President John F. Kennedy motorcade, Dallas, Texas, Friday, November 22, 1963. Also in the presidential limousine are Jackie Kennedy, Texas Governor John Connally and his wife, Nellie. Photo: Victor Hugo King, who placed the photograph in the public domain (presumably when he gave it to the Library of Congress).
President John F. Kennedy motorcade, Dallas, Texas, Friday, November 22, 1963. Also in the presidential limousine are Jackie Kennedy, Texas Governor John Connally and his wife, Nellie. Photo: Victor Hugo King, who placed the photograph in the public domain (presumably when he gave it to the Library of Congress). Source: Wikimedia Commons. See november 22. below.

Socialistisk Biblioteks Tidslinje med links til begivenheder og personer i 1963.


Se også Index over personer, organisationer/partier og værker (som bøger, malerier, mm.), steder, begivenheder, mv., der er omtalt på hele Tidslinjen, titler og indhold på emnelisterne osv.

 

21. april 1963

Den græske venstrefløjspolitiker og pacifist Gregoris Lambrakis udsættes i Thessaloniki for trafikattentat fra højrefløjen, dør 27. april.
Det danner grundlag for filmen “Z” af Costa-Gavras, med Yves Montand.

Se:

Gregoris Lambrakis (Wikipedia.org)

Grigoris Lambrakis (History of Greece; Biographies).

Se også:

Z (film) (Wikipedia.org)

Costa Gavras’s “Z”: an excellent thriller. By Ben Sonnenberg (CounterPunch, October 23-25, 2009)

Costas Gavras talks about Z, 40 years later (Z Magazine, Vol.22, No.6, June 2009)

Se også på Socialistisk Bibliotek:

Tidslinjen 13. februar 1933 on Costas Gavras


 

25. maj 1963

Dannelsen af Organisationen for Afrikansk Enhed (OAU).

Se:

Organisationen for Afrikansk Enhed (OAU) (Leksikon.org)

African Union [AU’s site].

Fra forsiden af African Union site.
Fra forsiden af African Union site.

 

14. juni 1963

Med offentliggørelsen af Kinas Kommunistiske Partis 25 teser om den kommunistiske verdensbevægelses generallinie træder modsætningen i den stalinistiske bevægelse (mellem Sovjetunionens Kommunistiske Parti og Kinas Kommunistiske Parti) åbent frem.

Litteratur:

Et forslag vedrørende den internationale kommunistiske bevægelses generallinie: Brev fra Centralkomiteen for Kinas kommunistiske Parti som svar på … i: Den store polemik Peking-Moskva, bind III (Forlaget Futura, 1976, s.33-72)

Se:

The Polemic on the General Line of the International Communist Movement (From Marx to Mao)

Sino-Soviet split (Wikipedia.org)

China-Russia: The monolith cracks. By Tony Cliff (International Socialism, No.14, Autumn 1963, p.3-16 + 24)


 

25. juni 1963

1963.jpg For første og hidtil eneste gang benyttes Grundlovens §42. Stk. 1: Når et lovforslag er vedtaget af folketinget, kan en trediedel af folketingets medlemmer begære folkeafstemning om lovforslaget.
I 1963 satte Venstre og De Konservative fire lovforslag, jordlovene, til folkeafstemning.
S-R-regeringens 4 lovforslag fald med ca. 27-30% for og 41-45% imod efter et klassiske eksempel på skrækkampagne: “Hvis De er i tvivl, så stem nej” og plakaten med “den sorte hånd” (se illustrationen)

Se:

Jordslået regering (Danmarkshistorien/Gyldendal og Politikens Danmarkshistorie)

Se også:

Folkeafstemninger i Danmark (pdf) (EU-oplysningen.dk)

jordlove (Jordlovgivningen i Danmark) (Denstoredanske.dk)

Se også på Socialistisk Bibliotek:

Linksamlingen: 5. juni – Grundlovsdag og grundloven


 

28. august 1963

Som kulmination på en borgerrettighedsmarch, taler Martin Luther King (‘I have a dream’) ved Lincoln Memorial i Washington.

Se:

You’ve been lied to about the 1963 March on Washington (Jacobin, August 28, 2022). Shawn Gude interviews William P. Jones: “The March on Washington was 59 years ago. It’s popularly remembered as a moderate demonstration where MLK ‘had a dream’ — but in fact, it was the decades-long culmination of a mass, working-class movement against racial and economic injustice.”

A. Philip Randolph’s radical, stirring speech at the 1963 March on Washington (Jacobin, August 28, 2022). “The official head of the August 28, 1963, March on Washington was socialist A. Philip Randolph. In his speech, reprinted here, he called for restructuring society so the “sanctity of private property takes second place to the sanctity of the human personality.”

Revolutionary road, partial victory: The March on Washington for Jobs and Freedom. By Paul Le Blanc (Monthly Review, Vol.65, No.4, September 2013). “… the march also set the stage for the opening of a what was perceived as second, far more radical, phase of the civil rights strategy, developed by the March’s organizers.” See also interview (Inside Higher Ed, August 21, 2013) with Paul Le Blanc about his (and Michael D. Yates) book, A Freedom Budget for All Americans (Monthly Review Press, 2013, 272 p.).

‘Ain’t nobody gonna turn us around’: 50 years since the March on Washington (Socialist Worker, Issue 2368, 27 August 2013). “Fifty years ago this week hundreds of thousands of Civil Rights activists marched through Washington in a demonstration that climaxed with Martin Luther King’s ‘I have a dream’ speech. Socialist Worker looks at the protest and its impact.”

Fifty years since the March on Washington. By Fred Mazelis (World Socialist Web Site, 24 August 2013). “The Achilles’ heel of the civil rights movement, and even its most radical and sincere representatives such as King, was its failure to break with the Democratic Party and recognize that the aims of social equality and democratic rights were realizable only in a struggle for socialism.”

What went into the Dream? By Brian Jones (SocialistWorker.org, August 22, 2013). Review of Gary Younge, The Speech: The Story Behind Dr. Martin Luther King Jr.’s Dream (Haymarket, 2013, 180 p.). “… a book that provides the background to Martin Luther King Jr.’s famous ‘I Have a Dream’ speech–and the lessons for today’s antiracist struggle.”

The marchers who made the Dream. By Elizabeth Schulte (SocialistWorker.org, August 21, 2013). “The 1963 March on Washington is one of the most-remembered events of the civil rights movement–but what you learned in school left out a lot.”

The moment of the March. By Gary Younge (SocialistWorker.org, August 19, 2013). Excerpt from The Speech: The Story Behind Dr. Martin Luther King Jr.’s Dream (Haymarket, 2013). See also Video (Part 1-3) with Gary Younge, who “situates the ‘I have a dream’ speech in the tumultuous year of 1963” (Wearemany.org).

Taking us to the mountaintop (SocialistWorker.org, April 4, 2013). “Todd Chretien pays tribute to Martin Luther King and his final speech.”

After the March on Washington. By Max Shachtman (Workers Liberty, 28 August 2013). “This speech was made by Max Shachtman soon after the famous March on Washington for civil rights of 28 August 1963, and appeared in New America, the paper of the Socialist Party (USA), on 24 September 1963. It is not the Shachtman of the 1940s and early 50s, but the call for an alliance with the labour movement is interesting and valuable.”

Se også / See also:

The other America. By Martin Luther King Jr. (SocialistWorker.org, March 14, 2012). “Here, we publish the transcript from this little-known speech from March 14, 1968.”

The Civil Rights Movement was radical to its core (Jacobin, August 28, 2022). An interview with Glenda Gilmore: “Today is the 59th anniversary of the March on Washington, so get ready for plenty of whitewashed history. Here’s the truth: the Civil Rights Movement was a radical struggle against Jim Crow tyranny whose early foot soldiers were Communists and labor militants.”

Organizing that changed Mississippi. By Bill Chandler (Against the Current, Issue 168, January-February 2014). Review of John R. Salter Jr., Jackson, Mississippi: an American Chronicle of Struggle and Schism (University of Nebraska Press, 2011, 272 p.) + Anne Moody, Coming of Age in Mississippi (Bantam Dell, 1968; Delta paperback edition, 2004, 424 p.)

African-American self-defense. By Malik Miah (Against the Current, Issue 174, January-February 2015). Review of Charles E. Cobb Jr., This Nonviolent Stuff’ Get You Killed: How Guns Made the Civil Rights Movement Possible (Basic Books, 2014, 294 p.)

Socialists organized in the 1950s Civil Rights Movement. By Joel Geier (Jacobin, October 2, 2021). “In 1950s America, the Cold War was raging, but socialists were playing key roles in the early civil rights movement. We can’t afford to let that radical history be sanitized.”

Se også på Socialistisk Bibliotek:


 

6. september 1963  Politisk Revy (1963-1987)

Første nummer af tidsskriftet Politisk Revy, årg. 1, nr. 1. Ophørte med årg. 24, nr. 506, februar 1987. Med en firesiders A5-afskedsfolder til abonnenterne marts 1987 (nummereret som nr. 507).

Se:

Politisk Revy. Af Bente Hansen og Morten Thing (Leksikon.org)

Litteratur:

Politisk Revy i 20 år: en antologi. Red. af Morten Thing (Tiderne Skifter, 1983, 208 sider).

I venstrefløjens øje: mit liv som fuldtidsaktivist i 60’erne. Af Steen Bille Larsen (Politisk Revy, 2018, 312 sider). Se anmeldelse af Helge Rørtoft-Madsen: En personlig beretning fra 60’erne (Arbejderen.dk, 7. april 2019).

Se også:

Slagsmål og diskussioner – livet omkring Politisk Revy (Modkraft.dk, 6. juni 2014). Uddrag fra Bente Hansens bog »Historien findes« (Gyldendal, 2014, 256 s.)  om årene som redaktør på venstrefløjsbladet Politisk Revy.

Tidslinjen 4. marts 1940 om Bente Hansen.
Tidslinjen 15. november 2009 om Jesper Jensen.
Personlisten om Morten Thing.


 

1. november 1963

Demonstrationer og buddistiske munkeselvbrændinger i Sydvietnam fører til CIA-støttet kup imod præsident Ngo Dinh Diem, en katolsk adelsmand, der myrdes af egne generaler. Amerikanernes engagement under Diem var vokset på 2 år fra 1.000 til 16.000 mand.

Se:

Verden – Vietnamkrigen (1060erne.dk)

Se også:

Vietnamkrigen (Leksikon.org)

Se også på Socialistisk Bibliotek:

Tidslinjen: 30. april 1975, om Vietnamkrigen generelt.


 

22. november 1963

USA’s præsident John F. Kennedy skydes i Dallas, Texas.

Links:

Film:

JFK (film) (Wikipedia.org)
JFK: Oliver Stone and the Vietnam War (1995). By Stanley Karnow (The Kennedy Assassination)
Hidden Agenda. JFK: Conspiracy thrillers. By Jerry White (Jump Cut, No.38, June 1993)
JFK: behind the furore. By Steve Painter (Green Left Weekly, Issue 42, 5 February 1992)
One hundred errors of fact and judgment in Oliver Stone’s JFK. By Dave Reitzes (JFK Online: FK Assassination Resources Online)

Articles:

New four-part documentary “JFK: Destiny Betrayed” leaves no doubt that JFK was assassinated as part of CIA coup. By John Potash (CovertAction Magazine, July 26, 2022). “Oliver Stone film shows that JFK was trying to reorient U.S. foreign policy in more peaceful direction prior to his murder and that the Warren Commission was a fraud.”

Oliver Stone’s JFK assassination documentary shouldn’t be dismissed. By Branko Marcetic (Jacobin, December 24, 2021). “Oliver Stone’s new JFK assassination documentary struggled to reach US screens, only to meet with media ridicule when it did. But if there’s nothing to see here, why is the government still blocking the release of records 60 years later?”

Oliver Stone talks to Jacobin about JFK’s killing (Jacobin, November 23, 2021). “Oliver Stone sat down with Jacobin to discuss JFK Revisited: Through the Looking Glass, his new documentary that exhaustively makes the case that the national security state, including the CIA and FBI, killed John F. Kennedy — not a lone shooter.”

Remembering JFK. By Louis Proyect (The Unrepentant Marxist, November 22, 2013)

A half-century since the assassination of President John Fitzgerald Kennedy. By David North (World Socialist Web Site, 22 November 2013)

The real JFK: secrets and lies. By Sean Ledwith (Counterfire, 19 November 2013)

John F Kennedy’s assassination – Camelot’s dark side. By Simon Basketter (Socialist Worker [UK], Issue 2380, 19 November 2013)

Chronicle of a death foretold. By Joe Allen (SocialistWorker.org, October 30, 2013). Review of Bill Minutaglio and Steven L. Davis, Dallas 1963 (Twelve Books, 2013)

Comment: JFK: what Marxists should remember. By Eric Lee (Solidarity, Issue 301, 25 October 2013)

The myth of the Kennedys. By Joe Allen (Socialist Worker [US], Issue 611, December 1, 2006)

Reflections on the 40th anniversary of the Kennedy assassination. By David North and Bill Vann. (World Socialist Web Site, 22 November 2003)

The real JFK. By Joe Allen (Socialist Worker [US], Issue 477, November 21, 2003)

Vain hopes, false dreams. By Noam Chomsky (Z Magazine, September 1992; online at Chomsky.info)


 

24. november 1963

Den anholdte for Kennedy-mordet, Lee Harvey Oswald, myrdes, mens han er i politiets varetægt af Jack Ruby. Ifølge den officielle Warren-rapport var Oswald eneansvarlig for mordet på USA’s præsident John F. Kennedy den 22. november.

Se:

Lee Harvey Oswald (Wikipedia.og)

Who was Lee Harvey Oswald? By Louis Proyect (The Unrepentant Marxist,
November 22, 2013)


 

1. side af Orientering nr. 1. 1963 December 1963

Kommunistisk Arbejdskreds (KAK) dannes af udbryder fra DKP, der er kritiske overfor Danmarks Kommunistiske Partis ledelse, som de beskylder for revisionisme og knæfald for Socialdemokratiet. Formålet er ikke at være et selvstændigt parti, men et kritisk debatforum, der vil genrejse DKP, som revolutionært parti. Blandt stifterne er Gotfred Appel, Benito Scocozza og Ulla Houton. Sammen med flere andre DKPere ekskluderes de senere fra DKP.
Fra december 1963 udgives bladet Orientering, først og fremmest med kritiske artikler vendt mod DKPs ledelse.

Klik for stor størrelse

Se:

Se også på Socialistisk Bibliotek:

Emnelisten Blekingegade-sagen