patriarchs massacre (Wikipedia.org)

Baruch Goldstein (Wikipedia.org)

20 years since the Goldstein massacre – Seperation policy in Hebron. By Breaking the Silence Video [1:19 min.]

A city of devastation: Hebron 20 years after the massacre. By Einat Fishbain / ”˜The Hottest Place in Hell’ (+972, February 25, 2014)>br />
“Since terrorist Baruch Goldstein committed a massacre at the Cave of the Patriarchs 20 years ago today, the situation of Palestinians in Hebron has only deteriorated.”

Watch: Anti-occupation activists bring Hebron to Tel Aviv. By Social TV (+972, February 27, 2014)
“Dozens of Tel Aviv storeowners woke up Tuesday morning to find that anti-occupation activists had posted fake military orders on their storefronts.” Video [1:37 min.)

In Hebron, terror begets a reign of terror. By Michael Omer-Man (+972, February 25, 2014)
“The roots of segregation in Hebron and Baruch Goldstein’s massacre of 29 Palestinian worshipers.”

The day after the massacre, in Hebron’s Jewish settlement. By Yigal Mosko / ”˜The Hottest Place in Hell’ (+972, February 25, 2014)
“Something saddened the Jewish settlers of Hebron following the Cave of the
Patriarchs Massacre: the army canceled their Purim parade.”

Photos: 20 years since Cave of the Patriarchs Massacre. Photos by: Anne Paq, Ryan Rodrick Beiler, Yotam Ronen, and Oren Ziv/Activestills.org (+972, February 25, 2014)
“In 1994, the Israeli military responded to a massacre by a Jewish settler by
restricting the movement of Hebron’s Palestinian residents. Two decades later,
the restrictions are more severe …”

Photos: IDF brigade commander vs Hebron’s kindergarten. Text and photos by Dana Direktor / ”˜The Hottest Place in Hell’ (+972, February 25, 2014)
“Even a kindergarten, an attempt to bring a small piece of normalcy to the area, has turned into a target for the army, police and settlers.”

Palestinians in Hebron demand Israel ”˜Open Shuhada Street’ and protest twentieth anniversary of Ibrahimi mosque massacre. By Allison Deger (Mondoweiss, February 24, 2014)

In photos: Thousands mark Ibrahimi massacre anniversary in Hebron. By
MaanImages/Em Awne Abu Shamsiya (Ma’an News Agency, 22 February 2014)

Watch: 20 years since the Ibrahimi Mosque Massacre in Hebron. By Social TV, Israel (+972, February 21, 2014)
2 videoer fra Israel Social TV om Massakren og om forholdene i Hebron.

The Ibrahimi Mosque Massacre: 20 years later (The Institute for Middle East
Understanding IMEU, February 20, 2014)

Israel holds army exercises inside Ibrahimi Mosque (Middle East Monitor, 5 July 2013)
“The Israeli occupation army has held exercises inside the Ibrahimi Mosque in
Hebron.”

A visit to the grave of mass-murderer Baruch Goldstein. By Jeff Klein (Mondoweiss, July 4, 2013)
“The revered Dr. Baruch Kapel Goldstein ”¦ Son of Israel. He gave his soul for
the sake of the people of Israel, The Torah, and the Land. His hands are clean
and his heart good ”¦ He was assassinated for the Sanctity of God.”

The market square is empty in Hebron. By Leehee Rotschild (+972, March 4, 2013)

“There are many injustices under the occupation: small ones and big ones. There is theft and murder and never ending oppression. There is Shuhada Street, and they all exist there.” The street was closed after the massacre by Baruch Goldstein.

From the archive, 26 February 1994: Massacre at the mosque. By Derek Brown (The Guardian, 26 February 2010). Originally published in the Guardian on 26 February 1994.

The real significance of Baruch Goldstein. Chapter 6 in Israel Shahak and Norton Mezvinsky, Jewish Fundamentalism in Israel (Pluto Press, 1999). See the the complete book online at Institut für Palästinakunde (pdf).

Lessons of the Hebron Massacre. By the editors (Against the Current, Issue 50, May-June 1994)

A tale of two movements. By Phil Marshall (Socialist Review, No.175, May 1994, p.20; online at Marxists Internet Archive)

Jewish killer attacked mosque last year: Evidence is mounting that Baruch Goldstein was known to be dangerous well before the massacre, writes Sarah
Helm (The Independent, 1 March 1994)


6. april 1994

Politisk attantat på landets præsident bliver signal til 3 mdr. borgerkrig og massemord på tutsier (ca. 1 mio. dræbte) i Rwanda og en flygtningestrøm (ca. 2 mio.) ud af landet.

Se:

Rwanda (Leksikon.org)

Rwandan Genocide (Wikipedia.org)

Rwandan Genocide denial (Wikipedia.org)

Rwanda – en ufortalt historie? Af Loke Bisbjerg Nielsen (Modkraft.dk/Kontradoxa, 4. december 2014). En ny BBC-dokumentar stiller spørgsmålstegn folkedrabet i Rwanda 1994.

The Kagame-Power Lobby’s dishonest attack on BBC documentary on Rwanda: A rejoinder. By Odora-Obote Alex (Pambazuka News, Issue 704, 28 November 2014)

The Kagame-Power Lobby’s dishonest attack on BBC documentary on Rwanda. By Edward S. Herman and David Peterson (Pambazuka News, Issue 702, 12 November 2014)

Global researchers protest BBC Genocide revisionist film (The New Times, October 14, 2014)

“Rwanda: The Untold Story”: questions for the BBC. By Andrew Wallis (OpenDemocracy, 6 October 2014)

Tilbageblik på folkedrabet i 1994. Af Éric Toussaint (Socialistisk Information, 27.04.2014). “… det [er] afgørende at undersøge den rolle, som internationale finansielle institutioner spillede.”

Rwanda, twenty years later. By Samir Amin (MRZine, 9 April 2014)

The Rwandan genocide: from imperialism to barbarism. By Sean Ledwith (Counterfire, 3 April 2014)

Adam Jones on Rwanda and genocide: A reply. By Edward S. Herman and David Peterson (MR Zine, 14.08.10)

On genocide deniers: Challenging Herman and Peterson. By Adam Jones (Pambazuka News, Issue 490, 15.07.2010)

Genocide denial and genocide facilitation: Gerald Caplan and the politics of genocide. By Edward S. Herman and David Peterson (MR Zine, 04.07.2010)

The politics of denialism: The strange case of Rwanda. By Gerald Caplan (Pambazuka News, Issue 486, 2010-06-17). Review of Edward S. Herman and David Peterson’s The Politics of Genocide (Monthly Review Press, New York, 2010). See also Michael Karadjis’ introduction to Caplan’s article: Debunking Herman’s genocide denial on Rwanda (Mihalis Balkan Analysis, June 29, 2010)

Rwanda and the Democratic Republic of Congo in the propaganda system. By Edward S. Herman and David Peterson (Monthly Review, May 2010). Excerpted from their book, The Politics of Genocide (Monthly Review Press, 2010)

Kolonialismens nye ham. Av Hege Ramson (Le Monde Diplomatique, 01.06.08). Om Patrick de Saint-Exupérys bog: Det uerkjennbare – Frankrike i Rwanda.

Rwanda – 10 years since the genocide. By Linda Slattery (World Socialist Web Site, 3 May 2004). See also Letters on Rwanda (13 February 2009) + A reply to correspondence on the Rwandan genocide, by Chris Talbot (February 13, 2009)

Coming to terms with barbarism in Rwanda and Burundi. Review article by Charlie Kimber (International Socialism, Issue 73, December 1996)

The hope and the horror. By Simon Hester and Manny Tanoh (Socialist Review, Issue 178, September 1994)


27. april 1994
1994ancirf.jpg

Første frie valg til Sydafrikas parlament, vindes af ANC (62% af stemmerne) og 27.4. bliver Sydafrikas frihedsdag.
10. maj 1994 bliver ANC-lederen Nelson Mandela Sydafrikas første ikke-hvide præsident (til 1999). Apartheid-perioden (siden 1948) regnes for afsluttet i Sydafrika.

Se:

South African general election, 1994 (Wikipedia.org)

Apartheid (Leksikon.org)

Sydafrika: 20 år efter apartheid. Af Jørn Andersen (Socialistisk Arbejderavis, nr. 338, 1. maj 2014). “Den 27. april var det 20 år siden det første demokratiske valg i Sydafrika … Apartheid og kapitalisme var tæt sammenvævet. Det var modstanden desværre kun delvist.”

South Africa: The ANC monolith cracks (Socialist Worker, Issue 2401, 29 April 2014). Irvin Jim, head of the National Union of Metalworkers of South Africa, and Dali Mpofu of the Economic Freedom Fighters, speak to Socialist Worker’s Ken Olende.”

South Africa’s resource curses and growing social resistance. By Patrick Bond (Monthly Review, Vol.65, No.11, April 2014)

The centennial of the ANC: what does it mean for the working class? By Vusumuzi Martin Bhengu (In Defence of Marxism,, 23 January 2012)

ANC centenary: a display of elite power. By Ayanda Kota (Counterfire, 10 January 2012)

A poisoned chalice: liberation, ANC-style. By John S. Saul (The Bullet, January 6, 2012)

South Africa: an unfinished revolution? By Neville Alexander (Links, May 13, 2010)

Ten years since the fall of apartheid: struggle continues for real liberation. By Trevor Ngwane (Socialist Worker, No 1897, 17 April 2004)

From racial to class apartheid: South Africa’s frustrating decade of freedom. By Patrick Bond (Monthly Review, Vol.55, No.10, March 2004)

South Africa after apartheid. By Alex Callinicos (International Socialism, Issue 70, March 1996, p.3-46)

Post Apartheid South Africa (Against the Current, No.58, September/October 1995):
The Editors: A note of Introduction
John Pape: Year one of the transition
Dan Connell: What’s left of the grassroots left?
Video:

Apartheid Did Not Die (JohnPilger.com, 1998, 51 min.). An analysis of South Africa’s new, democratic regime.
Litteratur:

‘Apartheid døde ikke’. Kap. 4, – i: John Pilger: Frihed næste gang (Det Poetiske Bureau, 2010). Anmeldelse i Socialistisk Information (26.06.10)

Bookwatch: South Africa – the struggle continues. By Charlie Kimber (International Socialism, Issue 64, Autumn 1994)

Se også Tidslinjen:

8. januar 1912 om ANCs dannelse og historie.

21. marts 1960 om Sharpeville-massakren og anti-apartheid bevægelsen.

12. juni 1964 om Mandela og hans fængsling.

16. juni 1976 om Soweto-opstanden.

11. februar 1990 om Mandelas frigivelse fra fængsel.

16. august 2012 om Marikana-massakren.


4. maj 1994

Cairo-aftalen (Oslo I-aftalen) mellem Israel og PLO, Det palæstinensiske selvstyre etableres pr. 17.5.1994, giver palæstinensisk kontrol over kun 67% af Gaza-striben.

Se:

Osloaftalen (Leksikon.org).

Palæstina – selvstyreområderne (Denstoredanske.dk)


21. maj 1994

Den britiske marxist og sociolog Ralph Miliband dør i London (født 7. januar 1924, se denne dato.)


19942200.jpg12. juni 1994

Første nummer af den progressive månedlige lokalavis for Nørrebro – På Gaden – udkommer. Sidste nummer udsendes i december 2007.

Se:

PåGaden takker af (Modkraft debatforum, 30.11.2007)

På Gaden : Nørrebro på nettet fortsat bydelssite.


8. juli 1994

Kim Il Sung, første leder af Den Demokratiske Folkerepublik Korea (Nordkorea) dør. (født 15. april 1912, se denne)


27. juni 1894

Socialdemokraiets stifter, Louis Pio dør i Chicago, Ill, USA (Født 14. december 1841 i Rosklilde). Emigrerede til USA, 23. marts 1877, se denne dato
Efter hans død overføres urnen i 1921 til Vestre Kirkegård, se også: “Det Røde Hav” – socialister på Vestre Kirkegård (linksamling)


21. september 1994

Den århusianske komiker Jacob Hougaard (født 12.5.1952 på Førøerne) vælges (opstillet for SABAE) som den første til Folketinget som løsgænger (til 1998).

Se:

Jacob Haugaard (Wikipedia.dk). Med links og valgprogram, bl.a. det berømte løfte/krav om “Mere medvind på cykelstierne”.

Sammenslutninen af Bevidste Arbejdssky Elementer (SABAE)


27. september 1994

Karl Popper, videnskabsteoretiker og filosof, dør i London (Født i Wien 28. juli 1902).
Hovedværk: Det åbne samfund og dets fjender (1945; dansk: 2001, 2 bd., Bd.1: Platon. Bd. 2: Hegel og Marx).

Leksikalt:                                                                                                                  Popper, Karl Raimond (Leksikon.org)                                                                                 Karl R. Popper. Af Carsten Bengt-Pedersen (Den Store Danske, Gyldendal. Hentet 2. september 2017).                                                                                                              Karl Popper (Wikipedia.dk) + Karl Popper (Wikipedia.org), større engelsk artikel.

Artikler:

Symposium: Karl Popper, 1902-1994 (pdf) (Radical Philosophy, No.70, March/April 1995, p.2-8). Obituaries: Joseph Agassi: Learning from negative instances; Jerry Ravetz: Last of the great believers; Bernard Burgoyne: Question and answer; Robin Blackburn: Popper and the new left.

False consciousness. By Alex Callinicos (Socialist  Review, No.179, October 1994, p.13). Obituary: “Popper’s real importance lies in the fact that he was a great philosopher of science.”

The Poverty of Popper. By Lew Higgins (Socialist Standard, No.1087, March 1995)

Popper Falsifies Marx. By Ian Birchall (1984) (Grim and Dim: The website of Ian Birchall). Longer articel.

The Critics Criticised – Professor Popper Looks at History, Part 1. By E.W. (Socialist Standard, No.622-625, June-September 1956) + Part 2 + Part 3 + Part 4.

Se også:

Marxists Internet Archive: Glossary of people: Po + Objective Knowledge – A Realistist View of Logic, Physics, and History. By Karl Popper. (The second last chapter is reproduced here).


 

1994nobelu125.bmp
10. december 1994

Nobels Fredspris gives ligeligt (!) mellem PLO-formanden Arafat og Rabin og Peres, hhv. Israels premier- og udenrigsminister.

 

Se:

The Nobel Peace Prize 1994 (The Nobel Foundation).


11. december 1994

Russiske tropper invaderer Tjetjenien.

Se:

Støttekomitéen for Tjetjenien


 

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