Tony Cliff addresses “the Party” in his later years. Source:
Tony Cliff addresses “the Party” in his later years. Source:
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Tony Cliff (20 maj 1917 – 9. maj 2000). Jødisk-palæstinensisk marxist og trotskist. Yigael [Ygael] Gluckstein voksede op i Palæstina og boede med navnet Tony Cliff siden Anden Verdenskrig i England, hvor han grundlagde IS-tendensen, først med Socialist Review Group (1950-62), forløber for International Socialists (fra 1977: Socialist Workers Party, SWP) og den internationale tendens International Socialist Tendency).





Tony CliffTony Cliff (20. maj 1917 – 9. maj 2000). Jødisk-palæstinensisk marxist og trotskist.
Udviklede teorien * om de stalinistiske staters karakter som “bureaukratisk statskapitalistiske” (se: State Capitalism in Russia).

* Og teorien om samfundsomvæltningerne i lande som Cuba og Kina som “afbøjede permanente revolutioner” (se: Deflected Permanent Revolution (dansk udgave: Den afbøjede permanente revolution).

* For det lange opsving i den vestlige efterkrigstidskapitalisme udviklede han (sammen med Michael Kidron) teorien om “den permanente våbenøkonomi”.
(se: Perspectives of the Permanent War Economy).

Yigael [Ygael] Gluckstein boede som Tony Cliff siden Anden Verdenskrig i England, hvor han grundlagde IS-tendensen, først med Socialist Review Group (1950-62), forløber for International Socialists (fra 1977: Socialist Workers Party, SWP) og den internationale tendens International Socialist Tendency).

Bibliografien er et værk Bibliography: of the writings and works of Tony Cliff: A First Approximation / by Ian Birchall, April 2002. Det danske tillæg Tony Cliff – på dansk og Errata (fejl/trykfejlssliste) er ajourført maj 2017.

En “Revised and extended” udgave er i Ian Birchalls biografi om Tony Cliff fra 2011, side 560-603, se afsnit Biografier, hvor der også er anmeldelser mv. om bogen, – og i denne online udgave er bibliografien ajourført ved senere/løbende indsamling.

Jørgen Lund. Påbegyndt 16.6.2006
Revideret udgave, maj 2017

More from on chapter: Sites


English Foreword

Tony Cliff (20 maj 1917 – 9. maj 2000). Palestinian Jewish Marxist and Trotskyist.
Developed the theory * of the character of the Stalinist states as “”bureaucratic state capitalist”, (see: State Capitalism in Russia).

* Developed the theory of the revolutions in countries such as Cuba and China ‘deflected’ permanent revolutions (see: Deflected Permanent Revolution).

* For the long boom in Western capitalism since the Second World War, he developend (with Michael Kidron) the teory of the ‘permanent arms economy. (see: Perspectives of the Permanent War Economy).

After the Second World War Tony Cliff lived in Britain, where he founded the International Socialist Tendency, first by the Socialist Review Group (1950-62), forerunner of the International Socialists (from 1977: Socialist Workers Party (SWP), as well as the International Socialist Tendency).

The included bibliography is a work by Ian Birchall Bibliography : of the writings and works of Tony Cliff : A First Approximation, April 2002. The Danish amendment Tony Cliff – in Danish and the Errata-part has been updated May 2006.

Suggestions for contributions and changes are welcome.

Jørgen Lund, started 16 May 2006




Cliff, Tony (

Om forfatteren [Tony Cliff]

Forord til norske pjece: Trotskisme etter Trotski : Internasjonale Sosialisters røtter

Se også:

Socialist Workers Party (SWP). (


Tony Cliff (

Cliff, Tony (1917-2000) (MIA: Encyclopedia of Marxism: Glossary of People).

Cronology, in: Tony Cliff: A World to Win (Marxist Internet Archive; Marxist Writers).


Tony Cliff (Series by Gareth Jenkins on the life and work of Tony Cliff, Socialist Worker, UK):

Always facing the harsh truth of reality (7 October 2006, issue 2021).

How were Third World revolutions deflected? (14 October 2006, issue 2022).

Arming the party for future struggles (21 October 2006, issue 2023).


Tony Cliff Bibliography by Ian Birchall

A First Approximation / by Ian Birchall, April 2002.

The compiler of this bibliograpy, Ian Birchall, to the right.
The compiler of this bibliograpy, Ian Birchall, to the right.
[In print rev. and extended version: ‘Biblography of Cliff’s works’, pp. 560-603 in Tony Cliff : A Marxist for His Time. By Ian Birchall, Bookmarks publications, 2011] See also: Writing Socialist Biography: Some methodologcal problems – the biography of Tony Cliff. By Ian Birchall. Paper presented at the New Socialist Approaches to History seminar, Institute of Historical Research, October 10, 2005 (London Socialist Historians Group).

The bibliography is arranged in thirteen sections, as follows:

Books, pamphlets, prefaces, etc., articles in books, translations

Fourth International publications

Socialist Review – series onefour

International Socialism – series one

Labour Worker, Socialist Worker

Socialist Review – series two

International Socialism – series two

Internal Bulletins, circulars etc

Miscellaneous articles

Manuscripts, correspondence





Tony Cliff (1917-2000) will undoubtedly be remembered as one of the most important Marxists of the second half of the twentieth century. His development of the theory of state capitalism made an important contribution to one of the most important theoretical debates of the period, and was vindicated by the collapse of the Stalinist bloc which for so long exercised a huge attractive power on large sections of the left.

But Cliff was not simply a theoretician. For the last fifty years of his life he was deeply involved in the building and political orientation of an organisation – the Socialist Review Group (1950-62), which became the International Socialists [IS] (1962 76) and then the Socialist Workers Party [SWP] (1977 onwards).

The present bibliography aims to reflect the totality and the unity of Cliff’s work, by listing as many as possible of his writings, from scholarly studies to popular journalism. The 636 items listed here reveal the enormous range of topics to which he applied himself.

Until the establishment of the IS printshop in 1968 Cliff was obliged to write either for bourgeois publishers or, as he generally did, for the obscure and often short lived publications of the far left, produced with a technology which nowadays seems extraordinarily primitive. In 1964 Cliff became a printer himself, working stripped to the waist in a tiny shop in Islington.

I have listed as far as possible all of Cliff’s books, pamphlets and articles. Since article titles are often not self-explanatory, I have added short notes on the context and/or content. I have, however, kept these extremely brief and not attempted to add a political commentary.
I think it would be fair to say that Cliff was more impressive as a speaker than as a writer. It would obviously be impossible to list the many thousands of meetings he addressed over fifty years. I have, however, listed his Marxism meetings; apart from the earliest years, there should be tapes of almost all these.

In addition Cliff played a vital rôle in the leading bodies of the organisation. In the 1969-74 period extensive minutes were kept of these meetings. I have tried to list Cliff’s major contributions to political and organisational questions, while omitting merely trivial and routine matters. This section is necessarily incomplete, as my own set of minutes has many gaps and I do not know of a more complete one. Some of Cliff’s 1973 membership reports were destroyed for security reasons at the time of the February 1974 election. In later years his contributions to conferences and national meetings were often reported in Socialist Worker, and again I have listed significant items.

Cliff suffered from no false modesty about the importance of his own rôle; but his eye was always on the present rather than on posterity, and only a rather random selection of his manuscripts and other papers has survived, though we do have full or partial manuscripts of three unpublished books, abandoned when they ceased to be a political priority. Sadly only a few small fragments survive from his early years in Palestine. Cliff’s papers are to be deposited at Warwick University.

Cliff had a wide influence internationally, a fact reflected by the large number of translations of his books and articles. I have attempted to list translations, but this section is necessarily very incomplete. While some sections of the IS tendency gave me very useful information, others were unable to help. My ignorance of many of the languages in question meant I had to rely on a number of informants; this accounts for the inconsistencies in the presentation of bibliographical information.

Because of the many gaps remaining I have entitled this a ”˜first approximation’ (a title borrowed from the old IS journal). Since it is in electronic form it can be easily updated, and I should be most grateful to receive any information as to items omitted. In a few cases I have listed items on the basis of second-hand information without knowing where the originals may be located. These are marked [NOT SEEN] and I should again be grateful to hear from anyone who may possess any of these items.

In compiling this bibliography I used my own personal archives and consulted those of Alan Woodward; I also examined papers at Cliff’s home and consulted material in the British Library and the Socialist Platform Library. I am grateful to all who gave me assistance of any sort, and in particular to the following who provided information of various sorts: Edward Crawford, Duncan Hallas, Jim Higgins, Mike Jones, Ronnie Margulies, James Monaghan, Al Richardson, Chanie Rosenberg, Alan Woodward and comrades from SEK Greece, IS Holland and IS Norway.

Shortly before his death Cliff told me I was a ”˜bloody pedantic bastard’. I suspect this bibliography would have confirmed his worst fears. While studying his papers in his home I found myself under the severe scrutiny of Chanie Rosenberg’s wonderfully lifelike sculpture of Cliff, and I could hear the old man saying: ”˜You are wasting your time; go to a picket line’. I hope I have not wasted my time and that this bibliography will be of some service to those studying the history of the revolutionary left and of one of the most remarkable figures active within it.

Ian Birchall
April 2002


The following abbreviations are used to indicate publications for which Cliff wrote frequently:
LW : Labour Worker (1962-68)
SW: Socialist Worker (1968- )
SR1: Socialist Review – first series 1950-62
SR2: Socialist Review – second series 1978-
IS1: International Socialism – first series 1960-1978
IS2: International Socialism – second series 1978-

The following indicate anthologies of Cliff’s works or of party writing. Where these appear in brackets after an item they indicate that the item was reproduced therein:

NWNM: Neither Washington nor Moscow 1982
W1: Cliff: Writings vol. 1 2001
W2: Cliff: Writings vol. 2 2002
ASR1: A Socialist Review (introduced by J Higgins) 1965
ITHOS: In the Heat of the Struggle (edited by Chris Harman) 1994
ASR2: A Socialist Review (edited by L German & R Hoveman) 1998

Where no author’s name is listed the item appeared under the name T Cliff or Tony Cliff. Where Cliff used one of his many pseudonyms, or wrote jointly with comrades, the authorship is indicated in square brackets before the title.

Books, pamphlets, prefaces



The Problem of the Middle East (Egypt, Palestine, Syria, Lebanon and Iraq).
1946, 217 pp. (Marxists Internet Archive).
Unpublished manuscript (except Chapter 8) – first published in the Marxists’ Internet Archive, June 2011.
“… it is basically Cliff trying to apply the theory of permanent revolution to the Middle East.” (Birchall: Talkin’ ’bout..)

Ygael Gluckstein, Stalin’s Satellites in Europe
Allen & Unwin, London, 1952, 333 pp.

Stalinist Russia. A Marxist Analysis
Michael Kidron, London, 1955, xiii, 273 pp.
This is based on The Nature of Stalinist Russia (Internal Bulletin Revolutionary Communist Party June 1948: see section H) but (according to C Harman, Introduction to 1988 edition) differs “mainly in terms of chapter order, but also by the addition of material referring to the split between Yugoslavia and Russia in 1948, and amendments to the section dealing with crisis in state capitalism”.

Russia: A Marxist Analysis
International Socialism, London, 1964, 384 pp.
Book I (pp. 17-191) is a reprint of Stalinist Russia. A Marxist Analysis (1955)
Book II (pp. 195-349) ‘Russia after Stalin’ was published for the first time.

State Capitalism in Russia
Pluto Press, London, 1974, 309 pp.
Reprint of Stalinist Russia from 1955

State Capitalism in Russia
Bookmarks, London, 1988, 377 pp. ”˜Revolutionary classics.
Introduction and postscript by C Harman.
pp. 309-331: “Appendix I – An examination of Trotsky’s definition of Russia as a degenerated workers’ state’ was chapter 7 in earlier versions”.
pp. 333-53: The theory of bureaucratic collectivism: a critique [see section H].

[Ygael Gluckstein]: Mao’s China: Economic and Political Survey
Allen & Unwin, London, 1957, 438 pp.

Rosa Luxemburg: A Study [W1] International Socialism, London, 1959, 96 pp.
(International Socialism, Nos 2-3)
Reprinted January 1968
Reissued April 1969 (International Socialism, London)
The 1969 edition is printed from a photocopy of the first edition, but two significant changes are made on pp. 53-4, reflecting Cliff’s changing views on the question of the revolutionary party. The two versions are published side by side in W1, p. 113.
Reissued July 1980 (Bookmarks London)
The 1980 edition follows the 1969 version, with a few purely stylistic changes (e.g. ‘epigones’ become ‘followers’.)

[Tony Cliff & Colin Barker:Incomes Policy, Legislation and Shop Stewards [W2] London Industrial Shop Stewards Defence Committee, Harrow Weald, 1966, 136 pp. [Tony Cliff & Ian Birchall]: France: The Struggle Goes On [W1] Socialist Review Publishing Co., London, 1968, 80 pp.
International Socialism special

The Employers’ Offensive, Productivity Deals and how to fight them [W2] Pluto Press, London, 1970, 234 pp.

The Crisis: Social Contract or Socialism
London, Pluto Press for Socialist Worker, 1975, 192 pp.

Lenin Vol. 1: Building the Party
Pluto Press, London, 1975, 398 pp.

Lenin Vol. 2: All Power to the Soviets
Pluto Press, London, 1976, 412 pp.

Lenin Vol. 3: Revolution Besieged
Pluto Press, London, 1978 , x + 230 pp.

Lenin Vol. 4: The Bolsheviks and World Communism
Pluto Press, London, 1979, xi + 251 pp.

Lenin 1893-1914: Building the Party
Bookmarks, London 1986, 398 pp.
Reprint of Pluto 1975.

Lenin All Power to the Soviets 1914-1917
Bookmarks, London 1985, 412 pp.
Reprint of Pluto 1976.

Lenin: Revolution Besieged 1917-1923
Bookmarks, London 1986, xvi + 480 pp.
Reprint of Pluto 1978 & 1979.

Class Struggle and Women’s Liberation, 1640 to today
Bookmarks, London, 1984, 271 pp.

[Tony Cliff & Donny Gluckstein]: Marxism and trade union struggle, the general strike of 1926
Bookmarks, London, 1986, 320 pp. [Tony Cliff & Donny Gluckstein]: The Labour Party, A Marxist History
Bookmarks, London, 1988, 427 pp.
Second edition, with new chapter on Blair and New Labour
Bookmarks, London, 1997

Trotsky Vol. 1: Towards October 1879-1917
Bookmarks, London, 1989, 314 pp.

Trotsky Vol. 2: The Sword of the Revolution 1917-1923
Bookmarks, London, 1990, 309 pp.

Trotsky Vol. 3: Fighting the Rising Stalinist Bureaucracy 1923-1927
Bookmarks, London, 1991, 306 pp.

Trotsky Vol. 4: The darker the Night, the Brighter the Star 1927-1940
Bookmarks, London, 1993, 427 pp.

Trotskyism after Trotsky, the origins of the International Socialists
Bookmarks, London, 1999, 95 pp.

A World to Win: Life of a Revolutionary
Bookmarks, London, 2000, 247 pp.

Marxism at the Millennium
Bookmarks, London, 2000, 86 pp.
Collection of articles written for IS tendency publications in Germany and Turkey.



Middle East at the Cross Roads
Workers International News Pamphlet, London, 1946, 24 pp.
Dated Jerusalem, 12 November 1945
Compilation of three articles which appeared in Workers International News December 1945, January & February 1946, also in Fourth International December 1945, January & February 1946 [see section B]

Russia from Stalin to Khrushchev
Published by Michael Kidron, London, 24 pp.
First impression: April 1956
Second impression: May 1956
Analyses destalinisation before ”˜secret speech’; concludes ”˜Stalin is dead, Stalinism lives’.

The Struggle in the Middle East [shortened version in W1] International Socialism pamphlet, London, no date [1967], 4 pp. newspaper format.
Analysis of situation after Six Day War in June 1967

IS Internal Bulletin December 1969 reports that Cambridge IS have produced a pamphlet containing ‘Permanent Revolution’ [IS1 12] and Kidron’s Imperialism. [NOT SEEN]

Permanent Revolution, a re-examination [IS1 12] Bookmarks for the SWP, London, 1983, 21 pp.
Reissued as:
Deflected Permanent Revolution,
Socialist Workers Party, 1990, 28 pp.

[Tony Cliff & Chris Harman]: Portugal: The lessons of the 25th November. [NWNM
8 pp. 1975

Marxism and the Collectivisation of Agriculture
Socialists Unlimited, London, 1980, 36 pp.
International Socialism reprint No. 1

Revolution and counter-revolution: lessons for Indonesia
21 pp, from IS2 80
Produced for Indonesia: outer cover reads : ‘The Internet – Guidelines for Helplines’


Prefaces etc.

Paul Frölich, Rosa Luxemburg
Pluto Press, London, 1972 , reissued 1981
pp. ix-xi: Introduction
Argues Luxemburg’s critique of reformism superior to Lenin’s.

The Bolsheviks and the October Revolution
Minutes of the Central Committee of the Russian Social-Democratic Labour Party (Bolsheviks) August 1917-February 1918
Pluto Press, London, 1974
pp. 253-323: Notes prepared by Institute of Marxism-Leninism for second Russian edition, Moscow, 1958 plus in different typeface, additional notes by T Cliff, correcting Stalinist distortions.

[Peter Binns, Tony Cliff, Chris Harman Russia: From Workers’ State to State Capitalism
Bookmarks, London, 1987
pp. 7-12: Workers’ Revolution and Beyond
Introduction to reprints of articles by Harman and Binns.

AY Badayev: Bolsheviks in the Tsarist Duma
Bookmarks, London, 1987
pp. 7-15: Introduction by Tony Cliff
Partly polemic against Eric Heffer: The Class Struggle in Parliament (1973)

Leon Trotsky: The History of the Russian Revolution
Pluto, London, 1997


Articles in Books

Tariq Ali (ed.): New Revolutionaries
Peter Owen, London, 1969
pp. 219-37: The Struggle in the Middle East
1967 pamphlet listed above

N Harris & J Palmer [eds.], World Crisis
Hutchinson, London, 1971
pp. 225-50: The Class Struggle in Britain [NWNM]

R Kuper (ed.) The Fourth International, Stalinism and the Origins of the International Socialists – Some Documents
Pluto, London, 1971
pp. 14-64: On the class nature of the people’s democracies [NWNM] pp. 79-94: The theory of bureaucratic collectivism – a critique [IS1 32 & NWNM] Both were originally internal documents [see section H] [Tony Cliff, Duncan Hallas, Chris Harman and Leon Trotsky] Party and Class
Pluto Press for the International Socialists, London, 1971
pp. 26-46 Trotsky on Substitutionism (from IS1 2)

David Widgery: The Left in Britain 1956-68
Peregrine, Harmondsworth, 1976
pp. 92-97: Revolutionary Traditions
Transcript of talk given to IS aggregate at Wortley Hall, Sheffield, 22 April 1967.
pp. 437-47: Nothing So Romantic
From Idiot International No 6, June 1970 [see section I].

Socialist Worker, Fighting to Change the World
SWP, London, 2002
pp. 11-19: Pravda – the legal newspaper
Edited version of chapter 19 from Lenin 1, Building the Party (1975)
pp. v-xii: Introduction by Tony Cliff



A World to Win (p 26) reports that in Palestine Cliff translated two books into Hebrew, Lewis Corey, The Decline of American Capitalism, and a book by Fritz Sternberg. The former was for the Hashomer Hatzair publishing house, but Corey blocked publication. [NOT SEEN]

NB The British Library catalogue lists the pamphlet Steve Berry: The Prevention of Terrorism Act (1977) under Cliff’s name as ‘personal author’. This is a mistake; there is no evidence of any involvement by Cliff.


Fourth International publications

New International

October 1938: pp. 311-12 [W1] L Rock : British Policy in Palestine

November 1938: pp. 335-7 [W1] L Rock : The Jewish-Arab Conflict
Argues for struggle against Zionism, Arab national exclusivism and imperialism.

(January 1939, p 31: letter from Paul Koston (Cape Town) accusing Rock of being insufficiently critical of Zionism; February 1939, pp. 41-44: article from The Spark (Cape Town) urging support for Arabs against Zionism.)

June 1939, pp. 169-73 [W1] L Rock: Class Politics in Palestine
Response to article from The Spark.
(October 1939, pp. 313-14: further article from The Spark responding to Rock.)

Fourth International (SWP US)

December 1945, pp. 361-66 [NWNM] The Middle East at the Crossroads: Part I

January 1946, pp. 10-13
The Middle East at the Crossroads: Part II

February 1946, pp. 50-53
The Middle East at the Crossroads: Part III
All three parts translated by R. Bod.
These three articles also appeared in Workers International News December 1945, January & February 1946, then as a pamphlet Middle East at the Cross Roads [1946 – see section A]

September 1946: pp. 282-84
A New British Provocation in Palestine
Common and antagonistic interests of imperialism and Zionism.

April 1947: pp 114-17
Some Features of Capitalist Economy in the Colonies
Mainly on role of banks in Egypt.

June 1947, pp. 190-91
The World Struggle for Oil
Reprinted from Socialist Appeal January 1947

Workers International News

December 1945: pp. 72-79
Imperialism in the Middle East – I

January 1946, pp. 106-13
Imperialism in the Middle East – II
On Zionism.

February-March 1946, pp. 153-60
Imperialism in the Middle East – III
On Stalinism; all three translated by R. Bod.
These three articles also appeared in Fourth International December 1945, January & February 1946, then as a pamphlet Middle East at the Cross Roads [1946 – see section A]

January-February 1947: pp. 27-32
Conflict in India
Muslims not a nation; need for Hindu-Muslim unity
(There are two versions of this issue, one dated January-February 1947, one dated February 1947; contents are identical.)

October 1947 (issue 7/3) pp. 12-21
The United States in World Economy: The Basis of the Marshall Plan
This is advertised as the first of a series of three articles; however, issue 7/4 is missing from the Socialist Platform archive; issue 7/5 (August 1948) contains nothing by Cliff and is mainly concerned with Stalin-Tito split.

Socialist Appeal

Mid-May 1946: p. 3
Palestine Strike Arabs and Jews Unite
Cliff described as ”˜Our Middle east Correspondent’.

December 1946: p. 3
Are the Terrorists Anti-Imperialist?
Argues Stern gang, Irgun etc. opposed to interests of Jews and Arabs alike.

January 1947: pp. 1-4
World Struggle for Oil.

February 1947, pp. 3-4
The Bureaucrats in Industry
This and the next five items part of a series called :’What is Happening in Stalinist Russia?’

Mid-February 1947: pp. 3-4
Piece Work in Russia

April 1947: pp. 3-4
Punishments and Fines in USSR

Mid-April 1947: pp. 3-4
Housing in Russia

Mid-May 1947: pp. 1-4
Daily Worker Defends Inequalities in Russia
Response to Daily Worker articles of 8, 9 May 1947.

Mid-July 1947: pp. 3-4
Women in the USSR
‘The degree of humanity’s progress is measured by the condition of women.’

February 1948
’The French Devaluation’
Slump can be delayed nly a few years.Online af Marxists Internet Archive.




Tony Cliff Internet Archive

Marxists Internet Archive (MIA); Marxist Writers: Tony Cliff
Biography – Works – Further Reading.
16 books & pamplets online + Articles.
[On the MIA Webpage: In cronological order & books in bold, scroll down the page]:
The Nature of Stalinist Russia (book), 1948
On the Class Nature of the ‘People’s Democracies’, 1950
Stalin’s Satellites in Europe (book), 1952
State Capitalism in Russia (book), 1955
Rosa Luxemburg (book), 1959
Russia: a Marxist analysis (book), 1964
Incomes policy, legislation and shop stewards (with Colin Barker) (pamphlet), 1966
France – the struggle goes on (with Ian Birchall) (pamphlet), 1968
Rosa Luxemburg (book), 1969 (revised edition) [note on editions] Lenin (Vol.1): Building the party (book), 1975
Portugal at the Crossroads (pamphlet), 1975
Portugal: The lessons of the 25th November, 1975
Lenin (Vol.2): All Power to the Soviets (Book), 1976
Class struggle and women’s liberation (book), 1984
Trotskyism after Trotsky (book), 1999
Marxism at the millennium (book), 2000
A World to Win: Life of a Revolutionary (book), 2000


“… presentations on topics from Anti Capitalism to Zionism … presented by speakers from a broad spectrum of ‘the left’.” [Mainly speaking at the annual Marxism, organized by SWP] By Tony Cliff – chronological:

Zionism, 1985

Class Struggle in UK 1945-85, 1985 – 2nd part.

The Mass Strike, 1985.

Rosa Luxemburg, 1987 – 2nd part.

Lessons of October, 1987.

Permanent Revolution, 1988

Lenin, Trotsky, Luxemburg & the party, 1988 – 2nd part.

Trotsky & Bukharin, 1988.

Gay Liberation & the struggle for socialism, [1988]

Marxism ’88 : Final Rally – With Paul Foot.

Trotsky and the Red Army, 1989. – 2nd part.

Marxism & the oppressed, 1994.

Lenin and the party, July 1995(?), 44 min. – 2nd file, Sum up 3 MP3’s

Socialist under Blair, 1997 – 2nd part.

State Capitalism, July 1999, 66 min. (Discussion, Sum up) Was USSR Socialist? Why did it collapse?

Tony Cliff: A World to Win

Tony Cliff: A World to Win
“A blog devoted to recording the enormous contribution made by Tony Cliff, founder of the Socialist Workers Party (UK) and its forerunners, to the revolutionary socialist tradition. This blog collates a selection of Cliff’s works, with some commentary from me on their relevance to the challenges faced by revolutionaries today.”

Socialism and Democracy – Is the Left on the rise ?: The Future for The Left (53:20 min.) – Marxism 1997. With Tony Benn (Socialism and Democracy, 3:20-9:25), Paul Foot (Marxism and Democracy, 9:3829:40), Lindsey German (29:55-36:20), Right to strike? (36:20-46:30 film introduction & contribution), contributions incl. Jeremy Hardy, Paul Foot, Tony Benn, Tony Cliff (49:20-50:09)

Interview with Tony Cliff 1996 “..speaks about building the party after the end of the second world war, fascism, revolution and elections” (Independent Media Society) 32:52 min.

Tony Cliff: Lenin & the party. (Edited Version) Tony Cliff at Marxism 1996. Speach illustrated with comic movie clips, comic pictures, etc.

Part 1 7:38 min. – Part 2 5:25 – Part 3 8:53

Tony Cliff on Lenin. “Meeting in 1970 organised by the International Socialists, the forerunners of the SWP, to celebrate the 100th anniversary of Lenin’s birth..” Speach on tape with picture.

Part 1 10:01 min. – Part 2 10:00 – Part 3 10:05 – part 4 9:25 – Part 5 10:40 –Part 6 9:50 – Part 7 9:55


På dansk

In English (translation of Danish text)


Rosa Luxemburg : en politisk biografi
Oversat af Dorte Hultgren, Palle Nielsen og Poul Petersen. København, Politisk Revy, 1973, 107 sider (Politisk Revy serien, 7).
Forord til den engelske udgave, Tony Clif, 15. januar 1959, side 6.
Forord til den danske udgave, Tony Cliff, 1972, side 7-8.

Online på Marxisme Online:
Rosa Luxemburg – en politisk biografi, af Tony Cliff, 1959.
Introduktion af Lindsey German, (til den engelske udgave) 1986.
[Både online og trykte udgave er med ændringerne fra den engelsk 1969-udgave].


Trotsky om substitutionisme [omslagstitel] Indhold: Parti og klasse: Trotsky om “substitutionismen”. Oversat af Brian Gooseman og Tage Bild fra Party and Class: Essays by Tony Cliff, Duncan Hallas, Chris Harman and Leon Trotsky. Pluto Press, London 1972, side 26-46.
København, Faglig Fællesliste, uden år [1981], 11 sider. (Skolings-pjece, 2).
Genoptryk fra Proletar!, nr. 6, november 1973, side 24-34.
Online på Marxisme Online.
Også genoptrykt af Internationale Socialister, Århus), uden år, 11 sider (Skolings-pjece; Internationale Socialister, 2)

Den permanente revolution
Oversat af Jørgen Lund efter Permanent Revolution, International Socialism, nr. 12, foråret 1963. Her fra International Socialism, nr. 61, august 1973, side 18-29.
København, Faglig Fællesliste, august 1981, 32 sider (Skolings-pjece; 3).
Indledning af Duncan Hallas, juni 1973, side 1-3.
Også genoptrykt af Internationale Socialister, Århus, (uden år), 32 sider. (Skolings-pjece, 3).
Online på Socialistisk Bibliotek: Den afbøjede permanente revolution.

Portugal: Læren af den 25. november 1975
Dublikat, uden år, 22 sider
Online på Marxisme Online, overført til internettet februar 2015. 14 A4-sider.
Fra Tony Cliff & Chris Harman: Portugal: The lessons of the 25th November, 1975.

Den tunge arv fra det gamle samfund
Statskapitalismen i Rusland, kapitel 4: Den materielle arv fra samfundet før oktober). Oversat af Thomas Olesen.
Dublikat, 3. september 1981, 13 sider.

Online på Marxisme Online.
De fælles og forskellige træk ved statskapitalismen og arbejderstaten
Statskapitalismen i Rusland, Kapitel 5. Oversat af Gunnar Ørsted (Work in progress).
Online på Marxisme Online.


Organisationsformen er historisk bestemt: om Luxemburgs og Lenins syn på partiets organisering. Oversat af Dorte Hultgren og Poul Petersen.
i: Det revoltionære parti, arbejderklassen og smågrupperne. København: Politisk Revy, 1972, side 13-30 (Politisk Revys hæfter, nr. 3).
Genoptryk fra Politisk Revy, årg. 9, nr. 199, 1971/72, side 6-10: Det revolutionære parti: Organisationsformen er historisk bestemt.
Artiklen er lig “1. udgave” af kapitel 5: Spontanitet, bevidsthed og organisation, i: Rosa Luxemburg: en politisk biografi, 1973, side 37-54.
Online på Marxisme Online.

Trotskij om “substitutionismen”. Oversat af Brian Gooseman og Tage Bild.
i: Proletar!, nr. 6, november 1973, side 24-34.
Online på Marxisme Online.

Opbygning af smågrupper i dag: En tale holdt af Tony Cliff, SWP. Oversat og bearbejdet af Tom Christiansen, IS (fra båndudskrift af oplæg og afslutning på indlæg, Marxism 1984).
i: International Socialisme: Politiske arbejdstekster, nr. 9, juni 1990, side 3-24.
Online på Marxisme Online.

Fifty five years a revolutionary (55 år som revolutionær) : interview med Tony Cliff (oversat fra Socialist Workers Review, nr. 100, juli 1987, side 14-19. Interview ved Alex Callinicos og Lindsey German.
i: International Socialisme: Politiske arbejdstekster, nr. 9, juni 1990, side 45-63.

Den skrøbelige balance
i: International Socialisme, nr. 9, forår 1995, side 10-15.
Online på
Fra Socialist Review, nr. 183, februar 1995, p. 16-19: In the Balance).

Østeuropa : socialisme eller statskapitalisme?
i: Socialistisk Revy, nr. 6, august 1998, side 10-12.
Online på
Fra Socialist Review, jul/aug 1998, nr. 221, side 20-21: The test of time].

50 år med den internationale socialistiske tradition. Interview ved Ahmed Shawki.
i: Socialistisk Revy, nr. 7, september 1998, side 14-17.
Online på
[Fra International Socialist Review, nr. 1 summer 1997, side 27-31: 50 Years of the International Socialist Tradition.

Portugal ved korsvejen
Indhold: kapitlerne: “Revoluton uden om sovjetterne” og “Ikke Herrens værk”.
Oversat til af Jørgen Lund.
Duplikat, februar 1981, 3 sider.
Fra: Portugal at the crossroads, International Socialism, no. 81/82, september/october 1975, side 31-33.
Online på Marxisme Online.

Tony Cliff, en stor revolutionær: En inspirator for alle socialister [interview/nekrolog] i: Socialistisk Arbejderavis, nr. 183, juni 2000, side 9.
Online på
[Fejlagtigt angivet som fra tidsskriftet The Left in Britain; men er forkortet fra Nothing to romantic: Tony Cliff. – i: David Widgery: The left in Britain 1956-1968. London, Penguin Books, 1976, side 436-447. Interview ved Nicolas Walther, fra tidsskriftet Idiot International, nr. 6, juni 1970].



In English

This English translation of the text above is for the Tony Cliff Bibliography by Ian Birchall; section Translations: Danish

Organisationsformen er historisk bestemt : om Luxemburgs og Lenins syn på partiets organisering. Oversat af Dorte Hultgren og Poul Petersen.
in: Det revolutionære parti, arbejderklassen og smågrupperne. Copenhagen: Politisk Revy, 1972 (Politisk Revys hæfter; 3), p. 13-30.
Reprint from Politisk Revy, årg. 9, nr. 199 (1971/72), p. 6-10: Det revolutionære parti: Organisationsformen er historisk bestemt.
This articles is ‘first edition’ of a translation of chapter 5: Spontanitet, bevidsthed og organisation, – in: Rosa Luxemburg : en politisk biografi, 1973, side 37-54. Kapitlet online = Chapter 5 (online) Party and Class in Rosa Luxemburg.

Rosa Luxemburg : en politisk biografi
Poltisk Revy, Copenhagen, 1973. 107 pages (Politisk Revy serien, no 7).
Forword for the 1959-etidion by Clfif, dated 15. januar 1959, p. 6
Foreword for the Dansh edition by Cliff, dated 1973, p. 7-8.
Internet-edition: Rosa Luxemburg – en politisk biografi.

Both Danish editions are wrongly stated as translations of 1959 eidition of Rosa Luxemburg, but both are with the changes from the 1969-edition.
See note on editions: Editor’s note on the text from Marxists Internet Archive (MIA)

Trotsky om substitutionisme
Faglig Fællesliste, Copenhagn, [no date i.e. 1981] 11 p. (Skolings-pjece ; 2)
Contains reprint from Proletar!, no. 6, Nov. 1973, p. 24-34
also reprinted by Interntionale socialister; [Århus]; [no date] Translated from Party and Class : Essays by Tony Cliff, Duncan Hallas, Chris Harman and Leon Trotsky.

Den permanente revolution
Falgig Fællesliste, Copenhagen, august 1981, 32 p. (Skolings-pjece : 3).
Also reprinted på Internationale Socialister; [Århus]; [no date] Translation of Deflected Permanent Revolution (1963); as reprinted in International Socialism; 61 Special double issue (1st series), June 1973, p. 18-29. See also notes in edition online.

Uddrag af Tony Cliff: Portugal ved korsvejen: Revolution uden om sovjetterne
Photocopied manuscript [no date], 3 p.
Translation of p. 31-33: Revolution deflected from soviets, in: Portugal at the crossroad, International Socialism Special (1. series), no. 81/82, September 1975, 47 p.

Læren af 25 november 1975
Mimeographed [no date], 22 p.
Translation of Tony Cliff & Chris Harman: Portugal: The lessons of the 25th November (December 1975).

Den tunge arv fra det gamle samfund
Mimeographed, 13 p.
Translation 1981 of chapter 4: The material heritage of pre-October society, in: State Capitalism in Russia.

Opbygning af smågrupper i dag : en tale holdt af Tony Cliff, SWP
in: International Socialisme: Politiske arbejdstekster, no. 9, 1990, p. 3-24.
From translated and edited taperecording of speech and final remark by Cliff at Marxism 1984 [The same as Marxism 1984 : SWP : Tactics and Strategy Today].

Fifty five years a revolutionary (55 år som revolutonær: Interview med Tony Cliff
in: International Socialisme : Politiske arbejdstekster, no. 9, 1990, p. 45-63.
From Socialist Workers Review, no. 100, 1987, p. 14-19.

Den skrøbelige balance
in: International Socialisme : Politiske arbejdstekster, no. 9, 1995, p. 10-15.
From Socialist Review, 1995, no. 183, p. 16-19: In the Balance.

Østeuropa : socialisme eller statskapitalisme?
in: Socialistisk Revy, nr. 6, august 1998, side 10-12.
Also online
From Socialist Review, 1889, no. 221, pp. 20-21: The test of time.

50 år med den internationale socialistiske tradition. Interview ved Ahmed Shawki.
in: Socialistisk Revy, nr. 7, 1998, p. 14-17. Also online.
From International Socialist Review, nr. 1, 1997, p. 27-31: 50 Years of the International Socialist Tradition.

Tony Cliff, en stor revolutionær: En inspirator for alle socialister [interview/nekrolog] in: Socialistisk Arbejderavis, nr. 183, juni 2000, side 9.
Also online.
A short obituary with an abbriviated translation of Nothing so romantic : Tony Cliff, in: David Widgery: The Left in Britain 1956-1968, Penguin Book, 1976, p. 436-447, interview by Nicolas Walther, in the journal Idiot International, no. 6, June 1970.
In the Danish bibliography the source is wrongly indicated as a periodical by the same name.


Errata to English “Bibligraphy of the ..” , Section I, Miscellaneous articles:
New Politics (US)
vol. 1, no. 2 Winter 1962, page 51-65:
The 22nd Congress of the Russian Communist Party. An expanded edition of the article in SR1, November 1961.
So it is not “Probably the same article as SR1 November 1961”, as stated in the bibliography.

One online translation in Swedish has been added in Section Translations


Nekrologer / Obituaries

Birchall, Ian: Talkin’ ’bout a revolutionary (International Socialism, Issue 131, Summer 2011, page 207-14). Joseph Choonara spoke to Ian Birchall, author of Tony Cliff: A Marxist for his Time (Bookmarks, 2011).

Reviews of Birchall’s book:

Cliff Reviews. By Ian Birchall (Grim and Dim). “The biography received a large number of reviews from the standpoint of various political currents.”
Review (part 1) by Sheila Cohen (LSHG Newsletter, Issue 52, Summer 2014, 4 May 2014).
Tony Cliff as a socialist leader. By Samuel Farber (Against the Current, Issue 166, September-October 2013).
Too early to say. By Mike Macnair (Weekly Worker, Issue 894, December 15, 2011).
Review by Dominic Alexander (Counterfire, 15 December 2011).
Tony Cliff rediscovered. By Nigel Harris + Christian Høgsbjerg (International Socialism, Issue 132, Autumn 2011, p. 175-186).
A revolutionary without a revolution. By John Palmer (Red Pepper, October 2011).
Tony Cliff: ‘Si monumentum requiris, circumspice’. By Paul Hampton (Solidarity, Issue 215, 7 September 2011).
Review by Ian Taylor (Socialist Review, July-August 2011).

Birchall, Ian: Tony Cliff: a life in the struggle (Socialist Worker, Issue 2257, 25 June 2011).

Birchall, Ian: Tony Cliff remembered (Socialist Review, April 2010).

Birchall, Ian: Seizing the time: Tony Cliff and 1968 (International Socialism, Issue 118, Spring 2008).

Foot, Paul: Tony Cliff : Revolutionary political theorist and organiser who fired the Socialist Workers Party with his charisma, charm and vision (The Guardian, 11 April 2000; online at REDS – Die Roten).

Hallas, Duncan: Tony Cliff : ”He sensed before anyone else the need for change” (Socialist Review, Issue 241, May 2000).

Hallas, Duncan, Chris Harman et al.: Above all, he was a revolutionary : Tony Cliff 1917-2000. In this special issue, three long standing comrades pay tribute to Cliff (Socialist Review, No. 241, May 2000, p. 16-20):
Optimism of the will, by Duncan Hallas, Eddie Prevost, Ian Mitchell – Interview with Tony Cliff: Nothing so romantic – Movie with an open ending. “… how Tony Cliff made sense of the contradictions and crises of the 1990s”, by Chris Harman.

Hearse, Phil: Tony Cliff – a life for revolution (Green Left Weekly, Issue 402, 19 April 2000).

Higgins, Jim: Tony Cliff: a man of his time (Weekly Worker, Issue 332, April 20 2000).

Matgamma, Sean: The Great Gadsby : The paradoxes of Tony Cliff, 1917 – 2000 (Workers’ Liberty, 64/5, 2000).

Perrin, Dave: Another leader called Tony (Socialist Party/Socialist Standard, No. 1149 May 2000).
The modern SWP is certainly the House that Cliff built.

Rees, John: Tony Cliff: theory and practice (International Socialism, Issue 87, Summer 2000).

Renton, David: No more heroes anymore (The Voice of the Turtle, 2000).

Sarneh, Ygal: A revolutionary life. (Yediyot Aharonot, Israeli Hebrew evening paper, 4 October 1991).

Shaw, Martin: Tony Cliff (Ygael Gluckstein) 1917-2000 (, april 2000).

See also:

John Rose: Tony Cliff’s Lenin and the Russian Revolution (International Socialism, Issue 129, Winter 2011, p.183-200).

Neil Davidson: From deflected permanent revolution to the law of uneven and combined development (International Socialism, Issue 128, Autumn 2010, p.167-202).

Leo Zeilig: Tony Cliff: Deflected permanent revolution in Africa (International Socialism, Issue 126, Spring 2010, p.159-185).

Socialist Worker on Tony Cliff’s funeral (Socialist Worker, Issue 1694, 29 April 2000; online at Google Groups).

The Darker the Night the Brighter the Star (YouTube, 7:06 min.). “Song as a tribute to Tony Cliff and Geroge Petersen … As it turns out, this song may as well have be called ‘Ballard of the twentith century!'”



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