"Taking of Jerusalem by the Crusaders, 15th July 1099" / Giraudon / The Bridgeman Art Library. Oilpainting on canvas painted in 1847 by Émile Signol (1804–1892), French painter. Collection: Palace of Versailles, France. Public Domain. Source: Wikimedia Commons.

Socialistisk Biblioteks Tidslinje med links til begivenheder og personer i 1095.


Se også Index over personer, organisationer/partier og værker (som bøger, malerier, mm.), steder, begivenheder, mv., der er omtalt på hele Tidslinjen, titler og indhold på emnelisterne osv.

 

27. november 1095

På kirkemødet i Clermont opfordrer pave Urban II til det første korstog for erobringen af Jerusalem og de “hellige” byer (de varede over 100 år!).

Miniature: Pope Urban II preaching at the Council of Clermont. Sébastien Mamerot, Les passages d'outremer. Made in 1474 by Jean Colombe (1430–1493). Collection: Bibliothèque nationale de France. Public Domain.
Miniature: Pope Urban II preaching at the Council of Clermont. Sébastien Mamerot, Les passages d’outremer. Made in 1474 by Jean Colombe (1430–1493). Collection: Bibliothèque nationale de France. Public Domain. Source: Wikimedia Commons.

Se:

The Crusades series: justifying new wars? By Elaine Graham-Leigh (Counterfire, 22 January 2012). “The BBC’s The Crusades is billed as a re-examination of the history of the crusades, but in presenting them as a clash of civilisations between Christianity and Islam, it repeats the ideological justifications for the war on terror.”

Crusade and Jihad. Part 31 in Neil Faulkner: A Marxist History of the World (Counterfire, April 11, 2011). “The Crusades lasted 200 years and represented the most extreme expression of the futile violence inherent in western feudalism – a murderous attack on the Middle East by western feudal thugs under the banner of religion.”

Pope Urban II preaching the First Crusade at the Council of Pope Urban II preaching the First Crusade at the Council of Clermont. Public Domain.
Pope Urban II preaching the First Crusade at the Council of Clermont. Public Domain. Source: Wikimedia Commons.

The First Crusade: for faith and plunder. By Conor Kostick (Socialist Worker, Issue 2132, 20 December 2008). “The princes, knights, peasants and pilgrims who answered the pope’s call for the First Crusade in 1095 were driven by many different motivations.”

Crusade and jihad in the medieval Middle East  (International Socialism, Issue 109, Winter 2006, p.127-142). “Neil Faulkner explain what lay behind the Crusades – and behind their defeat at the hands of jihad.”

Crusade and jihad (Socialist Worker, Issue 1953, 28 May 2005). “Neil Faulkner examines the medieval precursor of imperialism in the Middle East.”

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