Anatole France, 1910. Photo: Bain News Service, publisher/Library of Congress. Public Domain.
Anatole France, 1910. Photo: Bain News Service, publisher/Library of Congress. Public Domain. Source: Wikimedia Commons.

Socialistisk Biblioteks Tidslinje med links til begivenheder og personer i 1844.


Se også Index over personer, organisationer/partier og værker (som bøger, malerier, mm.), steder, begivenheder, mv., der er omtalt på hele Tidslinjen, titler og indhold på emnelisterne osv.

 

Caricature of Anatole France. Caption read "The Greatest Living Frenchman". Accompanying biography in Vanity Fair read "His French was at once acknowledged to be finer than Renan's; as easy and as polished as the elder master; even more rhythmic and shot through with delicious irony.... and curiously perfect literary treatment.... Anatole France is the greatest of living Frenchmen - the greatest writer in Christendom today". Original pastel, watercolour and bodycolour. Published in Vanity Fair, 11 August 1909. Downloaded from Christie's. Artist: Jean Baptiste Guth (1855–1922). Public Domain.
Caricature of Anatole France. Caption read “The Greatest Living Frenchman”. Accompanying biography in Vanity Fair read “His French was at once acknowledged to be finer than Renan’s; as easy and as polished as the elder master; even more rhythmic and shot through with delicious irony…. and curiously perfect literary treatment…. Anatole France is the greatest of living Frenchmen – the greatest writer in Christendom today”. Original pastel, watercolour and bodycolour. Published in Vanity Fair, 11 August 1909. Downloaded from Christie’s. Artist: Jean Baptiste Guth (1855–1922). Public Domain. Source: Wikimedia Commons.

4. april 1844

Den franske sociale forfatter Anatole France fødes i Paris (dør 12. oktober 1924 i Saint-Cyr-sur-Loire ved Tours). Nobelprisen i litteratur 1921. Med i gruppen omkring Clarté.
Kendes bl.a. for citatet: “I sin majestætiske retfærdighed forbyder loven både rige og fattige at sove under broer, tigge på gaden og stjæle brød.”

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15. juni 1844

Den britiske venstrefløj- og valgretsaktivist, suffragette og socialfilantrop, forfatteren Charlotte Despard fødes i Ripple Vale, Kent, England. (Dør 10. november 1939 i Dublin, Irland).
” … involved in the SDF, the ILP, the WSPU, the Women’s Peace Crusade, Sinn Fein and the Communist Party of Ireland.” Delegeret på Anden Internationales kvindekonference 1910 i København (Jagtvej 69), hvor kvindernes internationale kampdag – og forholdet til suffragetterne blev vedtaget, og hvor hun kom i mindretal. (Se International Women’s Day (March 8) på Marxists.org).

Charlotte Despard and Emmeline Pethick Lawrence buying vegetables from a produce stall; manuscript inscriptions on reverse 'Mrs Pethick Lawrence & Mrs Despard (1930s). Photo: The Women's Library collection/Library of the London School of Economics and Political Science. No known copyright restrictions.
Charlotte Despard and Emmeline Pethick Lawrence buying vegetables from a produce stall; manuscript inscriptions on reverse ‘Mrs Pethick Lawrence & Mrs Despard (1930s). Photo: The Women’s Library collection/Library of the London School of Economics and Political Science. No known copyright restrictions. Source: Wikimedia Commons.

Links:

Charlotte Despard (1844-1939) – Fra lady til kommunist. Af Margit Andersen (Arbejderen/Kultur, 8.-10. marts 2019, side 2-3). “Hun blev født i en engelsk officersfamilie, giftede sig med en rig finansmand, men Charlotte Despards lange liv skulle blive tæt forbundet med de sociale og politiske bevægelser fra den sene Victoria-tid og frem til Den Anden Verdenskrig.”

Suffragist Charlotte Despard celebrated (pdf) (Batterse Matters, Summer 2018, p.1 + 13). Lokalavis’ omtale af aktiviter til minde om Charlotte Despard (inkl. demo og kager!).

Meeting of Women's Social and Political Union, Flora Drummond, Christabel Pankhurst, Annie Kenney, Emmeline Pankhurst, Charlotte Despard with two others, working round a kitchen table; printed inscription on reverse 'Barratt's Photo Press Agency, 8 Salisbury Ct, Fleet St, EC'. Photo: The Women's Library collection/Library of the London School of Economics and Political Science. No known copyright restrictions.
Meeting of Women’s Social and Political Union, Flora Drummond, Christabel Pankhurst, Annie Kenney, Emmeline Pankhurst, Charlotte Despard with two others, working round a kitchen table; printed inscription on reverse ‘Barratt’s Photo Press Agency, 8 Salisbury Ct, Fleet St, EC’. Photo: The Women’s Library collection/Library of the London School of Economics and Political Science. No known copyright restrictions. Source: Wikimedia Commons.

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How the working class vote was won. By Judy Cox (International Socialism, Issue 158, Spring 2018). “Another key figure was Charlotte Despard, a friend of Lansbury and a member of the Social Democratic Federation then the ILP.”


 

15. oktober 1844

Drawing of Friedrich Nietzsche by Hans Olde (1855–1917). First appeared in the German magazine "Pan", no. 4 of the fifth year (1899/1900), ca. page 233. Reproduction of a reproduction on a book cover. (1855–1917). Public Domain.
Drawing of Friedrich Nietzsche by Hans Olde (1855–1917). First appeared in the German magazine “Pan”, no. 4 of the fifth year (1899/1900), ca. page 233. Reproduction of a reproduction on a book cover. (1855–1917). Public Domain. Source: Wikimedia Commons.

Den tyske filosof Friedrich Wilhelm Nietzsche fødes i Röcken ved Lützen, (dør 25. august 1900 i Weimar).

Se:

Wikipedia: Friedrich Nietzsche (Wikipedia.dk). Danske artikel + engelske + tyske

Friedrich Nietzsche (Marxists Internet Archive; Reference Writers). Biography + enkelte værker.

‘Den gode europén’: om det svenska Nietzsche-mottagandet (pdf). Av David Brolin (Häften för Kritiska Studier, nr.3-4, 2003; online på Marxistarkiv.se)

One hundred years since the death of Friedrich Nietzsche: a review of his ideas and influence, Part 1. By Stefan Steinberg (World Socialist Web Site, 20 October, 2000) + Part 2 (21 October 2000) + Part 3 (23 October 2000)

Förnuftets banemän: från Nietzsche till Hitler (pdf). Av Georg Lukács (Arkiv, 1985, 205 s.; online på Marxistarkiv.se)

On the philosophy of the superman (1900) (pdf). By Leon Trotsky (Permanent Revolution, Oct. 30, 2011)


 

14. november 1844

Den franske feminist og utopiske socialist Flora Tristan dør i Bordeuaux (født i Paris 7. april 1803, se denne).


 

21. december 1844

En gruppe arbejdere i Rochdale, Lancashire, England, åbner verdens første brugsforening.

First premises of "The Rochdale Pioneers" early successful retail Co-operative, Rochdale England - now The Toad Lane Museum for Co-oprative. Photo taken 26 April 2009 by Scarletharlot69. (CC BY 3.0).
First premises of “The Rochdale Pioneers” early successful retail Co-operative, Rochdale England – now The Toad Lane Museum for Co-oprative. Photo taken 26 April 2009 by Scarletharlot69. (CC BY 3.0). Source: Wikimedia Commons.

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