Grundvig Minde Kirke i København set forfra (fra vest) 10 January 2013. Photo: The woocash. (CC BY-SA 3.0)
Grundvig Minde Kirke i København set forfra (fra vest) 10 January 2013. Photo: The woocash. (CC BY-SA 3.0). Source: Wikimedia Commons.

Socialistisk Biblioteks Tidslinje med links til begivenheder og personer i 1783.


Se også Index over personer, organisationer/partier og værker (som bøger, malerier, mm.), steder, begivenheder, mv., der er omtalt på hele Tidslinjen, titler og indhold på emnelisterne osv.

 

24. juli 1783

Simon Bolivar fødes i Caracas, Venezuela (dør 17. december 1830 Santa Marta, Columbia).

Se på Socialisisk Bibliotek:

Emnelisten: Hugo Chávez og den ’bolivariske revolution’ i Venezuela .
Personlisten: Simon Bolivar (1783-1830)


 

3. september 1783

Uafhængighedskrigen 1775-1783 (“Den amerikanske revolutionære krig” / Den Nordamerikanske Frihedskrig) afsluttes med traktaten i Paris.

George Washington leading the Continental Army to Valley Forge in 1777. Oil on canvas painted in 1883 by William B. T. Trego (1858-1909), US painter. Collection: Museum of the American Revolution, Philadelphia, USA. Public Domain.
George Washington leading the Continental Army to Valley Forge in 1777. Oil on canvas painted in 1883 by William B. T. Trego (1858-1909), US painter. Collection: Museum of the American Revolution, Philadelphia, USA. Public Domain. Source: Wikimedia Commons.

Se:

Den amerikanske uafhængighedskrig. Af Jens Andersen (Socialistisk Arbejderavis, 30. april 2021) (Almindelige menneskers historie, del 16). “… de britiske ministre besluttede at en del af udgifterne til krigen [1756-63] skulle betales af de amerikanske kolonier. De indførte derfor en række skatter og afgifter på bl.a. importvarer. Det førte til oprør mod kolonimagten og uafhængighed.”

Den amerikanske revolution: revolution med paryk på. Af Nicolai von Eggers, Mathias Hein Jessen og Mikkel Thorup (Baggrund.com, 24. oktober 2012). “Kan en revolutionær gå med pudret paryk, eje slaver og primært være oprørt over skatten på te? Når det kommer til Den amerikanske revolution er svaret paradoksalt nok ja.”

Historian Woody Holton launches 1619 Project-inspired attack on the American Revolution. By Tom Mackaman (World Socialist Web Site, 16 September 2021). “The University of South Carolina historian holds that the American Revolution was launched to defend the institution of slavery against the British Empire.”

“When the Declaration says that all men are created equal, that is no myth”: An interview with historian Gordon Wood on the New York Times’ 1619 Project. By Tom Mackaman (World Socialist Web Site, 28 November 2019)

Slavery and the American Revolution: A response to the New York Times 1619 Project. By Tom Mackaman (World Socialist Web Site, 1 November 2019). “My task is this evening is to address the 1619 Project’s attack on the American Revolution and its principles.”

The cause of mankind. By Sean Collins (Spiked Review, September 2017). Review of Jonathan Israel, The Expanding Blaze: How the American Revolution Ignited the World, 1775-1848 (Princeton University Press, 2017, 768 p.): “The American Revolution changed the world, and it isn’t finished yet.”

In defense of the American Revolution. By Tom Mackaman (World Socialist Web Site, 14 July 2016). “The American Revolution was the first great world event that put a question mark over slavery.”

Slavery and the American Revolution. By Paul Prescod (Against the Current, Issue 178, September-October 2015). Review of Gerald Horne, The Counter-Revolution of 1776: Slave Resistance and the Origins of the United States of America (NYU Press, 2014, 363 p.). “The result is a book that will forever change the way you view the founding of the United States.” See also review by Jay Moore: A history of a counter-revolution (MR Online, April 2, 2015) + review by Alan Gilbert (The International Marxist-Humanist, July 15, 2015) + Ross Wolfe: 1776 – revolution or counterrevolution?: Recent challenges to the classical narrative (The Charnel-House, July 2, 2014). See the book online at Libcom. And the longer review article by Fred Schleger: Gerald Horne’s counter-revolution against 1776 (World Socialist Web Site, 17 March 2021). “Horne’s scholarship does not stand up to the slightest scrutiny.”

Interview with Gordon Wood on the American Revolution, Part 1-2 (World Socialist Web Site, 3-4 March 2015). “Gordon Wood is a leading scholar of the American Revolution. His book, The Radicalism of the American Revolution, won the Pulitzer Prize in 1993, and his Creation of the Republic, 1776-1787 won the Bancroft Prize in 1970.”

1776 in world history: The American Revolution as bourgeois revolution. By James M. Vaughn (Platypus Review, Issue 62, December 2013–January 2014). “The American Revolution was a vital step in the revolt of the Third Estate and the project for a universal humanity—that is, in the unfolding of the bourgeois revolution.”

Enjoy the same liberty: Black Americans and the revolutionary era. By Neil Faulkner (Counterfire, 18 May 2012). Review of Edward Countryman’s book (Rowman and Littlefield, 2011, 187 p.)

Class struggle and the American Revolution. By John Peterson (In Defence of Marxism, 14 December 2011)

Was the American Revolution fought to save slavery?: African demands for freedom during the American Revolution. By Heather Gray (CounterPunch, May 23, 2011)

The American Revolution (Chapter II in Alan Woods: Marxism and the United States, Wellred, 2005; online at In Defence of Marxism)

The pursuit of ‘unbounded freedom’. By Megan Trudell (International Socialism, Issue 92, Autumn 2001, p.141-148). Review of Ray Raphael, The American Revolution: A People’s History (Profile Books, 2001, 384 p.)

Who made the American revolution? By Megan Trudell (International Socialism, Issue 73, Winter 1996, p.73-93). Review of Theodore Draper, A Struggle for Power: the American Revolution (Little Brown, 1996, 544 p.)

The meaning of the American Revolution (pdf). By Kit Adam Wainer (IIRE Working Paper, Issue 7, January 1990, 19 p.)

America also had a Revolution: a review article. By Harry Braverman (American Socialist, September 1956)

Sam Adams and the American Revolution. By Harry Frankel [i.e. Harry Braverman] (The Militant, November 12, 1951 – March 3, 1952). Series of articles.

The movement for American independence. By William F. Ward [i.e. George Novack] (Fourth International, Vol.11, No.4, July-August 1950, 122-126)

Class forces in the American Revolution. By Harry Frankel [i.e. Harry Braverman] (Fourth International, Vol.6, No.3, March 1946, p.89-93)

How the Constitution was written. By Harry Frankel [i.e. Harry Braverman] (Fourth International, Vol.7, No.4, April 1946, p.118-121)

The American Revolution. Chapter 2 in Albert Weisbord: The Conquest of Power (New York, Covici-Friede, 1937)

Se også:

Tremendous in his wrath. By Eric Foner (London Review of Books, Vol.41, No.24, 19 December 2019). Review of Mary Thompson, ‘The Only Unavoidable Subject of Regret’: George Washington, Slavery and the Enslaved Community at Mount Vernon (The University of Virginia Press, 2019, 520 p.).

Slavery and the American Revolution: A response to the New York Times 1619 Project. By Tom Mackaman (World Socialist Web Site, 1 November 2019). “My task is this evening is to address the 1619 Project’s attack on the American Revolution and its principles.”

American Independence Day 2019: From the ‘asylum for mankind’ to the land of concentration camps. By Tom Mackaman (World Socialist Web Site, 4 July 2019). “The American Revolution thus enshrined the Enlightenment concept known as jus soli, or birthright citizenship. If you are born in the United States, you are a citizen.”

Two hundred forty years since the Declaration of Independence. By Andre Damon (World Socialist Web Site, 4 July 2016). “The victory of the American Revolution provided the ideological and political impetus for the French Revolution and all subsequent democratic, egalitarian and socialist movements.” See also Tom Mackaman: A reply to our critics: In defense of the American Revolution (ibid., 14 July 2016)

Not our Independence Day (Jacobin: Reason in Revolt, 4 July 2016). Interview with William Hogeland: “The Founding Fathers were more interested in limiting democracy than securing and expanding it.”

The coming of the American Revolution: 250 years since the Stamp Act.
By Tom Mackaman (World Socialist Web Site, 24 March 2015)

The American War of Independence: three films. By Mark Glancy (Historyextra.com)

Litteratur:

Den amerikanske revolution. Red. Mikkel Thorup mfl. (Slagmark, 2012, 249 sider) (Slagmarks Revolutionsserie). Kildesamling. Med indholdsfortegnelse, redaktionelt forord og tidslinje online.

Se også:

One, two, three revolutions. By Jack Conrad (Weekly Worker, Issue 1103, 21 April 2016)

Se også på Socialistisk Bibliotek:


 

Nikolaj Frederik Severin Grundtvig (1843). Maleri af Christian Albrecht Jensen (1792–1870), dansk maler. Collection: Den Hirschsprungske Samling, København. Foto: Hans Jørn Storgaard Andersen, 2004. Public Domain.
Nikolaj Frederik Severin Grundtvig (1843). Maleri af Christian Albrecht Jensen (1792–1870), dansk maler. Collection: Den Hirschsprungske Samling, København. Foto: Hans Jørn Storgaard Andersen, 2004. Public Domain. Source: Wikimedia Commons.

8. september 1783

Den danske salmedigter, præst og folkeopvækker Nikolai Frederik Severin (N.F.S.) Grundtvig fødes i Udby ved Vordingborg. (Dør 2. september 1872)

Se:

Nicolai Frederik Severin Grundtvig, 1783-1872. Af Bertel Nygaard (Danmarkshistorien.dk, 22. september 2014)

N.F.S. Grundtvig (Wikipedia.dk)

N.F.S. Grundtvig (Denstoredanske.dk; Dansk Biografisk Leksikon). Længere artikel.

N.F.S. Grundtvig (Wikipedia.dk)

Grundtvig, N. F. S. Af Mette Elsig Olsen (Litteratursiden.dk, 2005)

N.F.S. Grundtvig. Af Pia Andersen (Forfatterweb, 2005)

Frederik Lange Grundtvig, 1854-1903. Af Tina Langholm Larsen (Danmarkshistorien.dk, 23. maj 2016)

Grundtvig, Nikolaj Frederik Severin (Religion.dk)

Tema: N.F.S. Grundtvigs verden (Danmarkshistorien.dk)

Grundtvigianisme (Religion.dk)

Grundtvigianisme (Wikipedia.dk)

Grundtvigianismen i Danmark. Af Bertel Nygaard (Danmarkshistorien.dk, 22. september 2014)

Grundtvig Centeret (site)

Grundtvig.dk (site)

Esben Lunde Larsens afhandling om Grundtvig er endnu en pinlighed. Af Henning Tjørnehøj (Politiken.dk/Kronik, 18. november 2015). Med litteratur.

Fra Grundtvig til Kaj Munk. Af Klaus Riis (Kommunistisk Politik, 24, 2000)

Grundtvigs folkelighedsbegreb. Af Jeppe Berg Sandvej (Faklen, nr.14, januar 2000, s.32-43)

Grundtvig var ikke folkeven men bondeven. Af Henning Tjørnehøj (Information.dk, 26. september 1998)

Portrættet viser den næsten 80-årige N.F.S.Grundtvig i fuld vigør, med opslåede bøger på bordet. Visitkort foto efter maleri fra 1862 af Wilhelm Marstrand (1810–1873). (CC BY-NC-ND 4.0).
Portrættet viser den næsten 80-årige N.F.S.Grundtvig i fuld vigør, med opslåede bøger på bordet. Visitkort foto efter maleri fra 1862 af Wilhelm Marstrand (1810–1873). (CC BY-NC-ND 4.0). Kilde: Europeana.eu.

Se også:

Grundtvigs død. Af Jes Fabricius Møller (Aarhus Universitetsforlag, 2019, 100 s.) (100 danmarkshistorier). Se indholdsfortegnelse, litteratur og noter online.

På afstand: Forskydninger mellem Grundtvig og Luther. Red. Ove Korsgaard og Michael Schelde (Eksistensen, 2017, 213 s.). Se bogens Forord (s.9-14).

Se også på Socialistisk Bibliotek:

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