Ireland's Holocaust mural on the Ballymurphy Road or Whiterock road?, Belfast.
Ireland's Holocaust mural on the Ballymurphy Road or Whiterock road?, Belfast. "An Gorta Mór, Britain's genocide by starvation, Ireland's holocaust 1845–1849, over 1,500,000 deaths". Photo: Miossec. (CC BY-SA 3.0). Source: Wikimedia Commons

Socialistisk Biblioteks Tidslinje med links til begivenheder og personer i 1845.


Se også Index over personer, organisationer/partier og værker (som bøger, malerier, mm.), steder, begivenheder, mv., der er omtalt på hele Tidslinjen, titler og indhold på emnelisterne osv.

 

September 1845

Første beretning om kartoffelpesten på Irland, som gennem flere år var direkte årsag til den store hungerskatatrofe (“An Gorta Mór” = Den Store Sult), da kartoflen var den irske befolknings afgrøde og kost, og andre afgrøder + kødkvæg kom fra engelske jordejere, som eksporterede afgrøder.
Hungersnøden kostede ca. 1 mio. liv (12% af befolkningen), og førte direkte til udvandring af ca. 2 mio. til USA.

Scene at the gate of the workhouse, c. 1846. From Ridpath's history of the world : being an account of the principal events in the career of the human race from the beginnings of civilization to the present time, comprising the development of social instititions and the story of all nations. Publisher: Cincinnati, Ohio : Jones Brothers, Year: 1907 (1900s). Author: John Clark Ridpath (1840-1900). No known copyright restrictions.
Scene at the gate of the workhouse, c. 1846. From Ridpath’s history of the world : being an account of the principal events in the career of the human race from the beginnings of civilization to the present time, comprising the development of social instititions and the story of all nations. Publisher: Cincinnati, Ohio : Jones Brothers, Year: 1907 (1900s). Author: John Clark Ridpath (1840-1900). No known copyright restrictions. Source: Wikimedia Commons.

Se:

Hungersnøden i Irland (1845-1849). Mindre Wikipedia-artikler på dansk og på norsk.

Great Famine (Ireland) (Wikipedia.org). Stor artikel med mange noter og links.

Har den irske hungersnød inspireret nedskæringspolitikken? Af Karen Helveg Petersen (Modkraft.dk, 26. august 2013)

Ireland’s holocaust – The Irish Potato Famine, 1845-50. By Harry Whittaker (Socialist Appeal, 11 December 2007)

The hunger years. By Pat Stack (Socialist Review, Issue 185, September 1995)

Putting the record straight on Ireland’s famine, 1845-49 : Why 1,000,000 died (Workers Solidarity, Issue 45, 1995; online at Blackened.net)

Black Potatoes: The Story of the Great Irish Famine, 1845-1850. By Sheila Lamb (anmeldelse) (Suite101.com, Aug 1, 2010)

Ireland (the island) and Europe's indexed population (1750-2006). (CC BY-SA 3.0).
Ireland (the island) and Europe’s indexed population (1750-2006). (CC BY-SA 3.0). Source: Wikimedia Commons

Litteratur:

Irland på flugt. Af Søren Koustrup: (Munksgaard, 1976, 100 sider) (Serie: Drømmen om amerika, nr. 7). Aldersgruppe fra 12 år.

Se også:

(om de ofte overlastede, overforsikrede flydende ligkister over Atlanten og tvangsdeportationer af irere)

Coffin ship (Wikipedia.org)

Irisk Potato Famine : Coffin ships (The History Place)

Coffin ships: death and pestilence on the Atlantic (Irish Genealogy Toolkit)

Coffin ship on its way to America. From Illustrated London News, July 6, 1850. Public Domain.
Coffin ship on its way to America. From Illustrated London News, July 6, 1850. Public Domain. Source: Views of the famine.

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