Lenin and Krupskaya Lenin (1870-1924) and Nadezhda Krupskaya (1869-1939). Krupskaya married Lenin in 1898, and was active in Bolshevik circles up to the October Revolution of 1917. She later served as deputy Comissar of Education in the Soviet Union from 1929-1939. (Photo by Culture Club/Getty Images) *** Local Caption (Source: https://www.gettyimages.com.au/photos/krupskaya?sort=mostpopular&mediatype=photography&phrase=krupskaya)


Socialistisk Biblioteks Tidslinje med links til begivenheder og personer i 1869.


Se også Index over personer, organisationer/partier og værker (som bøger, malerier, mm.), steder, begivenheder, mv., der er omtalt på hele Tidslinjen, titler og indhold på emnelisterne osv.

 

26. januar 1869

Krupskaja på sovjetisk frimærke
Krupskaja på sovjetisk frimærke

Den russiske revolutionære og bolsjevik Nadesjda Krupskaja, sekretær for og gift med Lenin, født i Sankt Petersborg
(Hun dør 27. februar 1839 i Moskva)

Se personlisten Nadezdja Krupskaja (1869-1939) (Socialistisk BIbliotek)

 


 

4. februar 1869

Den amerikanske fagforeningsleder, grundlægger og leder af Industrial Workers of the World (IWW), William D. Haywood (‘Big Bill’ Haywood) fødes i Salt Lake City, Utah. (Dør 18. maj 1928 i landflygtighed i Moskva, fra marts 1921). 1869bigbill.jpg

The Big Red Songbook and The Revolutionary Journalism of Big Bill Haywood. By Julie Sherry (Socialist Review, Issue 416, September 2016). Review of two books.

Big Bill Haywood – a fighter against the bosses and revolutionary trade unionist (Socialist Worker, Issue 2513, 19 July 2016). “Big Bill Haywood was a giant of the US workers’ movement. John Newsinger has edited a new collection of Haywood’s journalism and writes on the life of the revolutionary.”

Happy Birthday Big Bill (Socialist Review, Issue 292, January 2005). “Mike Davis commemorates the centenary of a high point in American socialist history.”

William D. Haywood, Communist ambassador to Russia (pdf). By David Karsner (The Call Magazine, May 1, 1921, 3 p.; online at Marxists Internet Archive). “We do not know Haywood’s intentions in Russia, but we can be assured that they are revolutionary.”

Out of the past – Bill Haywood (February 4, 1869–May 18, 1928). By Emanuel Garrett (Socialist Appeal, Vol.3, No.7, 14 February 1939, p.3; online at Marxists Internet Archive). “Bill’s towering figure (he was as large in body as he was unyielding in his devotion to the cause of the working-class) is associated with many stirring pages of labor history.”

Bill Haywood, Communist. By Max Eastman (The Liberator, April, 1921; online at Marxists Internet Archive). Max Eastman interviews Bill Haywood.

Bill Haywood Trial (1907) (Famous Trails. By Douglas O. Linder).

Litteratur:

  • Bill Haywoods bog. Af William D. Haywood. Oversat af Svend Wandall, bearbejdet af Peter Poulsen (Gyldendal 1979, 352 s.)
  • The Revolutionary Journalism of Big Bill Haywood: On the picket line with the IWW. Edited and introduced by John Newsinger (Bookmarks, 2016, 160 p.). See review by  Julie Sherry (Socialist Review, Issue 416, September 2016)
  • ‘Big Bill’ Haywood. By Melvyn Dubofsky (Manchester University Press, 1987, 184 p.) (Lives of the left)

Se også på Socialistisk Bibliotek:

  • Tidslinjen 27. juli 1905 om Industrial Workers of the World (IWW).

 

26. juni 1869

Den danske proletarforfatter Martin Andersen Nexø fødes på Christianshavn (Dør i Dresden, DDR, 1. juni 1954, se denne).

1869nexo.jpg

Illustration: Fra 1877 var dette Martin Andersens barndomshjem i Nexø på Bornholm


 

27. juni 1869

Anarkisten Emma Goldman fødes i Kaunas, Lithauen. (Dør 14.5 1940 i Toronto, Canada).

"Emma Goldman, circa the early 1900s." Jewish Women's Archive. https://jwa.org/media/emma-goldman-0.
“Emma Goldman, circa the early 1900s.”
Jewish Women’s Archive.
https://jwa.org/media/emma-goldman-0.

Se på Socialistisk Bibliotek:


 

2. oktober 1869

1869thandi.jpg
Den indiske nationalistbevægelses grundlægger Mohandas Karamchand (Mahatma) Gandhi fødes i Porbandar, Indien. (Myrdes 30.1.1948 i Delhi).

Nordiske sprog:

Gandhi var åndelig leder, ikkevoldeligt ikon og besat af sex. Af Signe Lene Christiansen og Katarina Lewkovitch (Dr.dk, 2. oktober 2016). Interview med Thomas Blom Hansen: “Mordet på Gandhi gjorden manden til en myte, men bagved den åndelige leders berømte budskab om ikkevold og indisk uafhængighed gemmer sig også skyggesider.”

Indien: Opgør med ikonet Mahatma Gandhi. Af Alfred Lang (Modkraft.dk, 6. oktober 2014). “Den indiske forfatter og aktivist Arundhati Roy har fået en straffesag på halsen for at sætte spørgsmålstegn ved den officielle historie om landsfaderen Mahatma Gandhi.”

I anledning af Mahatma Gandhi’s fødselsdag 2. oktober. Af Holger Terp (Arbejderen.dk, 8. oktober 2008). “Det danske fredsakademi har publiceret en række værker af og om Gandhi på både dansk og engelsk til belysning af Gandhi og hans samtid.”

Den store befrier Gandhi? Af Farooq Sulehria (Gaia, nr.59, forår 2008). “Mahatma Gandhis ikke-voldsfilosofi har givet ham gurustatus over hele verden, og den nævnes ofte som forklaringen på Indiens befrielse fra det britiske kolonistyre. Men ifølge Farooq Sulehria fra Pakistan var Gandhi en realpolitisk hykler og det var snarere væbnet kamp, der første til løsrivelsen.”

In English:

Gandhi: the myths behind the Mahatma. By Ravi Mistry (In Defence of Marxism, 16 August 2017). “The truth however is that he betrayed as many as he inspired in the independence campaign, stood wholeheartedly with British imperialist interests, consolidated existing inequalities including caste, racial, and gender discrimination, and ultimately his role helped lead to the calamitous disaster of partition.”

Lessons for an aspiring movement? By Adaner Usmani (International Socialist Review, Issue 87, January 2013). Review of Norman Finkelstein, What Gandhi Says (OR Books, 2012, 100 p.). “On balance, then, What Gandhi Says disappoints.”

A different Gandhi. By Anita Desai (The New York Review of Books, Vol.58, No.7, April 28, 2011). Review of Joseph Lelyveld, Great Soul: Mahatma Gandhi and His Struggle with India (Knopf, 2011, 425 p.). “The picture that emerges is of someone intensely human, with all the defects and weaknesses that suggests, but also a visionary with a profound social conscience and courage who gave the world a model for nonviolent revolution that is still inspiring.”

Gandhi: how he came to see the true horror of the Empire (Socialist Worker, Issue 2171, 3 October 2009). “A new BBC series about the life of Indian freedom fighter Mahatma Gandhi raises interesting questions about his life and role.”

Gandhi: the man behind the myths. By Talat Ahmed (International Socialism, Issue 123, Summer 2009). “Talat Ahmed looks at the ambiguities in his politics and how the outcome of the struggle differed from what he hoped for.”

Gandhian nonviolence and its critics. By Thomas Weber (Transnational Foundation for Peace and Future Research, July 12, 2007). “I have attempted to show from were some of the major criticisms of satyagraha [nonviolent resistance] have come, criticisms that in many cases need to be taken seriously …”

Gandhi and the politics of nonviolence. By Meneejeh Moradian and David Whitehouse (International Socialist Review, No.14, Ocober-November 2000). “Gandhi’s principle of nonviolence, whose moral force propelled several mass movements forward in their initial phases, repeatedly held back the struggles at key moments.”
gandhi_film_100_137.jpg

Struggle for the image of Gandhi. By Henry Judd (The New International, Vol.XIV, No.4, April 1948; online at Marxists Internet Archive). “Gandhi’s strength derived from his organic ties with the Indian nationalist movement. Without this movement he would have been a quaint and unimportant utopian doctrinaire.”

An open letter to the workers of India. By Leon Trotsky (New International, Vol.5 No.9, September 1939; online at Marxists Internet Archive). “The leader and prophet of this bourgeoisie is Gandhi. A fake leader and a false prophet!”

An interview with Gandhi (Labour Monthly, Vol.14, No.4, April 1932; online at Marxists Internet Archive). “The interviewer was Charles Petrasch, who was in London while Gandhi was staying there. He was able to have a long interview with the Indian leader and to put to him a number of questions which he had prepared.”

Who is this Gandhi? By Shapurji Saklatvala (Labour Monthly, Vol.12, No.7, July 1930; online at Marxists Internet Archive). “The working class should better know the whole history of Gandhi.”

Se også:

 

Se også på Socialistisk Bibliotek:


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