Tyske flygtninge. Danskere advares: Smittefare.


Socialistisk Biblioteks Tidslinje med links til begivenheder og personer i 1949.


Se også Index over personer, organisationer/partier og værker (som bøger, malerier, mm.), steder, begivenheder, mv., der er omtalt på hele Tidslinjen, titler og indhold på emnelisterne osv.


15. februar 1949

De sidste tyske flygtninge afrejser fra Danmark til Tyskland.
I alt ca. 268.000 ankom fra slutningen af 1944 (ca. 5% af befolkningen).

Flygtningelejren i Oksbøl 1945-49 (Vardemuseum.dk)
I vestjyske Oksbøl vil man lave et flygtningemuseum for de 250.000 tyske flygtninge, der befandt sig her og andre steder i Danmark efter Anden Verdenskrig.

Oksbøl 1945-49: et efterkrigsdilemma (site). “Med Oksbøllejren som omdrejningspunkt fortæller sitet historien om de tyske flygtninge, der var i Danmark efter Anden Verdenskrig.”

De tyske Flygtninge i Silkeborg. Af Dan Mouritzsen (Silkeborg Bunker Museum, 2003). Om flygtningenes ankomst til Danmark/Silkeborg, modstansbevægelsens holdning, forholdene for flygtningene. pressens holdning, bevogtningen m.m.

Arven fra Oksbøl – fortidens flygtningedebat som en flaskepost til nutiden (POW International, 9. november 2018). ” Steffen Groth peger på, hvorfor Oksbøllejren aldrig må ses som en model for nutidens eller fremtidens flygtningepolitik, men som det modsatte: en advarsel.”

Tyske flygtninge i Nordslesvig 1945-1948. Af Thomas Petersen (Historie-online.dk). Anmeldelse af Leif Hansen Nielsens bog (Historisk samfund for Sønderjylland, 2013, 432 sider)

Kan lægeløftet gradbøjes?: dødsfald blandt og lægehjælp til de tyske flygtninge i Danmark 1945 (pdf). Af Kirsten Lylloff (Historisk Tidsskrift, bind 99, hæfte 1, 1999, s.33-67). Se også Historisk Tidsskrift med Diskussion: indlæg fra Thorkild Frederiksen, Simon Riber Kristensen, Ricardt Riis og Kirsten Lylloff (2000-2007) + Else Wolsgård: En sejlivet myte (Weekendavisen, nr.11, 15. marts 2019).

De tyske flygtninge i Danmark 1945-49 (pdf). Af Tage Kaarsted (Historie/Jyske Samlinger, Bind 17, nr.2, 1987, s.255-266) + Danmark og de tyske flygtninge 1945-1949 (pdf). Af Aage Trommer (ibid., s.267-279). Opposition ved Henrik Havreheds doktorafhandling »De tyske flygtninge i Danmark 1945-49« (Odense Universitetsforlag, 1987, 368 s.), Odense Universitet 11.11.1987.

1949vestre.jpg
Fototekst: “Døde tyske flygtninge og soldater begraves på Vestre Kirkegård i København. Kister og kasser tømmes ned i kulen, så de kan bruges igen.”

Se også:

Fremstillingen af dansk ondskab er falsk. Af Casper Bauerfeld Krogh (Politiken.dk/Kronik, 4. december 2015). Om filmen “Under sandet” og minerydningen af den jyske vestkyst.

Linkbox: Besættelsen 1940-45 – og modstanden (Socialistisk Bibliotek)

Linkbox: Flygtninge 1943-1949 (Socialistisk Biblioek) inkl. om minerydning og “tyskerpiger”.



21. marts 1949

Filosoffen Slavoj Žižek fødes i Lubjana, Jugoslavien (nu Slovenien). 1949zized.jpg

Se:

Žižek , Slavoj (Leksikon.org)

Personliste: Slavoj Zizek (Tidsskriftcentret.dk; online på Internet Archive WayBackMachine)

Slavoj Žižek  + Critiques of Slavoj Žižek (Wikipedia.org)

Slavoj Žižek  (Information.dk). Artikler af Slavoj Žižek online.

International Journal of Žižek  Studies (site). “An online, peer-reviewed academic journal devoted to investigating, elaborating, and critiquing the work of Slavoj Žižek.”

Venstrefløjens hestebremse fylder rundt. Af Mathias Rølle (Solidaritet.dk, 21. marts 2019). “Hvis Žižeks bøger over de senere år er blevet mere filosofiske, er hans offentlige tilstedeværelse i medierne til gengæld blevet mere polemisk og provokatorisk.”

Žižek : Fortress Europe’s staunch defender on the left. By Esben Bogh Sorensen (Roarmag.org, November 29, 2015). Med links til Slavoj Zizek: In the wake of Paris attacks the left must embrace its radical Western roots (In These Times, November 16, 2015) + The Non-Existence of Norway (London Review of Books, 9 September 2015).

Is democracy the enemy? A reply to Zizek. By Louis Proyect (The Unrepentant Marxist, October 31, 2011). “Although the content of Slavoj Žižek’s blog post in the London Review (Democracy is the enemy) is not so nearly as bad as the title, it still betrays the same kind of misunderstanding of the relationship between democracy and socialism …”

A right-wing rant against British youth from  Slavoj Žižek. By Stefan Steinberg (World Socialist Web Site, 27 August 2011). See also Slavoj Žižek: Shoplifters of the World Unite (London Review of Books, 19 August 2011)

The power of nonsense. By Alan Johnson (Jacobin: Reason in Revolt, Summer 2011). “Žižek’s philosophy is, to be blunt, a species of linksfaschismus. This is true of its murderous hostility to democracy, its utter disdain for the ‘stupid’ pleasures of bourgeois life, its valorization of will, ruthlessness, terror and dictatorship, and its belief in the salvific nature of self-sacrificial death.”

Zizek in Manhattan: an intellectual charlatan masquerading as ‘left’. By Bill Van Auken and Adam Haig (World Socialist Web Site, 12 November 2010). “That a charlatan and anti-Marxist like ‌‌Zizek is promoted as an important philosopher by a whole range of ex-radicals is a troubling symptom of the deep intellectual and political disorientation of this social milieu.”

Slavoj Žižek, an idealist Trojan horse. By Simon Hardy (League for the Fifth International, 28/10/2010). “However, despite his popularity on the left, from a Marxist point of view it is necessary to conclude that whatever Žižek’s benefits for the intellectual left, ultimately he adds more confusion than clarity.” See also a response from a reader from Slovenia: In defence of Zizek (03/01/2011).

A philosopher in thrall to the ”end time”. By Phil Sharpe (A World to Win, 23 September 2010). Review of Slavoj Zizek, Living in the End Times (Verso, 2010). “What is apparent, however, is Zizek’s increasing distance from the process of revolution and its aftermath.”

Slavoj Zizek’s failed encounter with Leninism: ‘The bread of justice must be baked by the people’. By Paul Kellogg (Links: International Journal of Socialist Renewal, February 2010). “… Žižek’s treatment of Lenin is completely decontextualised, as if history and economics did not matter. And when he does briefly provide a context, he gets it completely wrong. The Lenin he is reviving is the Lenin that is least relevant to contemporary conditions.”

Slavoj Zizek’s Ideas need to link with reality. By Alex Callinicos (Socialist Worker, Issue 2142, 14 March 2009). “… where Zizek gets shifty is over the question of Stalinism. Pressed about the relationship between the idea of communism and what is sometimes called ‘historical Communism’, he ducks and dives. Fortunately, he doesn’t repeat some of the really silly things he has said on this subject in the past.”

The only hope of the revolution is the crowd: The limits of Žižek’s Leninism (pdf). By
Paul Kellogg (International Journal of Žižek Studies, Vol.2, No.2, 2008, p.). “For Žižek, the hope of revolution is to be found in a gesture of individual violence directed at ‘The Other’. Better we stick with Lenin, for whom the only ‘hope’ of the revolution is the ‘crowd’.”

Shedding some light on Lenin. By Chris Harman (International Socialism, Issue 116, Autumn 2007). Review of Sebastian Budgen, Stathis Kouvelakis and Slavoj Zizek (eds), Lenin Reloaded: Towards a Politics of Truth (Duke University, 2007). “Far too many of the pieces overdose on academic language that obscures what the authors might be trying to say, and on occasions degenerates into gibberish.”

A cyberspace Lenin: why not? By Slavoj Zizek (International Socialism, Issue 95, Summer 2002)


4. april 1949

Grundlæggelsen af “forsvarsalliancen” NATO.

Se:

NATO (Leksikon.org)

Linkbox: NATO – 60 års trussel (Socialistsik Bibliotek)


18. april 1949

Republikken Irland proklameres.

Se:

Irland (Leksikon.org)


1949MR.jpg

Maj 1949

Første nummer af det internationalt indflydelsesrige amerikanske marxistiske tidsskrift Monthly Review udkommer, “An independent socialist magazine”.
Grundlæggeren Paul M. Sweezy udgav (sammen med Paul A. Baran i 1966 bogen Monopoly Capital. (Svensk udgave online på Marxistarkiv.se).

Monthly Review (site). With About MR, index and many articles online.

Monthly Review (Wikipedia.org)

MR Zine (site). An associated Internet zine.

After MRZine. By Yoshie Furuhashi (MRZine, December 31, 2016) + MRZine: goodbye and good riddance. By Louis Proyect (The Unrepentant Marxist, January 2, 2017)

Introduction: A socialist magazine in the American century. By Christopher Phelps (Monthly Review, Vol.51, No.1, May 1999)

The Monthly Review School. By Sam Williams (A Critique of Crisis Theory, March 2010). Longer article.

Monthly Review Editors, Harry Magdoff and Paul M. Sweezy, 1985

Se også linksamlingerne om redaktørerne på Socialistisk Bibliotek:


 

8. juni 1949

George Orwell udgiver romanen “1984”.

Se:

George Orwell lånte plot af russisk kollega. Af Nils Thorsen (Politiken, 13. juni 2009). “Romanen ‘1984’, som i disse dage fejrer 60-års jubilæum, er ikke lige så original som de fleste af os tror.”

 

Big Brothers paroler: - Krig er fred - Uvidenhed er styrke
Big Brothers paroler:
– Krig er fred
– Uvidenhed er styrke
– Frihed er slaveri

In English:

A comment: Revisiting George Orwell’s Nineteen Eighty-Four in 2010. By Richard Mynick (World Socialist Web Site, 12 June 2010). See also: Letters on ‘Revisiting George Orwell’s Nineteen Eighty-Four in 2010’ (19 June 2010)

Orwell’s Animal Farm and Nineteen Eighty-Four: Critiques of Stalinism ‘from the left’? By Alex Miller (Links: International Journal of Socialist Renewal, April 2008)

Orwell Centenary: From 2003 to 1984. By Andrew Stone (Socialist Review, No.276, July/August 2003)

George Orwell: Imagining the totalitarians. By Chris Hickey (Solidarity, 3/34, 10 July 2003)

Re-reading ’Nineteen Eighty-Four’ in 1984. By Paul O’Flinn (International Socialism, Issue 23, Spring 1984, p.76-98).

Animal Farm, 1984 and socialist revolution. Chapter in: Paul O’Flinn: Them and us in literature (London, Pluto Press, 1975, s.14-20)

1984 – the mysticism of cruelty. I: Isaac Deutscher, Heretics and Renegades and Other Essays (Hamish and Hamilton, 1955; online at Marxist Internet Archive)

1984 – Utopia reversed: Orwell’s penetrating examination of totalitarian society. By Irwing Howe (New International, Vol.16, No.6, November-December 1950)

Personlisten Venstrefløjens George Orwell (Socialistisk Bibliotek)

 


29. august 1949

USSR affyrer deres første A-bombe i testområdet Semipalatinsk i Kazakhstan, bryder USAs kernevåbenmonopol og sætter “terrorbalancen”.

Se:

Kernevåben (udvikling og våbenkapløb) (Denstoredanske.dk)


16.-24. september 1949

Rajk-processen i Ungarn som den første af Stalins udrensningsprocesser i folkedemokratierne af potentielle “nationale kommunister”.

Se:

László Rajk (Wikipedia.org)


1. oktober 1949

Kinesiske Folkerepublik grundlægges. “1/3 af Jordens overflade er kommunistisk”.

Se:

Linkbox: Folkerepublikken Kina, 1949- (Socialistsik Bibliotek)

Tidslinjen 12. april 1927 om KKPs nederlag.


7. oktober 1949

DDR grundlægges. “At lære af Sovjetunionen vil sige at lære at sejre” (if. W. Ulbricht).

Se:

Afsnit: Den Tyske Demokratiske Republik (DDR) (1945-90), – i: Tyskland (Leksikon.org) + Berlinproblemet + Walter Ulbricht

Se også:

How Germany became divided after WWII: Stalin didn’t do it (The Unrepentant Marxist, June 6, 2010). Kai Bird’s review article from The Nation (December 16, 1996)

Linkbox: Berlinmurens fald – linkbox om dens historie og stalinismens sammenbrud.(Socialistsik Bibliotek)


16. oktober 1949

Afslutningen på den græske borgerkrig, 1946-1949.

Se:

Den græske borgerkrig (Wikipedia.dk)

Greek Civil War (Wikipedia.org)

Greek Resistance (Wikipedia.org)

Theme: The Greek Civil War, 1946-1949 (Marxists Internet Archive; Subject Archive)

Struggle and suffering: The 1946-49 Greek Civil War. By Doug Enaa Greene
(Links: International Journal of Socialist Renewal, July 17, 2015). With video presentation of the talk (1:09:23 min.).

Greek Civil War: The 1944-45 Dekemvriana and the lessons for today. By Nina Christou (In Defence of Marxism, 17 June 2015)

The Greek Revolution and Civil War: 70 years since the Battle of Athens. Part One. By A. Rodriguez (In Defence of Marxism, 4 February 2015) + Part 2 (3 March 2015)

Gerillakriget i Grekland 1940-1945: Kapetan Aris (pdf) (Dejavu Publicerings, 2010, 352 s.) (Marxistarkiv.se). “Två recensioner av en verkligt läsvärd bok.”

British intervention and the Greek Revolution. By John Newsinger (Socialist History Society, London, 2002; online at Reds/Die Roten)

Greece: War and Civil War (Workers Solidarity Movement, 1994; online at Libcom.org). Text of a talk by Andrew Flood on the activities of the Greek Communist Party before and during the Second World War.

Theme: Trotskyism and Stalinism in Greece (Revolutionary History, Vol.3, No.3, Spring 1991, p.1-42)

The massacre of the Internationalist Communists in Greece, December 1944. Extract from A. Stinas, Memoirs: A Revolutionary in 20th Century Greece (Revolutionary History, November 2004; online at Marxists Internet Archive). See review by Alison Peat (Revolutionary History, Vol.3, No.1, Summer 1990)

Interview with General Markos Vafiades, former leader of ELAS (1983). I: Stalinism: Its origins & future. By Andy Blunden (1993)

The Kapetanios (pdf). By George Catephores (New Left Review, Issue 79, May-June 1973, p.50-59). Review of Dominique Eudes, The Kapetanios: Partisans and Civil War in Greece 1943-1949 (NLB, 1972, 381 p.)

Kontrarevolution – myt och verklighet i Grekland (pdf). Av Todd Gitlin (I David Horowitz, red.: Kontrarevolution: Västmakternas politik gentemot sociala revolutioner från 1917 till Vietnam. Stockholm, Tidens Förlag, 1969; online på Marxistarkiv.se)
Se også:

The crimes of the Nazis in Greece, Part 1-3. By Katerina Selin (World Socialist Web Site, September 11-14, 2015)


2. december 1949

Jan Toftlund, social visesanger fødes i København. (Dør 5. juli 1990 i Refsvindinge på Fyn). 1949jan.jpg

Jeg fik et chok, da jeg så den dér vildmand té sig som en tosse oppe på scenen. Han råbte, skreg og drak elefantbajere. Hvad er det for en forfærdelig mand, tænkte Lasse Helner, der ikke var vant til sådan en opførsel ude på bondelandet, som han selv omtaler Vestfyn (kilde: Fyens.dk: Den humleglade ordsmed, interview om Jan Toftlund).

Se:

Jan Toftlund (Denstoredanske.dk). Kortere intro.

Jan Toftlund (Last.fm)

Jan Toftlund (Jantoftlund.dk). “Jan Toftlunds officielle hjemmeside.”

Jan Toftlund – hyldes space (MySpace.com)

Stor bog om Danmarks Dylan – Jan Toftlund. Af Bjarne Nielsen (Arbejderen.dk, 19. marts 2013). Anmeldelse af Justin Hummerston og Morten Ehrhorn (red): Jan Toftlund – flagermussang og sjælemedicin (Forlaget Ehrhorn-Hummerston, 2013, 600 sider)

Jan Toftlund Feat. Anne Linnet – Første Maj (DJ J@rke Trampe March Remix)


21. december 1949

Den panafrikanske progressive nationalist, præsident for Bukino Faso 1983-87, Thomas Sankara fødes (Henrettes efter et kup styret af fransk imperialisme 15. oktober 1987, se denne.


 

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