Vilhelm Rosenstand (1838–1915) har lavet oliemaleriet af den
Vilhelm Rosenstand (1838–1915) har lavet oliemaleriet af den "Ottende brigades angreb ved Dybbøl 18. april 1864", 1864. Placering: Museum of National History at Frederiksborg Castle Source/Photographer: Own photographic reproduction of an expired work of art. Public Domain.

Socialistisk Biblioteks Tidslinje med links til begivenheder og personer i 1864.


Se også Index over personer, organisationer/partier og værker (som bøger, malerier, mm.), steder, begivenheder, mv., der er omtalt på hele Tidslinjen, titler og indhold på emnelisterne osv.

Bladliste

Nye blade 1864:

Folkebladet

Se:

Arbejderhistorisk bladliste, under året 1864.


 

1. februar 1864

Krigen i 1864, eller 2. Slesvigske Krig starter (varer til 1. juli 1864).

Anden Slesvigske Krig 1864 – Forhistorie, forløb og følger. Af Inge Adriansen og Jens Ole Christensen (Sønderborg Slot/Tøjhusmuseet; på sitet Fredericiahistorie.dk; pdf, 44 sider)

Professor: Det er ok at omskrive historien om 1864 (Videnskab.dk, 12. oktober 2014). Med links til 10 andre artikler på sitet.

1864 og det danske demokrati. Af Anders Lundkvist (Modkraft.dk/Kontradoxa, 8. december 2014). “Diskussionen om 1864 burde også handle om kampen om demokratiet forud for nederlaget. Og den politiske chok-behandling derefter.”

Vilhelm Rosenstand (1838–1915) har lavet oliemaleriet af den "Ottende brigades angreb ved Dybbøl 18. april 1864", 1864. Placering: Museum of National History at Frederiksborg Castle Source/Photographer: Own photographic reproduction of an expired work of art. Public Domain.
Vilhelm Rosenstand (1838–1915) har lavet oliemaleriet af den “Ottende brigades angreb ved Dybbøl 18. april 1864”, 1864. Placering: Museum of National History at Frederiksborg Castle Source/Photographer: Own photographic reproduction of an expired work of art. Public Domain.

Slaget ved Dybbøl, 18 april 1864 (Danmarkshistorien.dk)

Litteratur:

Mennesker i krigen 1864. Af Erik Ingemann Sørensen (Historie-online.dk). Anmeldelse af Jens Ahlers (red.): Mennesker i krigen 1864 – Menschen im Krieg (Schleswig-Holsteinische Landesbibliothek & Museum Sønderjylland, 2014, 360 sider) + 1864. Af Erik Ingemann Sørensen (Historie-online.dk). Anmeldelse af Jakob Kidde Sauntved og Jakob Eberhardts bog (Jyllands-Postens Forlag, 2007, 240 sider)

Kampen om 1864. Af Georg Metz (Information.dk, 26. april 2014). Anmeldelse af Rasmus Glenthøj: 1864: sønner af de slagne (Gad, 2014, 574 sider) + Johan Peter Noack: Da Danmark blev Danmark: fortællinger af forhistorien til 1864 (Gyldendal, 2014, 356 sider)

Dommedag Als: 29. juni 1864. Af Erik Ingemann Sørensen (Historie-online.dk, 2010). Anmeldelse af Tom Buk-Swientys bog (Gyldendal, 2010, 496 sider)

Slagtebænk Dybbøl: 18. april 1864. Af Erik Ingemann Sørensen (Historie-online.dk, 2008). Anmeldelse af Tom Buk-Swientys bog (Gyldendal, 2008, 400 sider)

Den tomme stat: angst og ansvar i dansk politik 1848-1864. Af Erik Helmer Pedersen (Historie-online.dk, 2011). Anmeldelse af Hans Vammens bog (Museum Tusculanums Forlag, 2011, 388 sider)

1864 – da Europa gik af lave. Af Johs. Nielsen (Odense Universitetsforlag, 1987, 443 sider)

Se også:

“… At lade hæren marchere, heste trampe og kanoner buldre”: Engels og Marx om den dansk-tyske krig i 1864 (pdf). Af Palle Rasmussen (Arbejderhistorie, nr.1, april 2012, s.66-83)

Friedrich Engels om Danmark og den danske krig: Breve og artikler 1846-1867 (På det jævne, på det jævne. Det danske borgerskabs vankelmodige vej til magten. Futura, 1974, s.95-104. Tillæg; online på Snylterstaten.dk)


21. april 1864

1864max_weber.jpg
Økonomen og den banebrydende borgerlige sociolog Max Weber fødes i Erfurt, Tyskland. (Dør 14. juni 1920 i München).

Se:

Weber, Max. Af Dag Østerberg (Leksikon.org)

Max Weber (Denstoredanske.dk)

Max Weber (Wikipedia.org)

Max Weber Reference Archive (Marxists Internet Archive). Biography + Works.

The Protestant Ethic and the Spirit of Capitalism (Wikipedia.org)

On Weber’s and Habermas’ democratic theories: a reconstruction and comparison. By Sandro Segre (Logos, Vol.10. No.4, 2011)

Anticapitalist readings of Weber’s Protestant Ethic: Ernst Bloch, Walter Benjamin, György Lukacs, Erich Fromm. By Michael Löwy (Logos, Vol.9, No.1, 2010)

Being Max Weber. By Peter Thomas (New Left Review, Issue 41, September-October 2006). Review of Joachim Radkau, Max Weber: die Leidenschaft des Denkens (Carl Hanser Verlag, 2005)

Empty method man. By Chris Harman (International Socialism, Issue 105, Winter 2005). Review of Kieran Allen, Max Weber: A Critical Introduction (Pluto Press, 2004)

Max, Weber and the critique of capitalism: Marxism and classical sociology. By Michael Löwy (International Viewpoint, 2002). Also online at New Politics (Issue 42, Winter 2007)
Litteratur.

Max Weber: Den protestantiske etik og kapitalismens ånd (Nansensgade Antikvariat, 1995, 176 sider)


6. juli 1864

M.C. Lyngsie, mangeårig formand for Dansk Arbejds- og Specialarbejderforbund, fødes (dør 31.12.1931).
Se:

1864lyngsie2.jpg

Lyngsie, M.C. (Leksikon.org)

M. C. Lyngsie

(Plads til os alle; Persongalleri)

M.C. Lyngsie (Gravsted.dk)

Monumenter:

Michael Christian Lyngsie (1864-1931) (Københavns Kommune). Lyngsies Plads. Lyngsie oprettede Mejeriet Enigheden på Lygten under storlockouten i 90’erne.

Buste af M.C. Lyngsie støbt i bronze efter kunstneren Svend Lindhart originale gipsmodel 1933 (1992) betalt af SID på Lyngsie Plads på hjørnet af Nørrebrogade og Lygten, v. Nørrebro Station. Kilde: http://samlingen.koes.dk/vaerker_i_det_offentlige_rum/1656/billeder/2665 Foto: ikke oplyst.
Buste af M.C. Lyngsie støbt i bronze efter kunstneren Svend Lindhart originale gipsmodel 1933 (1992) betalt af SID på Lyngsie Plads på hjørnet af Nørrebrogade og Lygten, v. Nørrebro Station. Kilde: http://samlingen.koes.dk/vaerker_i_det_offentlige_rum/1656/billeder/2665 Foto: ikke oplyst.

Se også:

“Sådan skal der tales ! Det er 1. maj 1925. Formanden for Dansk Arbejdsmands Forbund, M. C. Lyngsie, står på en talerstol og skuer ud over hundrevis af lockoutede medlemmer. Det er Nykøbing Falster, og det er sådan man holder en tale.” Se: Brandtale til kammeraterne i Nykøbing F. (Danske taler).

Tidslinjen 18. marts 1925 om storkonflikten.

M.C. Lyngsie taler i fælledeparken. Kilde: Det Kgl. Biblioteks billedsamling http://www.kb.dk/images/billed/2010/okt/billeder/object471288/da/. Creative Commons 3.0 unported Licens.
M.C. Lyngsie taler i fælledeparken. Kilde: Det Kgl. Biblioteks billedsamling http://www.kb.dk/images/billed/2010/okt/billeder/object471288/da/. Creative Commons 3.0 unported Licens.

 

22. august 1864

Stiftelsen af Røde Kors og den første Genevekonvention.

Genevekonventionen (Wikipedia.dk)

Genévekonventionen undertegnes – 22. august 1864 (Arbejderen, 22. august 2012)

Røde Kors (site)

International Red Cross and Red Crescent Movement (Wikipedia.dk)

2013rodekors.jpg


 

28. september 1864

Første Internationale (1864-1876) stiftes i London.
Foundation of International Working Men’s Association (First International) in London, 1864-1876.

Picture postcard of a painting by O.G. Verejski `Marx at the IWMA meeting' "On 28 September 1864 the Saint Martins meeting hall in London was packed to the roof with craftsmen and workers from various countries. The proposal to establish an International Working Men's Association met with great enthusiasm." Source: https://socialhistory.org/en/today/09-28
Picture postcard of a painting by O.G. Verejski `Marx at the IWMA meeting’ “On 28 September 1864 the Saint Martins meeting hall in London was packed to the roof with craftsmen and workers from various countries. The proposal to establish an International Working Men’s Association met with great enthusiasm.” Source: https://socialhistory.org/en/today/09-28

Marx didn’t speak at all the the founding congres. / Eksempel på helgendyrkende sovjet-stil, for Marx talte slet ikke på det stiftende møde i 1864!

Første Internationale. Af Einhart Lorenz (Leksikon.org)

Internationales statut (Wikisource). “… arbejderklassens frigørelse må erobres af arbejderklassen selv.”

Karl Marx 1864 og forsigtighedsprincippet (pdf). Af Rolf Czeskleba-Dupont (Arbejderhistorie, nr.3, 2014, s.63-81). “I efteråret 1864 prøver Marx at skrive en fælles politisk platform for Internationalen …”

Første Internationale: 150 år efter. Af Rob Sewell (Revolution, 29. september 2014)

Karl Marx og Første Internationale. Af Camilla Holst (Socialistisk Information, 10.10.2011)

De danske socialister og Første Internationale, 1865-april 1871 (pdf). Af Jan Ingemann Sørensen (Arbejderhistorie, nr.1, 2008, s.37-55)

Karl Marx og dannelsen af 1. Internationale (pdf). Af Per Svendsen (Politica, bind 2, nr.1, 1969)

Om Inauguraladressen (“indvielsestale” af Karl Marx)

Inauguraladressen for den Internationale arbejderassociation er et dokument forfattet af Karl Marx. Det publiceredes første gang 5. november 1864 i den engelske avis Bee-Hive Newspaper under rubrikken Address and provisional rules of the Working Mens International Association, established September 28, 1864, at a public meeting held at St. Martin’s Hall, Long Acre, London.

Inauguraladressen (Leksikon.org)

Membership Card
Membership Card

Inauguraladressen. Af Karl Marx (Marxisme Online)

English:

International Workingmen’s Association (Wikipedia.org)

History of the International Workingmen’s Association (Marxists Internet Archive). A large colllection of documents, articles, speeches, etc + the Bakunin vs. Marx debate.

The First International in America (1864-1876) (Marxisthistory.org). “Organizational History of the International Working Men’s Association.”

General Rules of the International Working Men’s Association 1864 (Wikisource)

The First International Archive (Anarchy Archive). History, Bibliography and Commentaries.

Topics: First International (In Defence of Marxism)

When Marx was a reformist. By David Douglass (Weekly Worker, Issue 1086, 10 December 2015). Review of René Berthier, Social Democracy and Anarchism in the International Workers Association 1864-1877 (Merlin Press, 2015, 256 p.). “This book is a credit to its author, who has thoroughly researched the available evidence on this subject.” See also Mike Macnair, Bakuninist hatchet job (Weekly Worker, Issue 1094, 18 February 2016)

Karl Marx and the First International. By Nick Rogers (The Project: A Socialist Journal, May 2015). “So what lessons should we draw from the experience of Marx and Engels in the IWMA? First, the need to engage with where the working class is actually organised …”

On the legacy of the International Working Men’s Association after 150 years (Monthly Review, Vol.66, No.11, April 2015). Interview with Marcello Musto by Vesa Oittinen.

Workers Unite! The International 150 Years Later. By George C. Comninel (Socialism & Democracy, Issue 65, Vol.28, No.2, September 2014). Review of Marcello Musto’s (ed.) book (Bloomsbury Academic, 2014, 312 p.). “Much in this anthology is surprising, some of it is moving, and all of it is valuable.” See also review by Christopher Araujo (Marx & Philosophy Review of Books, 16 February 2017)

The International after 150 years: Labor vs Capital, then and now. Edited by George C. Comninel, Marcello Musto & Victor Wallis (Socialism & Democracy, Issue 65, Vol.28, No.2, September 2014). Special issue (scroll ned).
Af indholdet:
Introduction, by Victor Wallis.
Notes on the history of the International, by Marcello Musto.
Marx and the politics of the First International, by George C. Comninel.
A common banner: Marxists and Anarchists in the First International, by Michael Löwy.

Karl Marx and the First International (Socialist Review, Issue 394, September 2014). “Christian Høgsbjerg shows how Karl Marx made a vital contribution to the IWMA and how he fought to ensure its militant trajectory.”

1864: the First International. By Michael Johnson (Solidarity, Issue 337, 24 September 2014). “Despite its relatively short life, the First International was a path-breaking attempt to unite the working-class movement at its various stages of development across the European continent.”

The First International was forged in struggle (Socialist Worker, Issue 2187, 6 February 2010). “Dan Swain looks at how socialists have organised for change globally.”

History of the Marxist internationals, Part 1: The IWA. By Louis Proyect (The Unrepentant Marxist, January 20, 2010). “The IWA was a workers international that probably was destined to have a short life, given the social and political contradictions of the movement in its earliest phases.”

The birth of the First International (1934). By Karl Radek (Marxists Internet Archive). “Preface to a pamphlet published in Sydney by the Communist Party of Australia in 1934.”

History of The First International. By G. M. Stekloff (Martin Lawrence, 1928, 463 p.; online at Marxists Internet Archive). “The present work is by far the most comprehensive history of the First International hitherto published.”

Foundation of The International. Chapter in Otto Rühle, Karl Marx: His Life and Work (The Viking Press, 1928; online at Marxists Internet Archive)

On Inaugural Address …. By Karl Marx

Inaugural Address of the International Working Men’s Association “The First International”. Written: October 21-27, 1864.

Inaugural Address … By Karl Marx (Marxists Internet Archive)

The Inaugural Address. Chapter in Otto Rühle, Karl Marx: His Life and Work (The Viking Press, 1928). Scroll down.

Poster from The International
Poster from The International

Se også / See also:

Internationaler (Denstoredanske.dk)

History of the International Workingmen’s Association: The conflict between Marx & Bakunin (Marxists Internet Archive)

Tidslinjen 30. maj 1814 om Bakunin, med debatten mellem Bakunin og Marx / Timeline on the debate between Bakunin and Marx (Modkraft Biblioteket)

Anarkisme vs. Marxisme / Anarchism vs. Marxism (Socialistisk Bibliotek)

Linkboxen Karl Marx 200 (Socialistisk Bibliotek)


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