Rachel Carson conducts Marine Biology Research with Bob Hines — in the Atlantic (1952). Photo: the United States Fish and Wildlife Service. Collection: the National Digital Library. Public Domain. See below May 24, 1907.
Rachel Carson conducts Marine Biology Research with Bob Hines — in the Atlantic (1952). Photo: the United States Fish and Wildlife Service. Collection: the National Digital Library. Public Domain. See below May 24, 1907. Source: Wikimedia Commons.

Socialistisk Biblioteks Tidslinje med links til begivenheder og personer i 1907.


Se også Index over personer, organisationer/partier og værker (som bøger, malerier, mm.), steder, begivenheder, mv., der er omtalt på hele Tidslinjen, titler og indhold på emnelisterne osv.

 

Bladliste

Nye blade 1907:

  • Anarkisten
  • Fremad
  • Korsaren
  • Revolten

Se:

Arbejderhistorisk bladliste, under året 1907 og nedenfor under datoen 1. maj 1907.


 

6. januar 1907

Maria Montessori åbner den første skole og børnehave for arbejderbørn i Rom (Casa dei Bambini in San Lorenzo).

Montessori Klasseværelse
A Montessori classroom in Indiana, USA, November 30, 2012 2012. Photo: KJJS. (CC BY 2.0). Source: flickr.com.

Se:

Montessori: Et nyt, gammelt syn på børns læring. Af Kristina Hobbs (Legeakademiet.dk, 11. oktober 2017). “Denne lille artikel er naturligvis ikke en indføring i Montessori-teori, blot en lille smagsprøve. En inspiration til at tænke leg og læring på en ny (og gammel) måde.”

The Montessori Movement and its enemies. By David Botsford (Libertarian Alliance, Educational Notes, No.18, 1993, 4 p.). “It would be mistaken to assume that attempts by governments in the Western world to destroy the Montessori system have been confined to such classic “totalitarian” forces as the Italian fascists,German National Socialists and Spanish communists …”

 


 

5. marts 1907

Den (2.) Duma åbner i St. Petersborg, Rusland, og 40.000 demonstranter blir opløst af russiske tropper. Dumaen opløst juni 1907 af zaren efter kritik af russiske militærs organisering.

Se:

  • Duma (Wikipedia.org)

 

3. april 1907

Den marxistiske historiker og forfatter til Trotskij- og Stalin-biografier, Isaac Deutscher fødes i byen Chrzanów ved Kraków i Østrig-Ungarn, nu Polen. (Dør 17. august 1967 i Rom).

1907deutscher.jpg
Se:


 

1. maj 1907

Første nummer af Fremad : Organ for Socialdemokratisk Ungdomsforbund i Danmark (SUF)udkommer som månedsblad, fra 1921 udg. af Kommunistisk Ungdoms Forbund. Ophørte med nr. 2, sep. 1922.

Se:


 

4.-5. maj 1907

Lenin og ca. 200 russiske socialdemokrater tilbringer to dage i København i forsøget på at få afviklet 5. partikongres (der blev afholdt i London).

Se:

  • Da Lenin kom med Malmø-båden: Dramatik under russisk ‘mellemlanding’ i Danmark i 1907 (pdf). Af Peter Søndergaard (Nyt om Arbejdermuseet, nr.1, 2003, s.10-12; online på RUC)
Lenin i kreds af russiske socialdemokrater (Martov til højre)
Lenin i kreds af russiske socialdemokrater (Martov til højre)

Se også:


 

24. maj 1907

Den amerikanske miljø-pioner, marinebiolog Rachel Carson fødes (dør 14. april 1964).
Hendes bog om miljøgifte og pesticid-overforbrug, blev et grundlæggende dokument  (Silent Spring, 1962. Dansk: Det tavse forår, 1963, i serien Gyldendals Uglebøger, 1969).

Se:

A strange blight. By Meehan Crist (London Review of Books, Vol.41, No.11, 6 June 2019). Review of Rachel Carson, ‘Silent Spring’ and Other Writings on the Environment, edited by Sandra Steingraber (Library of America, 2018, 546 p.). “Reading Silent Spring today, in the hazy reddish glow of climate catastrophe, is both an exhilarating and a melancholy pleasure.”

Silent Spring. By Martin Empson (Socialist Review, Issue 374, November 2012). “The publication of Silent Spring 50 years ago in September 1962 caused shockwaves through an America dominated by the belief that, through technology, humans could dominate nature in their own interests. The book and its author, Rachel Carson, are credited with inspiring the modern environmental movement.”

Rachel Carson’s ecological critique. By John Bellamy Foster and Brett Clark (Monthly Review, Vol.59, No.9, February 2008). “But Carson’s attack on synthetic pesticides is not her most notable achievement. Rather it is her wider, ecological critique challenging the whole nature of our society that is so important today.”

In defense of Rachel Carson. By Sarah Grey (International Socialist Review, Issue 57, January-February 2008). “In the current era of global environmental crisis, Carson’s work is more relevant today than it has ever been before, and her legacy should be a key part of every left-wing environmental analysis.”

Litteratur:

  • Rachel Carson: Det tavse forår (Gyldendal, 1963, 255 sider)
    “Om forgiftningen af naturen gennem anvendelse af ukrudt- og insektdræbende midler.”
  • Rachel Carson: Havet omkring os (Fremad, 1967, 166 sider)

 

26. juni 1907

Strejker organiseret i Belfast af fagforeningslederen James Larkin for faglige rettigheder og enhed mellem katolske og protestantiske arbejdere, udvikler sig til generalstrejke,

Se:

Ireland: The 1907 Dock Strike – 105 years on. By Gerry Ruddy (In Defence of Marxism, 24 February 2012). “Belfast in 1907 was a hotbed of militancy.”

1907 Belfast strike showed the power to end the sectarian divide. By Simon Basketter (Socialist Worker, Issue 2051, 15 May 2007). “The 1907 Belfast strike wave showed the possiblity of unity between Catholics and Protestants in Northern Ireland.”

Northern Ireland – 1907 Dockers and Carters’ strike. By Peter Hadden (Socialistworld.net, 11 May 2007). “One hundred years ago the city of Belfast was gripped by a revolt of the low paid and the exploited.”

Se også:


 

Juni-juli 1907

Pablo Picasso færdiggør og præsenterer det indflydelsesrige hovedværk i moderne kunst, maleriet “Les Demoiselles d’Avignon” (Frøkenerne fra Avignon).

Se:

Se også:


 

6. juli 1907

Den mexikanske maler Frida Kahlo fødes i Coyoacán. (Dør 13. juli 1954).

FridaPortrait of Frida Kahlo, 16 October 1932 Photo: Gelatin silver print by Guillermo Kalho/ Carl Wilkelm Kahlo (1871–1941), German photographer. Collection: Sotheby's. Public Domain.
Portrait of Frida Kahlo, 16 October 1932 Photo: Gelatin silver print by Guillermo Kalho/ Carl Wilkelm Kahlo (1871–1941), German photographer. Collection: Sotheby’s. Public Domain. Source: Wikimedia Commons.

Se:

Myte og virkelighed: Frida Kahlo på Arken. Af John Poulsen (Arbejderen.dk, 26. november 2013). “Få malere har i den grad skildret sig selv som Frida Kahlo. Udstillingen viser, hvordan hun iscenesatte sig selv, ikke kun på malerierne, men også i virkeligheden …”

Frida Kahlo – kunstner og rebel (Autonom Infoservice, 16. juli 2014). “Allerede mens hun levede var hun en berømthed, i dag er Frida Kahlo for længst blevet til en myte.” Illustreret og med  videoklip.

In English:

The art of Frida Kahlo (Rebel: The New Socialist Website, July 16, 2019). “Frida Kahlo was undervalued in her time, but today her art, her fashion and her politics are commercialised worldwide. Here, Mike Gonzalez looks back at the art and politics of a woman who worked hard to curate her own persona, translating her pain and passion into personal and political expression.”

Frida Kahlo: artist and revolutionary. By Judy Cox (Counterfire, August 16, 2018). “Frida Kahlo was a revolutionary and a politically-committed artist whose art condemned the society she revolted agains.”

Kahlo’s stature on display (Socialist Review, Issue 437, July-August 2018). “As the world-leading V&A opens its Frida Kahlo exhibition, Rena Niamh Smith looks at the complex life of this iconic artist.”

How Frida Kahlo fused her Mexicanness with Socialism (Artsandculture.google.com/project/frida-kahlo, 2018). “Historian Alejandro Rosas on how the artist’s work was influenced by the Mexican revolution.”

Frida Kahlo retrospective in Berlin, Part 1: The ‘Kahlo myth’ and the reality. By Jesse Olsen and Bernd Reinhardt (World Socialist Web Site, 10 September 2010) + Part 2: Frida Kahlo and communism (11 September 2010)

Free Frida Kahlo! Mexico’s rightwing tries to claim leftist painter’s soul. By John Ross (CounterPunch, July 1, 2007). “The battle for the possession of Frida Kahlo’s soul erupted this June 13th on the alabaster esplanade of Mexico’s maximum house of culture, the Palacio de Bellas Artes …”

Frida Kahlo: a life. By Mike Gonzalez (Socialist Review, Issue 297, June 2005). “There is much power and beauty in the work of Frida Kahlo, says Mike Gonzalez, who examines the life of this remarkable artist.”

A brief biography and review of her works: The Frida Kahlo Exhibition at the Tate Modern. By Harry Whittaker (In Defence of Marxism, 7 October 2005). “To admire her work is one thing, to fully appreciate it is another. To do so it is necessary to know something of her story and her cultural background.”

What made Frida Kahlo remarkable? By Joanne Laurier (World Socialist Web Site, 7 November 2002). Review of Julie Taymor’s Frida, based on the book by Hayden Herrera: “Taymor’s predictably superficial account of the relationship of Kahlo and fellow Mexican artist Diego Rivera, whose lives were bound up with some of the great issues of the twentieth century …”

A vital and challenging exhibition: Viva la Vida – Frida Kahlo, Diego Rivera and Mexican Modernism. By John Braddock (World Socialist Web Site, 20 March 2000). “This exhibition … brings to a new audience important work by the movement of artists associated with the Mexican revolution and the social struggles of the 1920s to the 1940s.”

Kahlo as artist, woman, rebel. By Mary Motian-Meadows (Against the Current, No.56, May/June 1995). “An appropriate discussion of Kahlo’s art must bridge the gap between her private and public lives.”

Painting by Frida Kahlo: Self Portrait with Monkeys, 1943, Photo: Taken 3 May 2018 at Mudec Milano by Ambra75. (CC BY-SA 4.0).
Painting by Frida Kahlo: Self Portrait with Monkeys, 1943, Photo: Taken 3 May 2018 at Mudec Milano by Ambra75. (CC BY-SA 4.0). Source: Wikimedia Commons.

Film:

Frida (Wikipedia.org). About Julie Taymor’s film from 2002, with Salma Hayek as Frida Kahlo.
Beautiful picture. Review by Chanie Rosenberg (Socialist Review, Issue 272, March 2003)
What made Frida Kahlo remarkable? Review by Joanne Laurier (World Socialist Web Site, 7 November 2002)

Se også/See also:

Video: Trotsky, Kahlo and Rivera (Louis Proyect: The Unrepentant Marxist, July 18, 2012, 1:54 min.)

Se også på Socialistisk Bibliotek:

Linkboxen: Diego Rivera (1886-1957)


 

27. september 1907

Den indiske revolutionære Bhagat Sing fødes i Punjab-provinsen. (Bliver hængt 23. marts 1931). Repræsenterede en anden linje i den indiske uafhængighedsbevægelse end Ghandi.

Se:


 

4. november 1907
1907heerup.jpg

Den naivistiske maler og billedhugger Henry Heerup fødes i Frederiksberg (dør 30. maj 1993 i Vanløse).

Se:


 

13. november 1907

Den danske anarkist Sophus (Sofus) Rasmussen skyder sig selv i Husumgade på Nørrebro. (Født i Helsinge den 7. juni 1874, se denne)


 

14. november 1907

Den svenske børnebogsforfatter Astrid Lindgren fødes i Vimmerby, Småland (dør 28.1.2002 i Stockholm), forfatter til bøgerne om den stærke og antiautoritære Pippi Langstrømpe, den børne-logiske “skarnsknægt” Emil fra Lønneberg, Brødrene Løvehjerte m.fl.

Se:


 

28. november 1907

Den italienske forfatter Alberto Moravia fødes som Alberto Pincherle (dør 28.11.1990) . Skrev 1947 den antifascitiske roman Il Conformista (da.: Medløberen) og var MEP for italienske kommunistparti.

Se:

Litteratur:

  • Medløberen. Af Alberto Moravia (Nyt Nordisk Forlag, 1951, 237 sider). Filmatiseret 1970, instr. Bernardo Bertolucci.
  • To kvinder. Af Alberto Moravia (Nyt Nordisk Forlag, 1958, 309 sider). Filmatiseret La Ciociara, 1960. Sophia Loren fik Oscar for hovedrollen.
  • Mit liv. Af Alberto Moravia (Per Kofod, 1991, 253 sider)