Unknown photographer around 1895-1900 – Live portrait of Rosa Luxemburg (1871-1919), a Polish-born German Marxist political theorist, socialist philosopher, and revolutionary
Unknown photographer around 1895-1900 – Live portrait of Rosa Luxemburg (1871-1919), a Polish-born German Marxist political theorist, socialist philosopher, and revolutionary

Rosa Luxemburg
Rosa Luxemburg

Indhold


 

Forord

Den tyske revolutionære Rosa Luxemburg fødes 5. marts 1871 i Zamość (Nuværende østlige Polen, ved Lublin, dengang russike zarrige. Hun blev myrdet i Berlin af kontrarevolutionære frikorps under socialdemokratisk ledelse 15. januar 1919.
Luxemburgs første farverige år med forbudt socialistisk aktivitet, eksil, akademiske år og parforhold adskiller sig næppe fra mange (kvindelige) emigranters historie. Det er i de to årtier efter århundreskiftet, at hendes særlige historiske rolle slår igennem:
Som kritisk og teoretisk skarp venstrefløj i verdens største og vigtigste arbejderbevægelse og socialdemokrati, som analytiker og polemiker over for også den polske og russiske arbejderbevægelse, som direkte modstykke til det tyske partis nederlag over for den imperialistiske (Første) Verdenskrig – og endelig som vægtigste stemme i det revolutionære opsving i de sidste krigsår og den teoretiske og organisatoriske dannelse af de vest-europæiske kommunistpartier (se om emner og udgivelser i vores Se-også-links nedenfor).

Jørgen Lund & Bjarne A. Frandsen
Påbegyndt november 2010.

Luxemburgs vigtigste værker på dansk (online)

Omlag for den danske bogen "Rosa Luzemburg - idé og handling" af Paul Frölich 2010

Omslag for den danske bog “Rosa Luzemburg – idé og handling” af Paul Frölich, 2010.

***

Klassikeren om Luxemburgs liv er Paul Frölichs Rosa Luxemburg: Gedanke und Tat. Bogen blev i november 2010 udgivet i en dansk oversat og gennemarbejdet (og indbunden) 512-siders udgave: Rosa Luxemburg – idé og handling, af Forlaget Solidaritet.
Anmeldelser:

En klassiker om Rosa. Af Svend Vestergaard Jensen (Socialistisk Information, 16.01.11)
Rosa – revolutionens ørn. Af Bjarne Nielsen (Arbejderen, 7.12.10)
Paul Frölich skrev flere udgaver af bogen (se på Tidslinjen 7. august 1884).

Unknown photographer around 1895-1900 – Live portrait of Rosa Luxemburg (1871-1919), a Polish-born German Marxist political theorist, socialist philosopher, and revolutionary
Unknown photographer around 1895-1900 – Live portrait of Rosa Luxemburg (1871-1919), a Polish-born German Marxist political theorist, socialist philosopher, and revolutionary

Leksikalt mv.

Köln Universitet besat og omdøbt i maj 1968
Köln Universitet besat og omdøbt i maj 1968

Artikler og værker online, af/om RL

På dansk (+ norsk og svensk)

  • Rosa Luxemburg (Marxisme Online). Med tekster online på dansk af Luxemburg.
In one of her earliest interventions in the Social-Democratic Party of Germany (SPD).. (Kilde: https://platypus1917.org/tag/rosa-luxemburg/)
In one of her earliest interventions in the Social-Democratic Party of Germany (SPD).. (Kilde: https://platypus1917.org/tag/rosa-luxemburg/)
  • Tema: Rosa Luxemburg (Socialister.dk). Samling af links til egne artikler og engelske.
  • Luxemburg, Rosa (Marxistarkiv.se). Svensk site med værker af og artikler om Rosa Luxemburg.

Rosa Luxemburgs revolutionære arv (Revolution, 15. januar 2019). Uddrag fra Marie Frederiksens bog (Forlaget Marx, 2019, 288 s.). “… før vi kan lære af erfaringerne fra Rosa Luxemburg, er det nødvendigt at grave hendes virkelige arv frem fra et bjerg af forvanskninger, fordrejninger og smædekampagner. Det er formålet med denne bog – at generobre Rosa Luxemburgs virkelige, revolutionære arv.”

Derfor skal vi mindes 100-året for Rosa Luxemburgs død. Af Per Clausen (Information.dk, 15. januar 2019). “I dag er det 100 år siden, at den socialistiske tænker Rosa Luxemburg blev myrdet. Hendes historie viser, at det ikke er en forudsætning for at kunne bekæmpe en bestemt form for undertrykkelse, at man selv har været udsat for den.”

Rosa Luxemburg og den tyske revolution. Af Marie Frederiksen (Revolution, 15. januar 2019). “Rosa Luxemburg og ledelsen i KPD fremførte behovet for at vinde masserne over til det revolutionære program, men de unge kommunister forstod ikke behovet.”

Rosa Luxemburg og den russiske revolution. Af Marie Frederiksen 

Rosa Luxemburg – Reform eller Revolution? Af Marie Frederiksen (Revolution, 18. oktober 2018). “Ikke så få gange er hun blevet brugt som symbol på en mere ‘blød’ venstrefløj, som modsætning til Lenin og Bolsjevikkerne. Men det er forkert.”

Om Nina Björks Drömmen om det röda – Rosa Luxemburg (pdf) (Marxistarkiv.se, 8. oktober 2016, 8 s.). Recensioner av Nina Björks bok (Wahlström & Widstrand, 2016, 297 s.)

En revolusjonær forut for sin tid. Av Linn-Elise Øhn Mehlen (Rødt!: Marxistisk Tidsskrift, nr.1, 2016, s.93-94). Anmeldelse af Kate Evans: Red Rosa: A graphic biography of Rosa Luxemburg (Verso Books, 2015, 220 p.). “Kate Evans har laget en spennende, lærerik og annerledes biografi …”

Rosa Luxemburg i vores tid. Af Nancy Holmstrom (Socialistisk Information, 22. marts 2016). “Efterlader Rosa Luxemburg en teoretisk og politisk arv til feminister i dag?”

Arven fra Engels: Rosa Luxemburg. Af Gerd Callesen (Arbejderen.dk, 7. marts 2016). Biografisk artikel: “Luxemburg tog den marxistiske teori til sig langt klarere end så mange andre …”

Hvem var Rosa Luxemburg og hvad stod hun for? Af Alfred Lang (Autonom Infoservice, 3. januar 2019/4. januar 2010). Længere artikel.

Rosa Luxemburg: en revolutionær der var, er og bliver! Af Marie Frederiksen (Revolution, 26. september 2014). Bragt som forord i Forlaget Marx’ nye genudgivelse af Rosa Luxemburgs “Socialreform eller revolution?”

Nyt lys over Rosa Luxemburg. Af Gerd Callesen (Arbejderen.dk, 3. september 2014). “Et nyt tysksproget bind med Rosa Luxemburgs artikler fra perioden 1893-1906 er udkommet her i foråret.”

Revolutionære: Rosa Luxemburg – en ørn. Af Anders Hagström (Socialistisk Information, 12. december 2012). Biografisk artikel, tidligere bragt i nr. 214, januar 2007, s. 20-22.

Det, Rosa mener, er … Af Paul Le Blanc (Solidaritet, nr.5, november 2010). P.t. ikke online. Artiklen er oversat efter: The challenge of revolutionary democracy in the life and thought of Rosa Luxemburg (MR Online, 14/03/06). Tale som Le Blanc holdt i Kina på universitetet i Wuhan i marts 2006.

Rosa Luxemburg: en politisk biografi. Af Tony Cliff (Politisk Revy, 1972, 107 s.; online på Marxisme Online). “I denne biografi er vægten lagt på Luxemburgs politiske virksomhed og hendes vurderinger af de problemer, der rørte sig i tiden omkring 1. verdenskrig og den russiske revolution …”

Den dobbeltsidige arv fra Rosa Luxemburg. Af Peter Hudis (Socialistisk Information, nr.187, juni 2004). “Artiklen er et indlæg, som Peter Hudis holdt på et seminar om Rosa Luxemburg i marts 2004.”

Rosa Luxemburg og den revolutionære marxisme. Af Hanne Reintoft (Røde Fane – Teaterprogram, 1970; online på Socialistisk Bibliotek)

 

In English

Rosa Luxemburg (Marxists Internet Archive). With Biography, Works and Critiques of Luxemburg, der indeholder en række marxisters artikler, bl.a. Lenin, Raya Dunayevskaya, Georg Lukacs og Paul Mattick. Norsk Seksjon af sitet har flere artikler af Luxemburg online på norsk end der er online på dansk.

Rosaluxemburgblog: debate, publications and scholarship (site). “… to publicise and share articles, reviews and resources … to build a base for researchers (or anyone) interested in Luxemburg.” Incl. Bibliography and resources. Se også siden på Facebook.

‘I was, I am, I will be’ – 100 years after the death of Rosa Luxemburg (RS21: Revolutionary Socialism in the 21st Century, 15 January 2019). “Joe Sabatini reviews … Klaus Gietinger’s The Murder of Rosa Luxemburg, as well as providing an introduction to some of the literary works inspired by the events of 16 January 1919.”

“They were openly calling for murder” (Verso, Blog, 15 January 2019). “On the 100th anniversary of the murder of Rosa Luxemburg and Karl Liebknecht, Klaus Gietinger is interviewed about the events that lead up to the murders, and who was responsible for them.”

Luxemburg, Liebknecht and the German Revolution (In Defence of Marxism, 15 January 2019). “Marie Frederiksen explains how the Spartacist Uprising of 1919 was defeated due to the weakness and mistakes of the young German Communist Party, ultimately resulting in Luxemburg’s execution.”

Rosa Luxemburg: a revolutionary for our times. By Dana Mills (Counterfire, January 15, 2019). “Rosa’s commitment to her class against the greatest of odds is an enduring inspiration.”

The many interpretations of Rosa Luxemburg’s legacy (Verso, Blog, 14 January 2019). “An excerpt from J.P. Nettl’s introduction to this re-issued classic biography of one of the leading twentieth century revolutionaries and political thinkers.”

Celebrating Rosa Luxemburg (Socialist Review, Issue 442, January 2019). “A remarkable figure amid a revolutionary ferment, Rosa Luxemburg lit the way for generations to come. Sally Campbell recalls her legacy, and we reprint Luxemburg’s final article, written the day before she died in January 1919.”

Rosa Luxemburg and Polish socialism (1893-1919). Part 1-3. By Eric Blanc (Marxist Essays and Commentary, February 1 – February 22, 2018). “The following text is an edited excerpt from ‘The Rosa Luxemburg Myth: A Critique of Luxemburg’s Politics in Poland (1893–1919)’, published in Historical Materialism (Vol.26, No.1, 2018, p.1-34).  “Rosa Luxemburg’s participation in Polish socialism was deeply contradictory and, in the end, tragic.” Del 2 på svensk: Rosa Luxemburg och det revolutionära partiet (pdf) (Marxistarkiv.se, 21.3.2018).

Secular stagnation and Rosa Luxemburg’s breakdown theory. By Barry Finger (New Politics: A Journal of Socialist Thought, Issue 61, Summer 2016). Review of The Complete Works of Rosa Luxemburg, Vol.I-II, Economic Writings 1-2. Ed. Peter Hudis (Verso, 2014/2015). “The editors of these volumes have provided an invaluable service, bringing renewed attention to the highly original and enduringly contentious critique of Capital …”

‘The hammer blow of the Revolution’: Rosa Luxemburg’s critique of bourgeois democracy. By Michael Löwy (New Politics: A Journal of Socialist Thought, Issue 61, Summer 2016). “Less well known and often forgotten is her critique of bourgeois democracy, its limits, its contradictions, and its narrow and partial character.”

Rosa Luxemburg for our time. By Nancy Holmstrom (Against the Current, Issue 181, March-April 2016). “Does Rosa Luxemburg leave feminists a theoretical and political legacy?”

Red Rosa takes another genre. By Paul Le Blanc (SocialistWorker.org, November 9, 2015). Review of Kate Evans, Red Rosa: A Graphic Biography of Rosa Luxemburg, ed. by Paul Buhle (Verso, 2015, 224 p.). See also interview with Paul Buhle: Rosa lives (Jacobin, January 29, 2016) + anmeldelse af Linn-Elise Øhn Mehlen: En revolusjonær forut for sin tid. Av Linn-Elise Øhn Mehlen (Rødt!/Gnist, nr.1, 2016, s.93-94)

Rosa Luxemburg: Economics for a new socialist project. By Ingo Schmidt (New Politics, Issue 57, Summer 2014). “Leftists interested in Luxemburg’s work looked at her politics but had little time for economics.”

“I was, I am, and I will be”: Reconsidering Rosa Luxemburg for the 21st Century. By Axel Fair-Schulz (Logos, Vol.13, No.1-2, Spring 2014). “Seriously reading Luxemburg’s today, either for the first time or even years after one’s first encounter, is an exceedingly enriching experience.”

The dialectic of the spatial determination of Capital: Rosa Luxemburg’s Accumulation of Capital reconsidered. By Peter Hudis (Logos, Vol.13, No.1-2, Spring 2014). “Now that a new English translation of the Accumulation of Capital is being prepared … this is a fitting moment to re-examine how her theory of capitalist accumulation speaks to today’s urgent need to reverse capital’s global drive to undermine the ecological as well as economic and social viability of human existence itself.”

Rosa Luxemburg – a revolutionary for our time, or a liberal? By Ingo Schmidt (New Politics, April 29, 2014). Review of Jason Schulman (ed.), Rosa Luxemburg: Her Life and Legacy (Palgrave Macmillan, 2013, 214 p.)

Theme: Rosa Luxemburg’s concept of crisis in contemporary thoeretical context (Critique: Journal of Socialist Theory, Vol.40, No.3, 2012, p.309-464). Only firstpage preview online. With articles by Hillel Ticktin, Peter Hudis, Ingo Schmidt, Ottokar Luban, Alex Levant, Donny Gluckstein, Christos Memos, Michael Kasprzak, Ben Fine and Michael Löwy.

‘You alone will make our family’s name famous’ (pdf). By Rory Castle (Praktyka, Issue 6, 2012, p.93-125). “Rosa Luxemburg, her family and the origins of her Polish-Jewish identity.”

Rosa Luxemburg: In the storm of struggle. By Helen Scott (International Socialist Review, Issue 81, January-February 2012). Review article of The Letters of Rosa Luxemburg, edited by Georg Adler, Peter Hudis and Annelies Laschitza (Verso, 2011, 656 p.)

Special Section: Rosa Luxemburg’s political economy: contributions to contemporary political theory and practice (Socialist Studies, Vol.6, No.2, Fall 2010, p.38-172). With articles by Elaine Coburn, Klaus Dörre, Peter Hudis, Ingo Schmidt, Helen C Scott, Estrella Trincado and Paul Le Blanc.

Rosa Luxemburg and Communism. By Michael Löwy (Actual Marx, No. 48, 2010, p.22-32; online at Cairn.info). “There are four topics in Rosa Luxemburg’s writings that are of particular importance from the perspective of a renewal of communism in the twenty-first century: internationalism, an ‘open’ conception of history, the importance of democracy in the revolutionary process, and an interest in ‘premodern’ communist traditions.”

The Rosa Luxemburg Reader. Edited by Peter Hudis and Kevin B Anderson (Monthly Review Press, 2004, 432 p.). Review by Kanishka Chowdhury (pdf) (Science & Society, Vol. 71, No. 1, October 2007, p.133-136)

The revolutionary orientation of Rosa Luxemburg. By Paul Le Blanc (Europe solidaire sans frontiéres, 21 May 2004). “Rosa Luxemburg was a brilliant theorist … But she was committed not only to understanding the world but also to changing it. I want to concentrate here on her thinking about how to do this.”

Can capitalism go on forever? By Judy Cox (International Socialism, Issue 100, Autumn 2003, p.133-146). Review of Rosa Luxemburg, The Accumulation of Capital (Routledge, 2003). “Luxemburg’s book, though flawed, is a major contribution to Marxism for several reasons.”

Rosa Luxemburg in retrospect. By Paul Mattick (Root and Branch, Issue 6, 1978; online at Marxists Internet Archive). Svensk udgave på Marxistarkiv.se (pdf). “She was the outstanding personality in the international labor movement after Marx and Engels; and that her work has not lost its political relevance despite the changes the capitalist system and the labor movement have undergone since her death.”

Rosa Luxemburg after 1905. By Norman Geras (New Left Review, Issue 89, January-February 1975, p.3-46; online at Marxist Update). “The present article documents, and tries to resolve, the deep confusion which exists concerning Luxemburg’s attitude toward the Russian revolution in the period before 1917.”

Rosa Luxemburg: Barbarism and the collapse of Capitalism. By Norman Geras (New Left Review, Issue 82, November-December 1973, p.17-38; online at Marxist Update). “Amongst the misconceptions by which Rosa Luxemburg’s thought has been deformed, the most widespread and tenacious is, without doubt, that which attributes to her a thesis going variously under the names of determinism, fatalism and spontaneism.”

Rosa Luxemburg and German Social Democracy. By Ernest Mandel (Socialist Action, 1971). “The real place of Rosa Luxemburg has still to be located precisely in the history of the revolutionary movement.”

“Introduction”. In: Rosa Luxemburg Speaks (pdf). Edited with an introduction by Mary-Alice Waters (Pathfinder Press, 1970, p.1-32; online at Academia.edu). Scroll down.

Rosa Luxemburg. Vol.1-2. By J.P. Nettl (Oxford University Press, 1966). Vol. 1 (1871-1911, 450 p.; online at Monoskop.org). The 1969 edition is abridged. See review by Jim Higgins: Luxemburg and Lenin (International Socialism, No.27, Winter 1966/67; online at Marxists Internet Archive). “Nettl has carried out a useful and long overdue service. The research involved has been monumental …”

1871-luxemburgmomorialB_-_220.jpg
Monument af Ralf Schüler ved Landwehrkanal i Berlin, sliske-formet for at symbolisere at hendes lig her blev smidt i denne kanal.

 

Litteratur på dansk

Om Rosa Luxemburg:

Per Clausen: Rosa Luxemburg (Solidaritet, 2015, 68 sider)

Toni Liversage: Røde Rosa: en bog om Rosa Luxemburg (Vindrose, 1994, 157 sider)

Ditte Cederstrand: Revolutionens ørn: 13 billeder af Rosa Luxemburgs liv (Medusa, 1979, 103 sider) (Arbejderlitteratur; Socialistisk Kulturfront)

Tony Cliff: Rosa Luxemburg: en politisk biografi (Politisk Revy, 1973, 107 sider; Politisk revy-serien nr. 7). Anmeldelse af Jørgen Lund (Proletar! nr. 9, august 1974, side 33-36).

Af Rosa Luxemburg:

Rosa Luxemburg: Politiske skrifter: et udvalg (Tiderne skifter, 1976, 320 sider).
Oversat og kmmenteret af Toni Liversage, med En introduktion, side 11-86.

Rosa Luxemburg: Kapitalens akkumulation: et bidrag til den økonomiske forklaring på imperialismen (Rhodos, 1976, 450 sider). Bogen indeholder også skriftet Kapitalens akkumulation eller hvad epigonerne har lavet ud af den marxske teori. En Antikritik (1915), side 351-437.

Rosa Luxemburg: [Kapitalens] Andet og tredje bind (1918). I: Franz Mehring: Karl Marx: Hans livs historie (Rhodos, 1976. Bind 2, side 408-18)

Rosa Luxemburg: Socialreform eller revolution? (Gyldendal, 1969, 128 sider). Oversat og redigeret af Hanne Reintoft, med biografi, side 9-25, og introduktion side 26-42. RLs tekst herfra er genudgivet af Internationale Socialisters Forlag (1997, 64 sider), med indledning af Donny Gluckstein, side 5-15. + Samme oversættelse ar udg. af Forlaget Marx (2014, 80 sider), med forord af Marie Frederiksen, side 9-16.

Rosa Luxemburg: Breve fra fængslet (Tiden, 1949, 62 sider). Breve til Sophie Liebknecht. Revideret genoptryk 1985 (Idons forlag, 74 sider).
Nyoversættelse + cd/lydbog (Solidaritet, 2013, 116 sider)

Rosa Luxemburg om den polske partisplittelse i 1911-1913: To breve til Th. Stauning (pdf). Ved Gerd Callesen (Årbog for arbejderbevægelsens historie, nr. 1, 1971, side 94-112)

Vest-tysk frimærke
Vest-tysk frimærke

Et omdiskuteret (vest)tysk frimærke fra 1974. Se: Rosa Luxemburg-Wikipedia-artiklen: Politische Wirkungen; nach 1945

Se også

1871-Lux-460-spejl.jpg

 

Film

Die Geduld der Rosa Luxemburg [Rosa Luxemburgs Tålmodighed] (1986), in German & Polish. Directed by Margarethe von Trotta, Barbara Sukowa som Luxemburg (Best Actress Award i Cannes 1986)

Die Geduld Der Rosa Luxemburg (1986) (YouTube). Deutsche Text & English subtitles (2 hours).


 

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