Russiske revolution 1905. Source: CLASSICAL ICONOCLAST: https://classical-iconoclast.blogspot.dk/2017/09/jurowskis-pillars-stravinsky.html Se nedenfor 9. januar 1905.
Russiske revolution 1905. Source: CLASSICAL ICONOCLAST: https://classical-iconoclast.blogspot.dk/2017/09/jurowskis-pillars-stravinsky.html Se nedenfor 9. januar 1905.


Socialistisk Biblioteks Tidslinje med links til begivenheder og personer i 1905.


Se også Index over personer, organisationer/partier og værker (som bøger, malerier, mm.), steder, begivenheder, mv., der er omtalt på hele Tidslinjen, titler og indhold på emnelisterne osv.

Bladliste

Nye blade i 1905:

  • Skorpionen

Se:


 

1. januar 1905

Åbning af den 6.500 km lange jernbanelinje mellem Beijing i Kina og Moskva i Rusland (den transsibiriske jernbane). Anlæggelsen afsluttes 6. jaunar 1916.

Se:


 

9. januar 1905

“Den blodige søndag” (22. januar efter nutidig tidsregning) i Rusland.

The Russian Revolution, 1905: Artistic impression of Bloody Sunday in St Petersburg, Russia, when unarmed demonstrators marching to present a petition to Tsar Nicholas II were shot at by the Imperial Guard in front of the Winter Palace on 22 January 1905. Source: http://media.iwm.org.uk/iwm/mediaLib//26/media-26740/large.jpg Public domain
The Russian Revolution, 1905: Artistic impression of Bloody Sunday in St Petersburg, Russia, when unarmed demonstrators marching to present a petition to Tsar Nicholas II were shot at by the Imperial Guard in front of the Winter Palace on 22 January 1905. Source: http://media.iwm.org.uk/iwm/mediaLib//26/media-26740/large.jpg Public domain

Leksikalt:

Se også:

The axis of all events: the 1905 Russian revolution (Socialist Review, Issue 292, January 2005). “The 1905 Russian revolution, as described by Leon Trotsky.”

Leo Trotski: Femti dager – Sovjetet og revolusjonen (Marxists Internet Archive; Norsk). “Fra ‘Historien om de arbeiderdeputertes råd’, St. Petersburg 1908. Her oversatt etter Leo Trotski: Our revolution, 1918.”

Artikler/Articles:

Den russiske revolution. Af Steve Wright (Internationale Socialister, 1984, 27 sider; online på Marxisme Online). Pjece fra Internationale Socialisters Forlag, marts 1987.

The 1905 Revolution: Russia’s great dress rehearsal. Part 65, – i: Neil Faulkner: A Marxist History of the World (Counterfire, 5 March 2012)

1905: The 1917 Revolution’s dress rehearsal. By Judy Cox (Counterfire, January 14, 2017). “The Russian Revolution of 1917 was led by a working class who, in 1905, had already tasted their own power and experienced bitter defeat.”

1905: Birth of a new power (Socialist Worker, Issue 1933, 8 January 2005). “One hundred years ago the workers and peasants of Russia rose up in revolution and shook their country’s rulers. Megan Trudell looks at the ”’great dress rehearsal’.”

From 1905 to our time. By Shelia Cohen (Against the Current, Issue 119, November-December 2005). “The focus here, is not on the ‘results’ of the 1905 revolution, but on its ‘prospects’.”

Rehearsing for 1917: Russia’s 1905 Revolution. By David Finkel (Against the Current, Issue 118, September-October 2005). “… the 1905 Revolution continues to yield new lessons, with hidden chapters of struggle recovered to inspire and educate us.”

A hidden story of the 1905-7 Russian Revolution: the unemployed Soviet. By Nikolaj Preobrazhenksii (Against the Current, Issue 118, September-October 2005). “The movement of the unemployed in St. Petersburg is a little-known episode of the First Russian Revolution of 1905-7.”

Lessons from the 1905 Revolution. By Hillel Ticktin (Against the Current, Issue 118, September-October 2005). “1905 was a decisive year in socialist history in that the working class movement developed two crucial weapons in its armory: Soviets (workers’ councils) … and the general strike.”

1905: the consciousness factor (International Socialism, Issue 108, Autumn 2005). “Here Pete Glatter looks at the transformations that occurred in working class consciousness.”

The birth of our politics: Marxists and the 1905 Revolution (International Socialism, Issue 105, Winter 2005, p.63-97). “Mark Thomas analyses the impact of the revolution on the development of Marxist ideas.”

1905 Revolution. By Peter Glatter (Socialist Worker, October 2005):
Part 1: The First Stop the War Movement (No.1971, 8 October 2005)
Part 2: More than just an anniversary (No.1972, 15 October 2005)
Part 3: When midnight struck in Moscow (No.1973, 22 October 2005)

The 1905 revolution and its lessons. By Doug Lorimer (Links: International Journal of Socialist Renewal, Issue 28, September 2005). Contents: Soviets of workers’ deputies – January 1905 protest – Bolsheviks and Mensheviks – Anti-feudal revolution – Marxism versus Narodnism – Marxism and the peasantry – Monopoly capitalism – Russo-Japanese War – Lessons drawn by Lenin.

Demonstratorer på Nevsky Prospect, Sct. Pedersborg nær byrådets bygning (18. oktober 1905). Kilde: https://pastvu.com/_p/a/4/8/f/48f8830fb3ba82b53d751cafe42d5c8b.jpg Public domain
Demonstratorer på Nevsky Prospect, Sct. Pedersborg nær byrådets bygning (18. oktober 1905). Kilde: https://pastvu.com/_p/a/4/8/f/48f8830fb3ba82b53d751cafe42d5c8b.jpg Public domain

The Russian Revolution of 1905: change through struggle (Revolutionary History, Vol.9., No.1, 2005, p.1-233). “This issue, devoted to the study of the 1905 revolution in Russia, has been compiled by a guest editor, Pete Glatter, to whom the Editorial Board wishes to record its thanks and appreciation for assembling and translating a wealth of material new to the English reader.”
Reviews:
The first Russian Revolution, by Kevin Murphy (International Socialist Review, Issue 45, January-February 2006)
Russia 1905: revolutionary history or debatable politics?, by Alan Woodward (Revolutionary History, Vol.9, No.2, 2005)

1905. By Tony Cliff (Socialist Review Review, Issue 72, January 1985). “Without the experience and lessons learnt in 1905 it is doubtful if the uprisings in 1917 would have led to the establishment of workers’ power.”

The 1905 Revolution. Chapter 7 in Tony Cliff: Lenin, Vol.1 (Pluto Press, 1975, p.149-168). Contents: The rise of police trade unionism – Bloody Sunday – Lenin and Gapon – Fighting the Bolsheviks’ sectarian attitude towards the trade unions and the Soviet.

Se også på Socialistisk Bibliotek:


 

10. januar 1905

Den franske revolutionære fra Pariserkommunen, Louise Michel, dør i Marseille
(født 29. maj 1830, se denne)



 

15. marts 1905

Forfatteren Amalie Skram dør i Kbh. (Født i Bergen, Norge, 22. august 1846, se denne)


 

8. april 1905

Forfatteren, tegneren og maleren og DKP’eren Hans Scherfig fødes i Kbh. (Dør 28.1.1979)

Se på Socialistisk Bibliotek:


 

1. maj 1905

Første nummer af det anarkistiske tidsskrift Skorpionen: Anarkistisk Organ udkom, red. Sophus Rasmussen. (På forsiden: “Udkommer saa vidt muligt 2 Gange maanedlig”)

Se:

  • Skorpionen (1905-1907) (Det Anarkistiske Bibliotek)
  • Skorpionen (scroll ned til tidsskriftet på listen) (Anarkiv – Anarkistisk arkiv)
  • Rasmussen, Sophus (Sorte Fane Blog). Oversigt over tekster på dansk.

Se også:

Anarkisternes Program. Af Sophus Rasmussen (Skorpionen, 3. årg., nr. 2, 1907; online på Det Anarkistiske Bibliotek)

Se også på Socialistisk Bibliotek:

  • Arbejderhistorisk Bladliste, 1905, Biografiske oplysninger: Sofus Rasmussen, for biografiske oplysninger om mordet på ham.
  • Tidslinjen 7. juni 1874 om Sofus Rasmussen.

 

21. maj 1905

Det danske småborger-parti, Det Radikale Venstre, dannes på kongres 20.-21. maj 1905 i Odense. Centralt for partiets dannelse var anti-militarismen.

Se:


 

21. juni 1905

Den franske forfatter og filosof Jean-Paul Sartre fødes i Paris (dør i Paris 15.4.1980).

Se på Socialistisk Bibliotek:

1905sartre.jpg


 

26. juni 1905

Digteren Jeppe Aakjær (10.9.1866 – 22.4.1930) får i dagbladet Politiken trykt digtet Jens Vejmand. Kommer i samlingen Rugens Sange (1906) med mel. af Carl Nielsen (hør: Erik Grips Jens Vejmand 1996 på YouTube.com, 2:55 min.)

Se:

Carl Nielsen: Jens Vejmand [melodien; faksimile]

Se også på Socialistisk Bibliotek:

Tidslinjen 22. april 1930, med links til teksten mm. på Aakjærs dødsdag.

"Jens Vejmand", ca. 1890, kilde: Billeder fra det gamle Stevns

“Jens Vejmand”, ca. 1890, kilde: Billeder fra det gamle Stevns


 

27. juni 1905

Syndikalistiske fagforening IWW – Industrial Workers of the World –  grundlægges på kongres i Chicago.

Se:

Worldwide Wobblies remembered. By Fran Shor (Against the Current, Issue 193, March-April 2018). Review of Peter Cole, David Struthers and Kenyon Zimmer (eds.), Wobblies of the World: A Global History of the IWW (Pluto Press, 2017, 312 p.).

Wobblies of the World, Unite (Jacobin: Reason in Revolt, 18 December 2017). An interview with Peter Cole: “True to its name, the Industrial Workers of the World spanned the globe — an international history that has long been forgotten.”

The Big Red Songbook and The Revolutionary Journalism of Big Bill Haywood. By Julie Sherry (Socialist Review, Issue 416, September 2016). Review of two books.

One Big Union, one long fight. By Robert Young (Monthly Review, Vol.69, No.6, November 2017). Review of The Wobblies, a film directed by Stewart Bird and Deborah Shaffer, 1979 (DVD/Docurama, 2006, 89 min.) + Fred W. Thompson and Jon Bekken, The Industrial Workers of the World: Its First Hundred Years (Cincinnati, IWW, 2006, 247 p.)

Founded on the class struggle (Socialist Review, Issue 417, October 2016). “In a new ten-part column John Newsinger tells the the remarkable story of US revolutionary trade unionists the Industrial Workers of the World, known as the Wobblies.” Part 2: ‘Undesirable citizen’ (Issue 418, November 2016) + Part 3: ‘Driven by rage and desperatin’ (Issue 419, December 2016) + Part 4: Gurley Flynn will be the boss (Issue 420, January 2017) + Part 5: Hanging is not too good for them (Issue 421, February 2017) + Part 6: The IWW has stood with the negro (Issue 422, March 2017) + Part 7: A tale of two cities (Issue 423, April 2017) + Part 8: Songs the struggle taught us (Issue 424, May 2017) + Part 9: War and repression (Issue 425, June 2017) + Part 10: The turn to Bolshevism (Issue 426, July-August 2017).

The Wobblies in their heyday, a hard-headed history of the IWW. By Staughton Lynd (MRZine, 24 November 2014). Review of Eric Chester, The Wobblies in Their Heyday: The Rise and Destruction of the Industrial Workers of the World during the World War I Era (Praeger, 2014, 316 p.)

The legacy of the IWW: To break their haughty power. By Joe Richard (International Socialist Review, Issue 86, November 2012). “The IWW tried to be both a union and a revolutionary organization at the same time, and in attempting this, never fully succeeded at either.”

An injury to one is an injury to all (SocialistWorker.org, August 20, 2009). “Adam Turl chronicles the rich radical working-class history of Industrial Workers of the World.”

Philadelphia Wobblies. By John Newsinger (International Socialism, Issue 120, Summer 2008, p.167-180). Review of Peter Cole, Wobblies on the Waterfront: International Unionism in Progressive Era Philadelphia (University of Illinois, 2007)

Happy birthday Big Bill (Socialist Review, Issue 292, January 2005). “Mike Davis commemorates the centenary of a high point in American socialist history.”

Wobblies on the Southern home front. By Abra Quinn (Against the Current, No.116, May-June 2005). “However, the IWW successfully organized seamen and maritime workers in the docks and ports of Louisiana and Texas, on the Gulf, and also linked up with timber organizing in the Piney Woods stretching across Florida, Alabama, Mississippi, Arkansas, Louisiana, and Texas.”

The Wobblies heritage. By Paul Buhle (Against the Current, No.115, March/April 2005). “The traditions of solidarity across national, race, gender and other boundaries are most meaningful for us today.”

Gifts of the IWW. By Joseph Grim Feinberg (Against the Current, Issue 118, September-October 2005). “After its found in 1905, the union quickly grew, already rivaling other leading unions in strength by the early 1910s and reaching its peak membership in 1923-24.”

Literature:

The I.W.W.: its history, structure and methods (pdf). By Vincent St. John (New Castle, Pa., I.W.W. Pub. Bureau, 1912, 23 p.; online at Internet Archive WayBackMachine)

American syndicalism: the I.W.W. (pdf). By John Graham (New York, Macmillan Co., 1913, 296 p.; online at Internet Archive WayBackMachine)

Se også:

IWW’s plakat (1911): Pyramid of Capitalist System (Wikipedia.org).

Se også på Socialistisk Bibliotek:


 

30. juni 1905

Albert Einstein publicerer sine seminarpapirer med den specielle relativitetsteori.Billedresultat for einstein 1905

Se:

Einstein’s 1905 Revolution: New physics, new Century. By Ansar Fayyazuddin (Against the Current, No.116, May/June 2005). “Einstein’s three major contributions to Physics in 1905 were monumental.”

It’s all relative: Science and socialists. By Duncan Blackie (Socialist Worker Review, Issue 115, December 1988, p.26-27; online at Marxisme Online). “If you haven’t heard of any other twentieth century physicist, you’ll have heard of Albert Einstein. And with good reason: he laid the theoretical framework for the greatest revolution in physics for 250 years.”

Se også på Socialistisk Bibliotek:


5. september 1905

Forfatteren Arthur Koestler fødes i Budapest. (Dør i London 3. marts 1983, se denne)


 

The suffragette is selling the 'Votes for Women' newspaper outside Morley's Hotel in Trafalgar Square. The 'Votes for Women' newspaper was one of several suffragette newspapers published during the early years of the 20th century, this particular edition was published on Friday 29th April 1910. Ca.1900-1919. Source: https://www.flickr.com/photos/george_eastman_house/2678367136/in/set-72157606224254056/ Photo: Ch. Chusseau-FlaviensThe suffragette is selling the 'Votes for Women' newspaper outside Morley's Hotel in Trafalgar Square. The 'Votes for Women' newspaper was one of several suffragette newspapers published during the early years of the 20th century, this particular edition was published on Friday 29th April 1910. Ca.1900-1919. Source: https://www.flickr.com/photos/george_eastman_house/2678367136/in/set-72157606224254056/ Photo: Ch. Chusseau-Flaviens
The suffragette is selling the ‘Votes for Women’ newspaper outside Morley’s Hotel in Trafalgar Square. The ‘Votes for Women’ newspaper was one of several suffragette newspapers published during the early years of the 20th century, this particular edition was published on Friday 29th April 1910. Ca.1900-1919. Source: https://www.flickr.com/photos/george_eastman_house/2678367136/in/set-72157606224254056/ Photo: Ch. Chusseau-Flaviens

13. oktober 1905

Det britiske Women’s Social and Political Union (WSPU) bliver til de militante suffragetter, da … “Christabel Pankhurst and Annie Kenney, armed with a banner painted with ‘Votes for Women’ shouted their question to the Liberals in their meeting – ‘Will the Liberal Government give women the vote?'”

Se:

Herstory: Suffragetternes guerillakrig i England. Af Inge Kongsgaard Hansen (Autonom Infoservice, 16. marts 2015). “Kvinderne indledte en militant kamp for stemmeret. Det blev en decideret guerillakrig, som for alvor satte parlamentet under pres …”

The War? The Suffragettes? How did women win the right to vote? (Counterfire, February 6, 2018). “On the centenary of women winning the right to vote, Katherine Connelly explores how they fought for their rights and resisted war.”

How struggle won women the vote. By Sarah Bates (Socialist Worker, Issue 2589, 29 January 2018). “A sea of suffragette colours will mark next week’s centenary of the Representation of the People Act. The Act gave some women in Britain the right to vote for the first time.”

Stealing the suffragettes: Margaret Thatcher’s funeral and false historical parallels (Counterfire, 19 April 2013). “Katherine Connelly explains why attempts to claim Thatcher as the heir to the suffragettes are a gross distortion of history and an attack on our struggles today.”

What did the Suffragettes do? (Johndclare.net). Extracts from Andrew Rosen, Rise Up, Women!: The Militant Campaign of the Women’s Social and Political Union, 1903-1914 (Routledge and Kegan Paul, 1974)

Litteratur:

  • Da kvinderne måtte gå under jorden: Suffragetternes kamp for stemmerettren i England 1903-1914. Af Toni Liversage (Gyldendal, 1975, 121 sider)

 

WSPU leaders Annie Kenney (left) and Cristabel Pankhurst
WSPU leaders Annie Kenney (left) and Cristabel Pankhurst

Om filmen Suffragette , instr. Sarah Gavron. Premiere 23. oktober 2015 (USA):

Civil ulydighed mod en uciviliseret stat. Af Anita Brask Rasmussen (Information.dk, 27. november 2015). “Film om de britiske kvinders kamp for stemmeret flytter fokus fra talerne i front til arbejderklassekvinderne i mængden.” Kun uddrag (gratis) online.

Drama om kvinders vilkår er hverken dårlig eller uforglemmelig. Af Katrine Hornstrup Yde (Politiken.dk, 26. november 2015). “Følelsesladet film om tiden, hvor civil ulydighed var den eneste måde at opnå ligestilling på, lider under lidt for selvbevidst dramatisering.”

Thinking about Suffragette. By Alison Baldree (Against the Current, Issue 181, March-April 2016). “Suffragette focuses on rank-and-file women rather than on the leadership of the suffragette movement ”” a perspective not often told.”

Sarah Gavron’s Suffragette: What do Mrs. Pankhurst and an East End laundress have in common? By Joanne Laurier (World Socialist Web Site, 28 November 2015). “In the end, the film plays fast and loose with history in the interests of pushing a contemporary political agenda.”

Women against men? By Christina Black (Weekly Worker, Issue 1082, 12 November 2015). “Suffragette is essentially a period piece set around 1912-13, which combines historical and fictional characters in a drama depicting the women’s suffrage movement in Britain, culminating in the martyrdom of Emily Davison.”

Suffragette: on the side of the rebels. By Katherine Connelly (Counterfire, October 15, 2015). “Suffragette is a compelling and moving portrayal of the courage of ordinary women who dared to challenge the power of the British state.”

Suffragette – the revolt that won the vote. By Judith Orr (Socialist Worker, Issue 2475, 13 October 2015). “… it was more than a movement led by the middle classes seen in the new film Suffragette. It involved a mass movement …”

Why the suffragettes still matter: ‘they dared to act as the equals of men’ (The Guardian, 19 September 2015). “… we asked writers to reflect on the meanings and modern relevance of the militants’ direct action: Helen Lewis, Tessa Hadley, Jacqueline Rose, Sarah Crompton, Rachel Holmes, Bridget Christie.”

Se også på Tidslinjen på Socialistisk Bibliotek:


 

10. november 1905

Den socialdemokratiske børneorganisation DUI dannes af lejlighedsdigteren, jornalisten og MF’eren A.C.Meyer og tjener Louis Florin.

Billedresultat for dui leg og virke

DUI Horsens, i 30’erne. Kilde: https://horsensleksikon.dk/dui-leg-virke-historisk-kalender-juni-1994/ med historisk afsnit.

Se:


 

28. november 1905

Uafhængighedsbevægelsen Sinn Féin dannes i Irland.

Source: http://www.judecollins.com/2017/01/three-important-items-dominate-sinn-fein-manifesto/
Source: http://www.judecollins.com/2017/01/three-important-items-dominate-sinn-fein-manifesto/

Se:

Genesis of ‘new Sinn Féin’ (Weekly Worker, Issue 1191, February 22, 2018). “Kevin Bean looks back to the 1980s and 90s and the taming of the republican movement.”

The end of the old brigade. By Daniel Finn (Jacobin: Reason in Revolt, 22 November 2017). “Gerry Adams is stepping down as Sinn Féin president – what legacy will his long leadership leave behind?”

The politics of Sinn Fein: rhetoric and reality. By Kieran Allen (Irish Marxist Review, Vol.3, No.11, 2014, p.4-15). “Sinn Fein’s primary aim now is to enter a government to manage Irish capitalism rather than abolish it.”

100 years of Sinn Fein, Part 1. By Joe Craig (Socialist Democracy, 1st February 2005) + Part 2 (15th March 2005) + Part 3 (7th May 2005) + Part 4 (15th June 2005) + Part 5 (5th July 2005) + Part 6 (10th September 2005) + Part 7 (15th September 2005)

Sinn Féin and Socialism (1908). By James Connolly (Marxists Internet Archive)

Se også:

Section Irland (Reds – Die Roten; English texts)

Ireland: Republicanism and Revolution. (part I-XIII). By Alan Woods (Wellred Books, 2005, 135 p.; online at In Defence of Marxism) Guiana

Bookwatch: Ireland. By Pat Riordan (International Socialism, Issue 66, Spring 1995, p.139-147; on Marxists Internet Archive)

Se også på Socialistisk Bibliotek:


 

28. november 1905

Opstanden i Guyana 28.11.-5.12. starter med strejke.

Se:

Se også:


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