Pelle Erobreren udkom med 1. bind i 1906. Denne udgave er fra Gyldendal, 1949. Omslagstegning af Anton Hansen.

Socialistisk Biblioteks Tidslinje med links til begivenheder og personer i 1906.


Se også Index over personer, organisationer/partier og værker (som bøger, malerier, mm.), steder, begivenheder, mv., der er omtalt på hele Tidslinjen, titler og indhold på emnelisterne osv.

 

28. februar 1906

Upton Sinclair, three-quarter length portrait, seated on desk, facing front. Forms part of: New York World-Telegram and the Sun Newspaper Photograph Collection, 1906. author: Unknown. Public Domain. Source: <a href="https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Upton_Sinclair_cph.3c32336.jpg">Wikimedia Commons.</a>
Upton Sinclair, three-quarter length portrait, seated on desk, facing front. Forms part of: New York World-Telegram and the Sun Newspaper Photograph Collection, 1906. author: Unknown. Public Domain. Source: Wikimedia Commons.

Upton Sinclair får udgivet romanen The Jungle (dansk: Junglen: Tilegnet Amerikas Arbejdere, 1906).
“.. gennembrudsbog ‘Junglen’ udkom i 1906. Den handler om de barbariske forhold i Chicagos kødindustri. Romanen, der vakte opsigt i både USA og i Europa, var baseret på studier og interviews og førte til en lovmæssig stramning af forholdene i den amerikanske kødindustri”. (Arbejderen.dk, 23.11.2002)

Se:

Portræt af den rå kapitalisme. Af Bjarne Nielsen (Arbejderen.dk, 11. juni 2011)

“Junglen”. Af Gustav Bang (Social-Demokraten, 23.7. + 30.7.1906; online på Marxisme Online)

The Jungle (Wikipedia.org)

The Jungle at 100. By Christopher Phelps (Against the Current, No.115, March/April 2005)

The fictitious suppression of Upton Sinclair’s The Jungle. By Christopher Phelps (History News Network, 20 July 2006)
Litteratur:

Bogen online: The Jungle (Marxists Internet Archive)

Junglen (Forlaget Sohn, 2011, 350 sider). Revideret udg. af Ella Melbyes oversættelse (1906)

Junglen (Modtryk, 1977, 295 sider) (Socialistisk Bogklub)

Se også på Socialistisk Bibliotek:

Tidslinjen: 25. november 1968, om Upton Sinclair.

Upton Sinclair himself, selling the “Fig Leaf Edition” of his book Oil! in Boston, 1927. Author: Anonymous. Public Domain. Source: <a href="https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Upton_Sinclair_Oil.jpg">Wikimedia Commons.</a>
Upton Sinclair himself, selling the “Fig Leaf Edition” of his book Oil! in Boston, 1927. Author: Anonymous. Public Domain. Source: Wikimedia Commons.

 

28. februar 1906

Første bind af Martin Andersen Nexøs roman Pelle Erobreren udkommer. Afsluttes i 1910.

Se:

Martin Andersen Nexø (personliste på Socialistisk Bibliotek). Med links til biografier, litterære artikler og værker (bøger og film).

Udgave (1988) i 2 bind, omslagsillustration fra Bille Augusts film (af første bind) med Pelle Hvenegaard og Max von Sydow.
Udgave (1988) i 2 bind, omslagsillustration fra Bille Augusts film (af første bind) med Pelle Hvenegaard og Max von Sydow.

 

Se også på Socialistisk Bibliotek:

Tidslinjen 26. december 1987 om den Oscar-vindende film Pelle Erobreren, instr. Bille August, herunder sammenligninger af film og roman.


 

1. marts 1906

Den vietnamesiske kommunist Pham Van Dong fødes i Quang Ngai provinsen (dør 29. april 2000 i Hanoi, Vietnam).
Premierminister i den Demokratiske Republik Vietnam (Nord-) 1955-1976 og det forenede Vietnam 1976-87.

Onkel Ho med premierminister Pham Van Dong. Dato: (5-11-1968). Foto: T.L. Kilde: http://baoquangngai.vn/channel/2023/201602/qua-trinh-hoat-dong-cua-thu-tuong-pham-van-dong-2669536/
Onkel Ho med premierminister Pham Van Dong. Dato: (5-11-1968). Foto: T.L. Kilde:
http://baoquangngai.vn/channel/2023/201602/qua-trinh-hoat-dong-cua-thu-tuong-pham-van-dong-2669536/

Se:


 

15. (?) marts 1906

Emma Goldman udgiver i New York første nummer af magasinet Mother Earth: Monthly Magazine Devoted to Social Science and Literature (Published Every 15th of the Month) (1906-1928)

Se:

Mother Earth (Anarchist Archives), 8 issues onlline + Mother Earth Bulletin, vol. 1, no. 1-7, 1917-18, online.

Mother Earth (magazine) (Wikipedia.org)

Se også på Socialistisk Bibliotek:

Personliste Emma Goldman (1869-1940)

1906mother.gif


 

30. marts 1906

Med vedtagelse af Lov om Modarbejdelse af offentlig Usædelighed og Venerisk Smitte ophæves den reglementerede prostitutionskontrol, det legale erhverv.

Se:

Lov nr. 287 af 23. maj 1973 om bekæmpelse af kønssygdomme (Retsinformation.dk)

Lov nr. 47 om Foranstaltninger til at modarbeide den veneriske Smittes Udbredelse, 10. april 1874 (Danmarkshistorien.dk)

Et socialhistorisk portræt af prostitutionen i København ca. 1874 til 1906. Af Merete Bøge Pedersen (Kvinder, Køn og Forskning, nr.3, 2001, s.25-33; online på Tidsskrift.dk).

Se også på Socialistisk Bibliotek:

Linkbox: Prostitutions, sexkøb og venstrefløjen

Illustration: Christian Krohg: "Albertine i politilægens venteværelse". På Nasjonalgalleriet, Oslo. Billedet udstillet udærdigt 22.3.1886 i Den frisindede studenterforening, og færdigt i Teknikens store sal i Rådhusgata, Solo, 11.3.1887.
Illustration: Christian Krohg: “Albertine i politilægens venteværelse”. På Nasjonalgalleriet, Oslo. Billedet udstillet udærdigt 22.3.1886 i Den frisindede studenterforening, og færdigt i Teknikens store sal i Rådhusgata, Solo, 11.3.1887.

Se også:


 

6. april 1906

Norske forfatter Alexander Lange Kielland dør. (Født 18. februar 1849, se denne)


 

13. april 1906

Forfatteren Samuel Beckett fødes i Foxrock, County Dublin, Irland. (Dør 22.12.1989 i Paris, Frankrig).
Nobelprisen i litteratur 1969.

Photograph of Samuel Beckett taken by a street photographer outside Burlington House in Piccadily, ca. 1954. Photo courtesy University of Texas at Austin. Source: montrealrampage.com.
Photograph of Samuel Beckett taken by a street photographer outside Burlington House in Piccadily, ca. 1954. Photo courtesy University of Texas at Austin. Source: montrealrampage.com.

Se:

Samuel Beckett: poet of pessimism or herald of resistance? By Sinead Kennedy (Socialist Worker, Issue 1995, 8 April 2006)

Goodbye grey sky?. By Sabby Sagall (Socialist Review, No.280, December 2003). Review of Samuel Beckett, Happy Days, Arts Theatre, London.

Samuel Beckett (1906-1989). Obituaries by Leslie Hill (Radical Philosophy, Summer 1990)


 

2. maj 1906

Forsiden af 'Der Staat Der Klassengesellschaft: Rechts- Und Sozialstaatlichkeit Bei Wolfgang Abendroth'
Forsiden af ‘Der Staat Der Klassengesellschaft: Rechts- Und Sozialstaatlichkeit Bei Wolfgang Abendroth’

Den tyske marxist Wolfgang Abendroth fødes i Wuppertal. (Dør 15.9.1985 i Frankfurt a.M.).

Se:

Abendroth, Wolfgang (Leksikon.org)

Wolfgang Abendroth (Wikipeida.org). Kortere engelsk intro.

Wolfgang Abendroth (Wikipedia.de). Længere tysk – med links & litt.henvisninger.

Partisanenprofessor im Lande der Mitläufer. von Georg Fülberth. (Freitag 17, 28.04.2006) “Nicht nur aktuell, zugleich im besten Sinn unzeitgemäß. Lebte er noch, träte er für die Entstehung der neuen Linkspartei ein”

Zum 100. Geburtstag von Wolfgang Abendroth (pdf-format) (Marburg Universitet, Unijournal, april 2006, 4 sider)

Litteratur:
Den europæiske arbejderbevægelses historie (Politisk Revy, 1974, 290 sider)


 

23. maj 1906

Den norske skuespilforfatter Henrik Ibsen dør i Kristiania [Oslo] (født i Skien, Norge, 20. marts 1828, se denne)


 

25. maj 1906

Den danske rådskommunist og fritænker Harald Andersen-Harild junior fødes (dør 22. juni 1980)

Se:

Andersen-Harild, Harald. Af Julius Wilm (Leksikon.org)

Arbejdernes Fritænkerforbund (Leksikon.org)


 

20. juli 1906

Vedtagelse i finske rigsdag om, at finske kvinder – som de første i Europa – får parlamentarisk stemmeret. (New Zealand var verdens første i 1892)

Se:

Finnish women’s suffrage from the international perspective. By Irma Sulkunen (Centenary of women’s full political rights in Finland). See other publications at the site.

Finland 1906: The revolutionary roots of women’s suffrage ”” an International Women’s Day tribute. By Eric Blanc (John Riddell’s Blog, March 4, 2015)

Women’s suffrage 80 years on (pdf). By Hannele Kurki (Council for Gender Equality, Issue 1, 1986, 18 p.)

Frøken Lucina Hagmann (Kvindestemmeretsbladet, 1. årg, nr. 9, 1907; online på Kvinfo)

Se også på Socialistisk Bibliotek:


September 1906

Lev Trotskij formulerer i sin artikelsamling om den russiske 1905-revolution (Vor Revolution / Nasha Revoljusija) teorien om den permanente revolution i afslutningsartiklen Resultater og perspektiver / Itogi i Perspektivij

Links:

Debat / Debate:

Skandinaviske sprog:

Marxismen i Trotskijs ”Resultater og perspektiver”. Af Micael Löwy (Socialistisk Information, 7. oktober 2017). “Trotskijs teori om den permanente revolution, sådan som den blev skitseret for første gang i essayet Resultater og perspektiver (1906), var et af de mest forbløffende politiske gennembrud i marxistisk tænkning i begyndelsen af det 20. århundrede.”

Den permanente revolutions teori (pdf). Af Ole Stender-Petersen (Politica, årg.15, nr.4, 1983, s.435-458; online på Tidsskrift.dk). “Denne artikel rummer et rids af Leon Trotskijs teori om den permanente revolution. Teoriens udformning og elementer skildres på baggrund af de historiske forhold og ud fra Trotskijs personlighed. Han udarbejdede teorien med særligt henblik på tilbagestående lande (model: Rusland).”

In English:

What do we mean by … uneven and combined development? By Neil Davidson (RS21: Revolutionary Socialism in the 21st Century, February 25, 2014). “The radical novelty of what Trotsky meant by uneven and combined development is often underestimated. The most common mistake is to reduce it to, or confuse it with, the longstanding theory of uneven development.”

The relevance of permanent revolution: A reply to Neil Davidson. By Joseph Choonara (International Socialism, Issue 131, Summer 2011). “I will attempt to set out, as clearly as possible, what I think the theory means and what is left when the general aspects of the theory are disentangled from the context in which they were formulated.”

From deflected permanent revolution to the law of uneven and combined development. By Neil Davidson (International Socialism, Issue 128, Autumn 2010). “… as we shall see, reintegrating the law of uneven and combined development with the strategy of permanent revolution will help answer many of the unresolved questions raised by its ‘deflection’.”

Tony Cliff: Deflected permanent revolution in Africa. By Leo Zeilig (International Socialism, Issue 126, Spring 2010). “This article is not intended simply as a restatement of that theory. While it is outlined, the article seeks to explain the centrality of the theory for understanding the struggle for national liberation and, subsequently, the role of the intelligentsia in the developing world.”

Permanent Revolution. Part 1-3. By Esme Choonara (Socialist Worker, Issue 2168-2170, September 2009). About Karl Marx’s theory of revolution, the impact of Russia 1905 on Marxist theory and a period when workers did not lead and other groups followed their own agenda.

The Marxism of Trotsky’s ‘Results and Prospects’: A decisive break with the mechanical Marxism of the 2nd International. By Michael Löwy (International Viewpoint, 9 September 2006). “Trotsky’s theory of permanent revolution, as sketched for the first time in his essay Results and Prospects (1906), was one of the most astonishing political breakthroughs in Marxist thinking at the begining of the XXth century.” In Danish: Marxismen i Trotskijs ”Resultater og perspektiver” (Socialistisk Information, 7. oktober 2017).

The fading relevance of permanent revolution. By David Whitehouse (International Socialist Review, Issue 48, July–August 2006). “What follows is the barest sketch of an argument. It begins with the conditions in Russia and elsewhere that led Trotsky to formulate his theory, and continues with the changes that have made the applicability of the theory less and less general.” See response from Paul D’Amato: The necessity of permanent revolution (ibid.). “Much of what he says has nothing to do with the theory of permanent revolution as such, some things he says about the theory are either wrong or misrepresent it, and others are completely obvious and uncontested.”

The relevance of permanent revolution. By Michael Löwy (International Viewpoint, Issue 324, October 2000). “This theory has undoubtedly been one of the most significant and innovatory contributions to Marxism made by Trotsky in the 20th century. How did it emerge and what is its meaning today, at the dawn of a new century?”

Deflected permanent revolution. By Tony Cliff (International Socialism, No.12, Spring 1963). “Trotsky’s greatest and most original contribution to Marxism was his theory of Permanent Revolution. In this study the theory will first be restated. It will then be considered in the light of the colonial revolution experienced over the last decade or so. We shall be compelled to reject a large part of it.” In Danish: Den afbøjede permanente revolution (Modkraft Biblioteket). Også på Marxisme Online.

Bøger / Books:

Witnesses to Permanent Revolution: The Documentary Record. Edited by Richard B. Day and Daniel Gaido (Brill, 2009 / Haymarket Books, 2011, 682 p.). “The early debates about the contradictions of combined and uneven development, brought to life by a new translation of leading Marxists.”
Vittnen till den permanenta revolutionen (pdf) (Marxistarkiv.se, februar 2016, 212 s.). Översättning til svenska, bla. Day/Gaidos Inledning (s.5-40), och utom de delar som funnits översatta tidigar.
Anmeldelser / Reviews:
Review by Bill Jefferies (Marx & Philosophy Review of Books, 14 March 2014).
Democratic Revolution in Permanenz (pdf). By Lars T. Lih (Science & Society, Vol.76, No.4, October 2012, p.433–462; online at Postcapitalistproject.org.)
Permanent revolution and the battle for democracy. By Ben Lewis (Weekly Worker, Issue 926, August 9, 2012).
Revisiting permanent revolution. By Paul Le Blanc (International Socialist Review, Issue 82, March-April 2012).
Trotsky and permanent revolution. By Paul Hampton (Solidarity, Issue 219, 5 October 2011).
Permanent Revolution: past and future. By Paul Le Blanc (Europe Solidaire Sans Frontiéres, 13 June 2011).
Skipping stages. By Esme Choonara (International Socialism, Issue 128, Autumn 2010).

100 years of Permanent Revolution. Edited by Bill Dunn and Hugo Radice (Pluto Press, 2006, 257 s.). “This is a critical re-evaluation of two key Marxist theories: uneven and combined development, and permanent revolution. It brings together a formidable array of Marxist intellectuals from across the world including Daniel Bensaid, Michael Loewy, Hillel Ticktin and Patrick Bond.
Anmeldelser / Reviews:
Trotsky for the 21st century. By Judy Cox (International Socialism, Issue 111, Summer 2006).
Permanent revolution today. By Adam Turl (International Socialist Review, Issue 53, May-June 2007).
100 years on: the relevance of permanent revolution. By Luke Cooper (Fifth International, Vol.2, Issue 3, June 2007).

The Politics of Combined and Uneven Development: The Theory of Permanent Revolution. By Michael Löwy (Verso, 1981, 242 p. / Haymarket Books, 2010, 162 p.).
Anmeldelser / Reviews:
Trotsky’s theory of Permanent Revolution and its relevance to the third world today. By Alex Callinicos (International Socialism, No.16, Spring 1982, p.98-112)
Vicissitudes of a theory. By Dan La Botz (New Politics, No.51, Summer 2011, p.121-126).

1906perrevoTshirt.jpg

Se også/see also:

Marx och Engels om permanenta revolutionen (pdf) (Marxistarkiv.se, 77 sider). Kap. 7-10 i Hal Draper, Karl Marx’s Theory of Revolution: The Politics of Social Classes, Vol. 2 (Monthly Review Press, 1978, p.169-287)

Uneven and Combined Development: modernity, modernism, revolution (pdf) (RS21: Revolutionary Socialism in the 21st Century, February 3-March 3, 2017, 91 p.). “We are publishing a series of five pieces by Neil Davidson that explore [Trotsky’s theory’s] wider contribution to how we understand capitalist modernity.”

The dynamics of revolution. By Alex Callinicos (International Socialism, Issue 137, Winter 2013, p.127-148). Review of Neil Davidson, How Revolutionary Were the Bourgeois Revolutions? (Haymarket, 2012, 812 p.) + In defence of permanent revolution, by Dominic Alexander (Counterfire, 14 February 2013).

Se også på Socialistisk Bibliotek:


16. september 1906

Rosa Luxemburg udgiver pjecen Massenstreik, Partei und Gewerkschaften om erfaringerne fra bl.a. den russiske revolution i 1905.

Dansk:

Danske udgave online: Massestrejke, parti og fagforeninger (Marxisme Online)

Trykt udgave i: Rosa Luxemburg: Politiske skrifter: Et udvalg. Oversat og kommenteret af Toni Liversage (Tiderne Skifter, 1976, side 114-205)

Massestrejkedebatten (Leksikon.org)

Massestrejken. Af Hans Erik Madsen (Socialistisk Arbejderavis, nr.352, 1. maj 2016, s.16) (serie: Socialisme for begyndere)

In English:

The Mass Strike, the Political Party and the Trade Unions (Marxists Internet Archive)

An introduction to Rosa Luxemburg’s The Mass Strike. By Alastair Stephens (Counterfire, 13 January 2013)

Rosa Luxemburg and The Mass Strike. By Sally Campbell (Socialist Worker (UK), Issue 2278, 19 November 2011)

Notes on Rosa Luxemburg’s ‘The Mass Strike’. By Martin Thomas (Workers’ Liberty, 14 May 2010)

The Mass Strike. By Helen Scott (Socialist Worker (US), Issue 674, June 13, 2008)

M is for mass strike. By Mark Thomas (Socialist Review, June 2008)

Rosa Luxemburg & the Mass Strike. By Lea Haro (Against the Current, No.118, September-October 2005)

Introduction [to an extract from Mass Strike, Party & Trade Union]. By Tony Cliff (International Socialism, No.21, Summer 1965; online at Marxists Internet Archive)

Se også på Socialistisk Bibliotek:

 

Rosa Luxemburg addresses a Stuttgart crowd in 1907. Here she is flanked by portraits of Karl Marx (right) and Ferdinand Lassalle (left), the founders of the German Socialist movement.
Rosa Luxemburg addresses a Stuttgart crowd in 1907. Here she is flanked by portraits of Karl Marx (right) and Ferdinand Lassalle (left), the founders of the German Socialist movement.

 

16. september 1906

Socialdemokratisk Ungdomsforbund (SUF) stiftes. Bliver grundstammen i nov. 1919 i Venstresocialistisk Parti. Februar 1920 dannes så Danmarks Socialdemokratiske Ungdom (DSU).

Se:

Antimilitaristisk løbeseddel fra Socialdemokratisk Ungdomsforbund
Antimilitaristisk løbeseddel fra Socialdemokratisk Ungdomsforbund

Socialdemokratisk Ungdomsforbund (Plads til os alle; Oppositionen i arbejderbevægelsen; online på Arbejdermuseet.dk)

Danmarks Kommunistisk Ungdom (DKU) (Leksikon.org)

Litteratur:

Socialdemokratisk Ungdomsforbund SUF 1906-21. Af John Bech Thomsen (Historievidenskab, nr. 8, 1976, s.7-86)

Se også på Socialistisk Bibliotek:

Tidslinjen 13. maj 1991 om DKU.


 

25. september 1906

Den russiske komponist Dimitri Sjostakovitj fødes, 12.9. ifølge gamle tidsregning (dør 9.8.1975): komponerede 7. symfoni (“Leningradsymfonien”) i 1942.

Se:

Dmitri Shostakovich (Wikipedia.org)

Se også på Socialistisk Bibliotek:


 

13. oktober 1906

“Syndikalismens fødsel”. Den franske fagbevægelse CGT vedtager på sin kongres i Amiens ikke at engagere sig politisk og vedtager programmer Amiens-charter (Charte d’Amiens).

Se:

Syndikalismens historie i årstal og tekster (Syndikalister.dk)

Syndikalisme (Leksikon.org)

Syndicalism (Wikipedia.org)

På fransk (Marxists Internet Archive):

C.G.T.: Charte d’Amiens

C.G.T.: Congrés d’Amiens sur les rapports entre entre les Syndicats et les Partis politiques


 

2. november 1906

Den kommunistiske italienske filminstruktør Luchino Visconti fødes i Milano. (Dør i Rom 17. marts 1976).
(Rocco og hans brødre, 1962 , Leoparden, 1965, Døden i Venedig, 1973)

Luchino Visconti (Denstoredanske.dk)

Luchino Visconti (Wikipedia.dk)

Luchino Visconti, 1906-1976. Dansk site viet mindet om den italienske film- og teaterinstruktør Luchino Visconti.

Lions and jackals. By Lindsey German (Socialist Review, Issue 275, June 2003)

Luchino Visconti: «Il Gattopardo», Leoparden: Filmudstilling på Badia Grande i Sciacca på Sicilien - Italien. Date: Source: Flickr Author: magalibobois. (CC BY 2.0) Source: <a href="https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Il_gattopardo_(Sciacca).jpg">Wikimedia Commons.</a>
Luchino Visconti: «Il Gattopardo», Leoparden: Filmudstilling på Badia Grande i Sciacca på Sicilien – Italien. Date: Source: Flickr Author: magalibobois. (CC BY 2.0) Source: Wikimedia Commons.

 

19. december 1906

Leonid Ilyich Brezhnev fødes (dør 10. november 1982). Generalsekretær i SUKP 1964-82.

Se:

Bresjnev, Leonid Ilic (Leksikon.org)


1 KOMMENTAR

  1. Hi to all, as I am in fact eager of reading this website’s post to be updated regularly.
    It includes good material.

Comments are closed.