Marx and Engels at the Rheinische Zeitung: Oil on convas painted i 1849. Author: E. Capiro. Public Domain.
Marx and Engels at the Rheinische Zeitung: Oil on convas painted i 1849. Author: E. Capiro. Public Domain. Source: Wikimedia Commons.

Socialistisk Biblioteks Tidslinje med links til begivenheder og personer i 1820.

Se også Index over personer, organisationer/partier og værker (som bøger, malerier, mm.), steder, begivenheder, mv., der er omtalt på hele Tidslinjen, titler og indhold på emnelisterne osv.
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Den amerikanske abolitionist, aktivisten Harriet Tubmans fødes i Dorchester County, Maryland på et tidspunkt mellem 1820-22. (Dør i  Auburn, New York, 10. marts 1913, for links se denne dato).

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28. november 1820

Friedrich Engels (1820-1895). Photography from 1891 by unknown photographer. Public Domain.
Friedrich Engels (1820-1895). Photography from 1891 by unknown photographer. Public Domain. Source: Wikimedia Commons.

Friedrich Engels fødes i Barmen i Tyskland. (Dør 5. august 1895 i London).



  • Friedrich Engels (Marxisme Online). Tekster online på dansk.
  • Karl Marx – Friedrich Engels (Marxistisk Internet Arkiv, Dansk afdeling). Tekster online på dansk.
  • Friedrich Engels (Marxistiske Klassikere). Tekster, biografier og billedgalleri.
  • Friedrich Engels (The History of Economic Thought). With his major works.
  • Friedrich Engels Bicentennial (Marxists Internet Archive, November 2020): Images of Friedrich Engels, Recollections by people who know him, Biographies, On Engels’ contributions and Some of Engels’ writings.
  • Marx & Engels Internet Archive (Marxists Internet Archive). Med Date index, Subject index, Multi-lingual index, Collected works, Selected Works, Biographies, Image gallery, First International and Letters.
Im Gasthof zum Löwen Bendlikon bei Zürich 1893. Von links nach rechts: Ferdinand Simon (1862-1912), Friederike Simon, geb. Bebel (1869-1948), Clara Zetkin, Friedrich Engels, Julie Bebel, August Bebel, Ernst Schattner (1879-1944), Regina Bernstein, geb. Zadek, gesch. Schattner (1849/1852-1923) und Eduard Bernstein (teilweise abgeschnitten). Photo: Herman Greulich. Public Domain.
Im Gasthof zum Löwen Bendlikon bei Zürich 1893. Von links nach rechts: Ferdinand Simon (1862-1912), Friederike Simon, geb. Bebel (1869-1948), Clara Zetkin, Friedrich Engels, Julie Bebel, August Bebel, Ernst Schattner (1879-1944), Regina Bernstein, geb. Zadek, gesch. Schattner (1849/1852-1923) und Eduard Bernstein (teilweise abgeschnitten). Photo: Herman Greulich. Public Domain. Source: Wikimedia Commons.


Uden Engels – ingen Marx. Af Gerd Callesen (, 27. november 2020). “I vurderingen af Marx og Engels må man gøre sig klart, at de to hverken var siamesiske tvillinger, eller at den ene frit kunne udveksles med den anden. Der var tale om to selvstændige personer, der begge på afgørende vis har bidraget til udviklingen af en kritisk teori.”

Friedrich Engels og dansk arbejderbevægelse. Af Gerd Callesen (, 27. november 2020). “I 1872 overtog Engels hvervet som kontaktperson til Den Internationale Arbejderforening for Danmark. Han havde den fordel at kunne læse og til en vis grad også skrive på dansk.”

Friedrich Engels’ rolle i den internationale arbejderbevægelse. Af Gerd Callesen (Solidaritet, nr.2, juni 2000, s.30-39; online på Internet Archive). “I det årti, der lå mellem Marx’ og Engels’død, bestræbte Engels sig, med et vist held, på at overvinde de forskellige ikke-marxistiske tendenser i arbejderbevægelsen.” Noter/litteratur mangler i online-udgave.

Friedrich Engels 200 år (Lørdag formiddag, Oktober Radio Århus, 28. november 2020,  43:09 min.)


Engels 200 (Counterfire, February-November 2020). Articles by Lindsey German, Tony Cliff, Elaine Graham-Leigh, Michael Roberts and John Rees.

A well-tuned fiddle (Socialist Review, Issue 464, January 2021). “Camilla Royle addresses the claim that Friedrich Engels, far from being Karl Marx’s key collaborator, held fundamentally different philosophical positions that distorted Marx’s revolutionary conclusions.”

Engels 200 – His Contribution to Political Economy. By John Clarke (Counterfire, December 29, 2020). Review of Michael Roberts’ book (, 2020, 172 p.). “The central importance of the revolutionary Friedrich Engels to Marxism, as an individual thinker as well as collaborator, is forcefully argued in Roberts’ Engels 200.” See also interview with Michael Roberts: Happy Birthday, Friedrich Engels (Jacobin, November 28, 2020).
See extraxts from the book: The Engels pause (Weekly Worker, Issue 1291, 19 March 2020) + Nature and humanity (Ibid., Issue 1294, 9 April 2020). Republished at Counterfire (April 4, 2020).

Engels against reformism in Germany and France. By Doug Enaa Greene (Left Voice, November 28, 2020). “Friedrich Engels was born 200 years ago today. Modern reformists like to cite Engels as an authority. But until his very last day, Engels fought against reformist ideas and for revolutionary principles.”

Friedrich Engels was more than second fiddle to Karl Marx. By Marcello Musto (Jacobin, November 28, 2020). “Friedrich Engels once wrote that he played ‘second fiddle’ to Marx. On the 200th anniversary of his birth, we should remember the profound influence that Engels had on his friend and comrade, as well as his own theoretical contributions.”

Friedrich Engels, a thinker for today. By Peter Schadt and Hans Zobel (Jacobin, November 28, 2020). “Two hundred years since his birth, Friedrich Engels is often considered a man rooted in the culture of 19th-century thought. But if not all his predictions ring true, his critique of the rising industrial capitalism offers penetrating insights into our own present.”

In working-class Manchester, Friedrich Engels became a revolutionary. By Brian Coney (Jacobin, November 28, 2020). “Friedrich Engels was just 22 when he was sent to England to help run the family firm. His father hoped this would draw him away from radical ideas — but in industrial Manchester, young Friedrich instead saw the suffering, and the power, of a growing working class.”

Engels—200 years on (Socialist Worker, Issue 2733, 28 November 2020). “Two centuries after the birth of revolutionary and socialist theorist Frederick Engels, Sarah Bates examines a life and legacy that goes beyond collaborating with Karl Marx.”

Engels still lives at 200. By Ariane Diaz (Left Voice, November 28, 2020). “Today marks 200 years since the birth of Friedrich Engels, the revolutionary leader who, side by side with Marx, elaborated a good part of what we know today as the theoretical bases of Marxism and built the first international organizations of ‘insurrectionist wage slaves’ who adopted communism as the name for their objective.”

Being Friedrich Engels. By Matthew E. Strauss (New Politics, November 28, 2020). Review of Terrell Carver, Engels Before Marx (Palgrave Macmillan, 2020, 111 p.). “Carver’s treatment of Engels in this work ends at 1844. He does not address the nature of Marx and Engels’ partnership, which he has discussed elsewhere, though a careful reader may find an allusion to his earlier views.” See extract from the book: What Engels gave to Marx and Marxism (Jacobin, November 28, 2020).

200 years since the birth of Friedrich Engels. By Peter Schwarz (World Socialist Web Site, 28 November 2020). “Together with his friend Karl Marx … Engels co-founded scientific socialism. Two hundred years later, their life’s work is of burning contemporary relevance. They were much more farsighted than the countless academics who have filled entire libraries with their attempted refutations of Marxism.” See also topic page: Frederich Engels (Ibid.).

Frederick Engels: 200 years since his birth (In Defense of Marxism, 27 November 2020). “Rob Sewell commemorates this bicentenary by looking at the vital contribution that Engels made to developing the ideas of Marxism, for which we owe him an enormous debt of gratitude.”

Friedrich Engels at 200: a revolutionary historian. By Christian Hogsbjerg (History Workshop, November 23, 2020). “The German revolutionary philosopher made pathbreaking and profound contributions to modern social and political theory, playing a critical role in the forging and development of classical Marxism.”

Engels’s Dialectics of Nature in the Anthropocene. By John Bellamy Foster (Monthly Review, Vol.72, No.6, November 2020). “Today, two hundred years after his birth, Engels can be seen as one of the foundational ecological thinkers of modern times.”

Engels’s emergentist dialectics. By Kaan Kangal (Monthly Review, Vol.72, No.6, November 2020). “For varied reasons and on various occasions, contemporary natural scientists and philosophers, Marxist and non-Marxist alike, have expressed their admiration for Frederick Engels, the cofounder of dialectical materialism and scientific socialism.” See also review by Vesa Oittinen (Marx & Philosophy Review of Books, 15 December 2020) of Kaan Kangal’s book, Friedrich Engels and the Dialectics of Nature (Palgrave Macmillan, 2020, 213 p.).

Making an ecological worldview. By Martin Empson (International Socialism, Issue 167, Summer 2020). Review of John Bellamy Foster, The Return of Nature: Socialism and Ecology (Monthly Review Press, 2020). “The work of Engels is a key part of The Return of Nature. Foster examines how issues of ecology (in their broadest sense) were key to his writing.”

Friedrich Engels and his contribution to Marxism. By Stavros Mavroudeas (Human Geography, Vol.13, No.2, 2020). “The evidence presented by the new anti-Engelsionists is flimsy and essentially philological hair-splitting arguments. The common ground uniting them is their abhorrence for the existence of Marxism as a coherent theoretical tradition and as a weapon for the revolutionary struggle of the working class for the emancipation of human society.”

Engels’s second theory: technology, warfare and the growth of the state. By Wolfgang Streeck (New Left Review, Issue 123, May-June 2020, p.75-88). “The author of Buying Time detects a state-political supplement to Marxian social theory in Engels’s analyses of 19th-century militarism. The interplay of modes of production and destruction, class struggle and international warfare, from the Crimea to the War on Terror.”

Engels vs. Marx?: Two hundred years of Frederick Engels. By Paul Blackledge (Monthly Review, Vol.72, No.1, May 2020). “Over the course of the twentieth century, a growing number of commentators have claimed that Engels fundamentally distorted Marx’s thought, and that ‘Marxism’ and especially Stalinism emerged out of this one-sided caricature of Marx’s ideas.”

Friedrich Engels and Modern Social and Political Theory. By Kaar Kangal (Marx & Philosophy Review of Books, 1 April 2020). Review of Paul Blackledge’s book (State University of New York Press, 2019, 278 p.). “Someone had to write this book, and I am glad that Paul Blackledge wrote it. Celebrating the bicentenary of Friedrich Engels birth, monographs of this sort are more than welcome.”

The Engels pause. By Michael Roberts (Weekly Worker, Issue 1291, 19 March 2020). “Below is a short (rough) extract from my upcoming book on the contribution that Engels made to Marxian political economy.” See another extract: Nature and humanity (ibid., Issue 1294, 9 April 2020). “Did Engels really seek to water down Marx’s concern for the environment?” Republished at Counterfire (April 4, 2020).

Engels 200 (Counterfire, February-November 2020). Articles by Lindsey German, Tony Cliff, Elaine Graham-Leigh, Michael Roberts and John Rees.

Engels showed how humans change the world (Socialist Worker, Issue 2687, 14 January 2020). Review of A Rebel’s Guide to Friedrich Engels (Bookmarks, 2020, 64 p.). “Gabby Thorpe is impressed by Camilla Royle’s new book on the life and work of Engels—a key contributor to Marxism.”

The return of Engels. By John Bellamy Foster (Jacobin: Reason in Revolt, 28 November 2016). “On the occasion of his birthday, let’s celebrate the incredible contributions of Marx collaborator Friedrich Engels.” See revised edition (Monthly Review, Vol.68, No.10, 2017).

Engels revisited (Socialist Review, Issue 378, March 2013). “There has been a recent resurgence in writers about women’s oppression looking to Marx and Engels for answers, with some arguing he crudely emphasised class at the expense of oppression. Here, Sally Campbell looks at the claims of those writers and defends Engels from the critics.”

Reviews/debate of Tristram Hunt’s The Frock-Coated Communist: The Revolutionary Life of Friedrich Engels (Allen Lane, 2009, 416 p.). (Alternative title: Marx’s General):

Engels’s contradictions: a reply to Tristram Hunt. By Roland Boer (International Socialism, Issue 133, Winter 2012).
Review by John Ehrenberg (Logos: A Journal of Modern Society and Culture, Vol.10, No.3, 2011).
A superior account of Engels and his life’s work. By Keith Harvey (Permanent Revolution, Issue 14, Autumn 2009).
An Engels for the bourgeoisie. By Katherine Connelly (International Socialism, Issue 124, Autumn 2009)
Review by Ian Birchall (Socialist Review, Issue 336, May 2009).

Engels on revolutionary tactics, 1889–1895. By Gerd Callesen (Socialism and Democracy, Vol.26, No.1, 2012, p.85-102). “In the recently published MEGA2 volumes (I/30 to I/32), we find all of Engels’ texts from the period after Marx’s death except for his work on Capital.”

The ‘grand old man’s’ revolutionary legacy. By Philip Wade (A World to Win, 2008). Review of John Green’s Engels: A Revolutionary Life (Artery Publications, 2008, 347 p.). “[The book] is both well written and a joy to read and will appeal to a wide readership.”

Engels: A Revolutionary Life. By Peter Taaffe (The Socialist, 4 June 2008). Review of John Green’s book: “John Green is to be commended for bringing Engels, one of the greatest figures in human history, to life for modern readers.”

Frederick Engels: theorist and fighter. By Simon Basketter (Socialist Worker, Issue 2105, 14 June 2008). “Sometimes Frederick Engels is seen simply as Karl Marx’s lieutenant, but he was a great socialist activist and thinker in his own right.”

Engels: theorist of war, theorist of revolution. By Gilbert Achcar (International Socialism, Issue 97, Winter 2002, p.69-89). “… looking back to the debates of the Second International and the writings of Frederick Engels.”

Engels. By Tony Cliff (Marxists Internet Archive). Talk given at Marxism 1996 conference: “He was more than a second fiddle to Marx, and I will argue that he made a massive contribution, which added greatly to Marxism, and that he did this often independently of Marx and before Marx.”

Special issue: The revolutionary ideas of Frederick Engels (International Socialism, Issue 65, December 1994, 216 p.). See review by Pete Morgan: Marx’ other half (Socialist Review, Issue 181, December 1994).

  • Lindsey German’s Frederick Engels: life of a revolutionary introduces readers to the events which shaped Engels and his ideas. Republished at Counterfire (February 21, 2020).
  • John Rees’ Engels’ Marxism replies to those who accuse Engels of distorting Marx’s ideas and of laying the foundations of reformism and Stalinism. Republished at Counterfire (March 20, 2020).
  • Chris Harman’s Engels and the origins of human society looks at Engel’s work on human evolution, the rise of class society and the roots of women’s oppression.
  • Paul McGarr’s Engels and natural science examines scientific development against the background of Engels’ ideas.

I Anledning af 30-Årsdagen for Friedrich Engels Død (1925). Af Karl Kautsky (Marxisme Online).


Engels at 200 (Historical Materialism, 7 November 2020, 1:53 hour; online at YouTube). Michael Roberts about Engels and the Dialectics of Nature; Camilla Royle about Engels and Ecology The Urban Political Ecology of Friedrich Engels.

Condition of the Working Class in England. A documentary film by Deidre O’Neill and Mike Wayne (82 min.) based on the book by Frederick Engels (site). See review by Mark Boothroyd (LeftUnity, 19 June 2013).

Se også på Socialistisk Bibliotek:


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