Foto fra Kominterns VII Kongres i 1935
Foto fra Kominterns VII Kongres i 1935

Komintern blev dannet for at udbrede og organisere erfaringerne fra den russiske revolution i november 1917. Kominterns udvikling er tæt knyttet til udviklingen i den russiske revolution, til de forskellige linjer og diskussioner i det russiske kommunistparti, og fra stalinismens sejr (1924) til Sovjetunionens udenrigspolitiske interesser.


Indhold:


Forord

Komintern blev dannet for at udbrede og organisere erfaringerne fra den russiske revolution i november 1917.
Afsnittet Bøger/Litteratur er en opsamling af de værker, der dækker store dele eller hele Kominterns historie eller dokumenter, og som der kan være refereret til i uddrag under især kongresserne på Tidslinjen.
Dokumenter, litteratur mv. om de enkelte kongresser er på Tidslinjen og linket under afsnittet Links til Komintern.

Kominterns udvikling er tæt knyttet til udviklingen i Den Russiske Revolution, til de forskellige linjer og diskussioner i det russiske kommunistparti, og fra stalinismens sejr (1924) til Sovjetunionens udenrigspolitiske interesser.

Derfor er det også en del værker, der koncentrerer sig om fremstilling og dokumentation af Kominterns linje(r) fra de første fire kongresser (1919-1922).

Påbegyndt september 2010. Rev. marts 2019.

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Leksikalt mv.

Sites/Artikler

100 years on: the founding of the Communist International (In Defence of Marxism, 6 March 2019). “Rob Sewell looks back on this momentous event.”

The Comintern – organising to fight for a global revolution (Socialist Worker, Issue 2644, 5 March 2019). “Revolutionaries formed the Comintern 100 years ago. Simon Basketter says this was a world-shaping event and that its activities still hold lessons for socialists today.”

100 years ago – how the Comintern was founded. Part 1-2. By John Riddell (Marxist Essays and Commentary, February 24 + March 3, 2019). “An introduction to the founding congress and its proceedings: One hundred years ago, revolutionary socialists from more than two dozen countries launched a global movement, the Communist International (Comintern).”

The world revolution that wasn’t. By Loren Balhorn (Jacobin, March 2, 2019). “The Comintern was founded on this day in 1919 to carry revolution around the world. We are only now recovering from the legacy of its failure.” See also Louis Proyect: The Comintern, the Stalintern, and the Jacobin Left (The Unrepentant Marxist, March 4, 2019).

The Communist International: Its present-day relevance. By John Riddell (Marxist Essays and Commentaries, May 2, 2018). “Here’s a talk I gave to The Capitalism Workshop in Toronto, April 18, 2018. The Workshop organizers insisted on an emphasis on contemporary relevance, and that is what distinguishes this text from my previous account of my Comintern work.”

35 years of Comintern publishing: A balance sheet. By John Riddell (Marxist Essays and Commentary, February 26, 2018). “The following text is a much expanded and updated version of a talk that I gave in 2013, under the title ‘Toward the United Front: Translations for the Twenty-First Century’.”

The Third International: Revolutionary hope crushed by Stalinism (Socialist Worker, Issue 2189, 20 February 2010). “Dan Swain continues our series with a look at the third attempt to unite workers across borders.”

Comintern: Revolutionary internationalism in Lenin’s time (pdf). By John Riddell (A Socialist Voice pamphlet, 2008, 32 p.). “… during its first five years, while still led by Lenin and his closest collaborators, the Communist International elaborated a program and strategy that incorporate the lessons of the revolution-ary era whose climax was the Russian revolution.The purpose of this pamphlet is to introduce that program.”

Komintern: Demokratiet, magten og partidemokratiet (pdf). Af Niels Christian Sidenius (Årbog for arbejderbevægelsens historie, nr. 13, 1983, side 39-66). “Nærværende artikel vil …først og fremmest inddrage dokumenter, der mest tydeligt udtaler sig om det borgerlige demokrati, dets forhold til det socialistiske demokrati og til magten i samfundet.”


 

Bøger/Litteratur online

The Comintern and its critics (Revolutionary History, Vol.8, No.1, 2001, p.1-238). “All the articles we print relate to the Stalinist degeneration of the Comintern, to those who analysed, opposed, and criticised it, and what happened to them as a result.” Only Contents online; scroll down.

Russisk sproget plakat for Den Kommunistiske Internationale
Russisk sproget plakat for Den Kommunistiske Internationale

Biographical dictionary of the Comintern. By Branko M. Lazitch & Milorad M. Drachkovitch (Stanford Univ., Calif., Hoover Institution Press, 1986, 532 p.). Online partly at Google Books. Chapters: Introduction – Guide to abbreviations – List of biographies – Individual biographies.

The Comintern. By Duncan Hallas (Bookmarks, 1985, 184 s.; online på Marxists Internet Archive). “This small book aims to provide, from a revolutionary socialist point of view, an introduction to the Comintern, from its founding conference in 1919 to its winding-up by Stalin in 1943.”

Krisen i den kommunistiske verdensbevægelse: fra Komintern til Kominform. 2 bind. Af Fernando Claudin (Modtryk, 1977-78, 667 sider). Online i svensk udgave: Krisen i den kommunistiska rörelsen, del 1 + del 2 (pdf)

Svensk plakat for Den kommunistiska internationalen
Svensk plakat for Den kommunistiska internationalen

(Bokförlaget Röda Rummet/Förlaget Barrikaden, 1979, 227 + 221 s.; online på Marxistarkiv.se). Se her også: Studieplan till Claudin, Krisen i den kommunistisk rörelsen, del 1 (10 møder + online “recensioner” og lidt generelt Komintern litteratur).

The Communist International 1919-1943. Documents selected and edited by Jane Degras. Vol. 1-3 (London, Oxford University Press, 1956-1965). Online at Marxists Internet Archive (pdf):
Vol. 1: 1919-1922 (457 p.)
Vol. 2: 1923-1928 (578 p.)
Vol. 3: 1929-1943 (488 p.)

Rise and fall of the Comintern. By K. Tilak [i.e. Leslie Goonewardene] (Bombay, Spark Syndicate, 1947, 157 p.; online at Marxists Internet Archive). “This book … seeks to recount the principal betrayals of the international working class movement by the Third (Communist) International since 1923.”

World revolution 1917-1936: The rise and fall of the Communist International. By C.L.R. James (London, Furnell and Sons, 1937, 429 p.). With introduction by Al Richardson to 1993 edition (Humanities Press, 446 p.; online at Marxists Internet Archive). “This book is  an introduction to and survey of the revolutionary Socialist movement since the War – the antecedents, foundation and development of the Third International – its collapse as a revolutionary force.”

The first five years of the Communist International, Vol. I (1924). By Leon Trotsky + Vol. II (London, New Park, 1973-74; online at Marxists Internet Archive)

Kommunistiska Internationalen (Komintern) (Marxistarkiv.se). Artiklar, Böcker och Document.

Den Kommunistiska Internationalen: Organ för Kommunistiska Internationalens exekutivkomité. Tidskriften … på de skandinaviska språken. Innehållsförteckning, no. 1,  1920 – no. 6, september 1921 (Marxistarkiv.se).

 

Bøger/Litteratur, kun i print

Komintern og de dansk-russiske relationer (Arbejdermuseet og ABA, 2013, 436 sider). Se Bjarne Nielsen: Spændende ny forskning om Komintern-tiden (Arbejderen.dk, 26. februar 2013)

Verdensrevolutionens generalstab: Komintern og det hemmelige apparat. Af Niels Erik Rosenfeldt (Gad, 2011, 432 sider)

Krisen i den kommunistiske verdensbevægelse: fra Komintern til Kominform. 2 bind. Af Fernando Claudin (Modtryk, 1977-78, 667 sider). Online i svensk udgave på Marxistarkiv.se; se ovenfor).

Kommunistisk Internationale 1919-1943. Af Niels Christian Sidenius (Den Røde Kalender 1977, Politisk Revy, side 163-229). Kapitler: 1919-21: KI’s konstituering og revolutionære forsøg – 1921-23: den tyske arbejderklasses nederlag – 1924-25: KI og Sovjetunionen – 1925-28: Højreopportunismen i England/Kina – 1928-35: venstresekterisme og folkefront – 1936-45: den spanske revolution og KIs opløsning.

Kommunistisk Internationale 1928-1935: en analyse og kritik af Kommunistisk Internationales politik, specielt i forhold til fascismen og udviklingen i Tyskland. Af Niels Christian Sidenius (Modtryk, 1978, 283 sider)

The Communist Movement at a Crossroads: Plenums of the Communist International’s Executive Committee, 1922–1923. Edited by Mike Taber and translated by John Riddell (Brill, 2018, 796 p.). See John Riddell: New Comintern Volume presents debates on United Front, Fascism (Marxist Essays and Commentary, June 28, 2018)

Toward the United Front: Proceedings of the Fourth Congress of the Communist International, 1922. Edited by John Riddell (Brill/Haymarket, 2012/Haymarket, 2012, 1310 p.). See John Riddell: 35 years of Comintern publishing: A balance sheet (Marxist Essays and Commentary, February 26, 2018)

To The Masses: Proceedings of the Third Congress of the Communist International, 1921. Edited by John Riddell (Brill/Haymarket, 2015, 1299 p.). Review by John Rose: Debating the world revolution (International Socialism, Issue 153, Winter 2017)

The Communist International in Lenin’s time. Edited by John Riddell (New York, Pathfinder Press, 1984-1993). With introductions, chronology and glossary:

  • Lenin’s struggle for a revolutionary International: Documents 1907-1916: The predatory years (1984, 604 p.)
  • The German revolution and the debate on Soviet power: Documents 1918-1919: Preparing the founding corgress (1986, 540 p.)
  • Founding the Communist International: Proceedings and documents of the first congress March 1919 (1987, 424 p.)
  • Workers of the world and opressed peoples, unite!: Proceedings and documents of the second congress, 1920, Vol. I-II (1991, 1147 p.)
  • To see the dawn, Baku, 1920: First congress of the Peoples of the East (1993, 344 p.)
  • Theses, resolutions and manifestos of the first four congresses of the Third International. Edited by Alan Adler, introduction by Bertil Hessel (London, Ink Links/Pluto Press, 1980, 481 p.). With biographical and historical glossary.

Video

Danske og tyske revolutionære – og spioner – i komintern. Et foredrag af Torkil Sørensen i forbindelse med Arbejderfestival 2018, arrangeret af SFAH (Selskabet for Arbejderhistorie) (YouTube.com; 40 min.)


Kongresser:

Personer:

Tatlins monument fra 1920 i 3D-projektion
Tatlins monument fra 1920 i 3D-projektion

 

Se også på Socialistisk Bibliotek / See also:


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