Lev Trotskij,c. 1920. (kilde: Green Left Weekly: https://www.greenleft.org.au/content/leon-trotsky-and-battle-democracy-ussr


Socialistisk Biblioteks Tidslinje med links til begivenheder og personer i 1879.


Se også Index over personer, organisationer/partier og værker (som bøger, malerier, mm.), steder, begivenheder, mv., der er omtalt på hele Tidslinjen, titler og indhold på emnelisterne osv.

 

Februar 1879

1879frau.jpg
Medio februar udgiver det tyske socialdemokrati bogen Die Frau und der Sozialismus af August Bebel (1840-1913). Udg. sker i Zürich, på grund af forbuddet mod partiet i Tyskland (det såkaldte  socialistforbud 1878-1890). 2. udg. udkom illegalt i Stuttgart 1883 med titlen Die Frau in der Vergangenheit, Gegenwart und Zukunft. Dansk udg., Kvinden i Fortid, Nutid og Fremtid, 1884 [i.e. 1885]. Titlen Kvinden og Socialismen på norsk fra 1912.

Se:

Women and socialism: Bebel’s forgotten legacy. By Ben Lewis (Weekly Worker, Issue 959, April 25, 2013). Review of Anne Lopes and Gary Roth, Men’s feminism: August Bebel and the German socialist movement (Amherst, 2000). See also review by Somara Marik (Against the Current, No.109, March/April 2004).

Se også på Socialistisk Bibliotek:


 

14. marts 1879

1879albert.jpg
Albert Einstein tysk fysiker, matematiker og socialist fødes i Ulm, Württemberg, (dør 18.4.1955 i Princeton, New Jersey, USA).

Se:

Hvorfor socialisme? Af Albert Einstein (Revolution, 21. december 2009). In English: Why Socialism? (Monthly Review, May 1949).

Jeg og vi. Af Albert Einstein (Arbejderen, 17. februar 2016). “Einstein efterkom i 1929 en opfordring fra bladet ‘Vi gymnasiaster’ om at give udtryk for sit syn på menneskets fremtid. Udtalelsen indgik i augustnummeret samme år. Udklippet af tidsskriftet Dialog, maj 1955.”

Se på Socialistisk Bibliotek:


 

23. april 1879

Det første nyopførte Folkets Hus’s festsal indvies i Rømersgade i København. Navnet er “Den almindelige Forsamlings- og Foreningsbygning i Hovedstaden”. Social Demokratens ekspeditionskontor og Socialdemokratisk Forbund flytter ind i stuen.

 

Arbejdernes Forenings- og Forsamlingsbygning opførtes i 1878. Der havde også partiavisen Social-Demokraten ekspeditionskontor, og Thorvald Stauning arbejdede i bygningen som kasserer for Socialdemokratisk Forbund. Huset er nu fredet og Arbejdermuseet har til huse i bygningen. Den tilknyttede restaurant i kælderen er den fredede beværtning Cafe og Ølhalle. En historisk restaurering har ført lokalerne tilbage så de nu står som i 1892, og restauranten serverer retter der i høj grad bygger på gamle traditioner.
Arbejdernes Forenings- og Forsamlingsbygning opførtes i 1878. Der havde også partiavisen Social-Demokraten ekspeditionskontor, og Thorvald Stauning arbejdede i bygningen som kasserer for Socialdemokratisk Forbund. Huset er nu fredet og Arbejdermuseet har til huse i bygningen. Den tilknyttede restaurant i kælderen er den fredede beværtning Cafe og Ølhalle. En historisk restaurering har ført lokalerne tilbage så de nu står som i 1892, og restauranten serverer retter der i høj grad bygger på gamle traditioner.

Se:

Kronik: Folkets huse – fællesskabets verdensarv. Af Søren Bak-Jensen og Mogens Jensen  (Arbejdermuseet.dk). Kronik bragt i Berlingske Tidende 9. april 2018: “Det er på tide at anerkende arbejdernes organisering som industrisamfundets vigtigste folkelige fællesskab.”

Skal vi frede arbejderbevægelse? (pdf). Af Peter Ludvigsen (Arbejderhistorie, nr.2, 2016, s.59-71). “Selv om der er meget store variationer i den rolle, som de mange hundrede Folkets Hus spillede over hele verden, er den kulturskabende funktion ensartet alle vegne gennem mere end 100 år.”

Arbejdermuseets festsal med glasloft, gamle fagforeningsfaner og PH-lamper.
Arbejdermuseets festsal med glasloft, gamle fagforeningsfaner og PH-lamper.

 

9. juli 1879

Østriske socialist Friedrich Adler fødes i Wien (dør 2.1.1960 i Zürich), myrder østriske premierminister og stifter senere “2½ Internationalen”.

Se:

Friedrich Adler assassinated the Austrian premier as a protest against world war 1: His speech in court, on trial for his life (1917) (Workers’ Liberty, 20 December, 2013). With introduction by Leon Trotsky.

The witchcraft trial in Moscow (1936). By Friedrich Adler (Marxists Internet Archive)

Political Profiles: Victor and Friedrich Adler (1922). By Leon Trotsky (Marxists Internet Archive)

Se også:

Between Reform and Revolution. By William Smaldone (Jacobin, 23 March 2018). “Amid the radical upheavals of the early 1900s, the Austro-Marxists tried to marry revolutionary aims with reform-minded practice.”

Socialistisk Arbejderinternationale (Leksikon.org).


 

27. juni 1879

Foto: Martin Tranmæl (Kilde:Wikipedia.org)
Foto: Martin Tranmæl (Kilde:Wikipedia.org)

Den norske arbejderpolitiker Martin Tranmæl fødes i Sør-Trøndelag (dør 1.7.1967).

Se:

 


August 1879

Narodnikernes organisation Jord og Frihed (Zemlja i Volja) splittes i to: populisterne og terroristernes Folkets Vilje (Narodnaja Volja)
Se:

Litteratur:

Lenin: Hvad er Folkevennerne (1894). På engelsk: What the ‘Friends Of The People’ are and How They Fight the Social-Democrats (online på Marxists Internet Archive; p.t. ikke online på dansk.)


 

8. august 1879

1879zapata.jpg

Emiliano Zapata fødes i Anenecuilco, Mexico
(Myrdet i baghold 10.4.1919 i Morelos).

Se på Socialistisk Bibliotek:

Linkboxen Zapata og den mexicanske revolution


 

24. august 1879

 John MacLean, fængselskartotekfoto, 1916
John MacLean, fængselskartotekfoto, 1916

Skotske socialist John MacLean fødes i Pollockshaws ved Glasgow (dør 30.11.1923).

Se:

John Maclean and the CPGB. By Robert Pitt (What Next?, juli 1995)

John MacLean, a working class hero: The story of Scotland’s greatest revolutionary figure, Part One. By Kenny McGuigan (In Defence of Marxism, 7 August 2006) + Part Two (16 August 2006) + Part Three (25 August 2006).

“I am not here as the accused, I am here as the accuser of capitalism” (Jacobin: Reason in Revolt, 9 May 2018). “100 years ago today Scottish socialist John Maclean, accused of sedition for his revolutionary organising, delivered an iconic defence of socialism from the dock.” See also the speech at People and Nature blog with introduction and afterword by Terry Brotherstone.


Joe Hill
Joe Hill

7. oktober 1879

Joel Emmanuel Haggland fødes i Gävle i Sverige. Emigreret til USA under navnet Joseph Hillstrom. Bliver kendt som agitatordigteren Joe Hill (aktivist i den syndikalistiske fagforening IWW: Industrial Workers of the World).
Henrettes 19. november 1915 i Salt Lake City, Utah, hængt op på mord.

Se:

Joe Hill Centenary. Joe Hill Museum FaceBook site: Joe Hill Museum, Gävle Sweden – Joe Hill Organizing Committee – Joe Hill Road Show Tour – The Industrial Workers of the World (Wobblies) – The Man Who Never Died – The Songs of Joe Hill – Gallery.

Joe Hill blev myrdet, men udødeliggjort. Af Bjarne Nielsen (Arbejderen.dk, 19. oktober 2015). “I dag er han en legende, hvis navn er udødeliggjort. Sangene af og om Joe Hill synges stadigvæk overalt i verden ved arbejdskampe, demonstrationer og solidaritetsfester.”

Myrdet for at samle arbejderne. Af Ken Bruun (Arbejderen.dk, 19. november 2005). Bl.a. med teksten til ‘Min sidste vilje’.

The Letters of Joe Hill. By Adam Tomes (Counterfire, May 19, 2016). Review of Philip S. Foner’s (ed.) book (Haymarket Books, 2015, 121 p.). “The collected writing of a folk balladeer, Wobbly and activist inspires workers and scares the right in equal measure today.”

Joe Hill. By Kevin McCaighy (Socialist Review, Issue 412, April 2016). Review of Franklin Rosemont, Joe Hill: The IWW & the Making of a Revolutionary Workingclass Counterculture (PM Press, 2015, 656 p.)

A working-class troubadour (SocialistWorker.org, November 19, 2015). “Avery Wear pays tribute to Wobbly Joe Hill on the 100th anniversary of his execution.”

“Alive As You And Me”: The Songs of Joe Hill. By David Cochran (New Politics, November 17, 2015)

Joe Hill ain’t never died (Socialist Review, Issue 407, November 2015). “Dave Gibson reminds us of the power of Hill’s organising and songwriting skills at a time of upheaval in US politics.”

‘Takes more than guns to kill a man’: The ballad of Joe Hill (Frontline, Vol.2, No.13, November 2010). “Bill Scott looks at one of the greatest union anthems ever written.”

The brief, revolutionary life of Joe Hill. By John Pietaro (Political Affairs,
November 3, 2009). “Joe Hill, was – and remains – the guiding force of the Industrial Workers of the World (IWW) and stands as a vision of revolutionary arts for all of the labor movement.”

1915: The murder of Joe Hill (Libcom.org, September 11 2006). “The story of the death of the American trade unionist, revolutionary and popular song-writer Joe Hill, framed for murder and executed.”

Joe Hill & counterculture. By Michael Lowy (Against the Current, No.115, March/April 2005). Review of Franklin Rosemont, Joe Hill: The I.W.W. and the Making of a Revolutionary Working-class Counterculture (Charles H. Kerr, 2003, 639 p.). See also review by Peter Linebaugh: Joe Hill and the IWW (CounterPunch, October 3-5, 2003).

Joe Hill: songwriter to the working class. By John Bissett (Socialist Standard, No.1154, October 2000). “[He had] a unique ability to condense the arguments against injustice into songs which changed the words of well-known Christian tunes.”

Joe Hill (pdf) (Labor Defender, November 1920 (Marxists Internet Archive). Scroll down.

Books:

The Man Who Never Died. A biography. By William M. Adler, (2011, 435 pages) Official website for the book.

Film / Video:

Jim Larkin’s oration at Joe Hill’s funeral 1915 (YouTube.com, 8:50 min.)

Joe Hill – Documentary with English subtitles (YouTube.com, 28:02 min.). A film by Anders Wesslén and Karl Larsson. Music by Joakim Westlund, Anders Åborg, The Giant’s Dream and Per Erik Wesslén. Subtitles download:

Joe Hill efter henrettelsen ved skydning.
Joe Hill efter henrettelsen ved skydning.

The Ballad of Joe Hill. Instr. Bo Widerberg, 1971 (Youtube.com, 114 min.). Svensk/engelsk tale, uden undertekster. P.t. ikke online.

Se også:

The music of Labor: from movement to culture. By Michael L. Richmond (Union Songs

Se også på Socialistisk Bibliotek:

 

“Spild ikke tiden med at sørge. Organisér”
(fra afskedsbrev til Bill Haywood, IWW).


 

8. oktober 1879

En af stifterne af Kinas Kommunistiske Parti (KKP), Chen Duxiu, generalsekretær 1921-27, fødes i Anqing (Dør i Chongqing den 27. maj 1942, se denne)


7. november 1879

1879trotskij.bmp
Lev Trotskij (Lev Davidovich Bronstein) fødes i Janovka (sydlige Ukraine), (26. oktober efter gamle russiske kalender). Myrdes 21. august 1940 i Mexico City af stalinistisk agent.

Leksikalt:

Værker/Works:

Incl. ETOL – Encyclopidia of Trotskyism Online. With Revolutionary History
Magazine (mirror), Toward a History of The Fourth International + on international tendensis, Newspapers and Periodicals, Writers Archive, Global Master Index of All Entries… etc.

Full 14 volumes of writings of Leon Trotsky 1929-1940 (Ebookcollective, June 27, 2014). Online as pdf-files. See also Leon Trotsky – Collected Writings (1929-1940), 14 volumes (Archive.org)

My life. By Leon Trotsky (New York, Charles Schribner’s Sons, 1930, 459 p.) (Marxists Internet Archive)

Les Cahiers Léon Trotsky. Furent publiés de 1979 à 2003 par l’Institut Léon Trotsky, fondé en 1977 par Pierre Broué. Online: Numéro 1 (janvier 1979) – Numéro 80 (mars 2003) (l’Archive Internet des Marxistes, Section française)

Foto: Trotsky ca. 1895 in photographs that accompanied an arrest warrant issued by the czarist police. HULTON-DEUTSCH COLLECTION/CORBIS. Kilde: https://www.wsj.com/articles/SB10001424052970204524604576608983164896562
Foto: Trotsky ca. 1895 in photographs that accompanied an arrest warrant issued by the czarist police. HULTON-DEUTSCH COLLECTION/CORBIS. Kilde: https://www.wsj.com/articles/SB10001424052970204524604576608983164896562

Biografier mv./Biographies etc.:

Trotsky Bibliography. List of separately published titles, periodical artiles and titles in collections treating L.D. Trotsky and Trotskism/Bibligraphie selbständiger un unselbständiger Schriften über L.D. Trockij und den Trotzismus. Ed. by Wolfgang Lubitz (K.G. Saur, 1982. 458 pages). 2.+3. eds., 1988 +1999. See: About the Lubitz’ Leon Trotsky Bibliographies (1982-1999) + The online version …  “follow-up to the 3 printed editions” of … Lubitz’ Leon Trotsky Bibliography (LLTB): International Systematic Guide to Works about Trotsky and Trotskyism. Compiled and edited by Wolfgang and Petra Lubitz (Sixteenth online edition, January 2018).

Trotskyist Serials Bibliography 1927-1991. With Locations and Indices. Ed. by Wolfgang and Petra Lubitz. Preface by Palo Casciola (Sauer, 1993, XXVI + 475 pages). Survey + Online complete (pdf).

Leon Trotsky (Lubitz Trotskyana Net). Some basic biographical and bibliographical information.

Lev Trotskij. Af Paul Le Blanc (Solidaritet, 2016, 286 s.)
Anmeldelse:
Trotskismens to sjæle. Af Bjarke Friborg (Solidaritet, nr. 10, dec. 2016, side, 30-31).
Af en krigsførende martyrs liv. Af Silas L. Marker (Socialistisk Information, 26. november 2016)

Leon Trotsky. By Paul Le Blanc (Reaktion, 2015, 224 p.). See the book’s introduction (p.7-30): Introducing a life (International Socialist Review, Issue 95, Winter 2014-15)
Reviews/Debate:
Review by Sean Ledwith (Marx & Philosophy Review of Books, 8 July 2016)
New books shed light on Trotsky’s struggle against Soviet bureaucracy. By Barry Healy (Links: International Journal of Socialist Renewal, January 25, 2016)
Half socialist? Leon Trotsky and the Soviet Union. By John Rose (International Socialism, Issue 149, Winter 2016). See Letter by Paul Le Blanc (Issue 150, Spring 2016)
Assessing John Marot, by Louis Proyect (The Unrepentant Marxist, November 8, 2015)
Assessing Trotsky, by John Marot (Jacobin: Reason in Revolt, November 7, 2015). Longer review article.
A response on Trotsky, by Paul Le Blanc (Against the Current, Issue 179, November-December 2015). Reply to Alan Wald.
Leon Trotsky: revolutionary fighter, by Jeff Mackler (Socialist Action, October 15, 2015)
The indispensable Trotsky, by Todd Chretien (SocialistWorker.org, September 22, 2015)
Between the power and the dream, by Alan Wald (Against the Current, Issue 178, September-October 2015)
The prophet reassessed, by Ian Birchall (Review, Issue 31, March 2015)
Leon Trotsky, by Lewis Nielsen (Socialist Review, Issue 404, July-August 2015)
“A most intelligent and insightful presentation of Trotsky’s thought and historical action”, by Michael Löwy (International Viewpoint, 3 May 2015)
A new biography of Leon Trotsky, by Joe Auciello (Labour Standard, 2015)

Leon Trotsky: Life of a revolutionary (1970). By Duncan Hallas (International Socialist Review, Issue 74, November–December 2010)

Trotsky’s socialism. Esme Choonara looks at his life, ideas and his legacy (Socialist Worker, Issue 2215, 21 August 2010)

Tema: Trotsky: The Spartacus of the 20th century (Workers Liberty, Vol.3, No.14, August 2007)

Trotskij: en biografi. Av Pierre Broué (Carlsson Bokförlag, maj 2011, 991 sider). Se Recensioner, debatt, kompletterande material (Marxistarkiv.se) + Understanding Trotsky, by Ernest Mandel (Socialist Outlook, No.17, Summer 1989). Review of Pierre Broué, Trotsky (Paris, Fayard, 1988). In Swedish: Om Pierre Broués ‘Trotskij. En biografi’ (pdf) (Marxistarkiv.se)

Tony Cliff’s Trotsky-biography (London, Bookmarks, 1989-1993):
Trotsky, Vol. 1: Towards October: 1879-1917 (314 s.)
Trotsky, Vol. 2: The sword of the revolution: 1917-1923 (309 s.)
Trotsky, Vol. 3: Fighting the rising Stalinist bureaucracy: 1923-1927 (306 s.)
Trotsky, Vol. 4: The darker the night the brighter the star: 1927-1940 (427 s.)

Trotskij som alternativ (pdf) (1995). Av Ernest Mandel (Marxistarkiv.se, 2006, 148 s.)

Trotsky’s Marxism. By Duncan Hallas (London, Pluto Press, 1979, 122 p.; online at Marxists Internet Archive)

Isaac Deutschers Trotsky-biografi (Stockholm, René Coeckelberghs bokförlag, 1973) (Marxistarkiv.se):
Den väpnade profeten: Trotskij 1879-1921 (1954) (pdf)

Den avväpnade profeten: Trotskij 1921-1929 (1959) (pdf)

Den förvisade profeten: Trotskij 1929-1940 (1963) (pdf)

Krassó-Mandel: Debatt om Trotskijs marxism 1967-69 (Trotskijs marxism: en debattskrift, Zenitserien 12, 1971, 136 s.; online på Marxists Internet Archive, Svenska arkivet). “Debatten om Trotskijs marxism mellan Nicolas Krassó och Ernest Mandel fördes ursprungligen i den brittiska vänstertidskriften New Left Review under åren 1967-69.”

Tema: Reminiscences, tributes and evaluations (Fourth International, No.7, Autumn 1959, p.21–29). With articles by Karl Radek, Rosa Luxemburg, Larissa Reissner, Victor Serge, Jacques Sadoul, Isaac Deutscher and Jan van Heijenoort.

Reviews of other books about Trotsky:

Trotsky in New York, 1917: A Radical on the Eve of Revolution. By Linda Tenenbaum (World Socialist Web Site, 8 October 2016). Review of Kenneth D. Ackerman’s book (Counterpoint, 2016, 384 p.). “He has unearthed a wealth of previously little known material and produced from it a book that is appealing and thought-provoking.” See also Paul Hamton: On the eve of revolution (Solidarity, Issue 431, 1 March 2017) + Alex Steinberg: A Russian revolutionary in the Bronx (International Socialist Review, Issue 104, Spring 2017) + Kenneth D. Ackerman & Arvind Dilawar: Trotsky’s New York (Jacobin: Reason in Revolt, 26 October 2016)

Bureaucracy and revolution. By Ian Birchall (International Socialist Review, Issue 100, Spring 2016, p.181-184). Review of Thomas Twiss, Trotsky and the Problem of the Soviet Bureaucracy (Brill, 2014 / Haymarket Books, 2015, 502 p.). See also review by Tom Gordon: State, power and bureaucracy (International Socialism, Issue 151, Summer 2016, p.200-202) + by Martin Thomas: Trotsky’s criteria for a workers’ state (Solidarity, Issue 414, 31 August 2016) + by Kevin Murphy: Trotsky and the problem of Soviet Bureaucracy (Historical Materialism, Blog, 7 March 2017) + Kevin Murphy: Theorizing the Soviet Bureaucracy (Against the Current, Issue 192, January-February 2018) + Thomas Twiss: The development of Trotsky’s analysis of the Soviet bureaucracy (Links: Journal of Socialist Renewal, August 19, 2016)

Lenin and his biographers. By Paul Le Blanc (International Socialist Review, Issue 86, November-December 2012). Review of nine books. Svensk udgave: Fortfarande vid god vigör: Lenin och hans levnadstecknare (pdf) (Marxistarkiv.se, 10.03.2016, 17 s.)

Trotsky: Writings in Exile (Counterfire, 29 August 2012). “Alex Snowdon recommends a collection of Trotsky’s that gives access to some of the best Marxist writing on a wide range of subjects.”

Leon Trotsky: A Revolutionary’s Life. By Peter Stauber (Counterfire, 18 October 2012). Review of Joshua Rubenstein’s book (Yale University Press, 2011)

Trotsky – truth and fiction. By Paul Le Blanc (International Socialist Review, Issue 75, January–February 2011). Review of nine novels and biographies.

Review of of Robert Service, Trotsky: A Biography (Cambridge, Massachusetts, Harvard University Press, 2009):
The re-assassination of Trotsky, by Scott McLemee (Inside Higher Ed, July 8, 2011)
The American Historical Review discredits Robert Service’s biography of Leon Trotsky, by David North (World Socialist Web Site, 28 June 2011)
Revolutionary betrayed: Trotsky and his biographer, by Tom Twiss and Paul Le Blanc (International Socialist Review, Issue 71, May–June 2010)
Out of Service, by Ian Birchall (London Socialist Historians Group Newsletter, No.38, April 2010; online at Grimanddim.org).
In defence of Leon Trotsky, by Hillel Ticktin (Weekly Worker, Issue 806, February 25, 2010)
Trotsky lives!, by Paul Le Blanc (International Viewpoint, Issue 419, December 2009)
Trotsky: A Biography, by Dave Sherry (Socialist Review, Issue 342, December 2009)
Review of Robert’s Service’s biography of Trotsky, by Paul Hampton (Workers Liberty, 12 November 2009)
In the service of historical falsification, by David North (World Socialist Web Site, 11 November 2009)

Theories of Stalinism. By Paul Le Blanc (Against the Current, No.143, November-December 2009). Review of Kunal Chattopadhyay’s The Marxism of Leon Trotsky (Kolkata, Progress Publishers, 2006)

A review of two Trotsky biographies by Geoffrey Swain and Ian Thatcher: Leon Trotsky and the post-Soviet school of historical falsification. Part 1-4. By David North (World Socialist Web Site, 9-12 May 2007). See also review by John Molyneux: Trotsky slandered (International Socialism, Issue 112, Autumn 2006)

Foto: Tysk magasinberetning fra Trotskijs foredrag i Idrætshuset i København, 27. november 1932. Illustreret af Robert Capas første fotoopgave. Kilde: Iconic Phts: Trotsky in Copenhagen. https://iconicphotos.wordpress.com/2009/07/22/trotsky-in-copenhagen/ – Se Tidslinjen 27. november 1932

Video / film etc.:

Leon Trotsky: the life of a revolutionary (International Marxist Tendency, 25 October 2017,  45 min.). “Alan Woods narrates Trotsky’s extraordinary career … Featuring footage from the Trotsky museum in Coyoacán Mexico, and first-hand accounts from Trotsky’s grandson, Esteban Volkov …”

Stalin vs Trotskij: en kamp til døden (DRK, 27. marts 2017, 52 min.). English edition: Stalin-Trotsky: A Battle to Death (YouTube.com, 52 min.). Fransk dokumentar fra 2015, instrueret af Marie-Laurence Rince.

Trotskijs storhed og fald (DR, 6. april 2013, 52 min.). Tysk dokumentar fra 2007, instrueret af Daniel og Jürgen Ast, (ARTE/RBB). English edition: Trotsky: Rise and Fall of a Revolutionary (YouTube.com, 52 min.)

Trotskij i exil: pjäs i två akter (pdf). Skuespil av Peter Weiss (Marxistarkiv.se, 78 s.; svenska upplagan 1970). Med ‘Lästips’ + kommentarer af bl.a. Werner Schmidt, Ernest Mandel + George Breitman ift. stykket og dets historie.

Se også:

Litteraturen og revolutionen (1923). Af Lev Trotskij (Passage: tidsskrift for litteratur og politik, nr.64, 2010, s.77-82)

Se også på Socialistisk Bibliotek:


21. december 1879

Josef V. Stalin egen opgivelse af fødedag. (18. dec. 1878 anses nogle steder mere korrekt).
Han dør 5. marts 1953, se denne).


EFTERLAD ET SVAR

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