Suspected Mau Mau terrorists being searched by security forces. These suspects had been rounded up in Kanyuki during Operation Scaramouche.
Suspected Mau Mau terrorists being searched by security forces. These suspects had been rounded up in Kanyuki during Operation Scaramouche. Source: BRITISH ARMY OPERATIONS AGAINST THE MAU MAU IN KENYA 1952 - 1956 © IWM (MAU 865)

Socialistisk Biblioteks Tidslinje med links til begivenheder og personer i 1952.


Se også Index over personer, organisationer/partier og værker (som bøger, malerier, mm.), steder, begivenheder, mv., der er omtalt på hele Tidslinjen, titler og indhold på emnelisterne osv.

 


4. januar 1952

Den 23-årige medicinstuderende Ernesto Guevara beslutter at udskyde sidste semester af medicinstudiet og starter sammen med den 29-årige Alberto Granado en tur især på motorcyckel, men alle rejseformer, op gennem Sydamerika, til Centralamerika (og fly til Miami, USA) – og besøgene på historiske steder for før-koloniale  folkeslag sammen med oplevelsen af den amerikanske dominans i landenes økonomi, og besøgene hos venstrefløjene i et Sydamerika i oprør giver ham pan-amerikansk udsyn og bliver en anti-imperialistisk ‘dannelsesrejse’. Efter 8.000 km. kom han tilbage til Buenos Aires i Argentina 31. juli 1952.
Dagbogen ‘Motorcykel dagbog’ bliver først udgive på engelsk i 1995, og bliver grundlag for filmen med García Bernal i rollen som den unge Guevara.

Rejse gennem Sydamerika: optegnelser. Af Ernesto Che Guevara (Lindhardt og Ringhof, 2000, 143 s.). 2. udgave, 2002 (L&R Pocket). Spanske titel: Un diario per un viaggio in motocicletta.
“Che Guevaras dagbøger for otte måneders rejse op gennem Sydamerika på motorcykel i 1951.” Filmatiseret som ‘Motorcykel Dagbog’ (‘Motorcycle Diaries’, instr. Walter Salles, 2003).

Se:

On the road with the young Che. By Lance Selfa (Socialist Worker, US, Issue 515, October 8, 2004). “Some may criticize Salles’s choice to focus on the more romantic, politically naïve Guevara. But in showing why someone like the young Ernesto could become a revolutionary, the film is most affecting and effective.”

When more could have been more. By Ramón Valle (World Socialist Web Site, 14 January 2005). “Salles’s portrayal of Che as a solemn, formal, and almost beatific youth traps the director in a bland liberal humanism and does not permit him to probe into social or even psychological questions, least of all Che’s own politics.”

Se også: Personlisten Che Guevara 1928-1967 (Socialistisk Bibliotek).

Ernesto Guevara (right) with Alberto Granado (left) aboard their “Mambo-Tango” raft on the Amazon River in June of 1952. Photo: Unknown. Public Domain. Collection: Museo Che Guevara (Centro de Estudios Che Guevara en La Habana, Cuba).
Ernesto Guevara (right) with Alberto Granado (left) aboard their “Mambo-Tango” raft on the Amazon River in June of 1952. Photo: Unknown. Public Domain. Collection: Museo Che Guevara (Centro de Estudios Che Guevara en La Habana, Cuba). Source: Wikimedia Commons.

9. marts 1952

Den russiske revolutionære Alexandra Michajlovna Kollontaj dør i Moskva. (Født i Sankt Petersborg (efternavn Domontovitj) den 31. marts 1872, se denne.


28.marts 1952

Den faglige venstrefløjsaktivist og bl.a. formand for Havnearbejdernes Klub af 1980 i København, Kjartan “Lydia” Gudmundsson fødes iReykjavik i Island. (Dør i Valby 6. december 2020 , se denne dato for links m.m.)


 

4. april 1952

Villy Søvndal fødes i Linde ved Struer. Formand for Socialistisk Folkeparti 2005-2012. Udenrigsminister i regeringen Helle Thorning-Schmidt I fra oktober 2011.

Se:

Se også på Socialistisk Bibliotek:

Emnelisten: Socialistisk Folkeparti – SF 1959-2009


 

9. april 1952

Militærjuntaen i Bolivia væltes, og den bolivianske “februar-revolution” begynder.

Se:

Bolivia (Leksikon.org)

Bolivia: National Revolutionary Movement (Wikipedia.org). With link (Revolución de 1952 Bolivia)

The Bolivian National Revolution 1952-1964 (Latin American Studies)

Using the Cold War: The Truman administration’s response to the Bolivian national revolution. By Benjamin Dangl (Upsidedownworld.org, 6 May 2013)

Bolivia 1952 – a glimpse of workers’ power. By Steve Henshall (Socialist Worker, 3 April 2012) + Box: Bolivia 1952: What did socialists do

Sixty years of the Bolivian revolution – what lessons can be learned?
By Jorge Martín (In Defence of Marxism, 12 April 2012)

Anti-capitalism or anti-imperialism? Interwar authoritarian and fascist sources of a reactionary ideology: The case of the Bolivian MNR. By Loren Goldner (Insurgent Notes, Issue 3, March 2011; online at Libcom.org)

Bolivia: The revolution derailed? The crisis of 1952 and the Trotskyist movement (Revolutionary History, Vol.4, No.3, Summer 1992, p.1-87)

Supplement: Bolivia: The revolutionary events of 1952-54 (Marxists Internet Archive)

Bolivia, 9 April 1952: A forgotten ‘February Revolution’? By Pierre Broué (Revolutionary History, Vol.4, No.3, Summer 1992, p.25-31)

Revolution in Bolivia. By John Newsinger (International Socialism, Issue 18, Winter 1983, p.60–86)

Revolution and counter revolution in Bolivia: The great decade of class struggles. By Guillermo Lora (Fourth International, Vol.13, No.3, May-June 1952)

Class struggles in Bolivia (II). By Guillermo Lora (Fourth International, Vol.13, No.4, July-August 1952)

Se også på Socialistisk Bibliotek:

Tidslinjen: 18. december 2005, om valget af lederen af Movimiento al Socialismo (MAS) Evo Morales til præsident i Bolivia.


 

6. maj 1952

Den italienske pædagog Maria Montessori dør. (født 31. august 1870).

Se på Socialistisk Bibliotek:

Tidslinjen: 6. januar 1907


 

21. august 1952

Sanger i The Clash, Joe Strummer, fødes som John Mellor i Ankara, Tyrkiet.
(Dør 22. december 2002 i Broomfield, Somerset, England).

Se på Socialistisk Bibliotek:

Personlisten: Joe Strummer


 

20. oktober 1952

I Kenya fører Mau Mau-oprøret mod den engelske kolonimagt til at den britiske kolonimagt erklærer undtagelsestilstand (til 1960), og til et af afkolonialiseringens hårdeste opgør, før Kenya bliver selvstændigt i 1963.

 

Se:

Mau Mau-bevægelsen (Denstoredanske.dk)

Mau Mau-oprøret (Wikipedia.dk). Og længere på engelsk: Mau Mau Uprising

 

Artikler:

Hearts and minds: The myth and reality of British counter-insurgency. By John Newsinger (International Socialism, Issue 148, Autumn 2015). Scroll down to section: Kenya.

Britain’s brutal legacy in Kenya. By Ken Olende (Socialist Worker, Issue 2384, 17 December 2013)

Britain’s gulag in Kenya. By Shaun Harkin (SocialistWorker.org, October 2, 2013)

British government forced to apologise to Kenyans tortured in 1950s. By Ken Olende (Socialist Worker, Issue 2356, 6 Jun 2013)

The empire strikes back. By George Monbiot (Monbiot.com, October 8, 2012)

Mau Mau war veterans win right to sue Britain over torture. By Ken Olende (Socialist Worker, Issue 2323, 6 October 2012)

Mau Mau torture case: Kenyans win ruling against UK. By Ian Cobain (The Guardian, 5 October 2012). With video and links.

Mau Mau victims seek compensation from UK for alleged torture. By Owen Bowcott and Ian Cobain (The Guardian, 7 April 2011). With video.

Kenya’s Mau Mau war: veterans demand justice from Britain. By Ken Olende (Socialist Worker, Issue 2160, 18 July 2009)

The Mau Mau war in Kenya, 1952-60. By Mark Curtis (Mark Curtis, 12 February 2007)

The enemy within: loyalists and the war against Mau Mau in Kenya (pdf). By Daniel Branch (Journal of African History, 48, 2007, p.291-315)

PSYOP of the Mau-Mau Uprising. By SGM Herbert A. Friedman (Psywar.org, 4 January 2006)

Britain’s brutal rule in Kenya. By John Newsinger (Socialist Worker, Issue 1936, 29 January 2005)

How Britain crushed the ‘Mau Mau rebellion’: Channel Four TV’s Secret History – Mau Mau. By Barbara Slaughter (World Socialist Web Site, 15 September 1999)

Kenyan Mau Mau seek compensation from British government. By Jean Shaoul (World Socialist Web Site, 26 May 1999)

The agrarian origins of Mau Mau: a structural account (pdf). By Robert H. Bates (Agricultural History, Vol.61, No. 1, 1987, p.1-28)

Mau-Mau: 30 years later. By John Newsinger (Monthly Review, May 1985; online at Communist University)

Bøger:

Defeating Mau Mau, Creating Kenya: Counterinsurgency, Civil War, and Decolonization. By Daniel Branch (Cambridge University Press, 2009, 250 p.)
Anmeldelse:
Loyalism and Mau Mau. By Martin Shanguhyia (MR Zine, 7.9.2010)

Histories of the Hanged: The Dirty War in Kenya and the End of Empire. By David M. Anderson (New York, Norton, 2005, 406 p.)
Anmeldelser:
Anderson, David, Histories of the Hanged. Britain’s Dirty War in Kenya and the End of Empire. Af Orla Jordal (Jordals.dk, 2007
How did they get away with it? By Bernard Potter (London Review of Books, Vol.27, No.5, 3 March 2005)

Britain’s Gulag: The Brutal End of Britain’s Empire in Kenya. By Caroline Elkins (London, Pimlico, 2005, 475 p.)
1952gulag.jpg
Anmeldelse:
How did they get away with it? By Bernard Potter (London Review of Books, Vol.27, No.5, 3 March 2005)
Video: Interview med Caroline Elkins: Mau Mau Rebellion: Caroline Elkins on abuse in colonial Kenya (Harward Extension School, 6:59 min.)
Imperial Reckoning (Wikipedia.org). Kritik af Caroline Elkins’ bog (amerikansk titel) for at have overdrevet drabene på Mau Mau’erne i genopdragelseslejrene.
My critics ignored evidence of torture in Mau Mau detention camps. By Caroline Elkins (The Guardian, 14 April 2011)
UK documents confirm torture of Mau Mau rebels (The World, April 13, 2011). Interview with Caroline Elkins – Audio and transcript.

Mau Mau and Kenya: An Analysis of a Peasant Revolt. By Wunyabari O. Maloba (Bloomington, Indiana University Press, 1993)

Mau Mau: An African Crucible. By Robert B. Edgerton (London, I.B. Tauris, 1990, 298 p.)

The Mau Mau War in Perspective. By Frank Furedi (London, James Currey, 1989, 239 p.) 1952kenya.jpg

Essays on Mau Mau: Contributions to Mau Mau Historiography (pdf). By Rob Buijtenhuijs (Leiden, African Studies Centre, 1982, 224 p.)

Mau Mau from Within: Autobiography and Analysis of Kenya’s Peasant Revolt. By Donald L. Barnett and Karari Njama (New York, Monthly Review Press, 1966, 512 p.)

Se også:

Kenya (Leksikon.org)


 

27. november 1952

Slansky-processen i Prag afsluttes. De hovedanklagede, heriblandt (den afsatte) generalsekretær for kommunistpartiet Rudolf Slansky, henrettes 3. december 1952.

Se:

Rudolf Slánský (Denstoredanske.dk)

Rudolf Slansky (Wikipedia.org)

Slánský trial (Wikipedia.org)

The Slansky Trial: Stalinism, anti-semitism and conspiracy theories. By Stan Crooke (Workers’ Liberty, 3/36, February 2012)

Litteratur:

Tilståelsen : I Pragprocessens spindelvæv. Af Artur London (Martin, 1971).

Film:

L’Aveu/Tilståelsen/L’Aveu (1970). Instr. af Costa Gavras, m. Yves Montand, Simone Signoret mfl.

Se:

The Confession (1970 film) (Wikipedia.org)


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