Peter Kropotkin passes through Haparanda in 1917. It is probably taken by a local photographer in Haparanda since it was published on page 39 i n the city of Haparanda's 100th jubilee yearbook published three years after the city turned 100 years in 1942. (
Peter Kropotkin passes through Haparanda (Sweden) in 1917. It is probably taken by a local photographer in Haparanda since it was published on page 39 i n the city of Haparanda's 100th jubilee yearbook published three years after the city turned 100 years in 1942. ("Haparanda stad 100 år", by R. Odencrants, printed in Uppsala 1945). Public Domain. Se mere nedenfor 8. februar 1921

Socialistisk Biblioteks Tidslinje med links til begivenheder og personer i 1921.


Se også Index over personer, organisationer/partier og værker (som bøger, malerier, mm.), steder, begivenheder, mv., der er omtalt på hele Tidslinjen, titler og indhold på emnelisterne osv.

Bladliste

Nye blade 1921:

Arbejderbladet. Dagblad. Fra 3. februar 1922 stod DKP som udgiver.
Baalet. Tidsskrift for Liv og Kunst. Udgivet af ”Litterær Arbejder-klub”.
Daggry. Fortsættelse af Arbejdertidende, se 1919.
Samarbejdet. Organ for den uafhængige fagbevægelse. Ugeblad. Udg. af De frie fagforeninger. [syndikalister uden for parti/DKP-samarbejdet]

Se:


8. februar 1921

Den russiske anarkist Peter (Pjotr) Kropotkin dør i Dmitrov, 65 km nord for Moskva (født 21.12.1842 i Moskva).

Se:

Se også på Socialistisk Bibliotek:

Illustration: Rukavishnikov Aleksandr: Monument to Prince Peter Alekseyevich Kropotkin (2004, Dmitrov, Moscow)


 

2. marts 1921

Kronstadt-oprøret startes af soldater og matroser som reaktion på Bolsjevikpartiets politik over for landbruget og på situationen i landet. Opstanden slås ned 17.3.

Se:

Se også på Socialistisk Bibliotek:

1921kronstadt.jpg
Illustration: Soldater loyale mod sovjetregeringen og bolsjevikkerne under angreb på Kronstadt over isen.


 

8.-16. marts 1921

SUKP’s (Bolsjevikkerne) 10. kongres vedtager ny økonomisk politik (NEP) og fagforeningsresolution.

Se:

Perestroika’s “Revival of Nep: A Contemporary Chronicle, 1985-1990″ (pdf). By Lars T. Lih (The NEP Era: Soviet Russia 1921-1928, Vol.3, 2009, p.1-35). “The NEP theme proved to be an extremely rich guide to the debates swirling in the Soviet media that were such a hallmark of the Gorbachev years.”

The crisis of 1921: The beginnings of the N.E.P. and the rise of the apparatus. Chapter 7, – i: Pierre Broué: The history of the Bolshevik Party (CP) of the USSR: The political struggles in Russia (1921–1929) (1971, online at Marxists Internet Archive)

The political struggles in Russia, 1921-1929. By Pierre Broué (Marxists Internet Archive). Chapter 7-11 of The history of the Bolshevik Party (CP) of the U.S.S.R. (1971; online at Marxists Internet Archive)

Litteratur:

  • Parti, stat og fagforeninger – en antologi. Redigeret af Niels Brunse (Rhodos, 1976, 343 sider) (Revolutionshistoriske dokumenter, bind 3)

Se også:

  • The Red Jacobins: Thermidor and the Russian Revolution in 1921 (pdf). By Mark Hoskisson (Permanent Revolution, Issue 17, Summer 2010)

 

17. marts 1921

Starter “marts-aktionen”, da Tysklands kommunistparti (KPD) over for sikkerhedspolitiets overgreb mod minearbejderne i Centraltyskland opfordrer til bevæbnet opstand og senere til generalstrejke, imod flertallet af arbejderne, i tro på, at den revolutionære situation kan skabes gennem offensiv af de revolutionære selv.
“Offensiv-teorien” kostede KPD, der lige var blevet et masseparti med ca. 500.000 medlemmer, omkrig halvdelen af medlemmerne.

Se:

Se også:

Se også på Socialistisk Bibliotek:


 

6. maj 1921

Tyendeloven (“Slaveloven”) med husbonds revselsesret og tyendes pligt til den forhadte skudsmålsbog, hvis man ville arbejde udensogns, afløses af Medhjælperloven.

Loven blev indført 5. september 1832, se denne.


20. maj 1921

Første nummer af Arbejderbladet, dagblad for Danmarks Kommunistiske Parti.

Se:

  • 20. maj 1921 – Arbejderbladet udkommer første gang (Arbejderen, 20.5.2003)
    Arbejderbladet (dagblad fra 1934) og fra 1945 tog man det navn efter det illegale DKP-blad “Land og Folk”
    (foto blad fra 1935,april måned, FØR den antifascistiske folkefronspolitik blev lanceret på Kominterns 7. kongres i august måned)

Se også på Socialistisk Bibliotek:


 

22. maj-12. juli 1921

Kommunistisk Internationales (Komintern) 3. kongres, vedtager enhedsfrontlinjen. Kongressens hovedbudskab var fra “kampen om magten” til “kampen om masserne” gennem enhedsfronspolitik.

Se:

Newly published speeches by Lenin, Trotsky, and Béla Kun (Marxist Essays and Commentary, February 6, 2018). “The three speeches posted here constituted a turning point in efforts at the Communist International’s Third Congress, held in 1921, to reorient the movement away from adventurist leftism and toward the mass movements of working people.”

A workers’ International at a turning point. By John Riddell (International Socialist Review, Issue 99, Winter 2015-16). “Introducing excerpts from the Communist International’s Third Congress.”

Navigating unchartered waters (Weekly Worker, Issue 1085, 3 December 2015). “Ian Birchall examines the deliberations of Comintern’s Third Congress in the aftermath of the 1921 March action.”

Ian Birchall on John Riddell’s ‘To the masses’: Essential resource on communism’s early years (Links: International Journal of Socialist Renewal, April 12, 2015). Review of To The Masses: Proceedings of the Third Congress of the Communist International, 1921. Edited by John Riddell (Brill, 2015/Haymarket Books, 2016, 1299 p.). See also review by Ted McTaggart: Comintern Congress revisited (Against the Current, Issue 180, January-February 2016)

Lars Lih: ‘To the Masses’ is ‘A triumphant climax’ to an ‘epic scholarly venture’ (Marxist Essay and Commentary, March 14, 2016)

Jennifer Roesch: Majorities, minorities, and revolutionary tactics (International Socialist Review, Issue 101, Summer 2016)

John Rose: Debating the world revolution (International Socialism, Issue 153, Winter 2017)

Chris Bambery: To the Masses (Counterfire, February 2, 2017)

Umair Muhammad: ‘Heated debate and tumult’: The Comintern’s 1921 congress (Science and Society, Vol.81, No.3, July 2017, p.452-54; online at Marxist Essays and Commentary, December 26, 2017)

Profile of a Communist women’s movement. Introduced by Mike Taber and John Riddell (International Socialist Review, Issue 101, Summer 2016). “Excerpts from the Communist International’s Third Congress [by Clara Zetkin and Alexandra Kollontai].”

Lenin the unifier: The Comintern compromise of 1921. By John Riddell (Marxist Essays and Commentary, May 5, 2015)

German workers and the birth of the united front. By John Riddell (International Socialist Review, Issue 79, September-October 2011)

The origins of the united front policy. By John Riddell (International Socialism, Issue 130, Spring 2011)

The united front: ground for common work. By John Riddell (Socialist Worker, Issue 2076, 10 November 2007)

The Ebb. Chapter 3, -i: The Comintern. By Duncan Hallas (Bookmarks, 1985, p.54-82)

Meetings in the Kremlin in Moscow 1921: interview with Bernhard Reichenbach [from KAPD] (Libcom, Jan 4, 2006)

La Internacional Comunista (tercer congreso), 1921 (YouTube.com, 3:26 min.)

Lenin’s Comintern revisited: Index (John Riddell: Marxist Essays and Commentaries, December 31, 2017). Articles by John Riddell, 2007-2018.

Se også på Socialistisk Bibliotek:

1921komintern.jpg

Lenin taler på Kominterns 3. kongres


 

11. juni 1921

Tegneren og grafikeren Ib Spang Olsen fødes på Østerbro. (dør 15. januar 2012, se denne).

Se:

Se også på Socialistisk Bibliotek:


 

1. (?) juli 1921

12-13 personer mødes i Shanghai, i den tidligere franske handelsmissions bygning, og afholder Kinas Kommunistiske Partis første kongres. Medlemstallet anslås til under 60 over hele Kina.

1921ccpfoundingplace.jpg

Se:

Ninety years since the founding of the Chinese Communist Party. By John Chan (World Socialist Web Site, 5 July 2011)

90 years of the Chinese Communist Party, Part One. By Dan Morley (In Defence of Marxism, 1 July 2011) + Part 2 (22 July 2011) + Part 3 (6 September 2011) + Part 4 (20 September 2011) + Part 5 (26 September 2011)

Revolutionärerna i Kinas städer (pdf). Av Gregor Benton (Marxistarkiv.se).
Engelsk original: China’s Urban Revolutionaries: Explorations in the History of Chinese Trotskyism, 1921-1952 (Humanities Press, 1996, p.1-123). Se også Gregor Benton: Explorations in the history of Chinese Trotskyism (pdf) (IIRE Working Papers, Issue 26, 1992, 50 p.) + Gregor Benton (ed.): Prophets Unarmed: Chinese Trotskyists in Revolution, War, Jail, and the Return from Limbo (Brill, 2015/Haymarket Books, 2017, 1269 p.)

The awakening of the Chinese workers’ movement (Revolutionary History, Vol.2, No.4, Spring 1990, p.5-6)

The Origins of Chinese Communism. By Al Richardson (Revolutionary History, Vol.2, No.4, Spring 1990, p.48-49). Review of Arif Dirlik’s book (Oxford University Press, 1989)

The workers’ revolution, Chapter 1, – i: The Mandate of Heaven: Marx and Mao in Modern China. By Nigel Harris (Quartet Books Limited, 1978, p.3-15)

Origins of the Chinese Revolution, 1915-1949. By Lucien Bianco (Stanford University Press, 1971). Extracts from chapter 1-3 at Google Books

The new awakening. Chapter 3, – i: The Tragedy of the Chinese Revolution. By Harold R. Isaacs (London, 1938)
1921ccp.jpg

Leksika:

Se også på Socialistisk Bibliotek:


 

1921williams.jpg
31. august 1921

Den britiske marxistiske kulturkritiker og forfatter Raymond Williams fødes i Wales (dør 26. januar 1988 in Saffron Walden, nær Cambridge).

Se:

Raymond Williams: thirty years on. By Matthew (Solidarity & Workers’ Liberty, 31 January 2018). “In the 60s and 70s Williams’ star shone brightly in the intellectual firmament of the left. It has faded somewhat since. Unjustly so in my opinion …”

Reflections on Raymond Williams (Verso, Blog, 29 January 2018). “Terry Eagleton, Elinor Taylor, Jacob Soule, Patrick Parrinder, and others on the life and work of Raymond Williams.”

Culture and Society, then and now. By Francis Mulhern (New Left Review, Issue 55, January-February 2009). “The idea of culture in Raymond Williams’s classic work, and discrepant readings of it, fifty years on. Gestation amid CP debates on the English tradition, hidden affinities with the Frankfurt School, and counter­position to the verities of today’s liberal multiculturalism.”

Raymond Williams. By Jonny Jones (Socialist Review, Issue 332, January 2009). Review of Dai Smith, Raymond Williams: A Warrior’s Tale (Parthian Books, 2008). “Smith’s biography is an interesting and often insightful compendium of Williams’ fiction and unpublished papers.”

Raymond Williams, and why culture matters. By Terry Eagleton (Against the Current, No.137, November/December 2008). “This year sees the 20th anniversary of the death of Raymond Williams, one of the towering socialist thinkers of the 20th century.”

Upwards and onwards. By Stefan Collini (London Review of Books, Vol.30, No.15, 31 July 2008). Review of Dai Smith, Raymond Williams: A Warrior’s Tale (Parthian, 2008, 514 p.). “One immediate disappointment is that Smith’s is not the full biography so eagerly anticipated: he covers only the first forty years of Williams’s life, stopping in 1961 … Nonetheless, what Smith has done he has done well.”

The life of Raymond Williams (New Statesman, 21 February 2008). “In this article, published at the time of his death, Stuart Hall, much influenced by Williams in his own work, assesses his importance.”

Raymond Williams and the moral project of the new left. By Terry Murphy (Against the Current, No.71, November/December 1997). Review of Dennis L. Dworkin and Leslie C. Roman (eds.), Views Beyond the Border Country: Raymond Williams and Cultural Politics (Routledge, 1993)

Romanticism in the English social sciences: E.P. Thompson & Raymond Williams. By Michael Löwy and Robert Sayre (Against the Current, No.61, March-April 1996). “Williams undeniably evolved over the course of his career, but he never repudiated the Romantic underpinnings of his thought.”

Raymond Williams: revitalising the left? By Chris Nineham (International Socialism, Issue 71, June 1996, p.117-129). Review of F. Inglis, Raymond Williams (Routledge, 1995). “Raymond Williams deserves a better memorial than this. Author Fred Inglis claims to be a devout fan but his respectful tone only half hides his sneers.”

Raymond Williams: centrist tragedy? By Ian Birchall (International Socialism, Issue 39, Summer 1988, p.139-161; online at Grim and Dim). “It is a commonplace to note the preoccupation with ‘borders’ in Williams’ work. Most of his work was produced on the uneasy borderline between reform and revolution. And his greatest strength was his ability to constantly cross the frontier between theory and practice.”

The life of Raymond Williams. By Stuart Hall (The New Statesman, 5 February 1988). “In this article, published at the time of his death, Stuart Hall, much influenced by Williams in his own work, assesses his importance.”

Raymond Williams, culture and Marxism. By Colin Sparks (International Socialism, Issue 9, Summer 1980, p.131–144). “In the case of Williams, I want to argue, some of the questions he has asked have been ones upon which our own answers have been very shaky.”


Raymond Williams comments on the keyword ‘nature’ at the ‘Linguistics of Writing’ conference, University of Strathclyde, Glasgow, UK, in 1986.

Raymond Williams and Keywords. By Stephen Heath (Keywords Project; University of Pittsburg). Incl. video: Raymond Williams draws attention to the complexity of a keyword (‘nature’) … (4:58 min.).

Litteratur på dansk:

  • De loyale. Af Raymond Williams (Klim, 1986, 355 sider)
  • Orwell. Af Raymond Williams (Tiderne Skifter, 1984, 116 sider)
  • Massemedierne. Af Raymond Williams (Fremad, 1963, 197 sider)

10. september 1921

Første nummer af norske tidsskrift Mot Dag udkom (sidste nr. 20.6.1936). Udkom ikke i 1929 og 1930, så der udkom i alt 14 årgange.
Fra april 1933 udgav gruppen Arbeidernes Leksikon (1931-1936). Ved opløsning i 1936 gik de fleste over i Tiden Norsk Forlag.

Se:

The Mot Dag Association: ‘Leftist academics preaching radical ideas’. By Geir Bentzen (Socialist History, Issue 21, 2002; online at Internet Archive WayBackMachine).

Se også på Socialistisk Bibliotek:

Illustration: Mot Dag-gruppen 1933


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