The presidency of the First All-Russian Congress of Soviets of Workers and Soldiers Deputies, which existed in June and July 1917. From left to right: Matvey Skobelev, Nikolay Chkheidze, Georgi Plekhanov, and Tsereteli. Photo: Unknown. Public Domain.
The presidency of the First All-Russian Congress of Soviets of Workers and Soldiers Deputies, which existed in June and July 1917. From left to right: Matvey Skobelev, Nikolay Chkheidze, Georgi Plekhanov, and Tsereteli. Photo: Unknown. Public Domain. Source: Wikimedia Commons.

Socialistisk Biblioteks Tidslinje med links til begivenheder og personer i 1856.


Se også Index over personer, organisationer/partier og værker (som bøger, malerier, mm.), steder, begivenheder, mv., der er omtalt på hele Tidslinjen, titler og indhold på emnelisterne osv.

Bladliste

Nye blade: 1856

Nyt blad for Kjøbenhavns Arbejderforening

Se:

Arbejderhistorisk Bladliste, under året 1856.


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17. februar 1856

Den tyske digter Heinrich Heine dør i Paris. (Født i Düsseldorf, 13. december 1797, se denne)


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15. april 1856

Den britiske fagforeningsmand Tom Mann fødes i Foleshill, Warwickshire.
(Dør 13.3.1941 i Grassington, Yorkshire).

Se:

A class act (Weekly Worker, Issue 829, August 5, 2010). “Chris Strafford looks at the life of Tom Mann and the pre-war struggles that helped lay the basis for the founding of the CPGB.”

The life of Tom Mann, Part 1. By Cathy Nugent (Solidarity 3/113, 7 June 2007) + Part 2 (3/114, 28 June 2007) + Part 3 (3/118, 27 September 2007) + Part 4 (3/120, 25 October 2007)


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6. maj 1856

Sigmund Freud, østrigsk psykolog, som grundlagde psykoanalysen, fødes i Freiberg (i Mähren i Østrig-Ungarn, dør 23.9.1939 i London).

Se på Socialistisk Bibliotek:

Linkboxen: Freud og psykoanalysen


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26. juli 1856

Portrait of George Bernard Shaw, june 1936. Photo: [photographie de presse] / Agence Meurisse. No Copyright - Other Known Legal Restrictions.
Portrait of George Bernard Shaw, june 1936. Photo: [photographie de presse] / Agence Meurisse. No Copyright – Other Known Legal Restrictions. Source: Europeana.eu.
Forfatteren, dramatikeren George Bernard Shaw fødes i Dublin (dør 2.11.1950 i Ayot St. Lawrence, Hertfordshire).
Medstifter af Fabian Society i 1883 og Independent Labour Party i 1893, Nobelprisen i litteratur 1925.

Se:

George Bernard Shaw: a fascinating contradiction. By Paul O’Brien (Socialist Worker, Issue 2090, 1 March 2008)

Bernard Shaw’s anti-capitalism. By Irwing Howe (New International, Vol.14, No.1, January 1948).

George Bernard Shaw: a study of the bourgeois superman. Chapter 1 in: Studies in a Dying Culture. By Christopher Caudwell (Bodley Head, 1938; online at Marxists Internet Archive)

Se også:


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15. august 18561856hardievalgpalkat1906.gif

Keir Hardie fødes i Legbrannock, Larnak , (dør 26.9.1915 i Glasgow). Første socialistiske MP for Labour 1892.

Se:

The forgotten Keir Hardie (1921). By Sylvia Pankhurst (Workers’ Liberty, Issue 62, April 2000).

Flawed heroes. By Raymond Challinor (International Socialism, No.85, January 1976).

James Keir Hardie. By James Connolly (Workers’ Republic, 2 October 1915).

Keir Hardie speaking in 1908 at Trafalgar Square at a Women's Suffrage demonstration. Just behind is the founder of the Women's Social and Political Union, Emmeline Pankhurst. Photo: Unknown. Public Domain.
Keir Hardie speaking in 1908 at Trafalgar Square at a Women’s Suffrage demonstration. Just behind is the founder of the Women’s Social and Political Union, Emmeline Pankhurst. Photo: Unknown. Public Domain. Source: Wikimedia Commons.

 


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11. december 1856

The marxist theoretican the russian Georgij Plekhanov in 1917-1918. Photo: Karl Bulla (1855–1929), photographer. Public Domain.
The marxist theoretican the russian Georgij Plekhanov in 1917-1918. Photo: Karl Bulla (1855–1929), photographer. Public Domain. Source: Wikimedia Commons.

“Første russiske marxist” Georgij Plekhanov fødes (29. november, gamle tidsregning) i Gudalovka. (Dør 30. maj 1918 i Zlenogorsk).

See:

Plekhanov: an alternative assessment. By Paul D’Amato (International Socialism Project, January 1, 2020). “Such pat dismissals of Plekhanov are starkly at odds with the overall assessment of him made by Lenin and Trotsky.”

Georgi Valentinovich Plekhanov (1856–1918): His place in the history of Marxism. By David North and Vladimir Volkov (World Socialist Web Site, 5 December 2016). “Plekhanov remains … a major figure in the history of socialist and Marxist thought.”

Georgi Plekhanov: Tragedy of a forerunner. By Doug Enaa Greene (Links: International Journal of Socialist Renewal, July 28, 2016). “Plekhanov almost single-handedly introduced Marxism into the Russian Empire and popularized it for a generation of socialist militants. However, Plekhanov’s Marxism was seriously flawed …”

Plekhanov and the foundation of Marxism in Russia. Chapter 4 in Mick Armstrong: From little things big things grow: Strategies for building revolutionary socialist organisations (Socialist Alternatives, 2007, 83 p.). “Georgii Plekhanov was the pathbreaker who played a central role in founding the Marxist movement in Russia in the 1880s.”

Plekhanov: father of Russian Marxism. By Sean Matgamna (Solidarity, 3/55, 15 July 2004). “Polemically demolishing populism, Plekhanov put the working class into the leading place in his conception of the Russian revolution …”

Plekhanov: The father of Russian Marxism. By Tony Cliff (Socialist Review, January 1957; online at Marxists Internet Archive). “The greatness of his historical contribution can be gauged only when set against the background of the anti-Tsarist liberatory movement as it existed prior to his work.”

Georgii Valentinovich Plekhanov (1923). Chapter 4 in Anatoly Vasilievich Lunacharsky: Revolutionary silhouettes (New York, Hill & Wang, 1967; online at Marxists Internet Archive). “I have few personal recollections of Georgii Valentinovich. Our meetings were infrequent, although they were not devoid of significance, and I gladly record my memories of him.”

A note on Plekhanov (1922). By Leon Trotsky (Fourth International, Vol.4, No.3, March 1943; online at Marxists Internet Archive). “Plekhanov’s misfortune came from the same source as came his immortal merit – he was a forerunner.”

Litteratur: (in Danish)

G.V. Plechanov: Personlighedens rolle i historien (Forlaget Tiden, 1958/1976, 62 sider). Dansk udgave online på Marxisme Online.

Se også på Socialistisk Bibliotek:


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